The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.
|Location: MC C1-100|
|Date: Tuesday, 20/Mar/2018|
|8:30am - 10:00am||01-11: Blockchain Technology in Land Administration: Use Cases|
Session Chair: Fredrik Zetterquist, Swedesurvey, Sweden
The Swedish Land Registry Blockchain Project: Update and Implications for Modernizing Land Registration Systems
ChromaWay, United States of America
The Swedish Land Registry and a consortium of government and private sector agencies completed the pilot phase of testing during 2017. ChromaWay provided the blockchain technology which included distributed ledgers, smart contracts, and secured workflow in order to test the contributions that these emerging technologies can make to the efficiency and effectiveness of land registry-related processes.
The purpose of the presentation will be to address the following questions:
1. What were the lessons learned from introducing a blockchain into a land registry ecosystem?
2. What are the implications for the use of blockchain technologies for land registries in both the developed and the developing world?
3. What are the political, cultural, organizational, technical, and process changes that impact the success of a blockchain land registry project?
The presentation will also include updates based on the production phase of the project scheduled to begin Q4 2017
Dubai Real Estate Block Chain
Dubai Land Department, United Arab Emirates- Emirates Real Estate Solutions
The abstract illustrates Blockchain implementations in the real estate sector in Dubai. The vision and strategy was to inroll all government sector services that rely on properties to be conducted in phases, then to start enrolling third party and private sectors to utilize blockchain data. The first phase was to migrate all titledeeds to blockchain environment, integrate all legacy systems to produces new titledeeds on blockchain. Customers can verify their ownership on the blockchain environment. The second phase was to adapt smart lease contracts to rent, renew and get all relatedservices to renting from one electronic procedure(utilities, licensing, banks, payments). This phase have involved multiple entities to ease renting process in Dubai. The short and long plan is explained in the abstract to reach to a strong blockchain implementation goals. The abstract defines the challenges that has been faced during the proof of concept and go-live implementations and success factors.
Blockchain and Land: Proof of Concept
1World Bank, United States of America; 2Food and Agriculture Organization
Land is an area that is particularly ripe for blockchain solutions. Though the technology is relatively new and still in pilot phase, it can support solution development for some of the biggest land challenges. The Global Land and Geospatial Team of the World Bank and the World Bank Blockchain Lab, with support from the Food and Agriculture Organization, conducted a proof of concept for three use cases of blockchain and land administration. This, however, is just the technology side of the story. There are many other important aspects that need to be considered for the possible adoption of this technology for land administration solutions. These include policy, legal, institutional, capacity, and public awareness related questions. The paper will present the proof of concept, raise important unanswered questions on the development of blockchain solutions, and present a literature review of other pilots that have been conducted so far.
Blockchain - Georgian Experience Phase II
National Agency of Public Registry Ministry of Justice of Georgia, Georgia
Blockchain is the high-tech solution of the 21st century, a software platform for digital assets that offers high level of security and provides protection and transparency of a transaction. As always innovational in terms of introduction of new technologies, Georgia is one of the first countries in the world that started using Blockchain in property registration.
The registration of immovable property in Georgia is implemented by the National Agency of Public Registry (NAPR) under the Ministry of Justice with one of the most advanced and experienced IT Department, providing its services not only NAPR but to other government agencies as well.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||02-11: Can Blockchain Technology support Land Administration?|
Session Chair: Marcela Villarreal, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Italy
Blockchain, Real Estate, and Land Governance
New America, United States of America
The paper gives a sense of the current state of affairs with blockchain and land registries as well as a sense how it is evolving. After observing some larger trends in blockchain in the forward, the paper makes a broad case as to why blockchain make sense for Real Estate in the introduction.
From there the paper has four sections.
First, it covers what we consider to be the seven essential prerequisites before blockchains are introduced into a land registry.
Second, we introduced a conceptual framework of eight levels of integration from the most simple to the most radical.
Third, we consider five specific cases ranging from title insurance to regulation and how they will change in the not too distant future.
Finally, we consider six case studies of companies that are already active in the space.
Blockchain Technology: The Safest Way For Better Land Governance?
Thomson Reuters Bolivia s.r.l.
This paper includes a thorough review of current potential applicability of Blockchain for land administration, but also weighs this against the barriers to applicability, as briefly noted in this abstract. We know that Blockchain is not a panacea for all inefficiencies or governance challenges when implementing a modern, fair and efficient land registry. In my capacity as a Thomson Reuters technologist, this paper draws on the research and deployment occurring within my corporation. Across these professions the notion of Blockchain is gaining incredible hype. While there is optimism, there is also equal skepticism. Above all, there is clouded confusion on the merits and technical applicability of this new emerging potentially disruptive technology. This paper will help clarify what a Blockchain really is, and provide a practical approach to making incremental steps toward adoption. Governments have an opportunity to lead the adoption of this technology before industries.
