The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.
|Location: MC 7-860|
|Date: Tuesday, 20/Mar/2018|
|8:30am - 10:00am||01-05: Lessons from Public-Private Partnerships in Land Administration|
Session Chair: Virgilio delos Reyes, De La Salle University (Manila), Philippines
An Assessment of PPPs in Land Administration: Development of a Set of Pre-requisites for Effective PPP Implementation
Land Equity International, Australia
Land administration is considered by many to be a critical foundation to urban sustainability, providing the basis for tenure security, efficient urban planning, access to formal credit, provision of public services and physical infrastructure, and reduction of land related disputes.
With an estimated 70% of people-land relationships undocumented there is a renewed push from the World Bank, amongst others, to re-engage with public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a means to moving towards / achieving comprehensive land registration and administration.
Engagement of the private sector, including through PPPs, is seen as an essential component to achieving comprehensive land administration systems and global tenure security.
This paper proposes an analysis of PPPs that presently exist in the land administration domain, presenting a clear matrix of core elements to demonstrate key similarities and differences between operations.
Engaging the Private Sector: A Taxonomy of Real Problems Faced by Industry That Can Be Addressed by Improved Land Management Systems
1George Mason University, United States of America; 2Zilla Global LLC; 3Iotask LLC
Everywhere in the world, the management of land is a core function of government. As a consequence, the process of cadastral updating is, necessarily, administratively-driven. However, the benefits of improved land management systems accrue overwhelming to citizens and private sector companies in the form of greater transparency, improved efficiencies, and, importantly, the opportunity to design and deploy business services build on land data. Based on a data gathered during a year-long customer discovery process in three countries, this paper presents a taxonomy of real problems faced by industry that can be addressed by improved land management systems. The results provide guidance to administrators seeking to engage the private sector in the modernizing and financing land management systems.
Contracting out services for land regularization. The new roles of the private sector in land administration
1Land Alliance, Peru; 2World Bank, USA
In this paper we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of direct versus outsourced implementation. To that end, we will review international experiences using project reports, interviews with private sector actors and procurement specialists. The paper will systematize lessons learned in the context of the countries where projects where carried out.
Conceptual Design of a Private Investment Scorecard for Land Administration in Developing Countries
1Universidad de los Andes, Colombia; 2Land Equity International
Leveraging resources from the private sector has been a common strategy for infrastructure development in sectors such as water, transportation and energy. It is also an increase trend for land administration systems. Currently, there are limited tools to support decision-making in countries that desire to fund parts of their land administration system using private investment. This paper presents a conceptual design for a scorecard aimed at helping assess the readiness of the land administration system for private investment. We have called this concept the PILA (Private investment in land Administration) scorecard. PILA is based on existing tools developed by the World Bank to assess public private partnerships (PPPs). As a proof of concept, PILA was piloted with Honduras. Preliminary results suggest that a scorecard such as PILA would be a helpful tool for practitioners to prioritize areas for further investigation.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||02-05: Resilient Housing for Resilient Cities|
Session Chair: Anna Wellenstein, World Bank, United States of America
Resilient Housing for Resilient Cities
Catalytic Communities, Brazil
Do Families Want to Invest in Making Their Homes More Resilient?
MicroBuild Fund and Impact Investing Analytics, United States of America
Can We Actually Retrofit Homes? Does It Make Economic and Social Sense?
Build Change, United States of America
How Can We Leverage Technology to Identify Housing Units that Need Retrofitting at a Low-cost?
World Bank, United States of America
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||03-05: Francophone Regional Panel: Bottom Up Land Administration|
Session Chair: Sarah Hayes, Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs, France
The Challenges of Multi-Level and Multi-Stakeholder Land Tenure Projects - The case of Burundi - Abstract
ZOA INTERNATIONAL-BURUNDI, Burundi
Since 2007, attempts have been made to set up land security projects in Burundi. The main concern was to secure land tenure in the context of widespread tenure insecurity. In the context of an alarming increase in insecurity of land tenure, exacerbated by refugee return, the government adopted a new land policy in 2011. Neverthless, many Multidimensional challenges are observed in land tenure management. On the one hand, there are the challenges (1) relating to the strategies, techniques, practices and approaches to be adopted for sound land registration and certification; (2) on the other hand, there are the challenges concerning the different levels of decision-making and intervention in this sector. Furthermore, there are the choices made by donors and the financial means available. The Struggle of NGOs and Government's institutions is now based on how to mount a harmonized and efficient model of project that can be capitalizable for all the Country.
