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10-14: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa I
Managing Large Scale Land Administration Reforms; A case of Ghana’s Land Administration Reform
MINISTRY OF LANDS AND NATURAL RESOURCES, Ghana
In recent years, many countries and governments have embarked on various land and land administration reforms. These reforms are aimed at improving the modernising their land administration systems. Others have also used the opportunity to overhaul their legal and regulatory framework as well as implement key institutional reforms, often based on moving from a purely manual environment into digital working systems.
Various commentaries have been made by persons and groups about the success or otherwise of the interventions that have been carried out by the Ghana Land Administration Project.
It is therefore important for one to review the interventions so far carried out. The paper discusses the approach and focus of key interventions so far carried out. The adequacy or otherwise of some major activities implemented and mode, challenges encountered in such approaches and recommendations for avoiding or minimizing such challenges as lessons for other countries embarking on such ventures.
Use of Enabling Technology in Protecting Customary Land Rights in Sierra Leone - Pilot Formalization of Customary Land Rights
1Ministry of Lands, Country Planning and the Environment, Government of Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone; 2Food and Agricultural Organisation
The Government of Sierra Leone formulated and launched a comprehensive National Land Policy (NLP) in March 2017, and developed a plan for its effective implementation. The NLP calls for compulsory registration and establishment of a unified land title registration system that registers collective and individual rights and interests in land currently held under customary land tenure, which constitutes about 99% of land rights in Sierra Leone. This paper presents the approach and methodology in piloting the use of SOLA/OT in mapping and recording of, and thereby protecting customary land rights, which constitute about 99% of all land rights in Sierra Leone. Securing customary land tenure will ensure chiefdoms are well governed, peaceful and viable to improve local service delivery.
Rural Parcel Rights Demarcation in Ghana - An Exposition and Critique
Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Accra - Ghana
A challenge that continues to disturb efficient land administration in Ghana hinges on the lack of reliable maps, plans and land data as well as the use of unapproved, old or inaccurate maps. These have given rise to many boundary and ownership conflicts, thwarting national development at both urban and rural levels. To help ease this bottleneck the Ghana Government with the assistance from development partners: the World Bank, DfTD, etc. have been implementing the Ghana Land Administration Project (LAP).
This work expands understanding of the Rural Parcel Right Demarcation program being implemented under component 2 of LAP to highlight implementation successes and challenges. The work aims to demonstrate the outcome of the implementation of Rural Parcel Right Demarcation to assess the effectiveness of program in terms of both: (a) streamlining rural land administration, enhancing livelihoods and (b) reducing land disputes in rural commnuities.
Good Land Governance Is Essential To Effective Land Administration
Land Administration Authority, Lesotho
It widely acknowledged that land is a source of all wealth and for countries to develop they should create a conducive environment for the provision of secure land rights. There is a growing international acknowledgment of the importance of tenure security and good land governance. In most African countries, weak governance has undermined effective protection of land rights. Lesotho has achieved success because of integrating the principles of good land governance in its laws. The enactment of the Legal Capacity of Married Persons Act, Land Act 2010 and Land Administration Authority Act of 2011, has provided the legal security which is imperative to effective administration of land. Statics on land from 2004 will reveal a significant increase in the number of women with registered titles. This paper, therefore, seeks to demonstrate how through incorporating good land governance in land administration, Lesotho has managed to constantly provide effective land administration services.