The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.
|Location: MC 6-860|
|Date: Tuesday, 20/Mar/2018|
|8:30am - 10:00am||01-04: Raising Awareness and Supporting Land Networks|
Session Chair: Stephanie Burgos, Oxfam America, United States of America
Improving land governance and increasing women’s access and control over land through collective actions – the case of Pernambuco
Espaço Feminista, Brazil
The paper will examine how the organization Espaço Feminista (Brazil) and partners are building a movement that links women organizations and land movements in Brazil to improve land governance and to ensure that land policies are implemented with gender equality in both urban and rural settings.
Considering that there are many organizations operating in the region that are dedicated to women’s issues but that they do not focus on the problem of women’s land rights; and also considering, on the other hand, that there is an immense gender gap in the access, use, control and ownership of land, the paper will analyze such inequality from diverse angles and, using some of the statistics available, will highlight the importance of women’s equal access to land – both rural and urban land.
The Untold Story – How Media Coverage Can Change The Narrative On Land And Property Rights
Thomson Reuters Foundation, United Kingdom
Land rights issues only make headlines when conflicts become violent. Far less attention is paid to what lack of secure tenure means in the daily lives of those affected, for countries trying to attract investment to bolster development and for companies whose bottom line is at stake.
As the world races to achieve the SDGs by 2030, the presentation will address what journalists can do to increase awareness of this important issue and highlights solutions brought about by communities, technology, policy changes and new laws.
Conference participants will see how Place, the first digital platform dedicated to reporting about land and property rights, is bringing these stories to a broad audience and how journalists can contribute to changing the conversation from a niche subject to a global story. This presentation will explore reporting trends and the impact such news coverage can have on changing perception and policy.
Using spatial data tools to support the development and sustainability of social land concessions for the landless or land-poor in Cambodia
Open Development Cambodia (ODC), Cambodia
Cambodia has many landless or land-poor people. The government introduced a system of social land concessions (SLCs) where poor families receive land to build a home and grow food.
Not all SLCs are successful. Land may already be occupied, overlap with protected forests, have limited fertility or be remote from public services. One solution is integrating spatial data, digital maps and other resources at an early stage in planning.
Government data is often incomplete, out of date, inaccessible and may not have been digitized. Civil society organisations (CSOs) play a key role in producing accessible data. CSOs such as Open Development Cambodia (ODC), a national NGO, can conduct spatial analysis on proposed SLC locations with datasets and map layers for areas of customary land ownership, protected areas, public services, rainfall, flood risk, soil type and other data. This process can help improve the likelihood of SLC success.
Land Corruption in Africa: Secure Tenure Rights and Engage Local Communities
1Transparency International-Secretariat, Germany; 2Transparency International-Ghana; 3Transparency International-Madagascar
Transparency International National Chapters have made noteworthy progress by experimenting innovative solutions to empower local communities in fighting corruption in the land sector. While a group of widows from the Upper East region of Ghana was very successful in advocating for their land rights and improving their livelihoods, members of a rural community from the West of Madagascar worked together to restore a sustainable peace by securing their parcels. This paper presents lessons learned by National Chapters of Ghana and Madagascar during the implementation of the Land and Corruption in Africa Project. It can serve as a basis or a guide for civil society organisations embarking on similar initiatives, as well as some learnings for policy makers.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||02-04: Leveraging the SDG Momentum and Monitoring Progress|
Session Chair: Jolyne Sanjak, Landesa, United States of America
Taking Land Governance Performance Monitoring To The Next Level: Towards a Uniform Vision For Data Standards
Land Portal Foundation
There is an increasing drive to collect data that helps illustrate the land governance situation globally. However, a uniform vision towards standardizing the use of geospatial and land governance information systems is lacking. In order to reach the full potential of land governance information systems, gathering data about specific indicators, producing community maps or making databases accessible is not enough. While this is an essential starting point, these efforts must go beyond the mere collection of data to ensure long-term sustainability on investments. The data that is gathered needs to be shared, analyzed and challenged. In this regard, the land sector can benefit from data standards on how to publish information in a way that ensures discoverability and interoperability. There is a need to agree on a uniform vision through which the land sector benefits from these data technologies, and also incorporates the controversial reality that is land governance data.
