The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.
|Date: Wednesday, 21/Mar/2018|
|8:00am - 6:00pm||Posters on display all day; Presenters available 12-2PM and 5.30-6 PM or contact by email|
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-01: Innovating land and real estate management in the Arab region|
Session Chair: Sultan Alakraf, Dubai Land Department, United Arab Emirates
Summary of the Outcome of the First Arab Land Conference
World Bank, United States of America
to be filled
to be filled
UN-GGIM Arab States: Outcome of Recent Meeting
United Nations Statistics Division, United States of America
to be filled
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-03: Land as key input for affordable housing|
Session Chair: Catalina Marulanda, World Bank, United States of America
FSIs and Affordable Housing in Mumbai – the Experience of SRA
Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA), India
The Slum Rehabilitation Authority (SRA) was established in Mumbai in 1995 under the Maharashtra Slum Act. The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Maharashtra is the Chair Person of SRA and a super time scale IAS Officer is appointed as full time CEO of SRA. The main purpose of SRA is to innovatively use land as a resource and allow incentive FSI in the form of tenements for sale in the open market for cross subsidization of the Slum Rehabilitation tenements which are to be provided free of cost to the slum dwellers. For this, SRA serves as a Planning Authority for Greater Mumbai. SRA as its major function does following operations regarding slum rehabilitation –
• Planning and implementation;
• eligibility certification;
• eviction of non-participants;
• registration of Co-op Housing Societies; and
• Community development.
In all this, SRA acts as a “single window clearance” for slum rehabilitation schemes.
Replicating Success – Low Hanging Fruits and Key Challenges
Cities Alliance, Brazil
to be filled
Stimulating Private Supply of Housing through Land Policies
Inter-American Development Bank, United States of America
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-04: Implementing Safeguards to Protect Land Rights|
Session Chair: Peter Sidler, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, Ethiopia
Losing Land and Livelihood: Commercial Farming and Displacement in Rural Zambia
Human Rights Watch, United States of America
The Zambian government regards agriculture as a “panacea” for rural poverty, and the country’s leaders have been promoting agribusiness investments on huge swaths of land. However, flaws in the government’s regulation of commercial agriculture, and its poor efforts at protecting the rights of vulnerable people, instead of helping people climb out of the poverty mire, are actually hurting them. Families that have lived and farmed for generations on land now allocated to commercial farms are being displaced without due process or compensation. Some have been left hungry and homeless.
This paper examines the human rights impacts of the activities of commercial farms on residents, including the distinctive impacts on women as a result of their social roles and status, and the fact that they have the least opportunity to negotiate and assert their rights.
Promoting Rural Land Tenure Security in Haiti: Ensuring community participation through a tailored public consultation process
1Land Alliance, United States of America; 2Interamerican Development Bank
Public consultations prior to land tenure programs can be inclusive, gender-oriented, transparent and participatory processes that help set a similar tone for project implementation. They are an opportunity to explore environmental and social risks of land programs in a manner that puts stakeholders’ concerns at the center and that can result in forms of participatory monitoring.
This paper presents key findings and lessons learned from public consultations for the second phase of the Haitian Rural Land Tenure Security Project. Lessons learned can inform the implementation of future land tenure related consultation processes.
The lessons highlighted the importance of:
- great logistics management;
- local knowledge to gain access, trust and to save time;
- reporting back to participants to build a transparent and communicative dynamic with communities;
- ownership of the consultation on behalf of the project implementer to ensure accountability; and
- understanding the added value of consultations helps build a sense of ownership.
The Land Specialized Court in Mato Grosso, Brazil: Achievements and challenges in collective land conflicts
1Judiciary Branch of State of Mato Grosso - Brazil; 2Nea UNICAMP - Brazil; 3OAB/MT - Brazilian Bar Association - State of Mato Grosso - Brazil; 4ANOREG - Association of Notaries and Registrars of Brazil
The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the protagonist role that the Judiciary Branch can have in Land Governance. The article will show some of the experiences of the Judiciary of the State of Mato Grosso linked with the performance of the specialized court in land complex conflicts involving large numbers of people, as well as the concrete experience of the commission for land issues - CAF.
It will have the next methodological steps:
Show the main steps that a conflict law suit takes at the Land Court or at the CAF;
Classify a collection of cases to better understand rural collective land ownership conflicts in the state;
Present main challenges and some best practices based on solutions obtained at the Land Specialized Court and at CAF, with the participation of government agencies;
Describe and analyze some of the cases to improve procedures and rules linked to land ownership conflicts.
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-06: Securing Land Rights in Mining Investments|
Session Chair: Estherine Lisinge Fotabong, NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency, Cameroon
Assessment of Legal and policy Frameworks Affecting Land Access for Extractive Projects in Kenya.
Land Development and Governance Institute, Kenya
Before year 2012, extractive projects in Kenya mainly covered medium and small scale mining operations. Thereafter, an incredible growth in the sector has taken place owing to the discovery of commercially viable oil deposits. This growth has occasioned acquisition of large tracts of land to roll out extractive related projects. The acquisition is mainly affecting unregistered community land and is threatening security of tenure rights. It is likely to increase land related conflicts. How these threats are addressed is of significant importance.
A need has emerged for assessing the adequacy of the legal and policy frameworks governing land acquisition (access) in relation to oil and gas exploration, development, production and mining operations in Kenya. This paper provides an assessment of these frameworks. It is guided by sustainable development principles.
Women's Land Rights In Large- Scale Based Investments: The Case Of Uganda's Oil And Gas Sector.
MINISTRY OF LANDS, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, Uganda
Land acquisitions throughout Africa are largely driven by increased investments in land triggered by increased global demand for energy, minerals, oil resources, food and infrastructure development (Cotula, L 2009). In Uganda, land acquisitions are largely triggered by infrastructure development for electricity generation, transmission and distribution, roads, mineral and petroleum extraction, agricultural investments, re settlements for war/conflict and environmental refugees, conservation purposes and preservation and restoration of the environment.
Both public and private sector projects involve acquiring land which often requires people to move elsewhere and resettle. In general, resettlement has not always been successful and there are several recent examples where impacted people have claimed negative human rights outcomes (Uganda Draft LARRP, 2017). The consequences of poorly planned resettlement are well known internationally and include landlessness, homelessness, joblessness, relatively higher mortality and morbidity, food insecurity, lack of access to common property and public services, and disruption of the existing social organization.
Illegal Mining and Land Governance in the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana.
Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Ghana
In Ghana, a number of human activities including mining, tree felling, bush and charcoal burning, overgrazing, improper use of agro-chemicals among others continue to hamper efficient the efforts by governments towards efficient land and environment governance. In February 2017, Ghana’s Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources (MLNR) initiated a program aimed at stopping the proliferating trend of illegal small scale mining locally referred to as Galamsey to help save and protect the land and forests from destruction. The specific objectives of this research are: to explain the strategy employed by MLNR in operation “Stop Galamsey”; and to assess the effectiveness of MLNR Strategy at curtailing Galamsey. The study recommends a process of monitoring of the program located within Civil Society to ensure sustainability and also pushes for the development of guidelines on mine closure.
The Political Economy Land And Extractives In Post-liberalisation Tanzania: Towards A Synthesis
1DIIS, Denmark; 2Roskilde University, Denmark; University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and, University of Dodoma, Tanzania; 3University of Dar es Salaam
The land grabbing literature depicts large-scale investments as infringements on locals’ rights. Initially, the literature’s main focus was on foreign investors from the global North as land grabbers, but increasingly the role of other actors has been recognised. Since then, the scale of land acquisitions as well as the research methodologies have been up for revision and the research agenda has diversified into new fields. This paper suggests revisiting the grab literature’s point of departure by focusing on the reasons why some groups lose access to their land and others not. By combining a political economy approach with case studies of mining and natural gas investments in mainland Tanzania it argues that state leverage has been strengthened and that it may not always be the rural smallholders losing out. A renewed emphasis on national ownership of resources and populist electoral politics have weakened the hand of foreign investors.
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-07: Documenting and Administrating Customary Rights|
Session Chair: John Bugri, KNUST, Ghana
The Ugandan Experience of Land Market Policy
Land and Equity Movement in Uganda - LEMU, Uganda
This paper reviews the impact of international policy on the evolution of customary tenure in Uganda. In particular it considers why it took 95 years to establish a legal recognition of customary tenure, and the impact that this has had on the standing of customary rights holders. It reviews key international policies in respect of land markets, and notes that some institutions have wrongly interpreted the increasing emphasis on security of tenure as a justification for replacing customary tenure with individualized land rights.
The experience of the Land and Equity Movement in Uganda over many years has shown that customary approaches to land management cannot be accommodated in an individualized system. Despite this, the Ugandan Government appears to be set on converting customary rights to other systems, which is based on a misunderstanding of the means by which tenure security can be promoted.
Costs in Community Land Delimitation: Sustainability, Innovation and Shared Responsibilities for an Inclusive and Effective Land Administration System in Mozambique
Community Land initiative (iTC), Mozambique
The land law in Mozambique enables community land rights to be registered and secured through delimitation processes. The recognition of customary rights was a key reform in the current land law. Securing community land rights is widely recognized as a key path to promote sustainable rural development, and since it is becoming an important component in the land administration system, understanding its costing structure is critical, especially when scalability, sustainability and innovation are considered, as parts of the land administration equation. However, more than just an estimate of the total cost, it is important to understand where the costs come from, and its impact in the land administration system in the longer-term. Since community land delimitation shall be the first step, this paper tends to analyse the sources of delimitation costs, and how it can lead to a more proactive, sustainable, innovative and inclusive land administration system.
Identifying Key Factors for Successful Community Rights Documentation from USAID’s Multi-Country Experiences in Zambia, Vietnam, Paraguay, Ghana, and Burma
1USAID Tenure and Global Climate Change Project, Tetra Tech; 2Winrock International; 3World Resources Institute
Community-led rights documentation and, in some cases, recognition initiatives are growing around the world. There is a wide diversity of types of rights that are being documented from household, to community, to ethnic rights. Goals of the processes also range, from creating an evidence-base for local actors of their current and historical land-use, to facilitating multi-sector spatial planning, to integrating records into formal land administration systems. Based on USAID’s experience in Ghana, Paraguay, Burma, Zambia and Vietnam, we find that the best practices related to general processes to document rights are relatively consistent and include a strong understanding of the community, clear outreach and communications, inclusive participation of women youth and vulnerable populations, use of appropriate technology and strong local partnerships. In all cases, locally-led rights documentation has additional impacts and unintended consequences, both positive and negative, beyond the original documentation goal.
“Responsible Land Management Concept” A New Dimension for an Improved Customary Land Management: A Case Study of the Dormaah Ahenkro Customary Land Secretariat (CLS)-Ghana.
1Chair of Land Management, Technical University of Munich, Germany; 2Kumasi Technical University, Ghana
Land management challenges in Ghana continue to remain unresolved despite several interventions adopted in years past. The numerous challenges in the customary land sector which makes up 80% of lands in Ghana led to the Customary Land Secretariat (CLS) initiative under the auspices of Government of Ghana and World Bank. The aim was to address local land challenges across Ghana.
This study assessed the responsiveness of CLS interventions to local needs based on the ‘Responsible Land Management Concept’ through a survey of CLS users and interviews with other land experts. Results indicated that CLS lacks; transparency and accountability, documentation of processes, monitoring and evaluation and effective participation and consultation with other stakeholders.
Lack of financial sources, high interference from the Stool and lack of logistics and expert staff contributed to the unresponsiveness.
Policy implications from this paper provide effective ways of designing responsible land management system to address local needs.
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-08: New Tools for Applied Land Valuation|
Session Chair: Steven Nystrom, FIG Commission 9, United States of America
Simplified Property Tax Appraisal For Effective Revenue Mobilisation
1Ulster University, United Kingdom; 2International Association of Assessing Officers; 3University of Pretoria
Value based property taxes are widely used throughout the developed world. For many transitional and developing countries the use of property taxes is often difficult due to the level of immaturity in the property market, under-declaration of transaction prices and excessive transfer taxes. This hampers effective revenue mobilisation and acts against efforts to support fiscal decentralisation. This paper plans to investigate the use of simplified approaches by utilising more readily available data such as floor area/size and location. The hedonic modelling literature suggests that both of these variables contribute significantly to explaining the variation in selling prices of real estate. Also considered will be simplified approaches which contribute towards simplifying billing, collection and enforcement, including banded approaches. The objective is to test these approaches against a value based system and to measure the comparative performance against standard metrics, including the IAAO ratio standards of COD, PRD and PRB.
Achieving Fair Property Tax Valuations with Geospatial Modeling & International Valuation Standards: A Case Study of the Moldova Real Estate Market
1International Association of Assessing Officers, United States of America; 2World Bank, Washington, D.C.; 3Agency of Real Estate and Cadastre, Republic of Moldova; 4Ulster University, Northern Ireland
Inaccurate real estate valuations used for ad valorem or value-based property tax calculations potentially lead to a variety of costs, both financial and other, for tax payers and governments alike. More accurate, research-backed valuations help governments promote fairness, accuracy and defensibility in their assessments, resulting in higher property tax acceptance and participation and reduce administrative costs associated with appeals. This research will present the latest methodological techniques in use for value-based property taxation in mature markets like the United States, and it will be the first of its kind to test the applicability and usability of these models and techniques outside the United States: in the Republic of Moldova, a former Soviet Republic that gained independence in 1992. This research will aid in guidance and valuation policy prescriptions for transition economies with similar markets and/or similar data availability to Chisinau.
Korea's Mass Assessment System of Land Pricing for Taxation, Using ICT
Korea Appraisal Board, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Land policies of South Korea played a key role in supporting economic development during its industrialization period. Through its land policies, urban land was properly supplied for the construction of public infrastructure, houses and plants, while urban problems such as land price hikes, speculation, and urban sprawls have been mitigated. The establishment of the Public Announcement System of Land Price (PASLP) is one such example. The system was introduced in 1989 to provide a unified land price standard for various administrative tasks, including taxation and compensation. Since its introduction, the PASLP has benefited from constant improvements through the development of Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Utilization of ICT has brought major innovations in land assessment, by reducing subjective judgments of assessors while enhancing the accuracy of site surveys.
Can The Principle Of Cost-Minimization Take Priority Over Securing The Reliability Of Tax Policy?
Jeju National University, Korea, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Big Data automation techniques is problematic in the property tax system. Due to the impossibility of perfect modeling and the difficulty of reflecting constantly-changing real estate market factors in models, linear assumptions should be carefully considered before modeling regression analyses. In the interests of cost minimization, Korean government decided not to use appraisers and the Three Methods of Appraisal in its residential property tax system. In Korea, data and technology have replaced appraisal experts. Have the results been positive or negative? The study examines the dangers and anticipated outcomes of focusing on administrative cost-minimization in the property tax system. Inaccurate data results in poor policy choices that ultimately distort the fairness of taxation. It also discusses the Jeju Provincial Government’s awareness of this problem and alternative solutions for dealing with it.
The use of standard price points in mass appraisal of housing land. A case study
National Land Survey, Finland
Modern geostatistics offers sophisticated analytical tools. However, in most property taxation systems they are not used at all so far. This paper presents an exercise how to use geostatistics to produce up-to-date estimates of land values.
This presentation is about producing standard land value maps in an automated way. The idea is to proceed from price datasets to standard land value maps stepwise. The critical steps are land price models, estimating land prices based on single and multifamily building prices or values, and finally producing the land value maps manually or automatically.
The exercise is based on revaluation of land in Finland due to be finished by the end of 2019. Higher rates are applied to land than structures. Thus land values have to be calculated everywhere, also in locations without vacant land, and no land sales.
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-10: Impact of Land Markets Changes|
Session Chair: Benjamin Linkow, Landesa, United States of America
Impact Of Land Rental on Smallholders’ Commercialization Evidence From Northern Ethiopia: A Panel Data Analysis
Norwegain University of Life Sciences, Norway
The purpose of this study is to examine whether participation in the land rental market from the demand side affects participation and degree of participation in the output market of smallholder farmers. We use a correlated random effects probit and tobit models to analyze the effect of area rented in on participation and degree of participation in the output market as crop seller. We apply a control function approach to control for possible endogeneity associated with access to area rented in. Results show that for a change of area rented in by one ha, the likelihood of participation in the output market as a crop seller increased by about 8 % and degree of participation increased by about Birr 602-616 per household per year. Thus, promoting land rental market appeared to have a more robust impact on smallholder commercialization in a land-scarce economy.