Evaluating the Use of Blockchain in Land Transactions: An Archival Science Perspective
The University of British Columbia, Canada
Land transaction records are among the most important records a society generates. Blockchain is a new technology that has the potential to radically alter the recording of land titles and ownership transfers. Proponents of blockchain’s use for land transaction recordkeeping point to its many advantages. Any technology that changes the manner in which land transactions are recorded also raises questions about its impact upon long-term availability of authentic records and compliance with information-related laws and regulations. The objective of this paper is to explore recordkeeping issues using an archival science theoretic lens to help those considering the application of blockchain technology in land administration gain a clearer picture of its potential impact on land ownership recordkeeping.
What Should We (Not) Do With Land Administration Data? The Risk Of Privatization And Blockchain`s Code As Law
Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The
This paper concerns the possible use of Land Administration data and the (legal) requirements that have to be met. Since data seems to be a real asset, (even) Land Registries are of interest of private companies. Privatization is one of the more recent developments. In a few countries the first steps have been taken to privatize their Land Administration systems.
Next to that, new technology e.g. blockchain has an impact on (the independence of) Land Registries. The (legal) demands for a blockchain-based Land Administration system are described in this paper.
The paper does not only cover questions related to preventing fraud (independence institutions), it also describes some trends and technological issues and developments (e.g. Blockchain, Big Data and Linked Data) and the legal questions deriving from these developments. It all comes down to data, the true meaning of the data, its quality and the question who owns the data.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||03-11: Framing Standards to Anticipate Tomorrow's Technologies|
Session Chair: Trevor Taylor, OGC, United States of America
The Need For Technology And Approaches Of Tomorrow
Kadaster, Netherlands, The
The question is if the present technology and approaches will bring us land rights for all and the sustainable development we envisage. In this paper an optimistic view on the path we are on is presented , which does not mean that with the present approaches and level of technology land rights for all will be a fact by 2030. Innovation and the embracement of unforeseen developments are a prerequisite for success.
Megatrends Shaping the Future Cadastral Systems
1Aalto University, Finland; 2National Land Survey of Finland
Many wide-reaching global level changes such as digitalization and urbanization are taking place in a modern society. In order to maintain a fully functioning cadastral system, these changes and especially their impacts on cadastral systems need to be noticed. This paper discusses the cadastral systems with the assumptions that megatrends are shaping the future of our society, as well as the way people relate to the spatial objects. We examine the relevant megatrends and their anticipated impacts identified by an expert panel in the context of the Finnish cadastral system. The most significant megatrends to be further analyzed are digital culture, ubiquitous intelligence, increasing trend in transparency, accessibility and open data, urbanization, business ecosystems, new patterns of mobility, global risk society and knowledge-based economy. After that, we reflect the megatrends to answers given by international experts and discuss the anticipated impacts on the cadastral systems at a global scale.
Innovations in Land Data Governance: Unstructured Data, NoSQL, Blockchain, and Big Data Analytics Unpacked
Swinburne Business School, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
Unstructured data, NoSQL, distributed databases (including blockchain technology), and big data analytics potentially change the landscape for land data creation, management, and dissemination. This paper provides a state-of-the-art examination of cases, prototypes, and demonstrators where these database tools are being explored and applied in the land sector – drawing on a range of international cases. The paper finds that whilst uptake of non-relational and distributed databases is occurring, it still remains largely at the level of demonstrator or pilot. Scaled uptake is occurring slower than anticipated: assessments of the broader impacts on the land sector and broader society remains premature. Meanwhile, emerging distributed analytical databases appear to be under explored. Overall, the examined technologies not only offer new operational approaches for the conventional land sector, but also the creation of entirely new land related services, products, and actors.
Future National Geospatial Agencies: Shaping Their Contribution To Society And The Sustainable Development Goals
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
The increasing reliance on location in the delivery of SDGs is an opportunity for National Mapping and Geospatial Agencies (NMGA). Managing fundamental geospatial data, fit for purpose, maintained and trusted, underpins the integration of all SDG spatial data. Future NMGAs may become data brokers as well as collectors/managers, SDI authorities, service providers and service consumers. NMGAs have to become the ‘go to’ authority for trusted fundamental geospatial data.
