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09-13: New Ways of Dealing with Land Conflict
Alternative Land Conflict Transformation: A Cambodia Innovation
Independent Mediation Organization (IMG), Cambodia
When Cambodian Government granted Economic Land Concessions (ELCs) to investors from 2005 onwards, Indigenous People, rural people, women, and children in the targeted areas have been affected by many land disputes left unsolved despite the Government’s efforts. However, there are successful cases of land dispute resolution through mediation. The dispute between Hoang Anh Gia Lai and 14 IPCs in Ratanakiri which was mediated by the Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) has come to an agreement yet has not been officially approved by the Government. For the case of six communities in Northeastern province and a foreign rubber plantation company, the Independent Mediation organization (IMG) supported by Mekong Region Land Governance has accomplished the pre-mediation/assessment stage and a first round of negotiation stage following the key principles of mediation. However, mediation approaches still face many challenges like power imbalances and capacity building, lack of trust, and miscommunication.
Innovation In Land Disputes Mediation And Land Governance In Conflict Situations: Evidence From Eastern DRC And The State Of Jubbaland, Somalia.
The paper captures the experiences of land dispute mediation in Eastern DRC and the application of a ‘new model’ of governance to deal with land conflicts in the State of Jubbaland in Somalia. The two case studies present clear examples on the use of innovation in dealing with land conflicts and land governance challenges. In the context of DRC, the paper interrogates the major steps followed in implementing land mediation work. It shows that a very significant output of land mediation has been the signing of Peace Agreements by the parties to a conflict, witnessed by other key stakeholders. This has stabilizing the effect, thereby allowing peace to return and concerned parties to work on the land. In connection with Jubbaland, the paper demonstrates how and why a new; clan-based governance model is working in favour of the land rights of minority clans, thereby contributing to peace and stability.
Land Governance And State Building In Conflict Contexts: 10 Country Cases
UN-Habitat / Global Land Tool Network, Kenya
Through the analysis of ten country case studies, this paper illustrates how good land governance contributes to peace and stability in conflict affected contexts by strengthening the capacity, the institutions and the legitimacy of the state (state-building) and addressing land-related root causes of conflict.