Grassland Rental Markets And Herder Technical Efficiency: Ability Effect or Resource Equilibration Effect?
Renmin University of China, China, People's Republic of China
To explore whether grassland rental markets improve herder technical efficiency, to what extent and how, this study applies Metafrontier-DEA approach by employing field data collected from 416 herder households to examine the impacts of herder participation in grassland rental markets on their technical efficiencies. Results show that herders involved in the grassland rental markets can increase their technical efficiency by 2.75%. Compared with the autarky group, the lessors increase their efficiency by 3.36%, and the lessees increase efficiency by 2.76%. No significant efficiency difference is found between the lessors and the lessees. We conclude that grassland rental markets improve herder technical efficiency mainly through resource equilibration effect rather than ability effect. This suggests that under the current institutional environment, more attention should be paid to normalize and guide the grassland rental markets rather than to address land transfer from the less-able to the more-able producers.
Assessing Livelihood And Environmental Impacts Of Secure Access To Land For Landless Youth Under The Ethiopia Sustainable Land Management Program
The World Bank, United States of America
An innovative land tenure intervention being piloted under the World Bank supported Sustainable Land Management Project II provides landless youth with secure access to land. Under this initiative, degraded communal land is allocated to landless youth who undertake soil and water conservation measures to halt the degradation process and return the land to a productive state. Early evidence from field reports, interviews, and anecdotal accounts have been positive, reducing youth unemployment and migration, increasing stewardship, while boosting climate resilience and carbon storage. However, sound empirical evidence is lacking and further analysis is necessary to justify scaling up. To help fill the information gap necessary before making a recommendation on the appropriateness of scaling up this activity, a more structured approach to evaluate the impact of the intervention is needed.
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-12: Expropriation Policy in Practice|
Session Chair: Katherine Mulhern, International Senior Lawyers Project, United States of America
Expropriation and Compensation for ‘Public Utility’—the view from ‘above’ and ‘below’ in Cameroon
1International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), United Kingdom; 2Centre for Environment and Development (CED), Cameroon; 3The Network to Fight Against Hunger in Cameroon (RELUFA), Cameroon
Cameroon is part of a global trend towards large-scale investments in
infrastructure, agriculture, extractive industries, industrial facilities and real
estate that are displacing many people. Deeming these projects in the public
interest, governments often acquire land by expropriating locally-held land
rights. But compulsory land acquisition has severe economic, social and cultural
impacts for families and communities. And disputes brought by legitimate
landholders can delay or undermine projects, potentially causing losses to
commercial operators or failing to deliver the intended public good. Many
countries have old-fashioned expropriation rules, ill-suited to addressing the
challenges involved. But Cameroon is well-placed to learn from and harness
best practice: the ongoing process to reform legislation on compulsory
acquisition is an opportunity to develop an effective system that both protects
land rights and facilitates developments that are genuinely in the public interest.
Need of Compliance to Legal and Social Framework for Land Based Investments in India
1Bhartiya Agriculture Economic Research Center, India; 2M P Law College, Auranagabd
India has seen a sea of changes in the field of land acquisition, especially in last 10 years. We wish to present a 360-degree view of these changes based on our research and data based analysis.
Our work is based on following areas:
1. Qualitative & quantitative analysis of legal disputes over land conflicts litigated before Supreme Court of India between 1950 and 2016. Supreme court cases are representative of the country as it hears the cases from across the country.
2. Comprehensive analysis of the provisions of the RFCTLARR, 2013, followed by comparative study of amendments related to the dilutions in the said act.
3. Findings of a detailed ground level surveys on land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement proceedings undertaken for large-scale land based projects across the Indian states.
Understanding Compensation From The Viewpoint Of Owners And Users Affected By Projects: An Assessment Of Selected Land And Water Development Projects In Turkey
Understanding Compensation From The Viewpoint Of Owners And Users Affected By Projects: An Assessment Of Selected Land And Water Development Projects In Turkey
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-13: Securing Forest Tenure for Rural Development: An Analytical Framework for Understanding and Strengthening Forest Tenure Security|
Session Chair: Gerardo Segura Warnholtz, The World Bank Group, United States of America
Relevance of forest tenure security for sustainable development and the environment: Addressing the “Why”
World Bank, United States of America
How can we improve forest tenure security in our dialogue and interventions with clients and partners. Addressing the “How”
World Bank, United States of America
Introduction to the Tenure Assessment Tools
Global Land Alliance, United States of America
Securing Forest Tenure for Rural Development: An Analytical Framework for Understanding Issues and Opportunities to Strengthen Forest Tenure Security
1Equator Group; 2World Bank, United States of America; 3Land Alliance
|10:00am - 10:30am||Coffee Break|
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-01: Regularization of rural rights: lessons learned from Ethiopia, Liberia and Zambia|
Session Chair: Steven Lawry, Center for International Forestry Research, United States of America
USAID, United States of America
Expanding Land Certification to Pastoral Areas in Ethiopia
Discussant of "Expanding Land Certification to Pastoral Areas in Ethiopia"
Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia, Ethiopia
Scaling Low-Cost Customary Land Certification in Zambia
USAID, United States of America
Discussant of "Scaling Low-Cost Customary Land Certification in Zambia"
University of Zambia, Zambia
Supporting Community Land Documentation in Liberia
Namati, United States of America
Discussant of "Supporting Community Land Documentation in Liberia"
Liberia Land Commission, Liberia
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-02: Closing gaps in research on African large farms|
Session Chair: Derek Byerlee, Georgetown University, United States of America
An Integrated Assessment Of The Inverse Size-Productivity Relationship In Malawi
1University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, People's Republic of; 2World Bank; 3LUANAR; 4University of Minnesota
To explore if inclusion of large farms that are normally not captured in household-based samples explains the inverse farm-size productivity relationship, we combine production data collected using the same instrument from Malawi’s national household survey (IHS4) and a representative sample of estates. A strong negative relationship between plot-level output value or profits where household labor is valued at shadow prices and cultivated area at household or parcel level (including with household fixed effects) emerges but evaporates if profits are computed using market wages. The fact that corporate estates that face less labor market constraints, show now IR points towards labor market imperfections rather than measurement error or edge effects as a main contributing factor. Higher levels of labor input on smaller plots (including by corporate estates) point towards a potential role of unobserved soil quality and ways to test these are discussed.
Options for formalizing customary tenure and their impact: Evidence from Zambia
1World Bank, United States of America; 2IAPRI
Ways of formalizing customary tenure that maximize productivity and discourage speculative land acquisition are an important issue for land abundant African countries. Often, the default option, based on colonial traditions and arguments regarding credit access, has been conversion to state land. A simple conceptual model suggests that, with costly information/enforcement by the state and a non-zero probability of investments failing (or speculative land acquisition), ‘informal’ arrangements may be preferable is a range of situations. IV regressions using a survey data from 1,250 emergent farmers in Zambia support this by suggesting that (i) full formal title is needed for long-term investment in high value crops; (ii) informal documents by chiefs increase output and profits from crop production (by some 20%); and (iii) formalization increases the likelihood of speculative land holding especially by outsiders. Policy implications for case where issuance of state title and monitoring are costly are drawn out.
Land productivity and plot size: Is measurement error driving the inverse relationship?
The World Bank, United States of America
Capturing the missing middle: Comparing Zambia's emergent & smallholder farmers
1IAPRI, Zambia; 2World Bank
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-03: What role for data standards to sustain land administration services?|
Session Chair: Cornelis de Zeeuw, Kadaster, Netherlands, The
The goals for land administration have been set: “land rights for all by 2030” (SDG’s). To achieve this, basic principles for land administrtion and data standards have been defined, that now should be brought to practice. This would help build sustainability, scalability, gradual development and affordability of land administration systems and approaches. The use of standards is essential and is now coming into a phase of practice. It is shown that common agreement on these issues ask for common denominators in attributes, scale, time and location. ISO and OGC have a lead in the development of these standards. But donors, governments and private companies co-determine results and success. Open standards can be specifically developed for procurement and implementation of land administration systems.
Applying LADM/STDM in Donor Financed Projects
World Bank, United States of America
to be filled
Global Cooperation and Gains – Land Administration Standards - A Call to Further Action
OGC, United States of America
Updating and modernizing interoperability for land administration and harmonizing existing efforts is complex and requires continued strong collaboration amongst standards development organizations, associations, and societies. Established and emerging Standards, models, domains, best practices and technologies including, but not limited to , OGC’s LandInfra, OGC CtiyGM/GML, ISO 19152 LADM, LandXML, BIM/IFC/3d Cadaster, Distributed Ledgers and Crypto location , RDF/Linked Data, GeoJSON , unified code list management and others are all pieces of the puzzle that hold the potential to improve global land administration. From an operational perspective, it is proposed the great gains made by the global community’s cooperation and collaboration move to the next step, which is the development of a pilot to help test how the various pieces, including implementations from technology providers, can help using scenarios that mimic operational requirements, with a focus on emerging nations.
Commercial Software and Interoperability
ESRI, United States of America
People all over the world and across every field use ArcGIS to integrate and unify
data to make better decisions and empower people to see and share information
holistically. ArcGIS users have created countless essential GIS applications
across hundreds of thousands of organizations. For over 40 years, Esri has
focused on interoperability as a basic design principle of our products.
The ArcGIS platform is engineered to be open and interoperable. To create an
open system, Esri has adopted a multifaceted approach, which includes the
■ Leveraging Standards—IT and GIS standards
■ Open Architecture—Open APIs
■ Engaging Communities—Sharing applications and experiences
IT and Standards in Practice
Kadaster, Netherlands, The
Processes and transactions in Land Administration are outside the scope of the Land Administration Domain Model Edition I published in 2012. Reason is that processes were considered to be country specific. Generic processes would be too difficult to model. This view needs reconsideration – given developments as Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration, Apps and blockchain.
In many countries different organizations have their own responsibilities in data maintenance and supply, but may communicate on the basis of standardised administrative and technical update processes. Operationalisation and implementation of LADM requires attention to this aspect - at least at conceptual level (not prescriptive). This will an issue in the development of LADM Edition II and this is the issue that is explored in this paper.
The Need for A Standard in Country Implementation
to be filled
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-05: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa II|
Session Chair: Moses Kusiluka, Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlement Development, Tanzania
Zambia’s National Land Titling Programme- challenges and opportunities
1Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Zambia; 2Tetratech
The National Land Titling Programme was conceived in 2014 to place all land in Zambia on title. In 2014 only about 142000 certificates of title for a country with a land area of 752614 square kilometres. Almost 80 percent of the land is not registered and bringing all this land under title is a massive undertaking. The programme objectives are to guarantee security of tenure, reduce displacements, promote internal security and increase the revenue base and investment in the Country thereby contributing to socio-economic development. To achieve this objective the government of Zambia has piloted the implementation of the National Land Titling in two areas of Lusaka. In customary areas work has been done by private partners to document land rights. The government has also engaged the World Bank with the view to seek technical assistance in upscaling the efforts from the pilots and develop revenue potential from land titling.
Implementation of the National Land Information System (NLIS) in Uganda: Strengthening Land Governance
1Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD), Republic of Uganda; 2IGN FI
The Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD), supported by the World Bank, has engaged a consortium led by IGN FI to implement the second phase of the National Land Information System from February 2015 to February 2020. The system integrates land registration, land administration, surveying and mapping, physical planning, property valuation and land records. Provided as a World Bank loan, the total cost of the NLIS is valued at US$66 million including the construction of buildings. Established in fulfillment of Government of Uganda policies, the NLIS and has demonstrated substantial improvements in accountability and service delivery in terms of time, security and cost effectiveness. Over US$113 million in revenue has already been collected and the NLIS has resulted in a significant reduction in: 1) backdoor transactions, 2) forgeries and graft, and 3) challenges associated with missing land records and demonstrated a solid contribution to the development of Uganda.
Implementation Strategy for Land Administration in Mozambique
1DINAT - National Directorate of Lands, Mozambique; 2Verde Azul/DINAT - National Directorate of Lands, Mozambique; 3EXI LDA, Mozambique; 4Kadaster, Netherlands, The
This paper proposes an implementation mechanism for the Land Sector Strategic Plan in Mozambique. A clear priority is identified in this proposal: DUAT production for 5 million parcels before 2025 combined with an land administration organisation where maintenance can be performed. This allows for the future development and introduction of a more comprehensive land governance. Land administration is considered as a business that operates within legal frameworks. This business approach implies result orientation, minimal possible costs, cost recovery where possible and transparency in execution of the business. Topographic mapping and land use planning should be included in this business approach. Implementation of the Land Sector Strategic Plan of Mozambique can be achieved by one unique, single and autonomous organisation for land administration and topographic mapping.
Developing an Integrated Land Information Management System (ILMIS) for Tanzania
1Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), Republic of Tanzania; 2Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development (MLHHSD), Republic of Tanzania; 3IGN FI; 4Innola Solutions
Tanzania has not been able to tap many opportunities presented by its land resources because most of the land is not yet planned, surveyed and registered. The process of land parcel registration is complicated and expensive. The Government is committed to land-related reforms and to economic and public sector change as a firm basis to achieve the envisaged strategic development objectives. The design, supply, installation, and commissioning of the Integrated Land Management Information System (ILMIS) project will fully integrate all aspects of land management in two stages: the Pilot Stage and the Development Stage. Service delivery will start with business units in the Eastern Zone and Kinondoni Municipal Council and the roll-out to the rest of the country will commence on completion of the pilot stage in July 2018. This paper and presentation will provide insights into the pilot implementation of ILMIS comprising land administration, survey and mapping, and registration.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-06: The Political Economy of Land and Mining|
Session Chair: Philippe Lavigne Delville, Institut de recherche pour le développement, France
The Capture of the Commons: Militarized Pastoralism and Struggles for Control of Surface and Sub-Surface Resources in Southwest Central African Republic
Tetra Tech ARD, United States of America
Deep seated political and economic instability in the Central African Republic (CAR) is linked to the migration of militarized pastoralist groups from surrounding countries into the southwest long occupied by sedentary peoples engaged in farming, forest product extraction, and artisanal mining of rich alluvial diamond and gold deposits. Pastoralist herds owned by urban elites of the surrounding countries are attracted to the rich water and pasture resources of the southwest, but also, the gold and diamond deposits, a major source of income from illicit mining. Traditional and statutory land management institutions have collapsed over the past decade, thereby rendering large parts of the country a defacto open access resource tenure regime. The situation may appear intractable, but this paper suggests that Local Pacts, negotiated conventions advocated by the Bangui Peace Forum, may resolve deep seated struggles over surface and sub-surface resources while contributing to peace building and social cohesion.
Customary Tenure Adaptation and the International Economy: Engagement with Global Markets through the Transformation of Surface and Sub-Surface Customary Tenure Regimes in Diamond Mining Areas of northern Côte d’Ivoire
Tetra Tech ARD, United States of America
The West African Sahel and Sudano-Guinean zones have long been integrated into the global economy through commodity exports. Few studies explore how resource tenure evolves as a consequence. This paper portrays how two diamond mining areas of northern Côte d’Ivoire (Séguéla and Tortiya) are adapting in an astonishingly rapid fashion not only to changing dynamics in the diamond economy, but also, around new markets for cashews. Both customary and statutory tenurial institutions and local level rule-making are redefining traditional land use norms and resource tenure arrangements to surface and sub-surface resources. Local communities plan for the use of their territorial spaces, and as in these two cases, community land use planning is often more efficient, effective, and adaptable than government land policies and land use development plans. Weak states, confronted with severe human and financial constraints should encourage these endogenous planning processes rather than impose cumbersome territorial land use planning.
Managing Conflict and Fostering Cooperation Between the State and Customary Land Owners as a Precondition for the Effective Formalization of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in West Africa: The Case of Diamonds in Côte d’Ivoire
Tetra Tech, United States of America
The disconnect between customary and statutory land tenure systems is a key feature and challenge in francophone sub-Saharan Africa, especially with respect to mineral resources. Policy-makers and practitioners engaged with artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM), however, rarely take a property rights lens on the social, political and environmental challenges of the sector. Instead they focus on the concept of formalization, and how removing barriers to legalization and better integration into the formal economy helps promote good governance and local development. This paper examines how the customary-statutory divide in land management can help explain and offer new policy options for ASM formalization. The paper draws upon the case of artisanal diamond mining in Côte d’Ivoire and the ways in which conflict and cooperation between state and traditional land owners over diamond mining during the last 30 years has been decisive in determining the extent and sustainability of formalization.