The future NMGA will connect with government, business, and academia customers. It will be an incubator of change as well as trusted ‘foot on the ground’.
The paper illustrates how geospatial information supports the delivery of SDGs, and demonstrates some of the key national changes that will enable this to occur. It draws upon the findings of the 2017 Cambridge Conference, where national mapping, cadaster and geospatial leaders debated these very points.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||04-11: Measuring Tenure Security Perceptions|
Session Chair: Alexandra Hartman, UCL, United Kingdom
Measuring Citizen Perceptions of Tenure Security: Test Surveys of the Global Property Rights Index (PRIndex) in Tanzania, Colombia and India
1Land Alliance, United States of America; 2ICED, United States of America
This paper describes national-level test surveys carried out by PRIndex in Tanzania, Colombia and India in 2017 to contribute to the development of a globally comparable methodology for measuring individual perceptions of security of property rights in national samples.
Scrutinizing the Status Quo: Gender-disaggregated Implications of Social and Economic Transformations on Perceived Tenure Security in Mozambique
1International Food Policy Research Institute, United States of America; 2Ethiopian Development Research Institute
This study examined the drivers of tenure insecurity in Mozambique using a National Agricultural Survey (TIA) 2014 and 2015 supplemental survey on land tenure. Perceived risk of land expropriation by the government or concession by private investors is used to measure land tenure insecurity. The empirical findings reveal that public tenure risk is higher among female spouses as compared to female heads. Moreover, larger proportion of migrants, land market vibrancy, economic vibrancy and land abundance varies between male and females within the same household and across households. Generally, tenure insecurity is higher in communities with more active land market and vibrant economy. Results reinforce the need that, beside the efforts made to secure land rights at household and community level in the country, land tenure reforms should take into account intra-household dimension in addressing issues of land tenure security.
Measuring Community Perceptions of Tenure Security: Evidence from Four African Countries
1World Bank, United States of America; 2The Cloudburst Group, United States of America
Despite decades of investment in rural land registration in sub-Saharan Africa, the empirical results of such programs, for example on agricultural productivity, remain startlingly mixed outside a few noteworthy exceptions. We hypothesize this may be at least partly due to limited analysis of the impact of land registration on tenure security, which we define here as the assurance that existing rights-holders will continue to possess their land. This paper therefore aims to provide pre-registration evidence on (i) rural landholders’ perceived tenure security and (ii) potential drivers of tenure security in four African countries with extant customary tenure systems to understand whether there is room to further strengthen tenure in such settings. The findings indicate that existing tenure is perceived to be quite secure by the vast majority of respondents, suggesting that, to be successful, land registration efforts will need to be carefully tailored to address local threats to tenure security.
|Date: Wednesday, 21/Mar/2018|
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-11: Fit-For-Purpose Approaches: Land Professionals' Role|
Session Chair: Christophe Dekeyne, IGN FI, France
The Geodetic Surveyor in the Heart of the Land Management: towards the Concept of « Sustainable Fit for Purpose »
CLGE (Comité de Liaison des Géomètres Européens), Belgium, Europe
The paper presents the importance of the sustainability of Fit for Purpose projects.
Results of different events or projects will be presented and compared to current publications about this topic:
- a workshop on Fit for Purpose held in Postdam (DE), 30 September 2017
- the ongoing International Land Measurement Coalition Project
- a round table about the sustainability of Fit for Purpose approaches held in Paris (FR). 29 January 2018
As land professionals, we believe that the idea of making "fast and cheap" lacks sustainability. To implement a Sustainable Fit- For-Purpose land administration it is important to call-in specialists who have mastered the subject and who can demonstrate the effectiveness of the systems recommended by their experience. On this condition, participatory methods are quite conceivable and even desirable. Indeed, local owners are best placed to indicate the supposed position of their parcel boundaries
The Role of the Private Land-Related Sector in Supporting the 2030 Global Agenda
This paper describes the role of the private land-related sector and land professionals in general in achieving the SDGs. It explains why the involvement of the private sector is crucial not only for achieving the SGDs, but also for the companies themselves in order to create a sustainable and long-lasting business.
Additionally, the paper focuses on the importance of incorporating Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policies as a driver for the involvement, and how private companies can meet the challenge of contributing to the 2030 global agenda.
In this regard, a number of reasons for private companies to engage in the development efforts are identified – arguably leading to a win-win situation for all parties involved.