Contribution Of Pngt2-3 To the Generalization Of The Application Of Law 034-2009 / An On The Burkina Faso Rural Land Regime: Success - Insufficiency And Lessons Learned
1Observatoire National du Foncier au Burkina Fas; 2Deuxième Programme National de Gestion des Terroirs
The implementation of the PNGT2 since 2002 is a kind of the operationalization of the National Program in relationship to Decentralized Rural Development. Its goal is to achieve sustainable improvement in the productive capacity of rural resources (natural, physical, financial, human) and the emergence of a more vibrant local economy through empowered rural communities and leading their own local development process. The Program runs in three (3) 5-year phases. It is executed through strategic priority components. For this paper, we will focus on the application of the Rural Land Regime and Strengthening of Conflict Resolution Mechanisms at the Local Level. Through this component, it will be necessary to document the achievements of the program in terms of contribution to the generalization of Law 034-2009 / AN of 16 June 2009 on rural land tenure.
Côte d’Ivoire The Implementation Of The Rural Land Ownership Law
1GEOFIT, France; 2Agence foncière rurale (AFOR).; 3CETIF
Facing increasing rural land disputes and aware of the need to formulate durable solutions to rural land management, Côte d’Ivoire has passed a legislation (number 98-750), on December 23, 1998, relative to rural land ownership.
The main objective of the rural land law is to legalize the traditional ownership rights on rural land through the issuance of land certificates following official surveys. For many reasons, especially linked to the country’s political instability over the period 2000 to 2010, the implementation of this law started on a low pace, but it has gained momentum in the last few years, regarding quantity and quality; and it is now a priority in government rural development policy, leading to create of the Rural Land Ownership Agency (AFOR),
This paper reviews the various ongoing 98 rural law implementation projects , providing both qualitative and quantitative inputs to better asses its application and social acceptance.
Scaling-up Effective Land Administration in Urban DRC: A Case Study of a Pilot Project in Beni, North Kivu.
1UN-Habitat/Global Land Tool Network; 2Université Chrétienne Bilingue du Congo (UCBC)
While DR Congo’s ongoing volatility has many layers and factors, insecure land tenure persists as important source of antagonisms, violence and insecurity, as well as an impediment for development and economic growth. This paper argues that land interventions aimed at scaling an improved Land Information System in DRC requires fostering commitment, cooperation and coordination between the land administration, various levels of governmental authorities as well as a broader of community actors. In making this argument, this paper analyzes the lessons learned by a multi-actor collaboration in Beni, DR Congo, where state and non-state actors are partnering to implement a contextualized version of GLTN's Social Tenure Domain Model (STDM), which is complemented by the creation of a Land Stewardship Committee designed to serve as an avenue for communication and action between all land agents.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||04-05: Transforming Land Registration in Greece|
Session Chair: Chrysi Potsiou, FIG, Greece
Drawing on Best Practice to Assess the Geomaturity of a Country’s NSDI Using a Recent Example of the Work Undertaken in Greece
1The World Bank; 2Ministry of Environment and Energy, Government of Greece; 3New Frontiers Ltd; 4Location International
This paper will give a strategic understanding of the changing landscape of geospatial and its increasing use. It will give details of how the Greek government geospatial community have undertaken work in 2016 and 2017 to learn how to improve their own geospatial landscape. The paper will illustrate how the Government of Greece has measured their own geospatial maturity and how they learnt from ‘good practice’ from four nations that they chose, due to their known maturity in geospatial information. This paper will have transferable learnings for other countries wishing to modernise their own geospatial infrastructure.
A Model for Modernizing the Organization of Land Registration Systems
1The World Bank; 2Location International; 3New Frontiers Ltd; 4Ministry of Environment and Energy, Government of Greece
A commitment to continually improve the ‘customer experience’ for Citizens when they use the Country’s Land Registration System is important. This commitment should also extend to fundamentally improving the working experience for all employees, the application of appropriate new technologies, a focus on improving processes and a commitment to effective cost management.
The paper will describe a Model for transforming organizations that manage Land Registration and offer an example of its use within Greece. The Model proposes a logical framework to develop a new Strategy for an organisation within the overall context of the requirements for Land Registration and the various Stakeholders affected by, and involved in, Land Registration within a Country.