Customary Authorities and their Impact on the Political Economy of the Artisanal Mining Sector in Eastern DRC
Tetratech, ARD, Congo, Democratic Republic of the
In Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) customary authorities have varying roles related to tenure rights, and in particular access to land and mineral resources. This presentation draws on two case studies to illustrate differences in how customary authority impacts the local mining economy and the establishment of conflict free minerals supply chains in the DRC. This includes n access to mineral resources, investment,and related impacts for conflict free sourcing initiatives.
The first case study focuses on Walungu Territory, where the traditional authority owns the rights over land. The second case study focuses on Mwenga territory where traditional authorities do not have rights over land.
The impacts of these two different models of customary authority on the artisanal mining sector and land use/access will be discussed, including implications for policy, investment and the establishment of conflict free minerals for the DRC
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-07: Accommodating Legal Pluralism at National Level|
Session Chair: Raelene Webb, National Native Title Tribunal, Australia
Decolonizing Land law in Western African Countries and Recognizing Legitimate Land Tenure Rights
1World Bank, United States of America; 2French Technical Committee on Land Tenure and Development
The main objective of the presentation is to think of how it could be possible to recognizing and securing land tenure rights in Africa for a majority of stakeholders, in a short, in an affordable way for beneficiaries. The presentation will present and explain some key legal principles based on recent land policy and reform processes in Western African countries. These principles could have consequences in both rural and urban areas and also peri urban areas. The presentation will not be only a theoretical exercise but will also provide examples and questions raised currently in recent land reform implementation, in particular in Benin and Mali. But Niger, Senegal and Burkina will be heuristic examples as well to clarify some of these key legal principles. Lastly, the presentation will present some challenges and risks to implement and make effective and implementable these well-known legal mechanisms but quite innovative in African countries.
Legal Pluralism: A Terrain of Contestation for Rights-Based Land Governance in Myanmar
1International Water Management Institute, Lao People's Democratic Republic; 2Kyoto University, Japan; 3International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC
Dominant state control over land plays a critical role in producing land dispossession throughout the Global South. In Myanmar, state’s approach towards territorial expansion drives the country’s system of land governance, resulting in widespread and systemic land grabbing. This article investigates ongoing reform processes and brings to light key structural challenges in the country’s land governance system: 1) the government’s drive to formalise land ownership, which has threatened customary land tenure rights and legitimised land grabbing practices; 2) institutional inertia that impeded the current government’s reform efforts; and 3) the underlying problems of data inconsistency partly due to serial, historical land confiscation. From a policy perspective, we highlight the need to position legal pluralism as a terrain of contestation for rights-based approaches in land governance, meaning that pluralistic legal systems and norms are contradictory in their capacity to both limit but also generate opportunities for supporting local community’s land rights.
The Necessity to Consider the Complexities Inherent within Pluralistic Legal Systems When Introducing Domestic Property Law Reform – The Case of Sri Lanka
University of Queensland, Australia
In countries where pluralistic legal systems and customary tenure exist, translating land policy reform to effective legal framework is not an easy task. Although this process is impacted largely by the prevailing local social, economic and political conditions, there are other contributory factors: the reluctance of the local community to accept change, the inability to change some deep-rooted customary practices and the inability to move past colonial influence. In some cases, it requires looking beyond these factors to find ways to harmonize the past with the present by exploring innovative solutions that accommodate customary tenure. Using Sri Lanka as a case study, this paper examines the necessity to consider the complexities within a legal pluralistic society of the interaction between formal law and customary law when introducing property law reform.
Endogenous land privatization in rural Uganda: What are the implications for customary land governance and customary land dispute resolution policies?
SOAS, University of London, United States of America
This paper considers the impact of endogenous land privatization on customary land governance and customary land dispute resolution policies in Africa. I analyze a magistrate court-directed mediation hearing for a customary land dispute, which I observed in October of 2015 in eastern Uganda. I explain how the dispute and mediation hearing illuminate the growing trend of rural land privatization across Africa. This paper also provides a comparative analysis of customary and statutory land dispute resolution practices. Political and economic change in eastern Uganda has caused a weakening in customary land governance; yet, my analysis of the mediation hearing shows how both customary and statutory land dispute resolution methods remain salient in practice. Evidence of their complementarity carries important implications for the development and/or reform of land dispute resolution policies. More broadly, this paper underscores the need for sustainable land reform in Africa, particularly in areas where customary tenure predominates.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-08: Land Records, Valuation and Property Taxes: The Link to Ownership|
Session Chair: James Kavanagh, RICS, United Kingdom
Capturing Untapped Land Revenues: Lessons From African Cities
International Growth Centre, United Kingdom
Land and property taxes offer a significant source of untapped municipal revenues for rapidly developing cities that is both fair and efficient. However, across many developing cities, these taxes are unable to meet their potential because of revenue leakages in registration, valuation and collection. Efforts to reform these systems can yield significant benefits for cities – but require addressing political challenges and administrative costs associated with reform. This presentation looks at lessons to be drawn from the experiences of a range of African cities in harnessing the benefits of land and/or property taxation whilst addressing these challenges.
Satellite Image Analysis for Operational Maintenance of a Property Database for Dakar City
1Airbus Defence and Space, United Kingdom; 2New Africa Consulting, Senegal
The city government of Dakar, Senegal, has a requirement to generate revenues for developing and maintaining city infrastructure and services. The legal framework for property taxation is already in place, but the city lacks resources to collect and maintain the information needed to calculate the tax due. Using very high resolution satellite data the land parcels and building extents (including heights) can be monitored through a combination of 3D image analysis and field data collection. This project is designed to develop an operational system for creating and maintaining a parcel reference map, whose accuracy can be further improved through GPS-based field survey, and, mapping new buildings and changed building heights. This will provide the framework for field teams to collect and maintain an accurate database of property characteristics, thereby enabling tax calculations to be made in order to support sustainable and transparent revenue generation for the City.
National Valuation Management System: Towards Enhancing Interconnectivity In Land Governance Through Digitized Valuation Data From Origination, Organization To Transmission.
Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning, Kenya
The development of a digital platform for management of the valuation process from data generation to submission will greatly enhance service delivery within the Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning and achieve interconnectivity for all stakeholders.
he National Valuation Management System has therefore been identified as a tool that is intended to organise and safeguard land information by ensuring that land values are well documented and are easily accessible as needed The system will minimise the time and cost of accessing valuation data by all stakeholders; ensuring transparency, the accuracy of information and accountability. This information will be in the form of both spatial and non-spatial data on every registered land parcel in the country. The improved access to land information will be a catalyst for economic growth and development by enabling faster investment decision making.
Improving Land Governance In Nigeria Through Efficient Valuation Mechanisms And Practices
1PRESIDENTIAL TECHNICAL COMMITTEE ON LAND REFORM, Nigeria; 2FEDERAL MINISTRY OF POWER, WORKS AND HOUSING, Nigeria
Valuation of landed property is a key component of the system of land administration in a typical market-drive economy. Advancement in land governance in climes with long stretches of dismal results due to the poverty of systems and structures necessitates that valuation processes, mechanics, and practices undergo scrutiny to ensure its continued relevance in the interpretation of values.
Over the years, the government in Nigeria had randomly sought for solutions to its land governance challenges. In 2009, it established a Land Reform Committee to recommend measures that would enhance the system. Expected key deliveries included the development of valuation mechanisms that would identify and cure the major weaknesses in the processes and practices. The Committee opted for an evidence-based approach to achieving this objective and commissioned a study.
This paper will share some of the findings and demonstrate how they shape the system and effectiveness of land governance in Nigeria.
Rebuilding Property Tax Assessment Systems – The Case of Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Greenfield Advisors, Inc., United States of America
The devastating earthquake that rocked Haiti in 2010 did more than physical damage; it also damaged systems, too. One of the systems damaged was the property tax assessment system in the City of Port-au-Prince, the capital of Haiti. Since the earthquake, the city government has struggled to mail tax bills, track those accounts who pay taxes, and maintain a database of property owners. Certainly there are land tenure implications here as well, but the main focus of this project is to provide a comprehensive solution to the City’s needs. Our team is putting in place a solution that has the flexibility to account for different revenue streams (property tax, signage tax, garbage collection tax) put in place by the City of Port-au-Prince. By the end of the project, we expect to provide enough capacity building so that the City can take over the complete administration of its revenue generation systems.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-09: Outside Investment at Forest Frontiers: Curse or Blessing?|
Session Chair: Liz Alden Wily, independent, Kenya
Land Trafficking: Agribusiness, Titling Campaigns and Deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon
This paper focuses on the politics of agribusiness expansion in peripheral areas of the Peruvian Amazon. The paper analyzes the mechanisms through which forested land is brought into the land market for agrarian purposes and the unintended role played by titling campaigns –supposedly aimed at regularizing the spontaneous occupation of the Amazon– in the expansion of the corporate agribusiness frontier. The legal requirements for forest conversion into agriculture are overlooked in titling campaigns, unlike the cases of corporate projects in which there is a stricter scrutiny. In this context, buying titled lands has become an attractive avenue for plantation development to skip environmental requirements. This situation has led to intensified colonization of forested lands to acquire titles and sell them to interested parties. The paper shows how the titling mechanism has been used perversely to promote processes of deforestation and land grabbing and characterizes this dynamic as land trafficking.
Land Formalization Turned Land Rush: The Case of the Palm Oil Industry in Papua New Guinea
SOAS, University of London, United Kingdom
This paper uses the case study of Papua New Guinea to engage with the debate around customary land formalization processes, derived from Hernando de Soto’s ‘Mystery of Capital’ (2000). The case of the oil palm industry in PNG demonstrates that customary land registration processes may be captured by powerful ‘big men’ and companies within an environment of weak and changing governance. Weak or non-existent state capacity for the regulation and enforcement of the palm oil industry have been exploited by logging/oil palm companies, surpassing various government agencies at different levels. Instead of increasing agricultural activity and national income, the case shows that customary land formalization has led to worsening poverty and wealth inequality due to biased land lease agreements between customary landowners and developers, loss of tax revenues due to tax exemptions, and a lack of service provision such as roads, schools, and health centers.
Sustainable Land Use by Smallholder Rubber Farmers in Southwest China: Acceptance, Adoption and Governance of Environmental Programs
1University of Hannover, Germany; 2Peking University, China
This study deals with the implementation of sustainable land use systems in Southern China. The objective of the study is to assess the opportunities and constraints of introducing environmentally friendly rubber plantation (EFRP) among smallholder farmers in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture (XSBN). We developed three models: (i) an OLS to identify the determinants of EFRP acceptance by smallholders; (ii) a panel model to analyze the changes in intercropping adoption between 2012 and 2014; (iii) an endogenous switching model to account for possible endogeneity of intercropping adoption. We find that the success of a program like EFRP in China is affected by economic conditions. Decline in rubber profitability and off-farm income opportunities pose major challenges. We conclude that without a well-designed implementation plan, i.e. a targeted extension program, and appropriate and attractive incentive schemes a program like EFRP is unlikely to achieve its expected its goals.
Farm production efficiency and natural forest extraction: Evidence from Cambodia
1Leibniz University Hannover, Germany; 2Manchester University, United Kingdom
Farm production and natural forest extraction remain principal livelihood strategies of local
people in many rural areas of the developing world. In this paper, we apply stochastic frontier analysis to evaluate farm production efficiency and simultaneous equations modelling to estimate the interrelationship between farm production efficiency and natural forest extraction. We use a two year panel data set of 430 rural households in Stung Treng province of Cambodia. We find that natural forest extraction is decreasing in farm production efficiency. Our results suggest that improving farm production efficiency, via the promotion of rural education and privatization of farm land, should be considered an integral component of natural forest conservation policy.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-10: Socio-Economic Effects of Tenure Regularization|
Session Chair: Frits Van Der Wal, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands, The
Agricultural Policies in Colombia: The Dilemma between Food Security and Commodity–Export Agriculture (Case Study of Tolima, Colombia)
1Mississippi State University, United States of America; 2Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Colombia
Is there a disconnect between food and agricultural policies in Colombia? If so, why is that the case? This paper suggests that in a scenario of the structural transformation of agricultural production, central governments no longer need to rely in their rural periphery to obtain foods, instead they can rely on external sources to do so. On the other side of the equation, rural areas are no longer existential for state consolidation, but critical for obtaining tax revenue from export-oriented agricultural production in order to sustain the provision of public goods in urban areas (Rico Mendez, 2016).
Using the case of Tolima-Colombia the paper will approach the problem through the analysis of: 1) National policies for food security and agricultural production; 2) the structural transformation in food systems; and 3) institutional changes in rural areas. Results from this research are critical for the post-accords in Colombia.
Macroeconomic and Fiscal Impacts of Land Reform in Uganda: Lessons Drawn from Bank Funded Operations in PSCP and CEDP
World Bank, Uganda
The Government of the Republic of Uganda (GoU) through the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD) has been implementing the Land Component under the Competitive and Enterprise Development Project (CEDP) with funds provided by the World Bank and the GoU.
In order to evaluate impact, the forthcoming paper intends to discuss whether the above described program of reforms have (a) provided security of tenure to the targeted populations, (b) enabled the newly secured owners to use their property as collateral for obtaining credit, or to invest in productivity optimizing activities; (c) promoted land and property markets, (d) reduced transaction cost for land and property transfers; ( e) improved land administration effectiveness, (f) improved government revenue through land and property taxation, (g) encouraged improved investment in rural and urban low income housing; (h) improved and assured better access to rural and urban land services, (i) assured improved planning decisions.
A Land Administration Project In Honduras Assesses The Positive Effects Of Land Titling
1FAO, Italy; 2Instituto de la Propiedad, Honduras; 3RegioPlan, Honduras; 4World Bank
In 2016, the second phase of the Land Administration Project in Honduras (PATH II) conducted by the Property Institute (IP), carried out a study to determine to which degree supporting the security of tenure improves livelihoods in poor households. This program, which received a loan from the World Bank and technical support of the FAO Investment Center, was the continuity and expansion of the previous PATH I. Both projects focused on strengthening land information systems and land administration institutions, updating cadaster, land titling for poor households and the recognition of indigenous territorial rights. The assessment clearly demonstrates the positive impacts of the land titling program on the perception of tenure security in poor households, which has translated into greater investments made in housing and businesses. This evaluation also highlights the relevance of this project, since poor households have very limited opportunities to obtain land titles of their own accord.
Security of Tenure Model: Its Impact on Livelihoods of Small Holder Farmers in Zimbabwe Following the Land Reform Programme. A Case Study of Chifundi and Elmily Park in Makonde District: Mashonaland West Province.
Ministry of Lands,Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has an agricultural based economy hence land is a fundamental pillar for economic growth and employment creation. Post-Independence, the Government embarked on a Land Reform Programme which saw Zimbabweans who hitherto were landless now being owners of productive land. Tenure security issued to small holder farmers in resettled areas has contributed to increased productivity and substantial developments. Over the years, the level of productivity and investment in the study area has improved significantly. Women in the study area have acknowledged land is an essential resource in their lives and secured access to the resource has empowered women to support their livelihoods. Efforts by the Government to accord every land holder secure tenure should be strengthened as this influences the relationship between people and the land, the level of investment the land owner will make and the financial assistance the land holder will receive ultimately resulting in transformed livelihoods.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-11: Fit-For-Purpose Approaches: Land Professionals' Role|
Session Chair: Christophe Dekeyne, IGN FI, France
The Geodetic Surveyor in the Heart of the Land Management: towards the Concept of « Sustainable Fit for Purpose »
CLGE (Comité de Liaison des Géomètres Européens), Belgium, Europe
The paper presents the importance of the sustainability of Fit for Purpose projects.
Results of different events or projects will be presented and compared to current publications about this topic:
- a workshop on Fit for Purpose held in Postdam (DE), 30 September 2017
- the ongoing International Land Measurement Coalition Project
- a round table about the sustainability of Fit for Purpose approaches held in Paris (FR). 29 January 2018
As land professionals, we believe that the idea of making "fast and cheap" lacks sustainability. To implement a Sustainable Fit- For-Purpose land administration it is important to call-in specialists who have mastered the subject and who can demonstrate the effectiveness of the systems recommended by their experience. On this condition, participatory methods are quite conceivable and even desirable. Indeed, local owners are best placed to indicate the supposed position of their parcel boundaries
The Role of the Private Land-Related Sector in Supporting the 2030 Global Agenda
This paper describes the role of the private land-related sector and land professionals in general in achieving the SDGs. It explains why the involvement of the private sector is crucial not only for achieving the SGDs, but also for the companies themselves in order to create a sustainable and long-lasting business.