How People-Centered Land Monitoring can Contribute to the Realization of the SDGs and VGGTs – The case of ILC's Dashboard
1CIRAD / International Land Coalition, Italy; 2International Land Coalition, Italy
The adoption of the VGGTs and the SDGs marked a major advancement towards the recognition of the central role that land tenure and land governance play in global efforts to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development. While these new global frameworks define ambitious goals, the key to their success lies in our ability to give them substance and produce results that can be seen in practice. It was in this context, that the Dashboard was conceptualized in 2016 as a people-led monitoring tool aimed to monitor the overall status of land governance at national level.
The aim of this paper is to
- Present and discuss the Dashboard initiative
- Introduce the initial work undertaken, including an overview of ongoing land monitoring initiative and existing indicators
- Offer results from our preliminary consultations and final list of indicators, still under development
- Assess how it converges with other monitoring initiatives
Strengthening Global Coordination for Land Governance Monitoring and Data for Policy Decisions; Experiences from Global Land Indicators Initiative
GLII/GLTN - UN Habitat
Land is central to ending poverty and inequality, promote peaceful society and conservation of natural resources. Regional and global frameworks have been adopted by governments in their efforts to inform responsible land governance including Africa Union Framework and Guidelines and global Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance on Tenure; and Sustainable Development Goals.
Global coordination for monitoring of these frameworks is central to ensure data is available for policy decisions. The Global Land Indicators Initiative (GLII), established in 2012 by World Bank, Millennium Challenge Cooperation and UN-Habitat, and currently with over 50 partners continues to carry out global coordination and convening of land and data communities, facilitate dialogues on best practices in land monitoring, promote comparability and complementary of data efforts. This paper analyses land governance frameworks and underscore the importance of global coordination of monitoring of these frameworks; experiences of GLII and its partners; challenges and opportunities moving forward.
Land Governance and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Consolidating and Harmonizing Monitoring Initiatives
1Land Portal Foundation, France; 2Global Donor Working Group on Land
Numerous indicators of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) relate to tenure rights, food security and nutrition, including 1.4.2 on perceptions of land tenure security, 2.4.1 relating to the proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture and 5.a.1 women ownership of agricultural land. This side event will bring together key actors in the land governance community and beyond who are making significant efforts to ensure land-related SDGs remain part of the 2030 Agenda and are tracked and made widely available to stakeholders in the land governance community and specifically to National Statistical Offices (NSOs). It will provide an opportunity for discussion of the initiatives currently underway to monitor and amplify efforts focused on achieving land-related SDGs in the 2030 Agenda through research, advocacy and communications, and will explore opportunities to consolidate and harmonize these initiatives and improve their effectiveness vis-à-vis targeted stakeholder groups.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||03-04: Harnessing the Benefits from a NSDI: Country Cases|
Session Chair: Maurice Barbieri, CLGE (Council of European Geodetic Surveyors), Switzerland
Measuring Geospatial Maturity; a First Step Towards Sensible, Sustainable and Resilient Investment
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
Accessible, accurate and high quality geospatial data is a fundamental enabler to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Information about location and place enables a visual understanding of both the present and the future, providing officials with an accurate and reliable view of their world.
Increasingly seen as part of a nation’s digital infrastructure, geospatial data is being viewed as ‘infrastructure for infrastructure’ - fundamental data underpinning government decision making, economic growth and the creation of citizen-centric services within more resilient communities.
Governments are therefore investing in geospatial data not simply to develop infrastructure and services but as a direct driver of economic growth and innovation. Growing this geospatial capability at both an agency and federal level has never been more important.
This paper introduces Ordnance Survey’s geospatial maturity tool and the benefits it brings to governments seeking to deliver sustainable economic and societal outcomes for their nations.
Spatial Data Infrastructure Diagnostic Tool - Partnerships for Implementation
1Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN, Italy; 2World Bank, USA; 3Senior Geospatial Consultant
The World Bank in cooperation with the FAO launched the development of a Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) Diagnostic Tool and Economic-Business Case Analyses in December 2016. Initial testing of the tool has been completed in nine countries. Recognizing the need to develop strategic partnerships for support to countries, especially in the developing world, the World Bank signed an agreement with the United National Global Geospatial Information Management Group in August 2017. The main objectives of the collaboration are to: (i) Develop an overarching Geospatial Framework and (ii) Assist countries to prepare and implement country level Action Plans. Under the World Bank-FAO Cooperation Program, several countries have been supported to develop and test the diagnostic tool, prepare country level action plans and look for possible sources of financing. This paper will present the SDI action plans of several countries from different regions as well as the cross-regional knowledge sharing.