An understanding will be gained of a strategic approach that Governments can apply to improve outcomes and it is considered that the Corporate Strategy Model is applicable in both developing and developed world land registration systems.
Understanding Business Planning for the Modernisation of a Land Registration System
1World Bank; 2Ministry of Environment and Energy, Government of Greece; 3Location International; 4New Frontiers Ltd
This paper focuses on the business planning and financial planning involved with the Transformation Programme that is being undertaken by the Government of Greece to organizationally modernize the Land Registration Process.
Historically, Greece has used a ‘Person Based ’ deeds system to register rights, through 392 individual Mortgage Offices, located throughout the country..
The Greek Government has decided this transformation will be achieved by establishing a single Public Sector body and within nine months of establishment, the 392 organisations, the majority of whom are currently in the private sector, will have migrated to 92 Branch offices in the Public Sector.
This paper describes the process for building a three year business plan to support the transformation but ensuring continuous operation of the land registration system.
From this paper there will be transferable learning that could be used in other land registration systems globally.
Creating a Strategy for the Organisational Modernisation of a Land Registration System
1The World Bank; 2Ministry of Environment and Energy, Government of Greece; 3Location International; 4New Frontiers Ltd
This paper focuses on the Transformation Programme that is being undertaken by the Government of Greece to organizationally modernize the Land Registration Process.
Historically, Greece has used a ‘Person Based’ deeds system to register rights, through 392 individual Mortgage Offices, located throughout the country..
The Greek Government has decided this transformation will be achieved by establishing a single Public Sector body and within twenty four months of establishment, the 392 organisations, the majority of whom are currently in the private sector, will have migrated to 92 Branch offices in the Public Sector.
This paper will describe the development of the Organisational Reform Strategy that underpins this organisational Transformation Programme. It will demonstrate how by using a stepped process of a preparation phase, a migration phase and an optimization phase, the land registration system is protected from service disruption during such a significant transformation to modernise the land registration system.
Understanding The ‘People Issues’ Of Organisationally Modernising a Land Registration System
1Location International; 2Ministry of Environment and Energy, Government of Greece; 3World Bank; 4New Frontiers Ltd
This paper will focus on the land registration staff issues and citizen issues involved with the Transformation Programme that is being undertaken by the Government of Greece to organizationally modernize the Land Registration Process. It will describe the development of the Human Resource (HR) Strategy to underpin this organisational Transformation Programme and also how a greater understanding of the Stakeholders involved was derived.
It was agreed that the new organisation should not merely continue the work carried out by the 392 organisations, many of which are in the Private Sector as they transform over a twenty four month period into 92 Branch Offices working within one Public Sector entity - but that they should fundamentally improve the working experience.
From this paper there will be transferable learnings that could be used in other land registration systems that wish to modernise to meet the needs of citizens in an ever increasingly technological world.
|Date: Wednesday, 21/Mar/2018|
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-05: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa II|
Session Chair: Moses Kusiluka, Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlement Development, Tanzania
Zambia’s National Land Titling Programme- challenges and opportunities
1Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Zambia; 2Tetratech
The National Land Titling Programme was conceived in 2014 to place all land in Zambia on title. In 2014 only about 142000 certificates of title for a country with a land area of 752614 square kilometres. Almost 80 percent of the land is not registered and bringing all this land under title is a massive undertaking. The programme objectives are to guarantee security of tenure, reduce displacements, promote internal security and increase the revenue base and investment in the Country thereby contributing to socio-economic development. To achieve this objective the government of Zambia has piloted the implementation of the National Land Titling in two areas of Lusaka. In customary areas work has been done by private partners to document land rights. The government has also engaged the World Bank with the view to seek technical assistance in upscaling the efforts from the pilots and develop revenue potential from land titling.
Implementation of the National Land Information System (NLIS) in Uganda: Strengthening Land Governance
1Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD), Republic of Uganda; 2IGN FI
The Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD), supported by the World Bank, has engaged a consortium led by IGN FI to implement the second phase of the National Land Information System from February 2015 to February 2020. The system integrates land registration, land administration, surveying and mapping, physical planning, property valuation and land records. Provided as a World Bank loan, the total cost of the NLIS is valued at US$66 million including the construction of buildings. Established in fulfillment of Government of Uganda policies, the NLIS and has demonstrated substantial improvements in accountability and service delivery in terms of time, security and cost effectiveness. Over US$113 million in revenue has already been collected and the NLIS has resulted in a significant reduction in: 1) backdoor transactions, 2) forgeries and graft, and 3) challenges associated with missing land records and demonstrated a solid contribution to the development of Uganda.