Additionally, the paper focuses on the importance of incorporating Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) policies as a driver for the involvement, and how private companies can meet the challenge of contributing to the 2030 global agenda.
In this regard, a number of reasons for private companies to engage in the development efforts are identified – arguably leading to a win-win situation for all parties involved.
Tackling Corruption in Urban Land Governance – The Under-Explored Route of Professional Integrity: Learnings from a Pilot and Promising Ways Forward
Transparency International - Secretariat, Germany
Corruption is a major obstacle to land governance. Yet, some of the most recent advances in anti-corruption thinking – a shift from narrow, punitive approaches to curb corruption to a broader emphasis on nurturing integrity - are so far not being harnessed fully in initiatives that address corruption in land governance.
This paper will report on an innovative pilot initiative to translate this broader emphasis on integrity into practical action: a course module on corruption and integrity for urban planning education and training, jointly developed and piloted in early 2017by the African Center for Cities at University of Cape Town and Transparency International. The paper elaborates on the rationale for such a module, presents its content, shares the lessons learnt from the pilot and offers a policy-practical outlook on where such a promising approach could venture next to live up to its significant potential to support integrity in urban land governance.
Trust on Land
1Lantmateriet, the Swedish mapping, cadastre and land registration authority, Sweden; 2LANDnet Uganda
Land is one of our ultimate resources for human beings to exist on earth.
From that perspective it is necessary that we take care of the land respectfully in a sustainable manner. This said not least in the view of SDGs and Agenda2030, signed by most of the countries in the UN.
Many countries have also adopted nice land policies and political intentions to manage land efficient without discrimination on sex, ethnic background, status etc.
Coming to practice and implementation, we have seen a huge number of fail and mistakes. Why is it in that way? We believe that one important key is that real actions on land must be built on trust.
From these starting points we will discuss the matter on how to build trust, giving examples from a common training programme for 5 countries in eastern Africa.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-12: Infrastrcuture investments and Compulsory Acquisition Processes|
Session Chair: Jonathan Lindsay, World Bank, United States of America
National Land Commission experience in acquiring land for mega investments in Lamu County – Kenya.
NATIONAL LAND COMMISISON, Kenya
Land in Kenya is categorized into three namely Private (16%), Public (17%) and Community (67%). Whenever the government wants to acquire land for public infrastructural development, it can only acquire private and community land. The body mandated to compulsory acquire land for public use is the National Land Commission. The National Land Commission was called upon to compulsory acquire land in one specific county situated at the coast of Kenya, namely Lamu. Since 2014 several public projects have been earmarked and some implemented in this area i.e. the LAPSSET Project, Coal Plant and Kenwind Power Project. There also other projects of similar nature in Lamu County that would require substantial amounts of land, but these are yet to be implemented.
Developing a Transit-Oriented Development Strategy for the Lima Metro: Challenges and Opportunities
The World Bank Group
In this paper, we explore how the benefits of transport infrastructure investments could be amplified by improving urban planning, land use and development of neighborhoods surrounding Metro stations in Lima, Peru. Concretely we propose actions in the following 3 areas: (a) the cadastral system of Lima to support the land value capture of potential TOD and urban renewal areas; (b) the development of land value capture instruments to be applied; and, (c) the strengthening of the capacity of the local authority in charge of the formulation and development of a potential TOD project.
GIS Analysis on The Mismatch between the Roads in Cadaster and in Reality due to the Saemaul Road Project in Korea.
LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
In the 1960s, Korea had a tremendous increase in agriculture output by construction of Sasemaul Road that is one of the Saemaul Undong. However, it caused a disagreement of roads between in the cadaster and the reality, which led to various social problems. First of all, in order to resolve this problem, it is necessary to research the nationwide status of the lands including the problems. For this research, GIS spatial analysis are used for extracting the priority areas where there are many lands including the problems. Five pilot sites were selected for the analysis and it is possible to confirm the differences according to regional characteristics. The government will be able to make the budget effectively for dividing roads to drive and walk from the private lands and purchasing them by the result of spatial analysis.
How land value capture(LVC) has financed infrastructure, affordable housing, and urban development in Bogota-Colombia
1World Bank, Colombia; 2World Bank, HQ; 3Bogota Cadastral
Main aspects of the LVC instruments applied in Bogota as land readjustment, development rights and plusvalue capture includes: i) fair participation of stake holders in real estate projects, ii) technical, legal and financial mechanisms for its implementation, iii) inclusion of the destination of the LVC instrument in the muncipal budget, iv) urban land generated per instrument, and v) the role of the multipurpose cadaster system in the LVC implementation procedure. Identifying main characteristics in the optimal implementation of these instruments will be an step for the definition of a methodology that orientates LVC application in LAC for urban development as: i) stake holder participation mechanisms, ii) land management process, iii) institutional arrangement for public and private sector participation, and iv) cadaster system mechanism for the LVC implementation
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-13: Leveraging LGAF|
Session Chair: Thea Hilhorst, World Bank, United States of America
Ghana: Leveraging LGAF for land policy road map and designing NELGA support to monitoring and analytical capacity building
Building on LGAF for Land Governance Activity Mapping
Using LGAF for monitoring and sharing good practice in IGAD
Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Djibouti
LGAF a diagnosis approach to analyse the land governance in North Africa
Institute of Agronomy and Veterinary Medecine, Morocco
Guatemale: Building a Policy Dialogue Around Housing using LGAF
Land Alliance, Peru
|12:00pm - 2:00pm||Lunch|
|Front Lobby and Preston Lounge|
|12:00pm - 2:00pm||Women's caucus|
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-01: Implementing the AU Declaration on Land Issues and Challenges in Africa|
Session Chair: Paul Tchawa, University of Yaoundé 1, Cameroon
A Briefing on ALPC
1African Union Commission, Ethiopia; 2UNECA, Ethiopia
to be filled
Monitoring and Evaluation of Land Governance in Africa (MELA) at Country Level
1Bâtiment de la Direction des Services Topographiques, Madagascar; 2International Food Policy Research Institute , United States; 3UNECA, Ethiopia
to be filled
The Network of Excellence on Land Governance in Africa (NELGA)
1Ardhi University, Tanzania; 2UNECA, Ethiopia
The African Union Declaration on Land Issues and Challenges in Africa of 2009 main objective is to promote land governance, land policy development and implementation in the continent. One of the key element of the declaration is the commitment of Heads of State and Government to take responsibility and spearhead land reform processes through strengthening institutions for effective land governance. Since then, a number of milestones have been achieved among them is the establishment of a Network of Excellence on Land Governance in Africa (NELGA).
This paper provides an account of the process, set up, progress and achievements made in establishment of NELGA in the continent. It is noted that five regional nodes have been set up. These established nodes have made significant progress towards capacity development to strengthen human resource capacity and institutions in land administration and governance in Africa, in line with the AU Agenda on Land.
Championing the 30 Percent Campaign for Documented Land Rights for African Women
1Public Services Commission, Namibia; 2UNECA, Ethiopia
to be filled
Integrating Land in National Agricultural Investment Plans: Lessons Learned
1UNECA, Ethiopia; 2Ministry of Lands, Tanzania
to be filled
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-02: Blockchains and privatization: Who Owns the Data?|
Session Chair: Josephus van Erp, Maastricht University, Netherlands, The
Data Ownership and Data Trade in Privatized and/or Blockchain Based Land Registries
1Maastricht University, Netherlands, The; 2Netherlands' Cadaster, Land Registry and Mapping Agency
Any land registration system is a source of an enormous amount of data, created by several data producers, which only gradually is being discovered, valued and realised by those involved: Citizens whose property is on the register, governments which add geospatial data, commercial users who offer supplementary services, notaries and conveyancers adding legal information about, e.g., transfer and mortgages, judicial enforcement officers adding legal information about, e.g., seizures and attachment, and, last but not least, land registries themselves which are using the data that are stored under their supervision to create derived and (in a technical sense) manipulated data so they can provide any required information to users with information tools which they market as part of their business model. Added to this mix of (private and government) data producers and users now come IT companies, introducing blockchain technology. Thus making the question even more pressing: Who owns which data?
What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?
IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain
What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?
ELRA - European Land Registry Association, Belgium
Traditional systems of land registration are under pressure lately. States consider them as being too expensive and also they meet difficulties in providing security of tenure over the bundle of rights custimary land rights may contain.
Furthermore for the organisation of the service the rapidly changing technological context has to be taken into account.
Privatisation of existing public services may be considered as a sollution.
In this contribution we try to review the pro's and contra's of this choice from a stakeholders point of view.
What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?
Union Internationale des Huissiers de Justice (UIHJ), United States of America
Nobody will deny that the land is spearheading economic growth.
Its administrative organization must therefore have transparent, secure and guaranteed management.
It is obvious that the use of the blockchain will confer these qualities on cadastral administrative data.
However, we must not neglect the questions and problems that may arise and that relate to both the system of registration of data and its consequences.
Initially, the implementation of cadastral data on the block chain raises the problem of the legal regime applicable to liability and of the degree of legal certainty provided to citizens.
In a second time it is on the contracts attached to the life of these data and their execution that the questions will concern: which law to apply? What about the forced execution of these contracts in case of non-execution?
Answering a question with another question can help you think further ...
What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?
Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The
A Critical Evaluation of Privatization of Land Administration and Trade in Data
AUT University, New Zealand
Discussion of privatisation of land registries and ownership of data and information from an Australasian perspective.
Proto-typing Blockchain Technology for Land Registry Systems
Thomson Reuters, Bolivia, Plurinational State of
Data Ownership and Data Trade in Privatized and/or Blockchain Based land Registries
Notar Dr. Leif Böttcher, LL.M.
Due to the outstanding importance of land as an economic good, all land registers have traditionally been kept by State authorities. Now that some States have privatised their land registers, the question of the legal fate of the data and access to them is becoming increasingly important: while some people fear that privatisation could lead to restrictions on access for consultation and that it could not be done free of charge, other emphasise the economic benefits of privatisation. However, these issues must be separated: The question of who keeps the land register does not reveal anything about who can access use or exploit the data and whether this access is to be granted free of charge. Various interests – those of the owners, the economic operators and the public – need to be reconciled. The function of the land register within the land transfer system also plays a decisive role.
Legal Aspects of Blockchain-based Land Registries
American Univeristy, United States of America
to be filled
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-03: Learning from Responsible Land Investment Projects: Progress and Constraints|
Session Chair: Chris Penrose Buckley, DFID, United Kingdom
Land & People: challenges and opportunities for non-resettlement projects
Portucel Moçambique, Mozambique
Portucel Mozambique (PMZ) is a private company owned by The Navigator Company and subsidiary of IFC which holds the right to use an area of 356,000 hectares, assigned by the Government of Mozambique for the implementation of a forest-based industry for pulp production.
Based on the resulting characterization of the environmental and social impact study, which revealed the presence of more than 24000 low-income households in the areas of DUAT attributed to the company, innovative tools were created, mainly in the social and environmental domains. Examples of these innovative mechanisms are the Portucel Development Community Programme (PDCP), land access procedure, relationship with the communities, grievance mechanism or the mosaic model.
At the stakeholder engagement and land access levels a participatory methodology is being tested with PMZ support that is expected to have an important role in the progress of the project, promoting greater transparency and community engagement solutions.
Efforts to Clarify Tenure Rights and Strengthen Land Governance in Portucel’s Mozambique Forestry Investment
Terra Firma Lda, Mozambique
The paper addresses the implementation of an approach to securing and documenting community and family land rights in Mozambique in the context of a large-scale forestry plantation investment. This approach places emphasis upon building institutional capacity within local community groups, and the mapping and certification of household land holdings, as pre-cursors to land access negotiations between them and the investment proponents. The strengthening of institutional capacity is achieved through the formal delimitation and certification of the collective land holdings, and the establishment of communal property associations to represent the communities as corporate, rights-holding entities. Community land use plans are then developed to identify areas for conservation and preservation, as well as potential sites for public or private investments. The approach represents a shift from the vague, nebulous and unenforceable community-investor agreements that characterise the ceding of community land in Mozambique towards specific, detailed agreements that are rights-based and enforceable.
Evolving agribusiness development strategy
World Bank, United States of America
From Commitment to Practice: Experience Supporting Operationalization of Illovo Sugar Land Rights Commitments
Landesa, United States of America
to be filled
Securing and Delivering Corporate Commitments to Implement the VGGT: Experience and Lessons from Illovo Sugar
Illovo Sugar Africa Ltd, United Kingdom
to be filled
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-04: Land Restitution in Post-Conflict Situations|
Session Chair: David F. Varela, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia
Land Restitution in the context of Peace Building
WORLD BANK, Colombia
Land restitution might contribute to consolidate peace building processes when is closely linked with the country’s overall peacebuilding objectives and in turn with their development goals, because the relationship between people and land is ultimately affected by access to markets, community ties, access to public services, and the prevention of potential conflicts.
Improving the economic situation of the restituted families is essential to restore livelihoods of returnees or resettled families, including rural development and economic activities, in a broader framework of land restitution programs, towards peace building. In this sense, it is not only dealing with restitution, return or resettlement, but to prevent future conflicts through territorial development.
The Political Economy of the Rural Agreement in the Colombian Peace Accord
George Mason University, United States of America
Conflicts over the distribution of land have been a constant in the republican history of Colombia and consensus exists around the idea that inequality in access to the resource is at the core of the pintense civil war the country has gone through.
As part of the peace agreement reached with the FARC, the Colombian Government has embarked on an Integral Rural Reform (IRR) strategy with the potential to address historical agrarian issues that have hindered the pace of development and generated protracted conflict.
However, its results are expected to alter the historical status quo and consequently affect the interests of some actors. The paper describes the political economy of the IRR agreement by identifying the actors and the issues from which either support for, or resistance to, the initiative is likely to materialize as well as the effects that this can have for a peaceful and stable transition process.
Land and Conflict: Improved Governance of Tenure to Build Peace, Food Security and Sustainable Development
Conflicts over access, use and ownership of land remain as a major cause of social instability, food insecurity, and increased vulnerability of large segments of the population in many countries. While the roots of those conflicts are complex, land-related factors (such as insecure tenure rights, “legal pluralism” , and more generally poor land governance, including both legislation and institutions) are considered to contribute directly to them.
By drawing on the land policy reform experience in Colombia after the signing of the peace accords in 2016, this paper argues that the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests can provide a framework to improve governance of tenure (both legislation and institutions) which is key in all the stages of the conflict cycle, from prevention, to recovery, reconstruction, peace building and development.
Land and Peace in Colombia: FFP Methodology for Field Data Collection and Data Handling
1Kadaster, The Netherlands; 2Agencia Nacional de Tierras, Colombia; 3ITC, University of Twente, The Netherlands; 4Adterritorio, Peru; 5Departamento Nacional de Planeación, Colombia; 6Superintendencia de Notariado y Registro, Colombia; 7consultor, IGAC, Colombia; 8consultor, Colombia; 9Banco Mundial, Colombia
Effective land administration is an essential step on the road to peace in Colombia. The Colombian government plans to have a complete nation-wide land tenure coverage within seven years. The traditional approach to land administration in Colombia is not up to this policy challenge: the pace is too slow, the costs too high, the procedures too complex. Fast and effective land administration is essential for the implementation of the Reforma Rural Integral of the Peace Agreements, and to maintain public confidence in the peace process.
This paper presents a methodology for a project where fit-for-purpose Land Administration is tested at scale – after a successful field test. The test will be based on two pilot areas. These are participatory and integrated pilots, leading to cadastral maps and, more important, to land titles whenever the legal framework and institutional cooperation allows for land regularization and adjudication.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-05: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa III|
Session Chair: Bernis Byamukama, UK Department for International Development, Rwanda
Fit-for-Purpose User Rights Documentation: The case of private Mailo land in Uganda
1GIZ, Uganda; 2Makerere University, Uganda
Central Uganda is characterized by the existence of Mailo-Land titles. ‘Mailo’, derived from the English word “mile”, is a feudal land tenure system originating from an agreement between the Buganda King and the British Government in 1900. However, farming of these lands was mostly done by settlers (tenants) who increasingly occupied the land over time, especially after the end of the war in the 1980s. Today, many tenants are not aware on which parcel they reside or who the actual land owner is. Furthermore, though legally their land use rights of tenants are protected by the Constitution of Uganda, in reality often no documentation exists and their situation is considered being highly vulnerable.