Open Data and Spatial Data Infrastrcuture Develpment in Moldova
Agency for Land Relations and Cadastre of Moldova, Moldova
Since independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Moldova has made great progress in land property management, thanks to the World Bank and other international organizations.
In April 2012, the Government of Moldova joined the Open Government Partnership initiative where it committed to increase public access to information, promote transparency of governance and ensure citizens’ participation to governance, by using advanced information technologies. The open data principles are facilitates citizens’ access to the data of the ministries and central public administration.
The main objective of the given report is an analysis of Open Data and NSDI development in Moldova. Special attention is paid to key actors as data users of geospatial information in Moldova, interested central and local public authorities, private sector, research organizations and NGO which benefit from the geospatial information, especially aerial photography, orthophotos, elevation/digital terrain model and base maps.
SERBIAN NSDI DIGITAL PLATFORM: „Collect. Connect. Create.“ — Our words for the future
Republic Geodetic Authority, Serbia
This paper presents the new digital platform of Serbian SDI in order to improve land governance and achieve the Global Agenda, to support government and municipal authorities form Serbia and the region. Presents the new way to make better use of the infrastructure data and services with good practice use cases from Serbia for the use of geospatial data and services through one, public web application for all citizens. New platform connects data from the government, regional and local municipalities, academia, researches and private sector creating added value service for government, market and society. With crowdsourcing functionality, platform ensures participation of the society and citizens creating governments that are more transparent and better service delivery at all levels as well as enabling citizens to actively participate in the democratic process.
The legal component, one of the key segments for NSDI development in Republic of Macedonia
Agency for Real Estate Cadastre, Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of
According with the legal regulation of Republic of Macedonia, the national spatial data infrastructure (NSDI) is establishing technological, legal and administrative framework for inter-institutional cooperation, which supports the initiatives for e-government and enables the integration of the spatial data from different sources into one network. NSDI law of Republic of Macedonia was adopted by parliament in 2014 (http://nipp.katastar.gov.mk/geoportalCms/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/law-on-NSDI-eng.pdf).
After the adoption of the Law on NSDI, we started its implementation. First of all, according to the Law was to establish the NSDI governance structure, and then move towards realization of the technical component-development and implementation of the National geo-portal.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||04-04: How Do Global Policies Support Local Change|
Session Chair: Christian Graefen, Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit, Germany
The VGGT and F&G: Versatile Tools for Tenure Governance
Responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries, forests and other natural resources is a major input to the achievement of food security and nutrition in many countries, especially in communities of small-scale faming systems which provide the dominant sources of livelihoods. Yet achieving responsible tenure governance is beset with numerous challenges from community up to national and policy levels. The paper analysis the application of the Voluntary Guidelines for the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT) and the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa (F&G) to dealing with these challenges in 17 countries through an EU Land Governance Program. It analysis the theory of change underlying the application of VGGT and F&G, lessons learnt in implementation, capitalization of experiences and the key challenges likely to affect the sustainability of the gains made in implementation.
Open Data as a Mechanism of Social Change for Vulnerable Urban Communities
1Habitat for Humanity; 2Cadasta
This paper discusses Habitat for Humanity’s Solid Ground campaign which was launched in 2015 and offers free legal and technical advice for land and resource rights in the Latin and Caribbean region through its program ALO Suelo Urbano. The paper details how the program connects individuals and communities in need of counsel to a lawyer or trained paralegal, free of charge. These legal professionals work with residents in need to gather the necessary information to understand the problems and barriers being faced in order to advise them of possible approaches to secure their land rights. Tracking the various exchanges and trends of the program participants is performed by the Cadasta platform to ensure that their land dispute cases are documented and prevented in the future.
Towards Transparency in Land Ownership: a Methodology to Research Beneficial Land Ownership
1Transparency International Secretariat, Germany; 2Traverse Research; 3IALTA; 4Global Witness; 5Research Consultant
In many countries, unidentified private individuals and legal entities retain significant economic benefits from land. The issue of anonymous “beneficial ownership” affects land tenure security globally. The lack of transparency in land registries (including beneficial ownership information) and land transfers pose a major land governance challenge. This lack of transparency can make it harder for affected communities and or governments to hold legal entities accountable for any sort of violation (environmental, human rights, etc) they commit.
Although in some sectors (for example finance), beneficial ownership transparency has been introduced as a means to address money laundering and corruption, this research methodology focuses primarily on transparency for the purposes of improving accountability in land use, land-related decision making and land transactions.