Implementation Strategy for Land Administration in Mozambique
1DINAT - National Directorate of Lands, Mozambique; 2Verde Azul/DINAT - National Directorate of Lands, Mozambique; 3EXI LDA, Mozambique; 4Kadaster, Netherlands, The
This paper proposes an implementation mechanism for the Land Sector Strategic Plan in Mozambique. A clear priority is identified in this proposal: DUAT production for 5 million parcels before 2025 combined with an land administration organisation where maintenance can be performed. This allows for the future development and introduction of a more comprehensive land governance. Land administration is considered as a business that operates within legal frameworks. This business approach implies result orientation, minimal possible costs, cost recovery where possible and transparency in execution of the business. Topographic mapping and land use planning should be included in this business approach. Implementation of the Land Sector Strategic Plan of Mozambique can be achieved by one unique, single and autonomous organisation for land administration and topographic mapping.
Developing an Integrated Land Information Management System (ILMIS) for Tanzania
1Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), Republic of Tanzania; 2Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development (MLHHSD), Republic of Tanzania; 3IGN FI; 4Innola Solutions
Tanzania has not been able to tap many opportunities presented by its land resources because most of the land is not yet planned, surveyed and registered. The process of land parcel registration is complicated and expensive. The Government is committed to land-related reforms and to economic and public sector change as a firm basis to achieve the envisaged strategic development objectives. The design, supply, installation, and commissioning of the Integrated Land Management Information System (ILMIS) project will fully integrate all aspects of land management in two stages: the Pilot Stage and the Development Stage. Service delivery will start with business units in the Eastern Zone and Kinondoni Municipal Council and the roll-out to the rest of the country will commence on completion of the pilot stage in July 2018. This paper and presentation will provide insights into the pilot implementation of ILMIS comprising land administration, survey and mapping, and registration.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-05: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa III|
Session Chair: Bernis Byamukama, UK Department for International Development, Rwanda
Fit-for-Purpose User Rights Documentation: The case of private Mailo land in Uganda
1GIZ, Uganda; 2Makerere University, Uganda
Central Uganda is characterized by the existence of Mailo-Land titles. ‘Mailo’, derived from the English word “mile”, is a feudal land tenure system originating from an agreement between the Buganda King and the British Government in 1900. However, farming of these lands was mostly done by settlers (tenants) who increasingly occupied the land over time, especially after the end of the war in the 1980s. Today, many tenants are not aware on which parcel they reside or who the actual land owner is. Furthermore, though legally their land use rights of tenants are protected by the Constitution of Uganda, in reality often no documentation exists and their situation is considered being highly vulnerable.
Using fit-for-purpose technologies the land use rights of tenants are documented and through increased transparency this will allow for negotiation processes taking place between landlords and tenants in order to identify sustained solutions.
Incentives for Joint Land Titling: Experimental Evidence from Uganda
1The World Bank; 2Georgetown University; 3Northwestern University
We report results from a randomized field experiment assessing the effectiveness of conditional price subsidies and information in improving women’s access to formal land tenure. We do so in the context of an ongoing land titling intervention in rural Uganda. We find that the intervention generated high demand for titling, as well as for co-titling. We find that both policy instruments further increased demand for co-titling, but had no effect on overall household demand for titling. Both instruments were therefore relatively more potent when offered in isolation. Our analysis is important given increasing policy attention to land rights institutional reforms and female empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Land Governance in an interconnected world - lessons from land Tenure Regularisation programme in Rwanda
UK Department for International Development, Rwanda
Land governance in an interconnectedworld;lessons from Land Tenure Regularisation Programme in Rwanda provides practical experience of land reforms in Rwanda over the last 9 years since 2009. The paper demonstrates how it is possible to achieve a low cost fit for purpose land reform programme on a massive scale when there is a combination of strong political will, massive community engagement, sustained flow of donor funds, willingness to flexibly adapt new technologies and strong emphasis on getting value for money on every aspect of reform interventions. It outlines practical lessons for countries seeking to implement land reforms on massive scale and approaches to deal with post registration challenges such as the rise of informal land transactions to ensure sustainable land services at the end of donor support.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-05: Can Community - Investor Negotiations be Fair?|
Session Chair: Rachael Knight, Namati, United States of America
Supporting Communities in Their Negotiations with Investors – A View from Sierra Leone
1Namati, Sierra Leone; 2Namati; 3CCSI
There are many benefits and risks for local communities who enter into negotiations with investors seeking community lands and natural resources for an investment. Land-based investment projects can contribute to local development, but also come with risks: they can harm community members’ livelihoods, water access and cultural traditions, and threaten the health of the local environment. Communities who are supported by advocates or legal advisors may be better placed to address power imbalances between communities and large investors. Yet minimal attention has been paid to the capacity of communities to negotiate adequate agreements. Communities must be supported to be prepared for discussions with potential investors, decide whether or not to enter into negotiations with an investor or company; and, where relevant, negotiate an equitable, just agreement with the investor or company that more likely lead to community growth and prosperity.
