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04-07: Operational & Legal Aspects of Community-based Data Capture
Mobile Applications for Secure Tenure (MAST) and the Technical Register for Social Tenure (TRUST) – development and applications in Iringa and Mbeya Districts in Tanzania
1DAI US; 2DAI US; 3DAI US; 4DAI Europe; 5DAI US
Following completion of pilot work using the 'Mobile application for Secure Tenure' (MAST) in three villages in Iringa District Tanzania in May 2016, USAID commissioned the Land Tenure Assistance Project, under the Feed the Future programme, to scale up to a further 41 villages in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) in Iringa and Mbeya Districts. For the long term maintenance of the registers at village and district levels the LTA is developing new approaches to maintaining the registers under the 'Technical Register Under Social Tenure (TRUST)' and is supporting low cost methods for village land use planning.
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview ongoing progress and of the innovative approaches and developments, both in field and office procedures being deployed, the role of MAST within the procedural framework, and the development and deployment of TRUST at village and district level.
Strengthening GIS standards to improve monitoring of land indicators for SDGs: Using India as a use case
1Natural Resources Management Consultants (NRMC), India; 2Land Portal Foundation, Netherlands; 3University of Reading, United Kingdom
This paper presents India as a pilot case for strengthening the use of spatial standards in the socio-economic domain with a specific focus on SDGs. Based on the experience of mapping Women Land Rights in India, this research expands the focus to other land-related indicators in the SDG agenda. The paper is structured as follows: it maps the existing spatial datasets relevant to land-related SDGs indicators in India; It identifies existing standards for interoperability of spatial data, assessing the suitability of these standards in the SDGs context; It then proceeds with the individuation of gaps and best practices for the interoperability of different spatially disaggregated data; It concludes with a case study of mapping WLR against other selected socio-economic indicators included in the global SDGs agenda, eventually providing policy recommendations based on the spatial overlay of different sources for SDGs indicators in India.
An Overview Of Innovative Tools For Land Tenure Documentation
ITC, University of Twente, Netherlands, The
Innovative approaches to land tenure documentation are increasingly being developed and implemented mainly through pilot projects in various countries and application contexts. These approaches combine mobile digital technologies and flexible database structures with community based approaches for capturing and managing tenure rights. We discuss 12 such initiatives. A basic commonality of the initiatives is the general approach to tenure documentation through community based digital data capture via mobile applications – where land administration’s work does not suffice or has failed and to acknowledge the diversity of land tenure regimes. Looking at the initiatives and tools in more detail a number of differences become apparent in terms of financing mechanisms and organizational characteristics, as well as technological design and application domains. Our discussion provides a basis to point out theoretical directions for future research as well as points of consideration for evaluation.
Apps and Drones for Better Land Governance
1Foundation for Economic Freedom, Philippines; 2Foundation for Economic Freedom, Philippines; 3The Asia Foundation, Philippines
A time and cost study on public land titling revealed that land adjudication and land surveying are time-consuming and expensive. This paper describes two reforms that addresses these constraints. First is the use of mobile applications in accepting and managing title applications under the adjudication process. Second is the use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or drones to support land surveys. The implementation of the reforms is done under the Development Entrepreneurship model where technically sound and politically feasible reforms are pursued. The mobile applications make adjudication efficient and transparent while the drones generate high resolution photos and survey-grade maps that meet government standards. The paper concludes that both technological interventions have the potential to improve the titling process and eventually, the state of land governance in the Philippines.