The presented methodology is meant to provide a basic framework for researching beneficial land ownership at one primary unit of geographic analysis, examining Scotland and Sierra Leone as pilots.
A Global Review of Land Tenure, Climate Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity
1RMIT University, Australia; 2Land and GLTN Unit, UN-Habitat, Kenya
This global research project seeks to investigate the interrelationships between land tenure, climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity. Drawing on a comprehensive literature review on how land tenure relates to natural disasters, climate change, food security and displacement the objective is to then focus on the aspects of climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity.
Other methods include the development of 4 country case studies by local experts (Solomon Islands, the Philippines, Uganda, and Trinidad and Tobago), the establishment of a reference group of experts, peer review and validation at workshops.
This papers presents the preliminary findings of this review. The final outcome will be a global report on the relationships between land tenure, climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity, and the land tools that can be best applied to address the issues raised.
|Date: Wednesday, 21/Mar/2018|
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-04: Implementing Safeguards to Protect Land Rights|
Session Chair: Peter Sidler, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Ethiopia
Losing Land and Livelihood: Commercial Farming and Displacement in Rural Zambia
Human Rights Watch, United States of America
The Zambian government regards agriculture as a “panacea” for rural poverty, and the country’s leaders have been promoting agribusiness investments on huge swaths of land. However, flaws in the government’s regulation of commercial agriculture, and its poor efforts at protecting the rights of vulnerable people, instead of helping people climb out of the poverty mire, are actually hurting them. Families that have lived and farmed for generations on land now allocated to commercial farms are being displaced without due process or compensation. Some have been left hungry and homeless.
This paper examines the human rights impacts of the activities of commercial farms on residents, including the distinctive impacts on women as a result of their social roles and status, and the fact that they have the least opportunity to negotiate and assert their rights.
Promoting Rural Land Tenure Security in Haiti: Ensuring community participation through a tailored public consultation process
1Land Alliance, United States of America; 2Interamerican Development Bank
Public consultations prior to land tenure programs can be inclusive, gender-oriented, transparent and participatory processes that help set a similar tone for project implementation. They are an opportunity to explore environmental and social risks of land programs in a manner that puts stakeholders’ concerns at the center and that can result in forms of participatory monitoring.
This paper presents key findings and lessons learned from public consultations for the second phase of the Haitian Rural Land Tenure Security Project. Lessons learned can inform the implementation of future land tenure related consultation processes.
The lessons highlighted the importance of:
- great logistics management;
- local knowledge to gain access, trust and to save time;
- reporting back to participants to build a transparent and communicative dynamic with communities;
- ownership of the consultation on behalf of the project implementer to ensure accountability; and
- understanding the added value of consultations helps build a sense of ownership.
The Land Specialized Court in Mato Grosso, Brazil: Achievements and challenges in collective land conflicts
1Judiciary Branch of State of Mato Grosso - Brazil; 2Nea UNICAMP - Brazil; 3OAB/MT - Brazilian Bar Association - State of Mato Grosso - Brazil; 4ANOREG - Association of Notaries and Registrars of Brazil
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the protagonist role that the Judiciary Branch can have in Land Governance. The article will show some of the experiences of the Judiciary of the State of Mato Grosso linked with the performance of the specialized court in land complex conflicts involving large numbers of people, as well as the concrete experience of the commission for land issues - CAF.
It will have the next methodological steps:
Show the main steps that a conflict law suit takes at the Land Court or at the CAF;
Classify a collection of cases to better understand rural collective land ownership conflicts in the state;
Present main challenges and some best practices based on solutions obtained at the Land Specialized Court and at CAF, with the participation of government agencies;
Describe and analyze some of the cases to improve procedures and rules linked to land ownership conflicts.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-04: Land Restitution in Post-Conflict Situations|
Session Chair: David F. Varela, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia
Land Restitution in the context of Peace Building
WORLD BANK, Colombia
Land restitution might contribute to consolidate peace building processes when is closely linked with the country’s overall peacebuilding objectives and in turn with their development goals, because the relationship between people and land is ultimately affected by access to markets, community ties, access to public services, and the prevention of potential conflicts.
Improving the economic situation of the restituted families is essential to restore livelihoods of returnees or resettled families, including rural development and economic activities, in a broader framework of land restitution programs, towards peace building. In this sense, it is not only dealing with restitution, return or resettlement, but to prevent future conflicts through territorial development.