Can Power and Resource Asymmetries be Addressed in Community-Investor Negotiations?
1Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, United States of America; 2Namati, United States of America
In the calls for responsible investment over the past decade, increasing attention has been placed on the need for greater benefit-sharing with project-affected communities, including through the use of direct agreements between the investor and affected communities or their members. While communities are increasingly asked to negotiate agreements directly with investors, the ensuing negotiations generally occur within a context of significant information and power asymmetries. Such imbalances in negotiating capacity have led to community-investor agreements that are underwhelming at best, unjust at worst. This paper aims to guide communities and their advocates in their interactions with investors. It covers how communities can prepare in advance for potential interactions with investors who come seeking to use community lands and natural resources, how they can decide whether to enter into negotiations with investors for use of their land, and, where relevant, how they can negotiate an agreement with an investor.
Considering Community-Investor Negotiations Through the Lens of Political Economy and Legal Empowerment
IIED, United Kingdom
Free, prior and informed consent and equitable partnerships with local communities are increasingly recognised as the foundations of any responsible natural resource-based investment. But community-investor negotiations tend to involve significant imbalances in negotiating power. Asymmetries in information, resources and influence, and time pressures affecting the negotiation process, can undermine the position of local communities as they define their preferred development pathways, exercise their rights and advance their priorities. Helping communities to harness the law, for example through greater awareness of their rights and of applicable law, or through support in negotiations, can help address these imbalances. But entrenched power relations at play both within and outside the community require granular analysis to inform the design and implementation of any support. This contribution will offer a few reflections based on insights from research and practice.
Community-Investor Interactions and Agreements – Reflections from the Private Sector Perspective
Illovo Sugar Africa Ltd, United Kingdom
to be filled
What Role for Government When Communities Enter Voluntarily Into Agreements with Investors?
Ghana Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Ghana
The assertion that, power tends to be concentrated and skewed in favor of Investors during negotiation for land acquisition is not in contention. This has been established and confirmed by many studies. There is therefore a search for solutions to curing this power imbalance.
One question that is continuously asked by community members is " How can the power and information asymmetry be leveled to ensure that, contracts "we" negotiate are fair - so that communities, land and natural resource rights are protected?.
This discussion seeks to address the issues around the following:
1. How communities can be prepared for empowered negotiation
2. How to ensure equal knowledge and understanding to maintain a balance throughout the negotiation process;
3. How to ensure that contracts drafted support the long term economic prosperity of communities
4. How government both local and national can support empowered investor-community negotiations to ensure fair and win-win outcome.
|Date: Thursday, 22/Mar/2018|
|8:30am - 10:00am||09-05: Land Governance and VGGT|
Session Chair: Anna Locke, Overseas Development Institute, United Kingdom
Expropriation of Land Rights for Implementation of Mega Infrastructure Projects
Security of tenure is now placed at the top of the 2030 Global Agenda. This also relates to the issue of safeguarding land rights that is often at stake when implementing major infrastructure projects. There is an oppositional relation between security of tenure rights on the one hand and on the other hand a (public) wish to acquire land for infrastructure projects that in the longer term will create economic value for the entire community. This is a paradox because both issues contribute to achieving the SDGs.
The paper describes the experiences implementing a Northern Europe mega infrastructure project using a participatory approach to expropriation of land rights while also paving the way for economic development.