Using fit-for-purpose technologies the land use rights of tenants are documented and through increased transparency this will allow for negotiation processes taking place between landlords and tenants in order to identify sustained solutions.
Incentives for Joint Land Titling: Experimental Evidence from Uganda
1The World Bank; 2Georgetown University; 3Northwestern University
We report results from a randomized field experiment assessing the effectiveness of conditional price subsidies and information in improving women’s access to formal land tenure. We do so in the context of an ongoing land titling intervention in rural Uganda. We find that the intervention generated high demand for titling, as well as for co-titling. We find that both policy instruments further increased demand for co-titling, but had no effect on overall household demand for titling. Both instruments were therefore relatively more potent when offered in isolation. Our analysis is important given increasing policy attention to land rights institutional reforms and female empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Land Governance in an interconnected world - lessons from land Tenure Regularisation programme in Rwanda
UK Department for International Development, Rwanda
Land governance in an interconnectedworld;lessons from Land Tenure Regularisation Programme in Rwanda provides practical experience of land reforms in Rwanda over the last 9 years since 2009. The paper demonstrates how it is possible to achieve a low cost fit for purpose land reform programme on a massive scale when there is a combination of strong political will, massive community engagement, sustained flow of donor funds, willingness to flexibly adapt new technologies and strong emphasis on getting value for money on every aspect of reform interventions. It outlines practical lessons for countries seeking to implement land reforms on massive scale and approaches to deal with post registration challenges such as the rise of informal land transactions to ensure sustainable land services at the end of donor support.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-06: Agricultural Growth Poles & Corridors: A Fad or The Future?|
Session Chair: Lorenzo Cotula, IIED, United Kingdom
Challenge Of Shrinking Public Land In East Africa
Walker Kontos, Kenya
This paper will examine the challenge of shrinking public land in the context of massive energy, infrastructural and housing projects by national and county governments, as well as local and international investors. It deals with the problem of rapid urbanization, urban sprawl and informal settlements in East Africa where planning laws and regulations are either non-existent or in need of reform. It considers the effect that shrinking public land has in slowing development projects due to the high cost of land acquisition and relocation as well the severe strain on environment and in achieving sustainable development. It offers several solutions based on comparative analysis and the uniqueness of East Africa. It will examine reforms in urban planning and development as it applies to East Africa to increase the efficiency of use of land for urban development
Towards making robust land use decisions: An empirical assessment of non-material co-benefits of rural production landscapes in India
1The Unviersity of Tokyo, Japan; 2United Nation's University, Tokyo, Japan
Societies derive multiple material and non-material benefits from production landscapes, of which, non-material benefits are largely overlooked in issues such as land acquisition. While material benefits are generally well-accounted in state-run land acquisition programs, understanding non-material benefits is equally important for socially inclusive land acquisition. To facilitate a rapid, landscape-scale empirical assessment of non-material benefits of production landscapes, we narrate a case study of participatory mapping of non-material co-benefits of multiple rural production landscapes from the lower Gangetic delta in India. The study attempts to map five non-material benefits, namely spiritual, aesthetics, heritage, recreational and educational, by utilizing a combination of household survey and participatory GIS. The methodology of this study relies on a rapid appraisal method which integrates the notion of place attachment and participatory mapping. As such, the results facilitate comparative understanding of non-material co-benefits on rural production landscapes; besides providing valuable information for local planners and administrators.
The Rise of Agricultural Growth Poles in Africa
International Institute for Sustainable Development
This paper analyzes the key challenges and opportunities linked with the development of Agricultural growth poles, also known as agropoles, in Africa. These poles represent a new trend in Africa’s agricultural development strategy, and are on the rise as many countries are implementing them or considering doing so. The paper found that Africa has seen the emergence of 36 agricultural growth poles and 9 corridors over the past 15 years, covering at least 3.5 million hectares of land in 23 countries.
The paper reflects on the role of laws, policies and institutions in maximizing the opportunities offered by increased investment in agriculture through agricultural growth poles and corridors. It also presents the three key stages for developing Responsible Agricultural Growth Poles, providing key recommendations for each stage.
: vision, design and implementation.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-07: Community Rights for Environmental Benefit|
Session Chair: Alda Salomao, CENTRO TERRA VIVA, Mozambique
Successful Community Stewardship of Tropical Forests: Evidence from Community Forest Concessions in Petén, Guatemala
1Bioversity International, France; 2Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock, Guatemala
In the Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR) in Petén, Guatemala 25-year forest concessions have been granted to local communities since the 1990s. Previous studies have demonstrated that the concessions effectively halt deforestation. This study sheds light on the socio-economic benefits derived from the concessions. We carried out context analysis, community forest enterprise assessments (n=12) and household surveys (n=350) across all 12 concessions. Our findings show that forest income can lift people out of poverty while conserving the forest. These findings substantiate the claim of the communities for concession renewal due over the next few years. This evidence is particularly important as the communities are faced with powerful groups interested in oil exploration and tourism development in the MBR, as well as deforestation linked with cattle ranching, cash crop production and forest fires. We conclude with opportunities for increasing the viability of community stewardship of tropical forests in Guatemala and beyond.
Common Benefits: How Community Tenure Is Facilitating investment in the Commons for Inclusive Growth
1Center for International Forestry Research; 2ForestAction, Nepal
Questions of barriers and solutions to investment in the commons have taken on increasing relevance due to the success in recent years of communities in many parts of the world in gaining stronger, legally recognized rights over collective resources. This is particularly the case with respect to forest ownership. With success in achieving stronger rights, important questions now arise over how communities can increase economic productivity and social benefits from their newly achieved control over important resources and assets, including by increasing levels of internal investment and attracting external investment. Normative economic theory and private investors posit conceptual and practical barriers to investment in commons-based enterprises. This paper considers evidence of potential pathways to overcoming perceived barriers to investment in the commons by drawing on lessons of efforts underway in four countries—Guatemala, Mexico, Nepal and Namibia—to foster investment through solutions that recognize the social character of commons ownership.
Land Rights, Inclusive Development and Benefit Sharing To Achieve CO2 Emissions Reductions
1MOKORO, United Kingdom; 2Centro Terra Viva, Maputo, Mozambique
This paper looks at how customary land rights intersect with REDD+ projects to reduce CO2 emissions from forests areas with local populations. It then looks at how the emissions reductions can be guaranteed far into the future. Without this, they cannot become a vehicle for long-term investment by international institutions. The paper uses a new REDD+ emissions reduction programme (ERP) in Mozambique as a reference case. It examines how the progressive Mozambican policy and legal framework supports the design of a successful ERP seen as an integrated rural development programme, including the distribution of ER revenues to local people whose collaboration in the programme is essential. To discuss the long-term guarantee issue, the paper looks at a little used feature of the Mozambican constitution and suggests that States must embrace a more radical, devolved form of local partnership to generate ERs now, and guarantee their long-term permanence and marketability.
Foreign Investments to Support Forestry In Mexico as a Means of Increasing Resiliency
Michigan State University, United States of America
Community resilience measures the sustained ability of a community to utilize available resources while responding to stress, as well as withstanding and recovering from adverse situations. It takes into account social vulnerability, environmental hazards, and economic conditions. As climate change inserts increased risk and unpredictability into management and planning, resilience considerations become more crucial. With a focus on the country of Mexico, this work explores international investments in the forestry sector as a tool to increase resilience.
Mexico has 138 million hectares of forest and a history of deforestation and degradation. This research uses interviews, surveys, and existing data to explore the impact on increasing community resiliency through the World Bank’s Forest Investment Program, which aids both rural development and reduced deforestation and degradation in rural and indigenous Mexican communities.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-08: Instruments to Facilitate Land Value Capture|
Session Chair: Robert Lewis-Lettington, UN-HABITAT, Kenya
Supporting Fiscal Aspect of Land Administration through an LADM-based Valuation Information Model
1Yıldız Technical University, Department of Geomatic Engineering, Turkey; 2Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency, The Netherlands; 3Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Turkey; 4Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Department OTB, GIS Technology Section, The Netherlands; 5Aalborg University, Department of Development and Planning, Denmark
This paper describes an ISO Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) based valuation information model for the specification of inventories used in immovable property valuation made for public purposes. The Information model has been designed to facilitate all stages of property valuation applied for recurrently levied immovable property taxation, namely the identification of properties, assessment of properties through single or mass appraisal procedures, generation and representation of sales statistics, and dealing with appeals. It enables the recording of data concerning the parties that are involved in valuation practices, property objects that are subject of valuation, as well as their geometric, legal, physical, economic, and environmental characteristics. It is supposed that LADM Valuation Information Module will provide public bodies a common basis for the development of local or national databases, and can act as a guide for the private sector to develop information technology products.
Capturing Land Value Uplift to Deliver Infrastructure and Affordable Housing in a Market Economy - Recent UK Experience
Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, United Kingdom
Following the financial crash governments increasingly have been looking for ways to recoup the costs of infrastructure and other public goods. A key policy measure has been based on the capture of land value uplift arising either from public planning decisions or from the actual provision of infrastructure. This paper examines measures promoted and implemented in the UK through the planning system in the last decade.
Land value capture raises ideological issues and technical land appraisal issues in devising a suitable method for implementation. It affects developed economies and emerging economies. The paper mainly addresses the technical issues associated with three related government measures. It concludes that what has been put in place is overly complex. A simple direct land taxation regime may be more effective at achieving its objectives, be easier to implement and in particular be within the capacity of emerging economies.
Evaluating Value Capture Instruments
Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom
Since Henry George’s Poverty and Progress governments have developed a series of value capture instruments to extract increases in land values. These can be seen as alternatives to taxes. Whereas the taxes explicitly extract value from the owner or developer many of the other instruments can be argued to do this by stealth. This stands in the way of evaluating the effectiveness of such instruments and whether their use is the most effective way of achieving the desired objective or whether explicit taxation might be more effective. The paper applies some standard measures of the efficiency of taxes to evaluate the value capture instruments, including equity, certainty of liability, administrative efficiency, transparency, convenience, neutrality, and fairness. It compares their performance against these to those property taxes that can be used as means of value capture.
Land and Transport Policy Coordination: A proposed Recipe for Leveraging Land for Funding Infrastructure
1Universidad de los Andes, Colombia; 2World Bank Group
This paper presents a general methodology for integrating transport and land use planning as the first step to leverage land values to fund infrastructure. It also include planning tools for cities to consider to integrate their land use actions with transport investment. The proposed methodology seeks to promote planning policy documents in where objectives are agreed upon and strategies. Key strategies found in this study that cities in developing countries could use to leverage land to fund infrastructure include transit-oriented development, land value capture, congestion charging, participatory planning and tactical urbanism. This study undertook a case study in the city of Semarang. After applying the proposed planning methodology, key priorities for the city were identified. From results at the city of Semarang, we found from public participation exercises that If participatory planning and a proper cadaster system is not present, changes are not likely to be sustainable in the long-term.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-09: Forest Tenure and Migration|
Session Chair: Jorge Munoz, World Bank, United States of America
Emergent Dynamics of Migration and Their Potential Effects on Forest and Land use in North Kalimantan, Indonesia
1Center for International Forestry Research, Indonesia; 2Brunel University London, UK
Based on a mixed-method research in Malinau District, Indonesia, we find educational purpose is the main driver of youth migration. The need to finance youth migration affected the left behind's livelihood strategies and land use decisions.The stage of development of an area played a role in defining what strategy was adopted. In addition, discussions with the educated youth returnee migrants and current education migrants reveal youth aspiration to return home upon the completion of their education. These youths also indicated their aspiration to continue agriculture and forest-based livelihoods upon their return, albeit as a side job. Our findings are significant for two reasons. It questions a common assumption in the contemporary discourses on rural development that youth are exiting agriculture/forestry sectors. It points to the need to include the next generation and their shifting aspirations and life trajectories, in policies and programs aimed at promoting sustainable and inclusive development.
What Is The Impact Of Out-migration For Employment On People and Land? Lessons For Policy And Research In Nepal
1Center for International Forestry Research, Indonesia; 2Forest Action, Nepal
This presentation will highlight findings from a collaborative CIFOR-Forest Action research on how out-migration for foreign employment purposes is impacting on left behind and land uses in forestry and agriculture in rural Nepal. Our research reveals that migration is a highly gendered and generation-specific phenomenon. Whether or not migration contributes to the welfare of migrant-sending communities is contingent on modes of inclusion, exclusion and adverse incorporation into migration processes. One of the profound effects of migration across the research sites is the growing disassociation of land with agriculture and food production. While one research site is experiencing greater commodification and speculation of land, another is undergoing heightened instances of fallow and underutilization of land. The findings point to the importance of broadening the debate on migration and its effects on the country, and considering the relationship between migration and land use change more seriously in policy research and public policy-making.
The effects of migration on property rights and livelihoods on forest frontiers in the Peruvian Amazon
Center for International Forestry Research, Peru
In the Peruvian Amazon, migration is a common strategy used by residents to access land and adapt to environmental or economic change. These patterns have drawn the attention of policy makers that flag migration and migratory agriculture as crucial drivers of deforestation and forest degradation. However, the lack of information about current migration processes and their effects on forest access have inhibited effective policy responses to perceived threats to the region’s forests. This paper draws on recent research among twelve non-indigenous rural communities to understand variation in household migration patterns, property claims and the influence of these factors on livelihood and forest. We conducted 24 focus groups and interviewed 240 randomly selected households to understand the linkages between migration patterns, property rights and forest use. While land titling initiatives have increase property rights security, informal claims persist and the interpretation of regulations excludes options for forest management by smallholders.
Land Tenure Security, Migration and the VGGTs
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Italy
A good understanding of the relationship between land tenure security and migration is of strategic importance for political and development agendas. Yet, relatively little attention has been given to its study and a strong evidence base, necessary for adequate policy formulation and programme development is lacking. Hypothetically, increased tenure security would be associated to reduced migration through a weakening of push factors, while tenure insecurity would constitute an important push factor and hence increase migration. However, the relationship is more complex. China evidence shows an increase of rural-urban migration with increased tenure security in the absence of rental rights. Many dimensions in the security of tenure as well as contextual factors may alter the relationship and produce different migration outcomes. This article analyses the current literature on the subject, proposes a framework for its analysis and discusses the relevance and scope of the application of the VGGT to address the relevant issues.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-10: Streamlining Land Administration Procedures|
Session Chair: David Egiashvili, FAO, Italy
On Common Ground – Addressing Land Rights in the African Great Lakes Region
ZOA, Netherlands, The
The paper addresses the multi-dimensional causalities of land rights challenges and their interconnections with violent conflict in three countries of the African Great Lakes region: Uganda, Burundi and the DR Congo. While each of these countries has its own very specific context and challenges, the author argues that there are commonalities that allow for the drawing of broader lessons for practically working on land rights issues in the great lakes region, based on the experiences of locally-based projects in three countries, extensive expert consultations and the results of existing research.
Mozambique: Even a Progressive Land Law Needs Revision after a Generation of Experience
DAI, United States of America
Mozambique is widely regarded as having a modern and progressive land tenure framework. However, implementation has not always lived up to the promise of the original law. Twenty years of experience have revealed several areas in which the legal framework would benefit from revision and better serve its primary aims of promoting productive land use while still protecting legitimate customary land rights.
Topics that were once off-limit – for example, loosening the restrictions on land rights transfers in rural areas – are now being discussed and openly debated. The time is ripe to address this and other weaknesses in the legal framework and thereby catalyze investment, increase productivity and enhance transparency in land administration. This paper examines the existing legal framework and prioritizes recommendations to achieve the above-mentioned goals while simultaneously safeguarding legitimate land rights of communities and individuals.
Assessment of Land Administration Service Delivery In Three Selected States In Nigeria - Experiences From Ekiti, Kebbi and Niger States
1Presidential Technical Committee on Land Reform, Nigeria; 2Federal Ministry of Power, Works and Housing, Nigeria; 3University of Lagos, Nigeria
Good and sustainable land administration is a key factor in the overall socio-economic development of any nation. World Bank Report on Doing Business 2017 ranked Nigeria 182 among 190 economies on the ease of registering property. Since registration of land parcels commenced in Nigeria in 1863, not more than three percent of the nation’s land mass of 923,768 square kilometres have been surveyed and registered. This underlines the depth of the problem of land administration in the country.