Tackling Corruption in Urban Land Governance – The Under-Explored Route of Professional Integrity: Learnings from a Pilot and Promising Ways Forward
Transparency International - Secretariat, Germany
Corruption is a major obstacle to land governance. Yet, some of the most recent advances in anti-corruption thinking – a shift from narrow, punitive approaches to curb corruption to a broader emphasis on nurturing integrity - are so far not being harnessed fully in initiatives that address corruption in land governance.
This paper will report on an innovative pilot initiative to translate this broader emphasis on integrity into practical action: a course module on corruption and integrity for urban planning education and training, jointly developed and piloted in early 2017by the African Center for Cities at University of Cape Town and Transparency International. The paper elaborates on the rationale for such a module, presents its content, shares the lessons learnt from the pilot and offers a policy-practical outlook on where such a promising approach could venture next to live up to its significant potential to support integrity in urban land governance.
Trust on Land
1Lantmateriet, the Swedish mapping, cadastre and land registration authority, Sweden; 2LANDnet Uganda
Land is one of our ultimate resources for human beings to exist on earth.
From that perspective it is necessary that we take care of the land respectfully in a sustainable manner. This said not least in the view of SDGs and Agenda2030, signed by most of the countries in the UN.
Many countries have also adopted nice land policies and political intentions to manage land efficient without discrimination on sex, ethnic background, status etc.
Coming to practice and implementation, we have seen a huge number of fail and mistakes. Why is it in that way? We believe that one important key is that real actions on land must be built on trust.
From these starting points we will discuss the matter on how to build trust, giving examples from a common training programme for 5 countries in eastern Africa.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-11: Harnessing the Benefits from Interoperability|
Session Chair: Kalum Udagepola, Scientific Research Development Institute of Technology Australia, Australia
The Notarial Role In Interconnected Land Governance
High Council of Notary (CSN), France
Every minute, around 300.000 tweets, 15 million texts, 20 million emails are sent around the world, ten hours of video are uploaded on YouTube and 250 Go of data are archived on Facebook servers.
Consequently, thanks to the use of algorithms, new tools will make this service more and more efficient. This is one of the major challenges facing the French notary service.
Recent history shows that the partnership between the professional and State land tenure services, which have worked together for more than 10 years, offers a good and reliable service to citizens, guaranteeing security and efficiency.
Today’s digitalization of the procedures, such as dealing with land registry or client transactions related to the transfer of ownership, envisage a ‘paperless’ future.
The dedicated and automated access to real estate files by the notaires in France is imminent.
Online portals support European Interconnection of Land Registers
Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The
The creation of a true single market and the free movement of capital is a great challenge to a united Europe. Cross border information on real estate that is easily accessible and online is a crucial pre-requisite to success. EULIS offersprofessional users a portal to meet this pre-requisite.
Since the beginning of the EULIS initiative, the EU-Commission was a very important supporter of the basic concept of connecting national land registers to one European platform. In 2008 the e-Justice portal was launched, which provides direct access to legally oriented registers such as business registers, insolvency registers and others. In 2012 the Commission developed strong interest to integrate the EULIS portal in the e-Justice portal, thus giving direct access to the land registers of the member states via its own portal. The paper presents the technical details of the portal, the European interconnection project and a view on the future.
Lessons from Information Technology-based Land Governance Reforms in India
Azim Premji University, India
Nearly two decades of experiment with Information Technology-based solutions to the problems of land governance in India hold important lessons about requirements for scaling up of land governance reform projects from pilot stage. However, no systematic survey of the experience of the Indian States in IT-based land governance projects has been undertaken despite the policy and academic importance such an exercise. This paper seeks to address this gap by answering the question: what are the factors which have facilitated or constrained scaling up of important IT-based land governance reforms from the pilot stage across the Indian States. The paper draws on the extensive data available with the federal department of land resources under its ambitious Digital India Land Records Modernization Project (DILRMP) and also from vast secondary literature in the form of assessment of various pilot projects.