The Political Economy of the Rural Agreement in the Colombian Peace Accord
George Mason University, United States of America
Conflicts over the distribution of land have been a constant in the republican history of Colombia and consensus exists around the idea that inequality in access to the resource is at the core of the pintense civil war the country has gone through.
As part of the peace agreement reached with the FARC, the Colombian Government has embarked on an Integral Rural Reform (IRR) strategy with the potential to address historical agrarian issues that have hindered the pace of development and generated protracted conflict.
However, its results are expected to alter the historical status quo and consequently affect the interests of some actors. The paper describes the political economy of the IRR agreement by identifying the actors and the issues from which either support for, or resistance to, the initiative is likely to materialize as well as the effects that this can have for a peaceful and stable transition process.
Land and Conflict: Improved Governance of Tenure to Build Peace, Food Security and Sustainable Development
Conflicts over access, use and ownership of land remain as a major cause of social instability, food insecurity, and increased vulnerability of large segments of the population in many countries. While the roots of those conflicts are complex, land-related factors (such as insecure tenure rights, “legal pluralism” , and more generally poor land governance, including both legislation and institutions) are considered to contribute directly to them.
By drawing on the land policy reform experience in Colombia after the signing of the peace accords in 2016, this paper argues that the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests can provide a framework to improve governance of tenure (both legislation and institutions) which is key in all the stages of the conflict cycle, from prevention, to recovery, reconstruction, peace building and development.
Land and Peace in Colombia: FFP Methodology for Field Data Collection and Data Handling
1Kadaster, The Netherlands; 2Agencia Nacional de Tierras, Colombia; 3ITC, University of Twente, The Netherlands; 4Adterritorio, Peru; 5Departamento Nacional de Planeación, Colombia; 6Superintendencia de Notariado y Registro, Colombia; 7consultor, IGAC, Colombia; 8consultor, Colombia; 9Banco Mundial, Colombia
Effective land administration is an essential step on the road to peace in Colombia. The Colombian government plans to have a complete nation-wide land tenure coverage within seven years. The traditional approach to land administration in Colombia is not up to this policy challenge: the pace is too slow, the costs too high, the procedures too complex. Fast and effective land administration is essential for the implementation of the Reforma Rural Integral of the Peace Agreements, and to maintain public confidence in the peace process.
This paper presents a methodology for a project where fit-for-purpose Land Administration is tested at scale – after a successful field test. The test will be based on two pilot areas. These are participatory and integrated pilots, leading to cadastral maps and, more important, to land titles whenever the legal framework and institutional cooperation allows for land regularization and adjudication.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-04: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa IV|
Session Chair: Paul Tchawa, University of Yaoundé 1, Cameroon
Participation, Innovative Approaches and Customary Cadastres: A Practical VGI Experiment in Nanton, Ghana
1Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, The Netherlands; 2Swinburne Business School, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
The dearth of land information on customary lands limits the development and application of land consolidation. This paper presents and discusses the results of an experiment carried out to test the potential of participatory land administration applied on customary lands in support of land consolidation. The concept of Participatory Land Administration (PLA) which is developed in the context of the evolution of crowdsourced, volunteered, and participatory approaches provides new insights into neogeography and neocadastre, and fit-for-purpose and pro-poor land administration. The area of the experiment is in Northern Ghana where the local farming community was engaged to develop a process. The study involved collecting land information relating to farms over a two-week period, using a mobile app and an orthophoto, based on PLA. The results show that PLA can potentially support land consolidation, but further investigation is needed on how it can be integrated into the formal land registration system.
Low-Cost Land Information System for Sustainable Urban Development: Case Examples in Kenya and Zambia
Urbanization has been a global phenomenon and has significantly contributed to economic development. However, the rapid rate of urbanization is increasing the social, economic and environmental load of cities. As such, urban development is the current global priority but the biggest challenge is how to ensure that these urban areas develop in a sustainable manner. Ensuring sustainable urban development requires appropriate land information if relevant and good decisions are to be made by public authorities, private sector or community organizations. The paper highlights the changes in procedures, responsibilities and computing environment with a focus on achieving good land governance and efficient land services. The experiences in Kenya and Zambia provide key lessons for consideration in future projects for replication and scaling up and potentially, will inform other similar initiatives in other countries.