To further the appreciate the scale of the problem, the land reform committee established by government in 2009, with a mandate to recommend measures for improving land governance in the country, undertook land administration service delivery study in three states - Ekiti, Kebbi and Niger States - in addition to the study earlier undertaken in seven others.
This paper will present the findings of the study and the measures recommended for improving the system.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-11: Harnessing the Benefits from Interoperability|
Session Chair: Kalum Udagepola, Scientific Research Development Institute of Technology Australia, Australia
The Notarial Role In Interconnected Land Governance
High Council of Notary (CSN), France
Every minute, around 300.000 tweets, 15 million texts, 20 million emails are sent around the world, ten hours of video are uploaded on YouTube and 250 Go of data are archived on Facebook servers.
Consequently, thanks to the use of algorithms, new tools will make this service more and more efficient. This is one of the major challenges facing the French notary service.
Recent history shows that the partnership between the professional and State land tenure services, which have worked together for more than 10 years, offers a good and reliable service to citizens, guaranteeing security and efficiency.
Today’s digitalization of the procedures, such as dealing with land registry or client transactions related to the transfer of ownership, envisage a ‘paperless’ future.
The dedicated and automated access to real estate files by the notaires in France is imminent.
Online portals support European Interconnection of Land Registers
Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The
The creation of a true single market and the free movement of capital is a great challenge to a united Europe. Cross border information on real estate that is easily accessible and online is a crucial pre-requisite to success. EULIS offersprofessional users a portal to meet this pre-requisite.
Since the beginning of the EULIS initiative, the EU-Commission was a very important supporter of the basic concept of connecting national land registers to one European platform. In 2008 the e-Justice portal was launched, which provides direct access to legally oriented registers such as business registers, insolvency registers and others. In 2012 the Commission developed strong interest to integrate the EULIS portal in the e-Justice portal, thus giving direct access to the land registers of the member states via its own portal. The paper presents the technical details of the portal, the European interconnection project and a view on the future.
Lessons from Information Technology-based Land Governance Reforms in India
Azim Premji University, India
Nearly two decades of experiment with Information Technology-based solutions to the problems of land governance in India hold important lessons about requirements for scaling up of land governance reform projects from pilot stage. However, no systematic survey of the experience of the Indian States in IT-based land governance projects has been undertaken despite the policy and academic importance such an exercise. This paper seeks to address this gap by answering the question: what are the factors which have facilitated or constrained scaling up of important IT-based land governance reforms from the pilot stage across the Indian States. The paper draws on the extensive data available with the federal department of land resources under its ambitious Digital India Land Records Modernization Project (DILRMP) and also from vast secondary literature in the form of assessment of various pilot projects.
New Trends in Development of Land Tenure in Russia
State University of Land Use Planning, Russian Federation
The modern stage of Land Tenure development in Russia is featured by appearance of agricultural holding corporations and increasing size of private farms due to land consolidation. Development of Land Tenure in Russia is mostly depended on Regional Land Policies. One of the successful examples of them is the Republic of Kalmykia’s Land Policy. In the Republic of Kalmykia we can observe a unique trend, which is in the increase in the number of private farms and their average size. The following measures must be implemented to strengthen sustainability of Land Tenure development: land legislation must be improved both at federal and regional level; the institutional framework for implementation of “Land Lord-Tenant” system must be introduced; training programs related to Land Tenure development must be initiated; the pilot projects focused on Land Tenure development should be launched to make demonstration effect; Land Tenure development experience should be collected and disseminated.
|2:00pm - 3:30pm||07-12: Urban Land Acquisition|
Session Chair: Bjoern Hoops, University of Groningen, Netherlands, The
Political and Economic Challenges for Land Owners and Families Surrounding the Port of La Union, El Salvador, Central America
1LAA GLOBAL, El Salvador; 2Korea-Vietnam Friendship Information Technology College, Vietnam; 3Real Estate Owner, El Salvador
The Port of La Union in El Salvador, it is currently an unfinished mega investment, represents a thoughtful expression of steady development opportunities but also social issues. Before running a structural project such as a [Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)], the project implies an expanded analysis over the potential risk for land-owners who lacks pertinence to invest in the EEZ project.
This research offers a deep insight and proposes a planning framework to balance two main issues, a) the Salvadoran governance & rule of the law, b) the tripartite relationship of government - wealthy people - landowners' inclusion - “less protected citizens”.
The EEZ follows global sustainable development goals determined by the United Nations, helps tremendously to improve El Salvador’s economic growth, leverage well-being of local citizens and creates “safety” investments. However, it means evaluation over human rights among the said tripartite relationship to guarantee non-violation by abuse of power, commandeering or deceptive negotiations.
Understanding Land Acquisition in Urban Development Projects: Participation of Slum Dwellers
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT University), Ahmedabad, India
With rising urbanization, cities have continuous need for numerous urban development projects and many a times land required for these projects call for acquisition. The study focused on understanding how the city government deals with slum dwellers during acquisition by taking two case studies varied in scale in the city of Ahmedabad, India. While one project acquired land impacting 10,040 slum households the other impacted 200. Development induced displacements through forced evictions and lack of participatory processes during these turn the clock back for these slum households and these are precisely the households that are the most vulnerable. The timeline assessment of projects and analysis lead to identification of various gaps in the process despite of existing laws and frameworks which illustrated lack of bare minimum sensitivity and complete negligence of the fact that these urban development projects can be multi-dimensional opportunities to cater to all sections of the society.
Land Governance & Infrastructure Development: Challenges in the Perspective of Land Acquisition and Resettlement.
International Resettlement Consultant, Bahark-Eshkashim Road Project of the Ministry of Public Works, Asian Development Bank, Afghanistan
Land governance & infrastructure development: Challenges in the perspective of Land Acquisition and Resettlement.
Growing development planning in recent decades in the developing countries requires more lands for the construction of infrastructures under the different development projects. Infrastructure development is significantly required for the improvement of communication, urbanization and industrialization which have a multiple impacts on promoting social and economic mobilization in case of improving supplying chain management, importing-exporting agricultural products and commodities.
Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, acquisition of private lands by the government for the development of infrastructures is a common scenario globally in which significant policy implications are incurred while imposing state’s laws and regulations on the land owners. Overpopulation with the urbanization creates scarcity of lands that keeps tremendous pressure on the land ownership pattern in result lands become significantly valuable asset in many countries like Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan etc.
Understanding Local Governments’ Tactics To Guard Against Land-expropriation-related mass incidents (LERMIs) in China: A Case Study From Huizhou
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, People's Republic of
We intend to understand tactics adopted by China’s local governments to guard against land-expropriation-related mass incidents (LERMIs). We first illustrate the factual and institutional backgrounds, then, apply the value-added theory to recognize four factors that stimulate a LERMI, and on this basis, conceptualize local governments’ corresponding prevention tactics as enhancing trust, splitting group, easing discontent, and guiding elites. With the materials collected from a peaceful land expropriation case in Huizhou, a city in Southern China, we summarize key practices of the local government to guard against LERMIs as follows: integrating principles of both legal and reasonable in policymaking, promoting the compliance of land expropriation behavior, treating resolving contradictions as a priority, and motivating the participation of village committee and elites; and further answer why these practices are effective through integrating them with the conceptual tactics developed in the theoretical interpretative framework.
|3:30pm - 3:45pm||Coffee Break|
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-01: Data for Managing Urban Growth|
Session Chair: Sameh Naguib Wahba, World Bank, United States of America
Capturing Urbanization and SDGs at the City Level by Combining Data Sources
European Commission, Belgium
To be filled
New Opportunities for Urban Land Governance by Exploiting Big Data from Earth Observation
Modern Earth Observation (EO) satellite missions provide valuable opportunities to address the information needs of land governance and land use planning by delivering dedicated data on the status and spatiotemporal development of the land surface – from global down to local scale, and from urban environments to rural settings. Nowadays, satellite missions such as the US Landsat program or the European fleet of Sentinel satellites collect terrabytes of high resolution imagery per day in a temporal and spatial coverage that opens up so far unprecedented possibilities for topographic mapping and environmental monitoring. But at the same time the analysis of this ‘big data from space’ requires new enabling technologies to effectively access, process, analyse and finally transform of the raw image data into ready-to-use thematic and actionable information for decision makers. Here, this contribution introduces latest developments and results of corresponding research activities at the German Aerospace Center (DLR).
Anatomy of Density: Towards an Evidence-Based Densification Strategy for Cities
New York University, United States of America
to be filled
Better Data for Informed Decisions in Cities
World Bank, United States of America
To be filled
Data Needs for Planning Urbanization in Colombia
The National Planning Department, Colombia
to be filled
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-02: Surveyors in Today's World: a Round Table|
Session Chair: Maurice Barbieri, CLGE (Council of European Geodetic Surveyors), Switzerland
Role of Surveyor in Implementing a Sustainable Fit- For-Purpose Land Administration
Comité de Liaison des Géomètres Européens (CLGE), Belgium
As land professionals, we believe that the idea of making "fast and cheap" lacks sustainability. To implement a Sustainable Fit- For-Purpose land administration, it is important to call-in specialists who have mastered the subject and who can demonstrate the effectiveness of the systems recommended by their experience. On this condition, participatory methods are quite conceivable and even desirable. Indeed, local owners are best placed to indicate the supposed position of their parcel boundaries
Is There A Need for Reviewing Surveying Standards?
RICS, United Kingdom
The surveying standards are developed to ensure minimum requirements to secure legal rights and enable efficient and secure transfer and transaction of land and property rights. Land is an emotive and highly political issue that needs strong governance and an enforceable legal framework to inspire public and investor confidence. Our engagement in reviewing surveying standards is a way to ensure that technological, professional and practice changes are reflected within our legal system and for the benefit of the public.
Professionalizing the Sector: What Role for Professional Ethics and A Code of Conduct
CLGE (Comité de Liaison des Géomètres Européens), Belgium
The role of professional ethics is to promote and strengthen the ethical conduct of real estate practitioners for the benefit of clients, third parties and current and future stakeholders. Introducing and respecting a broadly accepted code of conduct is the best way to keep professionalism by self-regulation.
New Ways for Training of Surveyors
The Bologna system has replaced the old university studies with a lot of optional and only a few obligatory matters. This makes the path to the profession of surveyor unclear. CPD, especially made through MOOCS are a good way to harmonize the knowledge end to ensure a minimal level to our professionals.
Tomorrow’s Surveyors : Will New Data and Technologies Change the Demand for Surveyor Services
CLGE (Council of European Geodetic Surveyors), Switzerland
In the last 50 years, technology has driven societal changes that make us evolve. Our profession has to increase the adaptation speed and we are asked to act more and more as engineers, to show that our capacity to adapt is our most important quality.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-03: Improving Access to Land for Returnees and IDPs|
Session Chair: Joachim Knoth, European Commission, Belgium
Improving Access to State Land for Returnees and IDPs in Afghanistan
1UN-Habitat Afghanistan; 2United Nations Mission in South Sudan; 3CEO of Afghanistan Independent Land Authority (Arazi)
This report focuses on a new legal framework recently developed in Afghanistan to allocate suitable state land to the displaced population. The finalisation, adoption, and implementation of this new legal framework is crucial to ensure that the most vulnerable and landless members of Afghanistan’s displaced population receive durable and sustainable land and housing options. This report provides an overview of Afghanistan’s previous land allocation framework and explains the events that led to the Government’s development of a new and improved framework. It also examines the procedure to assess and allocate land anticipated by the new framework and underscores important innovations. Finally, the report provides recommendations on how, once finalised and hopefully adopted, the Government could operationalise the legal framework to ensure that the carefully crafted provisions translate into actual assessments of suitable land and the allocation of land parcels to Afghanistan’s most vulnerable returnees and IDPs.
Preparing the ground for property restitution in the Syrian Arab Republic
Norwegian Refugee Council, Syria Response Office
Given the sheer scale of displacement and destruction, an eventual, sustainable return to Syria will only be possible if returnees are able to integrate at a location of their choice, where physical security, access to livelihoods and basic services have been restored and where, importantly, housing, land and property (HLP) restitution processes have been established. The millions who eventually choose to return will face housing shortages, disputes over ownership and usage rights, the emergence of conflicts related to a significant reduction in usable land and the lack of HLP documentation.
Based on extensive research and interviews with over 2000 Syrian internally displaced people and refugees, this paper provides recommendations to policymakers and practitioners on how to prepare for the immense challenges that lie ahead. It explains the need for clear mechanisms for property restitution and compensation that include particular measures to support claims from displaced women.
Using Geospatial Data to Track Land Tenure Security in Syria
The World Bank, United States of America
Violent conflict often undermines land tenure security, especially for vulnerable persons such as the poor, women, displaced persons and minorities. Loss of tenure security in turn can translate into increased poverty and exclusion in post-conflict settings. The impact of conflict on land tenure security needs to be understood to develop effective transitional justice and post-conflict land administrative processes. Land tenure security in Syria has been impacted by forced displacement, destruction of property, confiscation of property and fraudulent land transfers. This paper uses geospatial data to analyze the channels through which land tenure security has been undermined during and after periods of conflict in Homs Governorate. The geospatial data utilized includes commercial optical and visible infrared (VIIRS) imagery, publicly available social media posts, YouTube videos and recorded statements. The data was then combined with administrative data to develop a Land Confiscation Risk Index for neighborhoods of the urban area of Homs.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-04: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa IV|
Session Chair: Paul Tchawa, University of Yaoundé 1, Cameroon
Participation, Innovative Approaches and Customary Cadastres: A Practical VGI Experiment in Nanton, Ghana
1Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, The Netherlands; 2Swinburne Business School, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
The dearth of land information on customary lands limits the development and application of land consolidation. This paper presents and discusses the results of an experiment carried out to test the potential of participatory land administration applied on customary lands in support of land consolidation. The concept of Participatory Land Administration (PLA) which is developed in the context of the evolution of crowdsourced, volunteered, and participatory approaches provides new insights into neogeography and neocadastre, and fit-for-purpose and pro-poor land administration. The area of the experiment is in Northern Ghana where the local farming community was engaged to develop a process. The study involved collecting land information relating to farms over a two-week period, using a mobile app and an orthophoto, based on PLA. The results show that PLA can potentially support land consolidation, but further investigation is needed on how it can be integrated into the formal land registration system.
Low-Cost Land Information System for Sustainable Urban Development: Case Examples in Kenya and Zambia
Urbanization has been a global phenomenon and has significantly contributed to economic development. However, the rapid rate of urbanization is increasing the social, economic and environmental load of cities. As such, urban development is the current global priority but the biggest challenge is how to ensure that these urban areas develop in a sustainable manner. Ensuring sustainable urban development requires appropriate land information if relevant and good decisions are to be made by public authorities, private sector or community organizations. The paper highlights the changes in procedures, responsibilities and computing environment with a focus on achieving good land governance and efficient land services. The experiences in Kenya and Zambia provide key lessons for consideration in future projects for replication and scaling up and potentially, will inform other similar initiatives in other countries.
Assisted Community-Led Systematic Land Tenure Regularization
1EXI LDA, Mozambique; 2DINAT - National Directorate of Lands; 3Kadaster
Mozambique has adopted the road of systematic land cadastre, which is the goal of Terra Segura Programme, to cover some 4 thousand communities and 5 million rural parcels, out of an total estimated universe of circa 12 million parcels and plots.
The initial exercises to attend this massive registration, utilized traditional methods of land tenure regularization, which resulted in being either too expensive or time-consuming initiatives, with serious problems of data quality.
New approaches were designed and tested to create an effective sustainable cadastre.
To that effect, a scaling of previous tests was designed to be implemented in a cluster of 8 communities in on province with at least 5 thousand households.
The end goal of this scaling up exercise was to learn and disseminate lessons in local capacity development, land registration based on community-based crowdsourcing, and improve the methodology and tools.
Innovations for Securing Land Rights in Customary Settings: Gender, Collective Action, and Role of Customary Authorities
MINISTRY OF LANDS, HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, Malawi
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-05: Can Community - Investor Negotiations be Fair?|
Session Chair: Rachael Knight, Namati, United States of America
Supporting Communities in Their Negotiations with Investors – A View from Sierra Leone
1Namati, Sierra Leone; 2Namati; 3CCSI
There are many benefits and risks for local communities who enter into negotiations with investors seeking community lands and natural resources for an investment. Land-based investment projects can contribute to local development, but also come with risks: they can harm community members’ livelihoods, water access and cultural traditions, and threaten the health of the local environment. Communities who are supported by advocates or legal advisors may be better placed to address power imbalances between communities and large investors. Yet minimal attention has been paid to the capacity of communities to negotiate adequate agreements. Communities must be supported to be prepared for discussions with potential investors, decide whether or not to enter into negotiations with an investor or company; and, where relevant, negotiate an equitable, just agreement with the investor or company that more likely lead to community growth and prosperity.