New Trends in Development of Land Tenure in Russia
State University of Land Use Planning, Russian Federation
The modern stage of Land Tenure development in Russia is featured by appearance of agricultural holding corporations and increasing size of private farms due to land consolidation. Development of Land Tenure in Russia is mostly depended on Regional Land Policies. One of the successful examples of them is the Republic of Kalmykia’s Land Policy. In the Republic of Kalmykia we can observe a unique trend, which is in the increase in the number of private farms and their average size. The following measures must be implemented to strengthen sustainability of Land Tenure development: land legislation must be improved both at federal and regional level; the institutional framework for implementation of “Land Lord-Tenant” system must be introduced; training programs related to Land Tenure development must be initiated; the pilot projects focused on Land Tenure development should be launched to make demonstration effect; Land Tenure development experience should be collected and disseminated.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-11: Strengthening Spatial Aspects of Land Administration|
Session Chair: Roland Klaus, GIS/transport, Nigeria
UNECE/FIG Guidelines for Formalization of Informal Real Estate within Europe
The new UNECE/FIG publication on Guidelines about how to structure a fit-for-purpose strategy to formalize informal real estate and how to integrate such real estate into a country’s national economy fast, affordably and reliably is presented. The Guidelines include: definition of term “informal real estate”; an analysis of the purpose of formalization; explanation why countries may need a technical Guideline for that; policy issues, e.g., why a Fit-For-Purpose Formalization may need to go beyond the existing scientific, engineering and planning practice; how governments should address the challenges related to funding, structural stability, environmental and ethical issues, and a possible hostile reaction against formalization; strategy issues, such as how to engage society to support the projects, and advice on how to build the framework for formalization and how to prioritize actions, as well as on how to implement and monitor formalization, including technical and legal aspects and key-issues about demolitions.
Real Estate Registration Project
Republic Geodetic Authority Republic Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Real Estate Registration Project (RERP) is financed by World Bank loan. The project implementation period is 2013-2020.
Basic goals and expected effects of the Project in the Republic of Srpska:
• Establishment of a Real Estate Cadastre as a unique record of real property and rights on them in the territory of 190 cadastral municipalities,
• Ensuring conditions for positioning in the new coordinate reference system for the area of the Republic of Srpska (ETRS89), which will significantly facilitate the application of modern (GPS) measurement technologies and provide greater accuracy and reliability of positioning data in space,
• Establishment of reliable and accurate real estate records for the benefit of all citizens of the Republic of Srpska and other interested natural and legal persons,
• the development of e-services will enable interested individuals and legal entities to quickly obtain information about the real estate that they need,
IMPROVEMENT of cadastral maps in CROATIA
1GEO-GAUSS d.o.o., Croatia; 2State geodetic administration, Croatia
Cadastral maps originated from the 19th century are made by the graphing method and are far less accurate than required today, but these are still in official use on the 70% of the territory of the Republic of Croatia. By overlapping such cadastral plans with the actual situation we come to the problem, because larger or smaller position misalignments exist.
About the homogenization as a method of cadastral maps of graphic survey improvement in the Republic of Croatia several projects and studies has been conducted, a lot of expert papers were published, but the implementation of the improvement has not yet occurred.
In this project based on the analyses carried out, it was necessary to fulfil the existing methodology and create needed technical solutions.
The results of new approach are much better and they are strong reason to begin the implementation of the homogenization process as a systematic process.
|Date: Thursday, 22/Mar/2018|
|8:30am - 10:00am||09-11: Lightning talks: Machine Learning and Platforms|
Session Chair: Thomas Esch, DLR, Germany
Will Artificial Intelligence Help Provide Solutions to Land Governance and Poverty?
1The University of Utah School of City and Metropolitan Planning; 2Geomancer, Inc.; 3The Corporation of the Presiding Bishop
The purpose of this presentation is to provide a futurist view of technology available today that can be used to simplify and accelerate the development of land governance policies, to increase tax revenues, maximize GDP, and reduce poverty. This technology can be used to facilitate financing of infrastructure development, monitor and reduce land-related corruption, and facilitate fair and equitable land use policies. The paper explores the integration of geospatial data including topographical, hydrological, agricultural, mineralogical, soils, and energy-related data layered over Google Earth images and local land parcel data and analyzed to show how land and resource values can be calculated using pre- and post-development, residual land valuation techniques. The paper applies these techniques in the State of Utah where they can be tested against existing alternative valuation techniques and scenarios. The authors seek opportunities to collaborate on future studies in developing countries.
Unsupervised Extraction Of Features And High Resolution Data Using AIMEE
IMGeospatial, United Kingdom
Much of poverty comes from the inability to evaluate and realise potential production from land and to understand its vulnerability to influences, e.g. infrastructure and natural disasters. Quick and accurate identification, measurement and evaluation of geographical features over large areas give the capability to overcome poverty like never before.
Understanding what can be produced, where and by how much, is important to all commodities but in particular food. However, this must be looked at in the context of the wider environment and resources like water, timber and utilities as part of the sustainability of production.