Assisted Community-Led Systematic Land Tenure Regularization
1EXI LDA, Mozambique; 2DINAT - National Directorate of Lands; 3Kadaster
Mozambique has adopted the road of systematic land cadastre, which is the goal of Terra Segura Programme, to cover some 4 thousand communities and 5 million rural parcels, out of an total estimated universe of circa 12 million parcels and plots.
The initial exercises to attend this massive registration, utilized traditional methods of land tenure regularization, which resulted in being either too expensive or time-consuming initiatives, with serious problems of data quality.
New approaches were designed and tested to create an effective sustainable cadastre.
To that effect, a scaling of previous tests was designed to be implemented in a cluster of 8 communities in on province with at least 5 thousand households.
The end goal of this scaling up exercise was to learn and disseminate lessons in local capacity development, land registration based on community-based crowdsourcing, and improve the methodology and tools.
Innovations for Securing Land Rights in Customary Settings: Gender, Collective Action, and Role of Customary Authorities
MINISTRY OF LANDS, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, Malawi
|Date: Thursday, 22/Mar/2018|
|8:30am - 10:00am||09-04: Multi-Stakeholder Platforms for Land Policy Dialogue|
Session Chair: Oumar Sylla, UN-Habitat, Kenya
Innovation of Integrated Resource Governance in Myanmar
Pyoe Pin, Myanmar
The rules of the game for accessing natural resources are confused, contradictory and contested resulting unequal distribution of access to natural resources in Myanmar. Access to Myanmar’s land remains heavily contested. Powerful political and economic vested interests, the lack of democratic institutions, corrupt practices and conflict have all contributed to exploitation of resources, severe labour conditions and environmental degradation.
Since 2010, Pyoe Pin Institute has innovated a politically smart approach applying Political Economy Analysis to facilitate pro-equitable and sustainable customary land governance reform. The Fisheries and natural resources Partnership (RFP) has become a pioneer and model for key stakeholders to work together to improve land and natural resource governance both at national and sub-national level. The key local champions and many key stakeholders has worked together initially to reform fisheries sector as an entry and later replicated as Integrated Resource Governance (IRG) to work across customary land, forestry and fisheries.
Enjeux Et Limites Des Plateformes De Gouvernance Foncière Multiacteurs En Afrique
Initiative Prospective Agricole et Rurale, Senegal
Aujourd’hui comme par le passé, la problématique de la gouvernance foncière mérite d’être abordée en prenant en compte les principes directeurs de la démocratie contemporaine. Il en est ainsi car les ressources nationales constituent des enjeux forts qui touchent à l’ensemble des corps de la Nation. Cette nécessité de gouvernance démocratique des ressources foncières passe, de plus en plus, par la mobilisation et la mise en place de plateformes à différentes échelles, locale, méso et nationale, pour assurer une gouvernance foncière qui repose sur une démarche inclusive, participative et équitable de l’ensemble des parties prenantes. Cette démarche est sensée pacifier le foncier et aider à la définition de règles consensuelles dont l’appropriation par les parties prenantes est largement acquise car ces dernières ont participé au processus qui les a enfanté.
Refitting Gendered Land Governance Strategies With New Global And Regional Development Frameworks: Opportunities And Challenges For Land And Gender Advocates
1University of East London, United Kingdom; 2Huairou Commission, United States of America; 3Habitat for Humanity International Asia Pacific Office; 4United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
The stand-alone Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 5) and targets from other goals on gender equality and empowerment of women and girls have transformed expectations, advocacy and the pursuit of gendering the land agenda. This paper assesses the preparation, choices and strategies adopted by some key land players working toward the implementation of SDGs and other global and regional policy frameworks. The SDG led approach offers significant opportunities to empower local women and communities by letting their facts and perspectives determine the global agenda but there are challenges. The SDGs land discourse creates multiple linkages of land with other dimensions requiring a broadening of mandate by actors. The development of appropriate indicators and collecting data toward monitoring targets demands new skills and capacities. Finally, a review of emerging gendered land governance strategies show that SDG driven processes work best when local, grassroots and multi-stakeholder support are deployed while avoiding unintended consequences.
