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04-11: Measuring Tenure Security Perceptions
Measuring Citizen Perceptions of Tenure Security: Test Surveys of the Global Property Rights Index (PRIndex) in Tanzania, Colombia and India
1Land Alliance, United States of America; 2ICED, United States of America
This paper describes national-level test surveys carried out by PRIndex in Tanzania, Colombia and India in 2017 to contribute to the development of a globally comparable methodology for measuring individual perceptions of security of property rights in national samples.
Scrutinizing the Status Quo: Gender-disaggregated Implications of Social and Economic Transformations on Perceived Tenure Security in Mozambique
1International Food Policy Research Institute, United States of America; 2Ethiopian Development Research Institute
This study examined the drivers of tenure insecurity in Mozambique using a National Agricultural Survey (TIA) 2014 and 2015 supplemental survey on land tenure. Perceived risk of land expropriation by the government or concession by private investors is used to measure land tenure insecurity. The empirical findings reveal that public tenure risk is higher among female spouses as compared to female heads. Moreover, larger proportion of migrants, land market vibrancy, economic vibrancy and land abundance varies between male and females within the same household and across households. Generally, tenure insecurity is higher in communities with more active land market and vibrant economy. Results reinforce the need that, beside the efforts made to secure land rights at household and community level in the country, land tenure reforms should take into account intra-household dimension in addressing issues of land tenure security.
Measuring Community Perceptions of Tenure Security: Evidence from Four African Countries
1World Bank, United States of America; 2The Cloudburst Group, United States of America
Despite decades of investment in rural land registration in sub-Saharan Africa, the empirical results of such programs, for example on agricultural productivity, remain startlingly mixed outside a few noteworthy exceptions. We hypothesize this may be at least partly due to limited analysis of the impact of land registration on tenure security, which we define here as the assurance that existing rights-holders will continue to possess their land. This paper therefore aims to provide pre-registration evidence on (i) rural landholders’ perceived tenure security and (ii) potential drivers of tenure security in four African countries with extant customary tenure systems to understand whether there is room to further strengthen tenure in such settings. The findings indicate that existing tenure is perceived to be quite secure by the vast majority of respondents, suggesting that, to be successful, land registration efforts will need to be carefully tailored to address local threats to tenure security.