Even when production systems are understood, they are vulnerable to changes in the environment, or natural disasters. These changes not only affect primary production but also the infrastructure around it; removing resources, logistics and social support. Gathering large amounts of remote sensing data combined with AI such as AIMEE can increase productivity and its resilience.
Digital Twin as City Management Tool
1Sitowise Ltd, Finland; 2Nokia Bell Labs, Finland; 3VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd; 4World Bank
A digitally enhanced city environment is a tool for bypassing some of the bottlenecks of traditional urban management in developing countries.
New 5G technology offers a disruptively new approach in cities in form of agile, local application tools and solutions, utilizing machine learning algorithms to readjust themselves to local conditions and situations at hand.
Our paper first summarizes the state of the art of technical development in introducing ultra-high speed 5G networks into urban context. We then go on to elaborate the focal challenges of urban governance that may be facilitated and partly even bypassed by agile and resilient local networks. Finally, we give an overview of the recent development and findings of the LuxTurrim5G development project, carried through by a consortium of leading Finnish technology companies led by Nokia, funded by the Finnish Funding Agency for Innovation Tekes.
Using Scalable Technology Platforms to Deliver Fit-for-Purpose Land Administration
ESRI, United States of America
What growing and maturing land administration organizations need is a scalable COTS-based platform that can enable them to grow and take on more capabilities as human capacity, functional needs and the volume of work grows over time. COTS technology allows for a quicker and less costly deployment of solutions with minimal custom software development. Further, enabling scalability through a COTS-based enterprise platform has the added benefit of contributing to the fit-for-purpose definition of being affordable, flexible, upgradeable and quick to deploy. Scalability, in this context, is characterized as (i) providing the ability to take on additional functionality quickly and with little to no cost, (ii) being able to scale the platform both within the organization and across other departments; and (iii) being interoperable in terms of enabling simple integration with other business systems that may offer complementary capabilities.
Harnessing Land Information Through Cloud-Based Platforms For A Resilient Society
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
A Spatial Data Infrastructure in which geospatial and non-spatial information about land can be shared between government organizations, emergency responders, critical infrastructure providers and citizens, prepares for these scenarios by identifying, aggregating, harmonizing and making accessible, valuable land information. And by making this data accessible whenever and where ever its users require but without the right permissions could be potentially catastrophic. Its therefore important for the spatial data infrastructure to support role-based access control. detailed workflows, and organizational capability applications to further improve its resilience impact.
This paper will give an example of a closed and tightly managed Spatial Data Infrastructure which was developed to strengthen national resilience impact and put information at the fingertips of decision makers in the United Kingdom.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||10-11: Lightning talks: geospartial|
Session Chair: Barbara Ryan, GEO Secretariat, Switzerland
Satellites for Syria: New methods for assessing agricultural production in conflict areas to support productivity assessments, rehabilitation efforts, and (post conflict) assistance
1eLEAF, The Netherlands; 2GeoVille, Austria; 3World Bank, USA
Despite the need to understand the consequences of armed conflicts on a countries’ economy and population, agricultural statistics in conflict-affected countries are often not available, or of questionable accuracy. However, timely and reliable information on agricultural production is needed to plan preventive interventions by building resilience prior to the conflict, target humanitarian aid during the conflict, and focus rehabilitation actions after the conflict ends.
Satellite Earth Observation (EO) is a powerful and cost-effective technique to assess agricultural production in areas with no or limited access. It provides historical and near-real time operational data to rapidly identify changes in a consistent and repeatable manner.
The example of Syria demonstrates that satellite Earth Observation is an excellent tool to assess agricultural production in areas under conflict, not only to monitor the impact of conflict on the agricultural sector, but also to map its dynamics, resilience and coping and adaptive mechanisms over time.
Assessment of Land Use and Land Cover Change Using GIS and Remote Sensing Techniques: A Case Study of Abobo District, Gambella Region, Ethiopia
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Germany
With the expansion of large scale land acquisition and population growth results significant and rapid changes in land use and land cover change (LUCC) in the area. In recent times, it’s observed that in Gambella region, Ethiopia. There is an increasing demand for agricultural investment and high population growth. This demand results LUCC and as well increase various environmental impacts. The aim of the study is to quantify change and analyze the LUCC from 1987 to 2017 (30 years). The satellite images used in this study collected from Landsat Thematic Mapper at resolution of 30 m of 1987 and sentinel2A image at resolution of 10m of 2017. This satellite images are used for quantification of spatial and temporal dynamics of LUCC. Supervised classification is used to classify Land use/Land cover. Finally post-classification approach is used for detecting and assessing LUCC of Gambella region a case study of Abobo District.