Multi-stakeholder Engagement To Increase Access To Land For Housing: Case Studies From A Global Advocacy Campaign
1Habitat for Humanity International, United States of America; 2Habitat for Humanity International, Asia-Pacific; 3Habitat for Humanity International, Latin America and the Caribbean; 4Habitat for Humanity International, Europe, Middle Eaat and Africa
Housing, both in the informal and formal sectors, fosters strength, stability and self-reliance and is often at the center of key development challenges. Without land, there can be no housing. Access to land lies at the heart of ending poverty. The Solid Ground campaign is providing an innovative approach to mobilize existing and new supporters to influence policy makers toward promoting policies and systems that improve access to land for shelter. Although the countries participating in the global campaign span many time zones, languages and cultures, they share a common barrier that denies people adequate housing – access to land. This paper outlines both the challenges and opportunities that arise from expanding access to land for shelter through multi-stakeholder partnerships, considering and exploring the different methodologies and modalities of engagement with different actors implementing under the Solid Ground campaign.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||10-04: Capacity Development for Land Governance|
Session Chair: Charl-Thom Hilgardt Bayer, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia
Land Govenance In Higher Education: Missing Link between Research, Policy, And Stakeholders' Needs In African Societies
University of Marburg, Germany
How to better integrate land governance issues into African postgraduate training? The paper discusses, with an economic focus, objectives, outcomes, content and admission requirements of Master courses in land governance. It identifies economic theories and methodologies needed to address modern, complex governance issues; it highlights the dynamics in land relations and their impact on (good) land governance. It focuses on links to other policies, takes rural and urban problems into consideration as well as contributions to achieve (global) environmental goals. Not only the role of the state is at issue; a master course has to concentrate as much as on private business, land sale and rental markets and spill-overs to other factor markets and stakeholders’ interests in civil society. In future multi-layer, polycentric governance is asked for, more complex models have to be identified to adequately address different levels. Experiences to measure impact (LGAF) will be discussed as well.
Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration: Capacity Development for Country Implementation
1Aalborg University, Denmark; 2KnowEdge, United Kingdom; 3GLTN/UN-Habitat, Kenya
This paper aims to analyze the requirements for capacity development as a precondition for implementing Fit- For-Purpose (FFP) Land Administration Systems at country level. The FFP concept is not a technical fix. It is about applying the spatial, legal and institutional methodologies that are most fit for the purpose of providing secure tenure for all by addressing the current constraints and allowing for incremental improvement over time.
“Don´t start what you can´t sustain”. This phrase is particularly relevant for implementing land administration systems at country level. This paper identifies five key steps for addressing this quest for capacity: (i) Analysis of the country context, (ii) Capacity assessment; (iii) Capacity development strategy, (iv) Implement capacity development strategy, and (v) Monitoring and evaluation.
Technical and Vocational Education and Training initiative on Rural Cadastre and Land Registration: The Case of Ethiopia
1NIRAS/Ethiopia, Ethiopia; 2Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources
In accordance to the TVET strategy and requirement, the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources (MoANR) has initiated production of trained manpower at a technical level recently for Rural Cadastre and Land Registration. With the support from the Government of Finland, through the Responsible and Innovative Land Administration (REILA) project in October 2014, a new Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) program on Rural Cadastre and Land Registration launched in Assosa Agricultural TVET college at Level III. From this initiative, two batches graduated on Rural Cadastre and Land Registration, in 2016 11 graduates and in 2017 63 graduates. Putting together the 2016 and 2017 graduates, the total number of technicians on Rural Cadastre and Land Registration reached 74 in the land sector of the Benishangul Gumuz region. Out of this number 21 of them are female graduates that makes the female graduates more than 28%.
Advancing collaborative research in responsible and smart land management in and for Africa: The ADLAND model
Chair of Land Management, Technical University of Munich, Germany
This paper presents the "Advancing collaborative research in responsible and smart land management in and for Africa" (ADLAND) model of capacity development. ADLAND advances the concept and praxis of responsible and smart land management, in the context of, and for, being able to address the needs of African land policy. The paper discusses the ADLAND model and how its activities are planned and (will be) implemented towards roadmaps that will culminate into the development of a responsible and smart land management capacity in selected universities and research institutions in Africa. It presents its ADLAND methods for capacity development in land management education in Africa focusing on the responsible and smart land management concepts, the ADLAND networks and partnerships approach and its programme of activities.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||11-04: Data Collection Methodology|
Session Chair: Gbemisola Oseni Siwatu, The World Bank, United States of America
Production Frontiers & Soil Suitability: An Analysis of Maize Farmers in Eastern Uganda
World Bank, United States of America
Rural societies rely heavily on smallholder subsistence farming for food security and consumption. Both theory and evidence point to a strong, positive relationship between agricultural productivity and economic outcomes, yet, large gaps exist between realized and agronomically feasible yields. Productivity is hindered by a multitude of factors including lack of knowledge and extension services, market failures, and inadequate use of improved inputs. This paper focuses on the soil suitability of a given crop, maize, for a given agricultural plot. Farmers cultivating maize on land that is not agronomically suitable for maize will face limited yield potential, as is illustrated here using stochastic frontier analysis. This paper sets out to determine the magnitude of forgone production due to cultivation on less than suitable land and to identify which groups of farmers are bearing the burden of this constrained productivity, ultimately allowing for greater targeting of agriculture-based poverty reduction policies.