Can Power and Resource Asymmetries be Addressed in Community-Investor Negotiations?
1Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, United States of America; 2Namati, United States of America
In the calls for responsible investment over the past decade, increasing attention has been placed on the need for greater benefit-sharing with project-affected communities, including through the use of direct agreements between the investor and affected communities or their members. While communities are increasingly asked to negotiate agreements directly with investors, the ensuing negotiations generally occur within a context of significant information and power asymmetries. Such imbalances in negotiating capacity have led to community-investor agreements that are underwhelming at best, unjust at worst. This paper aims to guide communities and their advocates in their interactions with investors. It covers how communities can prepare in advance for potential interactions with investors who come seeking to use community lands and natural resources, how they can decide whether to enter into negotiations with investors for use of their land, and, where relevant, how they can negotiate an agreement with an investor.
Considering Community-Investor Negotiations Through the Lens of Political Economy and Legal Empowerment
IIED, United Kingdom
Free, prior and informed consent and equitable partnerships with local communities are increasingly recognised as the foundations of any responsible natural resource-based investment. But community-investor negotiations tend to involve significant imbalances in negotiating power. Asymmetries in information, resources and influence, and time pressures affecting the negotiation process, can undermine the position of local communities as they define their preferred development pathways, exercise their rights and advance their priorities. Helping communities to harness the law, for example through greater awareness of their rights and of applicable law, or through support in negotiations, can help address these imbalances. But entrenched power relations at play both within and outside the community require granular analysis to inform the design and implementation of any support. This contribution will offer a few reflections based on insights from research and practice.
Community-Investor Interactions and Agreements – Reflections from the Private Sector Perspective
Illovo Sugar Africa Ltd, United Kingdom
to be filled
What Role for Government When Communities Enter Voluntarily Into Agreements with Investors?
Ghana Ministry of Lands and Natural Resources, Ghana
The assertion that, power tends to be concentrated and skewed in favor of Investors during negotiation for land acquisition is not in contention. This has been established and confirmed by many studies. There is therefore a search for solutions to curing this power imbalance.
One question that is continuously asked by community members is " How can the power and information asymmetry be leveled to ensure that, contracts "we" negotiate are fair - so that communities, land and natural resource rights are protected?.
This discussion seeks to address the issues around the following:
1. How communities can be prepared for empowered negotiation
2. How to ensure equal knowledge and understanding to maintain a balance throughout the negotiation process;
3. How to ensure that contracts drafted support the long term economic prosperity of communities
4. How government both local and national can support empowered investor-community negotiations to ensure fair and win-win outcome.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-06: New Approaches to Developing Agricultural Value Chains|
Session Chair: Dietmar Stoian, Bioversity International, France
Learning from Civil Society - Business Innovation Pilots for Governance of Agricultural Investments in Sub-Saharan Africa
University of Greenwich, United Kingdom
Given the role of private sector investment in agricultural transformation and concerns surrounding negative impacts of large-scale investments on customary land rights, some donor and civil society - private sector partnership initiatives seek to test how practical engagement by corporate business can leverage broader concerted action by governments to improve land rights protection and the environment for sustainable investment and economic development. This paper examines a set of localized, donor assisted civil society - business partnerships that test innovations in company practices, tools, and business models, and the lessons emerging to identify the value these potentially add to governance systems that are ultimately territorial jurisdictional responsibilities of states. It identifies available channels to connect the learning underway with broader improvements in company practice and national governments’ performance. In conclusion, some emerging implications and questions for policy and research to achieve sustainable improvements in land governance for economic development are identified.
Value Chain Development And Land Tenure Regularization In Mozambique. The Case Of Prosul, Linking Market To Land Tenure Secured Communities And Smallholder Farmers
1Agricultural Development Fund (FDA)/ Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MASA), Mozambique; 2International Agricultural Development Fund (IFAD)
the paper that will be drafted for the 2018 Land & Poverty conference will pay specific attention to two key issues that the project believes are central to the land tenure security process in Mozambique. The first one is related to community participation, and to how this can be further promoted, guaranteed and strengthened. Across all project components and the three VCs, community consultations and community participation represent a key aspect to the sustainable maintenance of the agreed limits and boundaries. The second aspect is related to the targeting of women and youth, and their benefits from the land tenure regularization process in PROSUL, and moreover the effects this has had on their productivity and participation in the VCs.
Land markets as a new way of managing lands in Senegal River valley?
1CIRAD, France / UGB Saint Louis Sénégal; 2CIRAD, France / ISRA BAME Dakar
In Senegal, The promotion of new models for land governance and tenure questions their concrete applications on the ground and their impacts on durability: What will be the social, economic and environmental impacts of these news projects? How to promote integrating different production systems, at least in a transition phase and how to promote inclusiveness for improved management of land and water? Interactions between stakeholders (farmers, breeders, investors) and their territories will be analyzed through a comprehensive study of the different forms of arrangements on land and water management, which will further be used to analyze social, economic and environmental impacts of the development of new projects. The study will analyze the functioning of informal land markets. It will aim at understanding the strategies of the various stakeholders (family farmers, agrobusiness, communities, etc.) in these markets, as well as the regulating rules.
Land and Tree Tenure Innovations for Financing Smallholder Cocoa Rehabilitation in Ghana
1USAID Tenure and Global Climate Change Program, Winrock International; 2USAID Tenure and Global Climate Change Program; 3USAID Tenure and Global Climate Change Program, Tetra Tech
Over the past sixty years, cocoa has been a central element of Ghanaian economic and cultural life. As Ghana aims to maintain its market share, it is important to rehabilitate its aging farms. The private sector, through cocoa buying companies and international chocolate brands, is interested in supporting rehabilitation of cocoa farms, but faces constraints in reaching and providing finance. Based on initial research, land and tree tenure constraints are major barriers to cocoa farm rehabilitation financing, affecting a large percentage of poor farmers. Yet private companies have largely been unaware what they can do to reduce these constraints as influential but individual entities. USAID has partnered with the private sector to develop a financing model based on reducing risk through strengthening local land and resource tenure. This paper provides a synthesis of activities to integrate land and tree tenure into a financing model for smallholder cultivation of tree crop commodities.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-07: Native Title and Land Registration|
Session Chair: Camilla Toulmin, Lancaster University/IIED, United Kingdom
“Amazonas Dialog Forum”: Land Governance and Traditional Populations Rights in Brazilian Amazon
Instituto Internacional de Educação do Brasil, Brazil
The Brazilian Amazon still lack a defined property arrangement and land regularization which can guarantee traditional populations rights’ effectiveness and fulfillment. Insecurity in land tenure within Protected Areas affects communities development, constraining opportunities for income generation, access to public policies and deforestation. In response to this the "Amazonas Dialog Forum" was created in 2012 as a result of efforts channelized by three civil society organizations: Brazil’s International Education Institute (IEB), Land Pastoral Commission (CPT) and National Council for Extractive Populations (CNS). The objective is to promote land regularization in Protected Areas categorized as “Sustainable Use”, and to ensure traditional people´s social, economic and environmental rights, promoting their protagonism in the territorial planning agenda. Its approach is based on putting together national and state land agencies responsible for land regularization in Amazonas state, Brazil. Up to now, the “Forum” provided land documentation for around 1,468 families, regularizing approximately 2,3 million hectares.
Property Rights in Indigenous Communities in Canada: Factors Affecting Leasehold and Certificate of Possession Values
Natural Resources Canada
The leasehold market in Indigenous communities in Canada is bifurcated. It produces values at the level of comparable non-Indigenous communities (across 40% of the sample); it also produces significant discounts at the level noted by the courts (across 60% of the sample). For Certificates of Possession, the evidence is clearer: A market constrained by legislation and by community-preferences means that market values are discounted by some 88%. This research marks the first step; small sample sizes preclude further speculation. Suffice to say that the inconclusive results across the factors illustrates the variability and unpredictability of land/property markets in Indigenous communities, the effect of property rights, and the difficulty in measuring institutional costs and benefits. The findings should spur discussion and research into the viability of existing land tenure/land registration systems in Indigenous communities in Canada, as well as research into factors that affect market values.
Treaties and Land Governance - Whose Land is it Anyway?
National Native Title Tribunal, Australia
Widespread conflict over access to land followed the failure to recognize the existence of Indigenous land owners when Australia was first settled. The fiction of ‘terra nullius’ and the legal assumption that the "waste lands" of the Australian colonies were exclusively possessed by the Crown was not set aside until 1992 by the High Court.
The statutory scheme established in 1994 to recognise and protect native title encourages flexible agreement making about the use of land but the deeply ingrained view of some non-Indigenous Australians that Indigenous land rights are less meaningful than other forms of land tenure leads to poor land governance and is an underlying cause of conflict.
Australian First Nations are now calling for meaningful recognition through a "Makarrata" or treaty like process. This will allow land governance processes to be established which reconcile all land interests and reduce the potential for conflict.
Democracy & Communities: Catching Up with Changing Community Land Governance Around the World
Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 aim to see a rise in inclusive and accountable governance in most sectors. This paper examines where community-based land governance is going in the early 21st century. A sample from ten to 100 countries is used for different aspects of the research. The key hypotheses tested are: (a) that community based land governance is increasingly acknowledged as a sound direction for rural land governance to take, as testified by rising national law provision for this; and (b) that, despite the above, traditional chief-led decision-making, on the one hand, and state reluctance to surrender formalization powers, on the other, impede this trend. It is further hypothesised that this reflects conflicted ideologies towards democratic devolution and the accelerated interest of state parties in retaining controlling interests over untitled lands.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-08: Land Valuation to Improve Tax Collection: Case Studies|
Session Chair: Richard Grover, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom
The Advantages of a Mixed System of Property Taxation
Netherlands Council for Real Estate Assessment, Netherlands, The
When a property tax system is introduced, a tax basis must be selected. Two commonly used bases for such a tax are the value of a property and the size of a property. Depending on local circumstances, policymakers should take into account the different pros and cons of different tax bases. In the Netherlands different layers of government make use of the data available in the base registers, including data on area and data on value of properties, to levy both ad valorem taxes and area-based taxes. Based on the experiences from the Netherlands we answer the question how a “mixed system” in which the two types of property tax are combined to enhance both equity an efficiency.
Innovative Approaches In Preparation For Mass Valuation In Serbia
1Republic Geodetic Authority of Serbia, Serbia; 2Food and Agriculture Organization of UN; 3Oxford Brookes University, UK
In August of 2017 Public debt of Serbia in amounted to EUR 23.8 billion, or 64.6% of GDP. Improving the yield from property taxation could reduce the fiscal deficit. If a value-based property tax is to be established on a sustainable basis, certain preconditions need to be met:
• A comprehensive record of taxable objects.
• An accurate source of transaction price data for modelling property values - sales prices and rents.
• A valuation infrastructure.
Serbia is addressing these problems and the paper will describe how this is being done and the results to date:
• The development of a comprehensive inventory of buildings and real estate objects from satellite images.
• Sales Price Register.
• The Valuation Law and how it will produce a valuation profession.
Serbia will try in cooperation with FAO, the private sector and academic partners to involve crowdsourcing concept and innovative technology in work.
Piloting Innovative Approaches to Valuing Commercial Property for Taxation Purposes: Occupier Assisted Valuations
1Valuation Office, Ireland; 2World Bank, United States of America
An important objective of the Valuation Office of Ireland is to accelerate the delivery of its national property valuation program. This required the adoption of new innovative processes and procedures and which have now been introduced through the enactment of new legislation. The June 2015 Valuation (Amendment) Act introduced an innovative approach that can help speed up the revaluation process: Occupier-Assisted Valuations (OAVs). The new OAV provisions provide for elements of self-assessment by occupiers in the valuation for rating purposes of commercial and industrial property. This paper describes the OAV pilot process and its challenges, while drawing lessons for other countries also looking to conduct revaluations.
Separate Land and Building Valuation Systems for Taxation?
1The World Bank, United States of America; 2Aalto University, Finland
This paper discusses the common historical approach of valuing land and buildings separately for property taxes, and the parallel of taxing land and buildings separately. The paper explains rationale for dual valuation systems and dual taxes with the known benefits and challenges. Comparison is made between the historical case of the State of Indiana in the United States, the on-going property taxation reform in Finland and two other samples where the unification of land and building valuation and taxation have been considered. The paper raises several issues with the equality and accuracy of the property taxes stemming from the dualism in valuation, which are severed by urbanization, and seeks explanation to why the problems are often tolerated despite the challenges. The article’s conclusions will contribute to the global trend of enhancing property taxation for better local services, and recommend ways towards modern, equitable, value based property taxes.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-09: Comparing Approaches to Securing Forest Tenure|
Session Chair: Gerardo Segura Warnholtz, World Bank, United States of America
Governing the Commons – Jointly Owned Forest as a Solution
1National Land Survey of Finland; 2Department of Built Environment, Aalto University School of Engineering, Finland
Governing the Commons–Jointly Owned Forest as Solution
Today, approximately 60% of Finnish forests are private.
Owners are partially unable of managing their forests. Forests also have significant effects on the climate. On the one hand, forests contribute to half of Finland's total pollutant emis-sions. On the other hand, active forest management and use maintain their ability to bind carbon dioxide as fossil fuels and other non-renewable materials are replaced by renewable sources.
The article contains an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the jointly owned forest system. There is an example of the foundation of a jointly owned forest in conjunction with a forest land reallotment. The aim is increasing the understanding of jointly owned forests as a form of ownership and thus to provide others with ideas on how to develop their own sys-tems with the assistance of similar instruments.
Social Differentiation In Collective Tenure Regimes: Women Rights And Forest Tenure Reforms
This article analyses how gender and social inclusion have been addressed in the drafting of different types of reforms in Indonesia, Uganda and Peru. Reform types include social forestry schemes in Indonesia, community based and collaborative management in Uganda and indigenous titling in Peru. Results focus on two aspects. First, we analyzed to which extent the design of laws and policies behind reform processes have incorporated gender considerations in the drafting of implementation provisions. Second we analyzed the local regulations including existing customary arrangements around reform processes to assess how these affect women and men in terms of access and control of resources. Research is based on extensive research on forest tenure reforms. Information was collected for 54 sites across five different tenure regime types. At the community level, key information interviews (133) and focus group discussions (162) provided information of the origins and nature of reform outcomes.
Understanding the Emerging Dynamics in Forest Governance in Ethiopia
The World Bank Group
The Chilimo community forest is one of the few remnants of a dry, mountainous forest that once covered Ethiopia’s Central Plateau and prioritized for PFM in the mid 1990s. This paper presents forest governance in Ethiopia with Chilimo as a show case. While forest governance is a broad term, embracing a varied set of actors and factors with complex interrelations the study focuses on what institutional factors contribute to more secure forest tenure as one dimension of forest governance? And how people acted in relation to the newly introduced institutional arrangement and how they situated themselves in the unfolding practices. To illustrate these phenomena, we assess a range of actors that shape decisions about how forests are managed and used. By narrating the rules that affect forest tenure rights, it discusses how actors develop and apply rules to drive practices at an operational level and its implications to sustainability.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-10: Economic Benefits from Land Administration Reform|
Session Chair: Michael Graglia, New America, United States of America
Agency for Real Estate Cadastre of Republic of Macedonia - Before and after the reforms, lessons learned, business orientation
Agency for Real Estate Cadastre, Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of
The Government of RM has identified AREC, as a significant part in the governmental overall program as a catalyst to transition to a market economy and to support private investment and business creation.
The number of days to record the purchase or sale of property or mortgages dropped from 30 days in 2005 to just one day. AREC is widely recognized as a valuable asset for the real estate market growth, demonstrated by the increase not just in the number of transactions but also in the number of mortgages, both of which grew exponentially: the number of property transactions more than tripled, while the number of mortgages more than quintupled. Increased numbers of foreign and domestic investments, such as Greenfield investments, have a direct influence on the Government Development Agenda, improvement of the economic growth and competitiveness on a permanent basis, higher employment, higher living standards and quality of life.