Monitoring Agricultural Investments In Ethiopia: A Remote Sensing Based Approach
1Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany; 2MapTailor Geospatial Consulting GbR; 3Joint Research Center (JRC) European Commission
Between 2002 and 2012, the Ethiopian Government leased about 2.4 million hectares of land for commercial agricultural investments to private domestic and foreign investors. In order to steer these large scale agriculture investments towards the envisaged benefits, it is crucial to monitor the investments’ implementation progress frequently. But the investment sites are dispersed across wide geographic areas and due to capacity constraints monitoring is limited to field visits of selected single investment sites only. To overcome this bottleneck, the Ethiopian Horticulture and Agricultural Investment Authority in cooperation with the Support to Responsible Agricultural Investment Project (S2RAI) (financed by the European Union and Germany and implemented by GIZ, technically supported by the Joint Research Center of the European Commission) is currently developing a monitoring tool, based on satellite remote sensing data, which will facilitate the regular assessment of the implementation of agricultural investment projects.
The Role of Geospatial Water Resource Management for Sustainable Land Use in Africa
1DHI GRAS, Denmark; 2GeoVille, Austria; 3Satelligence, Netherlands; 4eLEAF, Netherlands; 5DTU Environment, Denmark; 6ITC, University of Twente, Netherlands; 7European Space Agency, Italy
Water plays an essential role in the sustainable management of land use – particularly in the context of agriculture as 70% of freshwater is used for irrigation, but also for erosion, natural hazards and resilience to climate change. The successful implementation and monitoring of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) initiatives is one major contribution to sustainable land use but requires access to reliable data and information. There is a growing awareness that Earth Observation (EO) data has the potential to serve geospatial data needs especially in the context of International Financing Institutions (IFIs) and Official Developing Assistance (ODA) normally operating in regions where policies and management decisions are often based on sparse and unreliable information. We will provide examples on how Earth Observation is supporting World Bank funded development projects on the African continent in order to promote sustainable land and water management practices and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The Data is Not Enough: Some Hurdles We Must Overcome in the Democratization of Remote Sensing and GIS Technology
Hexagon Geospatial, United States of America
For many years the data collection for the census in South Africa was a manual process. Field workers used to receive paper maps to orientate themselves to their enumeration areas. This has been a tedious and complicated way of collecting data which required extra knowledge of map interpretation.
With the improvement and democratization of technology, Statistics South Africa, the largest and arguably the most advanced national statistical office in Africa, benefits from the HxGN Smart Census solution.
The HxGN Smart Census solution enables the use of imagery base maps in a web-based smart GIS application with predefined workflows that control and limit each user (including fieldworkers) to their allocated geographical areas and tasks. A mobile application, intelligent caching, data storage and backups make it possible for users, after only a limited amount of training, to have all the functionality required to do data capturing in the field without internet access.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||11-11: Lightning talks: Mapping and connectivity|
Session Chair: Nicola Heathcote, HM Land Registry, England and Wales, United Kingdom
LandPKS: A New Mobile Tool for Sustainable Land-Use Planning and Management
1New Mexico State University, United States of America (NMSU); 2United States Department of Agriculture - Agriculture Research Station (USDA-ARS); 3United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
One of the major causes of poverty is poor land use planning and management. To address this issue, new technologies are needed that inform more sustainable land use planning and management. The Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKS; landpotential.org) provides a new approach to collecting spatial data with mobile phones in order to strengthen and enhance sustainable land use planning, and support sustainable land management. In Tanzania, the LandPKS team has been working with the National Land Use Planning Commission and USAID's Land Tenure Assistance (LTA) Project. On the biophysical side of land use planning process, Tanzania uses the Land Capability Classification system, which includes 8 classes. Categorizing the land into these classes helps planners to determine which livelihood activities are sustainable in which areas. LandPKS could play a key role in helping land use planners classify land into these eight classes; thus contributing to effective and sustainable land use planning and management.
OpenStreetMap - The Free, Open, and Collaborative Global Basemap
Mapbox, United States of America
Many working on land issues and global development face a major barrier to using geospatial technologies: the lack of basic data like roads, village names, and local landmarks. Some of us have begun creating our own maps, a daunting endeavor that is then often repeated by other organizations who also need access to similar maps. A potential solution is OpenStreetMap - a free, accessible, collaborative, and open mapping platform to create, share, and access basemap data. This presentation will introduce OpenStreetMap - the map, the data, and the tools for working with it - and showcase examples of how OpenStreetMap is being used by organizations, governments, researchers, and local communities to aid decision-making, program design, program implementation, and service delivery.
