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10-05: Leveraging Land Governance and Sustainability in the 2030 Agenda
Unlocking the potential of land systems to contribute to the 2030 agenda: Identifying trade-offs and co-benefits and synthesizing knowledge for sustainable and just land systems
1Global Land Programme, International Programme Office; 2University of Bern, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), Switzerland
The United Nation’s Agenda 2030 contributes to a major shift in understanding of development, away from silo thinking and towards integrated approaches. Development actors across the world, including those in the field of land governance, are now working to implement the 2030 Agenda in a world that is more connected than ever across different sectors, places, scales and time. With respect to land, we posit that land systems, understood as social-ecological systems, are central to sustainability transformations, as they constitute the nexus of competing development claims. We present results by the Global Land Programme (GLP) to identify and better understand the knowledge needs and potential contributions of the land science, land policy and governance communities, and of societal actors promoting social justice and land governance, and to identify key land-related interactions within the SDGs to unlock potentials for sustainability transformations.
Imagining Agriculture in 2030: Sustainable solutions, disruptive technology
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Global agriculture and food systems have a triple burden to bear. Not only must they meet rising global demand for nutritious food and provide sustainable livelihoods but also find ways to adapt to the impacts of climate change on weather patterns and ecosystems, while reducing their own contributions to environmental degradation. A new wave of technological innovation is sweeping the agricultural sector with the potential to help achieve many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This paper outlines major challenges faced by agriculture, explains various new technologies and how their adoption could either address or contribute to agriculture’s challenges, and considers the potential impact on the roughly 500 million small and family- farms around the world. Technologies may transform, disrupt or reinforce current dynamics in the global food system which makes it critical that their role in achieving the SDGs and Agenda 2030 is guided by foresight rather than assumption.
Energy and land use - contribution to the UNCCD Global Land Outlook
1IINAS, Germany; 2Chalmers University, Sweden; 3University of New England, Australia; 4Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USQ; 5Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden; 6Biomass Research, Netherlands; 7KwaZulu-Natal University, South Africa; 8Imperial College, UK; 9International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Kenya
SDG 15 aims to combat global desertification and land degradation, for which the land “footprint” of energy is of particular interest. 90 % of global energy demand is met from non-renewable energy (mainly fossil), which leaves its footprint on land through resource extraction, conversion and respective infrastructure. Similarly, renewable energies have land consequences, although these differ in scope and form.
This paper identifies and compares the land impact of all terrestrial energy forms. It also addresses GHG emissions from energy, and terrestrial carbon sinks to mitigate climate change (SDG 13, 2015 Paris Agreement). This requires rapid scale-up of sustainable energy sources and their efficient distribution, with significant implications for land use, management and planning.
Energy and land use are further linked to other SDGs (e.g. biodiversity, employment, rural development, soil degradation, water). These linkages are briefly discussed.
Women’s Land Rights as Potential Accelerator of Twin Efforts to Reach Land Degradation Neutrality and Achieve Gender Equality
Landesa, United States of America
The UNCCD is among the leading multilateral agreements on land and development that explicitly mentions gender concerns and women’s roles in desertification. As the only Rio Convention - a trio of environmentally-focused treaties adopted during the 1992 Earth Summit - that references women’s roles and participation in its main Convention text, and with the experience gained over the past decades, the UNCCD offers significant opportunities for accelerated gender-responsive implementation. This paper draws on this global framework and related processes to set out modalities for addressing gender roles and gender-based discrimination and securing women’s land rights as strategies to achieve both land degradation neutrality and gender equality and empowerment.