Land Governance for Development in the CEE region: Framing of Land Fragmentation as part of the Sustainable Development Goals
1Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO.nl), Netherlands; 2FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia; 3University of Santiago de Compostela
Most transition countries in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) face enormous challenges in developing a viable land structure, requiring a set of measures which is unprecedented in its scale and intensity to speed up this process. Analysis of policy initiatives in CEE countries illustrates that options for solving fragmentation and small scale of farms have concentrated on particular instruments like land consolidation and land banking. From discussions in the peer to peer LANDNET it can be concluded that land governance in CEE countries has scope for better coherence and more balanced and focused use of various instruments. Land governance should be developed as a comprehensive framework of mutually supportive instruments for development.
Framing of land fragmentation as part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is believed to be a useful way to come to more specific policies in CEE countries and other regions of the world.
German Citizens Requesting Responsible Land Governance: Opportunities and Limitations of Citizens’ Initiatives in Germany – And Elsewhere
Independent Consultant, Germany
Local councils take decisions on land uses. If the reasons for such a decision are not conclusive to the public, benefits for local community not visible, the land in question of special importance for local citizens or if people fear a negative environmental impact, people sometimes start to protest. One reason why local populations’ protest arises is that they are not willing to tolerate any longer insufficient transparency of local politics, lack of meaningful public participation and local council decisions that do reflect neither the law, nor local citizens’ interests. In Germany, such situations sometimes lead to citizens’ initiatives, which – if successful – can result in referendums. The article looks at such citizens’ initiatives to find out:
a) How efficient this tool is to improve land governance and
b) To which extend or under which conditions it may be applied in other countires, including developing countries.
Private Law and Agricultural Development: Preparing, Negotiating and Implementing an Agricultural Land Investment Contract that is Consistent with the VGGT and CFS-RAI Principles
1UNIDROIT, Italy; 2FAO, Italy; 3IFAD, Italy
The VGGT and the CFS-RAI Principles set out high-level principles and standards to promote secure tenure rights, equitable access and responsible agricultural investment. For prospective investors seeking to lease land for an agricultural investment, as well as for host States and any legitimate tenure right holders that might be affected by that investment, preparing and implementing a lease that is consistent with those principles and standards can be challenging. A Working Group comprised of experts, international organization representatives and stakeholders is developing a future international instrument to provide concise legal guidance on operationalizing those principles and standards. While not endorsing large-scale land acquisitions but acknowledging they continue to occur, such guidance is to raise awareness about alternative investment models (e.g. contract farming) and to support due diligence, impact assessments and use of contractual safeguards in leases to protect legitimate tenure right holders, human rights, livelihoods, food security and the environment.
Human Rights Based Monitoring of Land Governance
1TMG Research. TMG ThinkTank for Sustainability, Germany; 2German Institute for Human Rights
There is a currently a range of initiatives to further strengthen the monitoring of land governance at national level, and the implementation of Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Forests and Fisheries in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) in particular. This paper describes a human rights based approach to land governance monitoring that aims at addressing the core of the VGGT, the focus on vulnerable and marginalized groups. It reports on the outcomes of two multi-actor processes conducted in Côte d’Ivoire and Kenya on the design of human rights based monitoring of land governance in these two countries. The paper concludes by highlighting the contribution of human rights based land governance monitoring to the portfolio of land governance monitoring approaches.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||10-05: Leveraging Land Governance and Sustainability in the 2030 Agenda|
Session Chair: Ward Anseeuw, CIRAD / INternational Land Coalition, Italy
Unlocking the potential of land systems to contribute to the 2030 agenda: Identifying trade-offs and co-benefits and synthesizing knowledge for sustainable and just land systems
1Global Land Programme, International Programme Office; 2University of Bern, Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), Switzerland
The United Nation’s Agenda 2030 contributes to a major shift in understanding of development, away from silo thinking and towards integrated approaches. Development actors across the world, including those in the field of land governance, are now working to implement the 2030 Agenda in a world that is more connected than ever across different sectors, places, scales and time. With respect to land, we posit that land systems, understood as social-ecological systems, are central to sustainability transformations, as they constitute the nexus of competing development claims. We present results by the Global Land Programme (GLP) to identify and better understand the knowledge needs and potential contributions of the land science, land policy and governance communities, and of societal actors promoting social justice and land governance, and to identify key land-related interactions within the SDGs to unlock potentials for sustainability transformations.