Improving Land Administration – Strategical Outlook
In many countries around the world, the trend of building and maintaining efficient land administration and spatial data infrastructures has expanded rapidly in the last couple of decades. Efficient land administration depends on the efficient response of land administration organizations, transparent procedures and information technologies supporting the keeping, maintaining, archiving, and disseminating of data and information.
Three different land administration systems (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia) in Central and Southeastern Europe are briefly presented, together with strategical orientation to execute the primary function of efficient land administration as well as to deal with challenges and changes.
All three of these counties have made remarkable progress towards meeting the national and citizens’ needs and requirements, which in the long term will be demonstrated by achieving sustainable land administration development.
Finding Common Ground
1Kadaster, Netherlands, The; 2ATR/BPN Indonesia
Indonesia has the ambition to register all individual landrights by 2025. The estimated number of individual parcels is around 110 million. The organisation tasked with this effort is ATR/BPN, the Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Development. ATR/BPN has adopted a multipath strategy to face this challenge. They strengthen and enhance the internal and external surveying capacity, diversify registration qualities to suit specific land administration purposes and seek a collaborative approach to land registration. The partners in this approach will come from ATR/BPN, Kadaster, civil society, private sector innovators and rural communities. Two pilots will be organised to validate the effects of the approach amongst rural communities with varying attitudes towards land registration. Within these pilots, a Fit For Purpose approach to land administration will be implemented balancing cost, time and quality factors with the actual land administration purposes to be served.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-11: Strengthening Spatial Aspects of Land Administration|
Session Chair: Roland Klaus, GIS/transport, Nigeria
UNECE/FIG Guidelines for Formalization of Informal Real Estate within Europe
The new UNECE/FIG publication on Guidelines about how to structure a fit-for-purpose strategy to formalize informal real estate and how to integrate such real estate into a country’s national economy fast, affordably and reliably is presented. The Guidelines include: definition of term “informal real estate”; an analysis of the purpose of formalization; explanation why countries may need a technical Guideline for that; policy issues, e.g., why a Fit-For-Purpose Formalization may need to go beyond the existing scientific, engineering and planning practice; how governments should address the challenges related to funding, structural stability, environmental and ethical issues, and a possible hostile reaction against formalization; strategy issues, such as how to engage society to support the projects, and advice on how to build the framework for formalization and how to prioritize actions, as well as on how to implement and monitor formalization, including technical and legal aspects and key-issues about demolitions.
Real Estate Registration Project
Republic Geodetic Authority Republic Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Real Estate Registration Project (RERP) is financed by World Bank loan. The project implementation period is 2013-2020.
Basic goals and expected effects of the Project in the Republic of Srpska:
• Establishment of a Real Estate Cadastre as a unique record of real property and rights on them in the territory of 190 cadastral municipalities,
• Ensuring conditions for positioning in the new coordinate reference system for the area of the Republic of Srpska (ETRS89), which will significantly facilitate the application of modern (GPS) measurement technologies and provide greater accuracy and reliability of positioning data in space,
• Establishment of reliable and accurate real estate records for the benefit of all citizens of the Republic of Srpska and other interested natural and legal persons,
• the development of e-services will enable interested individuals and legal entities to quickly obtain information about the real estate that they need,
IMPROVEMENT of cadastral maps in CROATIA
1GEO-GAUSS d.o.o., Croatia; 2State geodetic administration, Croatia
Cadastral maps originated from the 19th century are made by the graphing method and are far less accurate than required today, but these are still in official use on the 70% of the territory of the Republic of Croatia. By overlapping such cadastral plans with the actual situation we come to the problem, because larger or smaller position misalignments exist.
About the homogenization as a method of cadastral maps of graphic survey improvement in the Republic of Croatia several projects and studies has been conducted, a lot of expert papers were published, but the implementation of the improvement has not yet occurred.
In this project based on the analyses carried out, it was necessary to fulfil the existing methodology and create needed technical solutions.
The results of new approach are much better and they are strong reason to begin the implementation of the homogenization process as a systematic process.
|3:45pm - 5:15pm||08-12: Turning Legal Principles for Expropriation into Practice|
Session Chair: Tim Hanstad, Landesa, United States of America
Challenges and Opportunities for the Formalization of Uncompensated Expropriated Private Lands in the Dominican Republic
The Land Alliance, United States of America
The paper presents the challenges and possible opportunities to resolve an intractable issue plaguing both land tenure security and social equity in the Dominican Republic – a remnant of the agrarian reform process and in particular a result of uncompensated expropriations of private lands. The Dominican legal framework combined with a vigorous and politicized policy of massive expropriation without payment of just compensation and the subsequent distribution of the expropriated land to small farmers without providing proper title. Since compensation has not been paid, the expropriated owner remains on the land registry causing what is essentially a situation of ‘government imposed reciprocal tenure insecurity’. This is a significant ‘lose-lose’ situation that requires a combination of innovative public policy and private sector willingness and organization to formalize property rights. The paper describes possible solutions and recent efforts by Land Alliance to promote these solutions to Dominican government authorities and civil society organizations.
High-level Requirements for a Land Acquisition and Resettlement Tool for Planning, Design, and Implementation of Resettlement Process for Infrastructure and Other Public-interest Projects.
1World Bank; 2National Center of State Cadastres, Geodesy and Cartography, Uzbekistan; 3Independant Consultant
Currently, more than forty percent of the projects funded by international donors, require some form of resettlement or relocation of population to free land to realize infrastructures and other improvements of public interest. This paper will highlight a minimum set of national policies necessary for compliance with majority of social and environmental safeguards procedures required by international donors, will then transcript it into a sequence of business rules to be followed and to be implemented within a land acquisition and resettlement tool/module and will list a set of high-level requirements for such a tool based on comparative studies of resettlement practices in several countries in Central Asia and more specifically in Uzbekistan.
In the view of the authors of this article, an incorporation of resettlement module within fully functional Land Information System with spatial capabilities can significantly facilitate resettlement process in preparatory and implementation phases.
Compulsory Acquisition of Land: the Need For Robust Governance to Deliver Public Interest Projects Through Land Assembly
Land and Equity Movement in Uganda - LEMU, United Kingdom
There are two separate dimensions of fairness to consider whenever land is compulsorily acquired. These are: the basis for which the land is acquired, and the means by which those affected are compensated. This paper considers these two matters in the Ugandan context, and in particular, with reference to the customary tenure system, as the dominant system (by land mass) in Uganda. The paper reviews whether the legislative and governance framework for compulsory acquisition in its current form can guarantee the fair acquisition of land for realizing infrastructure and public goods in Uganda. This is of particular relevance as the Ugandan parliament considers potential amendments to the constitutional principles of land acquisition.
Legal Limits On Government Authority To Expropriate Land
Land Portal, Netherlands, The
In this paper, the laws of 50 countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America area reviewed to determine whether they comply with international standards on expropriation as established in the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT). For each of the countries assessed, a score of “yes” or “no” for nine indicator questions. Partial” is an answer option where laws only partially satisfy the question asked by the indicator. By assessing the laws in 50 countries and answering these indicator questions, this paper intends to establish a benchmark for progress that can be used by governments, NGOs, civil society, and activities to monitor progress on the adoption of Section principles established in the VGGT. This paper will also present a set of evidence-based recommendations for reforming laws so that they appropriately limit government expropriation power and protect the tenure rights and livelihoods of populations within these countries.
|5:30pm - 8:00pm||00-20: Celebrating the Day of the Surveyor|
By invitation only. Please contact GlobalSurveyorsDay@clge.eu
|MC 13-121 Lounge|
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-01|
The Social and Economic Impacts of the Lekki Free Trade Zone Expropriation on Affected Communities in Lagos, Nigeria
1Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria, Nigeria; 2Faculty of Law, University of Groningen, Netherlands; 3Department of Economics, University of Reading, UK; 4GeoPlans Systems International Company Ltd, Nigeria; 5Department of Geography, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
Addressing Illegal Land Use in the Netherlands and Beyond: Towards an Empirically Based Reform of Acquisitive Prescription
University of Groningen, Netherlands, The
Land Conversion, Sense of Place and Human Well-being: The Unexplored Nexus of Urbanization
1United Nations University - Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability, Japan; 2Laboratory of Landscape Ecology and Planning, Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113 8657, Japan
In Pursuit of Balanced Governance of Land in Context of Indian Land Acquisition Policies
Higher Education Dept., West Bengal
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-02|
ISO 19152 Implementation using the INTERLIS based LADM Country Profile of Colombia
BSF Swissphoto AG, Colombia
Anti-corruption solutions to land governance challenges in Africa: An analysis of Transparency International ‘s Land and Corruption Project in Africa
1Transparency International Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe; 2Ghana Intergrity Intiative
Strengthening Land Governance for Poverty Eradication and Improved Livelihoods: The Role of the National Titling Centre in Kenya
Ministry of Land and Physical Planning, Kenya
Land Administration For My Country – The Challenges Of Delivering Land Administration Services At Scale
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
Delivering an Effective, Fit for Purpose and Future Proof Land Administration System for Low-Middle Income Nations
1RICS, United Kingdom; 2Ordnance Survey; 3Land Registry
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-03|
Towards a Virtual Land Titling System - Kenya's Roadmap
Ministry of Lands - Kenya, Kenya
India’s Digital Journey towards Conclusive Titling: Exploring Way-Outs from Road Blocks
NR Management Consulting India Pvt Ltd, India
An Assessment of the ChallengesFacing Implementation of E-conveyancing in Kenya.
1Ministry ofLands and Physical Planning; 2Land Development and Governance Institute
Community-based Participatory Approach to Land Governance and Modernization of Land Records – An Indian Experience
NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad, India
The role of (City Address model And Computer aided mass valuation) technology in Land Administration systems – to improve land access and productivity of land use.
Kampala Capital City Authority, Uganda
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-04|
Converting Informal Possession into Formal Ownership – The Nuances That Matter
Landesa, United States of America
Exploring innovative valuation methods in communal land. The case of Namibia.
Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia
International Standards – Essential For Meaningful International Benchmarking To Price Sustainability Into The Market
RICS, United Kingdom
The Connectivity of Land Valuation, Land Transfer Standards (ILMS) and Land Acquisition/Taxation – Integrating Fit for Purpose Principles Along the Land Continuum
RICS, United Kingdom
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-05|
Benefit Sharing in the Mining Sector: Case Study of Nguluku and Bwiti Kwale County, Kenya
Re-thinking the mega-projects approach in Kenya: Policy Choice and its effects on land rights
KENYA LAND ALLIANCE, Kenya
The Contemporary Wave of Large-Scale Land Investments and Its Implications to Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania: Is It a Land Investment or Land Grabbing?
Mzumbe University, Tanzania
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-06|
Pilot use of responsible agricultural investment principles: Final Report
1UNCTAD, Switzerland; 2World Bank, Washington DC; 3University of Reading
The Role of Land Banks in the Context of Zero-Deforestation Palm Oil in Indonesia
1International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA); 2KU Leuven, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences; 3Duke University, Nicholas School of the Environment; 4Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)
Anticipating Carbon Emission and Its Mitigation in the Global Land Rush
1GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Germany; 2University of Michigan
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-07|
Towards a Global Land Governance Database
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv)
Land tenure security: Objective metrics towards United Nations-SDG land indicator 1.4.2.
Natural Resources Canada
Land Rights as Human Rights: How strong standards on land in developing international human rights norms and the Sustainable Development Goals should inform legal and policy advocacy for practitioners, and priorities for donors and governments.
Landesa, United States of America
Managing Responsible Agricultural Investments Using an Open Source Solution
1GIZ, Ethiopia; 2Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA), Ethiopia; 3Ethiopian Horticulture and Agricultural Investment Authority (EHAIA)
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-08|
Distributed ledger technologies and blockchain for a better Sustainable development goals framework
1FIG, Denmark,; 2Credit Suisse, AbsolutAssets, Switzerland; 3Absolutum Pte Ltd, Singapore; 4K2amanagement, Combodia; 5PWC singapore; 6TLF Consortium, Switzerland; 7IBM
Geospatial Good Practices and Advances in Machine Learning Towards Good Land Governance and Meeting the Global Challenges
1Food and Agriculture Organisation of the UN, Italy; 2Republic Geodetic Authority, Republic of Serbia; 3DigitalGlobe International,Inc
Use Of Satellite Technology For Poverty Alleviation
1CLS, FRANCE; 2SIRS, France
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-09|
Fintech and its impact on Land administration and geographical information systems.
Online Learning and Open Source Geospatial Software to Innovate the Use of Spatial Data in the Land Administration Sector
Gispo Ltd, Finland
Invasive weeds and food security in Africa: The role of Earth observation and geospatial science
International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, Kenya
Methodology For Identification Of Agricultural Land Boundaries, Encroachment And Crop Usage Through Mobile Application.
Tata Consultancy Services, India
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-10|
The REILA Project as a Model for successful Land Administration Capacity Building
1NIRAS, Finland; 2Ministry of Agriculture, Ethiopia
E-Learning For Land Management: Experiences From Two Learning Packages
1Technical University Munich, Germany; 2Un-Habitat/GLTN, Kenya
IAAO Innovation and Leadership Training for the Development of Successful Property Tax Systems
International Association of Assessing Officers, United States of America
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-11|
Ten Years of Norwegian Assistance to the Land Sector in Moldova: Assessment of the Results Supporting Achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals
1Statens kartverk - Norwegian Mapping Authority, Norway; 2Agency for Land Relations and Cadastre, Moldova
Large Scale Geodetic Projects in Republic of Macedonia
Agency for real estate cadastre, Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of
GIS/Transport, United States of America
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-12|
From Mapping to Planning: experiences in Indonesia with public participation as a tool for sustainable development
1Universidad de los Andes, Colombia; 2Land Equity International
Protection of traditional rights with innovative technology for harmonized spatial planning in Indonesia
Geospatial Technologies as elixir for unlocking the potentials of land in Sub-Saharan Africa
Abia State Polytechnic Aba, Nigeria
Land cadastral information system in Mongolia
Agency for Land Administration and Management, Geodesy and Cartography, Mongolia
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-13|
Step By Step Guide On Community-Led Land Mapping
GROOTS Kenya, Kenya
Social Tenure Domain Model towards Tenure Security Case Study: Kitui village-Majengo slum, Nairobi
Technical University of Kenya, Kenya
Improving Tenure Security of Smallholder Farmers: Pioneering Tools and Approaches in Kenya and Uganda
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-14|
Participatory Planning for Pro-Poor Low Cost Housing in Cambodia as a response to insecure land tenure – A Case Study of Kor Village, Chrang Chamres II Commune Ruesey Keo District, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
People in Need, Cambodia
Alternative housing paradigms in BRICS countries
University of Melbourne, Australia
Regularization of informal settlements: a comparative study between Colombia, Brazil and Peru
1Prefeitura de Campinas, Brazil; 2Agustin Codazzi Geographic Institute, Colombia; 3National Superintendency of Public Registries,Peru; 4State University of Campinas, Brazil; 5State University of Campinas, Brazil
High housing construction costs in Africa: Key drivers and some solutions
African Development Bank (AfDB), Côte d'Ivoire
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-15|
Urban Public Open Spaces As A Generator Of Growth And Inclusive Cities In Developing Countries: Case Of Blantyre City, Malawi
BLANTYRE CITY COUNCIL, Malawi
Analysis of Land Value Contributing Factors in Kigali City-Rwanda
University of Rwanda,College of Science and Technology, Rwanda
Bridging the Gap Between Geo-Technologies and Urban Land Administration in Brazil
Federal University of ABC, Brazil
Integrating Urban Regeneration Into Land Management: Practices in Istanbul
1Okan University, Turkey; 2Avrasya Land Management and Urban Regeneration Strategy Development Center, Turkey
Agency Assisted Urban Renewal Under Heterogeneous Utility Functions
1Kent State University, USA; 2Council for Social Development, India; 3Government of India, India.; 4University of Central Missouri, USA; 5Illinois State University, USA
|7:00pm||Poster Board 02-16|
Vulnerability Assessment For Resilient Housing Retrofitting In Guatemala
World Bank, United States of America
The New Urban Vulnerability: India
RICS School of Built Environment, India
Exploring Urban-Rural Linkages through the Lens of Land Governance and Human Settlements
Habitat for Humanity International, South Africa
Entrenching a Participatory and Sustainable Approach to Urban Planning and Responsible Land Governance in Kenya
Transparency International Kenya, Kenya