External reference resource is the guide 'Open Mapping for the SDGs: A practical guide to launching and growing open mapping initiatives at the national and local levels'
How Mapping, Cadastral and Land Registry organizations in developing countries can cost-effectively assure the quality and reliability of their Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI)
Spatineo Inc., Finland
National Mapping, Cadastre and Land Registry Agencies and their SDIs are good examples of technical environments, where up-to-date spatial data need to be reliably available all the time. High quality spatial information such as topographic maps, satellite images and road information, is crucial for an effective and precise land registration.
To establish a reliable SDI, measuring, improving and communicating about Quality of Service criteria is a key success factor. Criteria include availability, performance and capacity of the individual SDI components.
By adopting a comprehensive monitoring and analytical solution, specific designed for spatial web services, new information can be shown regarding the users and level of usage of services, which reveal challenges and issues faced by the users of those spatial services.
This presentation will show a real case study about the impact, and benefits of analyzing the quality and usage of spatial web services in a cost-effective way.
All-in-One Mobile Survey Form on OSM for field/land survey
GeoThings Inc., Taiwan
Traditional field survey based on paper map & form. It takes much efforts to collect and digitize it, also difficult to include the meta-data such as photos, audio & video files, geo-tag location, and so on. Current ODK (Open Data Kit) with OMK (Open Map Kit) is good, however, it still needs additional IT efforts before starting the field survey.
We will introduce an innovative all-in-one service: geoBingAn. It allows users to perform the field surveys just as easy as if they were using Google Forms with OSM on mobile. Moreover, the surveys can be planned with polygons drawing on the map, the assignment/response could be utilized via app notifications, and all the collected survey data can be exported in Excel or GeoJSON file with a few clicks.
Hands on session will be included in this master class. Please see http://geothings.tw/en/products/geobingan/ for more information.
The Benefits and Challenges of implementing a Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS) GNSS Network in Emerging Countries
Leica Geosystems, France
A CORS GNSS Network is essential to provide a regional positioning service that can provide fit-for-purpose positioning. For many GNSS applications only meter or sub-meter level positioning is required, but more and more often, centimeter accuracy positioning is required and an efficient measurement processes is increasingly demanded. CORS plays a major role in achieving these goals in many applications, for example, urban land parcel mapping, machine control, precision agriculture, and utility mapping. To achieve this at a regional level, a CORS needs to cover the complete region. In developing countries this represents significant challenges, yet offers significant benefits.
In this paper, new technologies that benefit from a CORS Network will be presented, and the various challenges of establishing a CORS in emerging countries will be highlighted, and importantly, recommendations will be given on how best to overcome the many challenges based on experiences gained with the establishment of many Networks.
|Date: Friday, 23/Mar/2018|
|9:00am - 10:30am||12-01: Google Earth Engine - Introduction|
Session Chair: Ran Goldblatt, New Light Technologies, United States of America
Please bring your laptop.
Google Earth Engine - Introduction
New Light Technologies, United States of America
|11:00am - 12:30pm||13-01: Google Earth Engine - Applications|
Session Chair: Ran Goldblatt, New Light Technologies, United States of America
Please bring your laptop.
Google Earth Engine - Applications
New Light Technologies, United States of America
|1:30pm - 3:00pm||14-01: How to Discover Quick, Easy to use Remote Sensing Data that Makes a Difference for Land Rights|
Session Chair: Anthony Burn, Radiant.Earth, United States of America
How To Discover Quick, Easy To Use Remote Sensing Data That Makes A Difference For Land Rights
1Radiant.Earth, United States of America; 2European Space Agency; 3Cadasta
Radiant.Earth provides a geospatial and imagery technology platform that supports knowledge transfer to positively impact the world’s greatest challenges, including land rights.
This impact is created from the provision of remote sensing data-sets, GIS technical capability, and related expertise, supported by key partners, utilizing the power of imagery where it makes the most difference, across many intertwined land rights issues. https://www.radiant.earth/
Those partners include the European Space Agency, who provide Radiant.Earth with a full suite of Sentinel Data-sets, past and present, and Cadasta, who harness the full power of Radiant.Earth's platform to put those data-sets - global, regional, national to work on many land issues across the globe.
This master class will feature Radiant.Earth’s technology platform, with ESA data-sets, and Cadasta's implementation of those data-sets on the ground, to bring open, transparent, land data that makes a difference to communities in Southern and Eastern Africa.