Imagining Agriculture in 2030: Sustainable solutions, disruptive technology
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Global agriculture and food systems have a triple burden to bear. Not only must they meet rising global demand for nutritious food and provide sustainable livelihoods but also find ways to adapt to the impacts of climate change on weather patterns and ecosystems, while reducing their own contributions to environmental degradation. A new wave of technological innovation is sweeping the agricultural sector with the potential to help achieve many of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This paper outlines major challenges faced by agriculture, explains various new technologies and how their adoption could either address or contribute to agriculture’s challenges, and considers the potential impact on the roughly 500 million small and family- farms around the world. Technologies may transform, disrupt or reinforce current dynamics in the global food system which makes it critical that their role in achieving the SDGs and Agenda 2030 is guided by foresight rather than assumption.
Energy and land use - contribution to the UNCCD Global Land Outlook
1IINAS, Germany; 2Chalmers University, Sweden; 3University of New England, Australia; 4Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USQ; 5Stockholm Environment Institute, Sweden; 6Biomass Research, Netherlands; 7KwaZulu-Natal University, South Africa; 8Imperial College, UK; 9International Centre for Research in Agroforestry, Kenya
SDG 15 aims to combat global desertification and land degradation, for which the land “footprint” of energy is of particular interest. 90 % of global energy demand is met from non-renewable energy (mainly fossil), which leaves its footprint on land through resource extraction, conversion and respective infrastructure. Similarly, renewable energies have land consequences, although these differ in scope and form.
This paper identifies and compares the land impact of all terrestrial energy forms. It also addresses GHG emissions from energy, and terrestrial carbon sinks to mitigate climate change (SDG 13, 2015 Paris Agreement). This requires rapid scale-up of sustainable energy sources and their efficient distribution, with significant implications for land use, management and planning.
Energy and land use are further linked to other SDGs (e.g. biodiversity, employment, rural development, soil degradation, water). These linkages are briefly discussed.
Women’s Land Rights as Potential Accelerator of Twin Efforts to Reach Land Degradation Neutrality and Achieve Gender Equality
Landesa, United States of America
The UNCCD is among the leading multilateral agreements on land and development that explicitly mentions gender concerns and women’s roles in desertification. As the only Rio Convention - a trio of environmentally-focused treaties adopted during the 1992 Earth Summit - that references women’s roles and participation in its main Convention text, and with the experience gained over the past decades, the UNCCD offers significant opportunities for accelerated gender-responsive implementation. This paper draws on this global framework and related processes to set out modalities for addressing gender roles and gender-based discrimination and securing women’s land rights as strategies to achieve both land degradation neutrality and gender equality and empowerment.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||11-05: Coming Together to Advocate Land Policy Reform|
Session Chair: Andreas Lange, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Germany
Strengthening women’s land rights and security of tenure for all on customary land settings: Implementation of innovative and gendered land tools and approaches
1Uganda Community Based Association for Women and Children's welfare ( UCOBAC), Uganda; 2UN-Habitat/Global Land Tool Network
Land rights legislation in Uganda is strong but implementation of land governance systems is not sufficiently robust or widespread to promote security of tenure for all. In regard to women’s land rights, Uganda’s property laws do not expressly discriminate between men and women with regard to the right to own land and property. However, there is a great disparity between law and practice. Customary practices in many parts of Uganda continue to override statutory law in recognition and enforcement of women’s land rights.
In recognition of the fact that promotion of security of tenure for all is often frustrated by lack of effective and gendered land governance systems, its critical to implement innovative, pro poor, gender appropriate, participatory and sustainable tools and approaches that deliver tenure security at scale and promote gender equality through the Integration of Social Tenure Domain Model, Gender Evaluation Criteria and the Land mediation tools
Lessons learnt from the 1995 National Land Policy Review and CSOs Engagement
CARE International in Tanzania, Tanzania
Tanzania is reviewing the 1995 National Land Policy accompanied by the implementation strategy to address issues of poor implementation. This is an important shift that needs to be supported as long as it puts the majority 70% depending on land at the heart of the review.
Land in Tanzania is cultural, political, and traditional, therefore more sensitive to discuss and in some cases a taboo. Legal and policy frame works upholds equality for both men and women, however, the use of or acknowledging multiple laws such as customary laws, creates a room for inequality especially in rural areas where under customary law land is allocated to heads of household who are usually men”.