Mission Impossible? Exploring the Promise of Multiple Imputation for Predicting Missing GPS-Based Land Area Measures in Household Surveys
1Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS), Survey Unit, Development Data Group, The World Bank; 2The World Bank
Research has provided evidence for the use of GPS as the scalable gold standard for land areas measurement in household surveys. Nonetheless, facing constraints, survey agencies often measure with GPS only plots within a given radius of dwelling locations, potentially introducing biases in land area statistics. This study uses nationally-representative, multi-topic household surveys from Malawi and Ethiopia with near-negligible missingness in GPS-based plot areas to validate a multiple imputation (MI) model for predicting missing GPS-based plot areas. The analysis artificially creates missingness in GPS-based areas of plots beyond relevant distances of dwelling, conducts MI under each scenario, and compares the distributions of the imputed plot-level area and agricultural productivity, with their known distributions. This results in imputed yields distributions statistically undistinguishable from true distributions with up to 82% and 56% missingness, respectively for Malawi and Ethiopia. The study highlights the promise of MI for predicting missing GPS-based plot areas.
Targeting small scale irrigation in Mozambique: Initial evidence and implications for impact evaluations
The World Bank, United States of America
to be filled
Sampling strategies for assessing impacts of irrigation investment in Rwanda
The World Bank, United States of America
to be filled
|Date: Friday, 23/Mar/2018|
|9:00am - 10:30am||12-03: OpenStreetMap–The Free, Open, Collaborative Global Basemap|
Session Chair: Marena Brinkhurst, Mapbox, United States of America
OpenStreetMap - The Free, Open, Collaborative Global Basemap
1Mapbox, United States of America; 2Development Seed, United States of America
Many working on land issues face a major barrier to using geospatial technologies: the lack of basic basemap data like roads, village names, and local landmarks. Some of us have begun creating our own maps, a daunting endeavor that is often repeated by other organizations who also need access to similar maps. A potential solution is OpenStreetMap - a free, accessible, collaborative, and open mapping platform to create, share, and access basemap data. This Masterclass, supported by the Community team at Mapbox, will introduce OpenStreetMap - explaining its history, how it is maintained, advantages that it offers, and examples of how it is being used by organizations, governments, and local communities. This will be followed by a hands-on introduction to using OpenStreetMap, including ways to download, add, validate, and import data. We will also discuss what could make OpenStreetMap a more useful tool for organizations working on land issues and global development.
|11:00am - 12:30pm||13-03: Alternative Land Conflict Transformation: Lessons from Cambodia|
Session Chair: Sophorn Poch, Independent Mediation Organization (IMG), Cambodia
Alternative Land Conflict Transformation: Lessons from Cambodia
Land Equity International/Mekong Region Land Governance, Lao People's Democratic Republic
On the basis of one land conflict case in Northeast Cambodia, the master class aims to engage participants in a role play of land conflict pre-mediation and assessment processes, which form a preparatory step prior to mediation and negotiation stages. Firstly, a discussion on the building mediation process and roles play. Then a reflection on land conflicts analysis tools such as actors mapping.
|1:30pm - 3:00pm||14-03: The Economics of Land Degradation Neutrality in Asia|
Session Chair: Pushpam Kumar, UNEP, Kenya
The Economics of Land Degradation Neutrality in Asia: Empirical Analysis & Policy Implications for the SDGs
The global community has acknowledged the risks that degradation poses to stability, food security and livelihoods by setting Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15, “Life on Land”. Target 15.3 specifically states that “By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral (LDN) world.” Progress on the goal is set to be measured in terms of “proportion of land that is degraded over total land area” as an indicator, and sub-indicators (land cover and land cover change, land productivity, and above and below ground carbon stocks). These indicators are purely biophysical and empirical studies integrating biophysical indicators with socioeconomic factors using biophysical and econometric modelling approaches is crucial to provide a framework in which the costs and benefits of interventions against land degradation could be assessed.