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06-12: Infrastrcuture investments and Compulsory Acquisition Processes
National Land Commission experience in acquiring land for mega investments in Lamu County – Kenya.
NATIONAL LAND COMMISISON, Kenya
Land in Kenya is categorized into three namely Private (16%), Public (17%) and Community (67%). Whenever the government wants to acquire land for public infrastructural development, it can only acquire private and community land. The body mandated to compulsory acquire land for public use is the National Land Commission. The National Land Commission was called upon to compulsory acquire land in one specific county situated at the coast of Kenya, namely Lamu. Since 2014 several public projects have been earmarked and some implemented in this area i.e. the LAPSSET Project, Coal Plant and Kenwind Power Project. There also other projects of similar nature in Lamu County that would require substantial amounts of land, but these are yet to be implemented.
Developing a Transit-Oriented Development Strategy for the Lima Metro: Challenges and Opportunities
The World Bank Group
In this paper, we explore how the benefits of transport infrastructure investments could be amplified by improving urban planning, land use and development of neighborhoods surrounding Metro stations in Lima, Peru. Concretely we propose actions in the following 3 areas: (a) the cadastral system of Lima to support the land value capture of potential TOD and urban renewal areas; (b) the development of land value capture instruments to be applied; and, (c) the strengthening of the capacity of the local authority in charge of the formulation and development of a potential TOD project.
GIS Analysis on The Mismatch between the Roads in Cadaster and in Reality due to the Saemaul Road Project in Korea.
LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
In the 1960s, Korea had a tremendous increase in agriculture output by construction of Sasemaul Road that is one of the Saemaul Undong. However, it caused a disagreement of roads between in the cadaster and the reality, which led to various social problems. First of all, in order to resolve this problem, it is necessary to research the nationwide status of the lands including the problems. For this research, GIS spatial analysis are used for extracting the priority areas where there are many lands including the problems. Five pilot sites were selected for the analysis and it is possible to confirm the differences according to regional characteristics. The government will be able to make the budget effectively for dividing roads to drive and walk from the private lands and purchasing them by the result of spatial analysis.
How land value capture(LVC) has financed infrastructure, affordable housing, and urban development in Bogota-Colombia
1World Bank, Colombia; 2World Bank, HQ; 3Bogota Cadastral
Main aspects of the LVC instruments applied in Bogota as land readjustment, development rights and plusvalue capture includes: i) fair participation of stake holders in real estate projects, ii) technical, legal and financial mechanisms for its implementation, iii) inclusion of the destination of the LVC instrument in the muncipal budget, iv) urban land generated per instrument, and v) the role of the multipurpose cadaster system in the LVC implementation procedure. Identifying main characteristics in the optimal implementation of these instruments will be an step for the definition of a methodology that orientates LVC application in LAC for urban development as: i) stake holder participation mechanisms, ii) land management process, iii) institutional arrangement for public and private sector participation, and iv) cadaster system mechanism for the LVC implementation