Therefore, this paper seeks to take stock of the work done by CSOs in the review process of the National Land Policy of 1995, and provide lessons on the changing dynamics of advocacy in the land sector.
Investing In Community Organizing To Advance Women Land Rights In Africa
1HUAIROU COMMISSION, United States of America; 2GROOTS KENYA
Despite the attention given to women land rights in Africa at policy level, the system of patriarchy which dominates social organization and most African societies remain pervasive and continue to discriminate against women when it comes to ownership and control of land resources. Policy action intervention and programmes aimed at social cultural behavior change is essential. Whereas there have been a lot of support by development partners for legal reforms and policy intervention, the amount of investment in programmes that directly impact social cultural change and hence catalyze the impact of developing policies and laws is limited. Evidence demonstrates that these programmes can impact social change and inform policies to be more need responsive. This paper lays out some of the successful community organizing models implemented by collaborating partners to protect/assert and advance women land rights in different villages in Kenya and across Africa within the current global agendas.
Addressing Women’s Land Rights using the SDGs Framework: Experience from Tanzania
In 2015, the global community adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (2030 Agenda), a set of 17 global goals with 169 targets, to replace the Millennium Development Goals. In the same year, the African Union adopted Agenda 2063 as the continent’s new long-term vision for the next 50 years. Both these international guides require States to commit to the protection of women’s land rights and tenure security. This paper provides evidence of the progress made by the United Republic of Tanzania to localize both 2030 and 2063 Agendas in its Five Year Development Plan 2016/17-2020/21. It further highlights some parallel efforts of non-state actors that complement the work of the government, with particular focus on the work of Landesa, a global non-profit addressing tenure security in developing countries. The paper calls for a more concerted efforts through a multi-stakeholder approach for effective implementation and monitoring of women’s land rights SDGs indicators.
|Date: Friday, 23/Mar/2018|
|9:00am - 10:30am||12-04: Innovative Packaging of Free, Public-domain Data|
Session Chair: Nagaraja Rao Harshadeep, World Bank, United States of America
Innovative Packaging of Free, Public-domain Data and Knowledge to Support Sustainable Development
World Bank, United States of America
There is a world of free data, information, and knowledge products available today. This masterclass will showcase a few innovative approaches to package such products to promote sustainable development. This will focus on two approaches:
- Packaging Data: The use of modern Apps and Portals to access, visualize, and analyze at your fingertips a growing range of free data products from in-situ and earth observation and emerging cloud computing technologies. This will build on the use of World Bank apps such as the Spatial Agent.
- Packaging Knowledge: Introduce the concept of interactive e-books that package existing knowledge products (including text, interactive maps, multi-media, infographics, case studies, and storymaps) into a user-friendly interactive platform that can be access on any online digital platforms in the form of live, updatable e-books. This will draw upon a growing set of interactive e-books being developed by the World Bank working with partner agencies.
|11:00am - 12:30pm||13-04: Managed Land Services|
Session Chair: Jill Urban-Karr, Trimble Inc., United States of America
Managed Land Services by Ordnance Survey and Trimble
Trimble Navigation, Ltd, United States of America
Managed Land Services by Ordnance Survey and Trimble
|1:30pm - 3:00pm||14-04: Landuseplanner.org|
Session Chair: Pascal Douard, EU Redd Facility, Spain
Landuseplanner.org - An Interactive Tool for Evidence-based Land-use planning
1European Forest Institute, EU REDD Facility, Spain; 2IIASA, Austria; 3CIRAD, France; 4IITA, Nigeria; 5LTS, UK
The Land-use Planner is an open tool for planners, policymakers, facilitators and stakeholders to make informed decisions about land use, forests and commodities. The Land-use Planner makes it easy to analyse and compare options for rural land use, and to balance economic, social and environmental interests, including employment, food security and carbon sequestration. The tool also helps planners to provide the information stakeholders need to understand and participate in decision-making.
The Land-use Planner can be used at different levels. At the project level, it can be used to inform an environmental and social impact assessment, for example. At the jurisdictional level, it can support investment planning to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+). At the national level, it can support policy discussions on how to achieve agricultural production targets while preserving forests and other ecosystems.The tool is best used as a complement to spatial mapping tools.