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08-09: Comparing Approaches to Securing Forest Tenure
Governing the Commons – Jointly Owned Forest as a Solution
1National Land Survey of Finland; 2Department of Built Environment, Aalto University School of Engineering, Finland
Governing the Commons–Jointly Owned Forest as Solution
Today, approximately 60% of Finnish forests are private.
Owners are partially unable of managing their forests. Forests also have significant effects on the climate. On the one hand, forests contribute to half of Finland's total pollutant emis-sions. On the other hand, active forest management and use maintain their ability to bind carbon dioxide as fossil fuels and other non-renewable materials are replaced by renewable sources.
The article contains an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the jointly owned forest system. There is an example of the foundation of a jointly owned forest in conjunction with a forest land reallotment. The aim is increasing the understanding of jointly owned forests as a form of ownership and thus to provide others with ideas on how to develop their own sys-tems with the assistance of similar instruments.
Social Differentiation In Collective Tenure Regimes: Women Rights And Forest Tenure Reforms
This article analyses how gender and social inclusion have been addressed in the drafting of different types of reforms in Indonesia, Uganda and Peru. Reform types include social forestry schemes in Indonesia, community based and collaborative management in Uganda and indigenous titling in Peru. Results focus on two aspects. First, we analyzed to which extent the design of laws and policies behind reform processes have incorporated gender considerations in the drafting of implementation provisions. Second we analyzed the local regulations including existing customary arrangements around reform processes to assess how these affect women and men in terms of access and control of resources. Research is based on extensive research on forest tenure reforms. Information was collected for 54 sites across five different tenure regime types. At the community level, key information interviews (133) and focus group discussions (162) provided information of the origins and nature of reform outcomes.
Understanding the Emerging Dynamics in Forest Governance in Ethiopia
The World Bank Group
The Chilimo community forest is one of the few remnants of a dry, mountainous forest that once covered Ethiopia’s Central Plateau and prioritized for PFM in the mid 1990s. This paper presents forest governance in Ethiopia with Chilimo as a show case. While forest governance is a broad term, embracing a varied set of actors and factors with complex interrelations the study focuses on what institutional factors contribute to more secure forest tenure as one dimension of forest governance? And how people acted in relation to the newly introduced institutional arrangement and how they situated themselves in the unfolding practices. To illustrate these phenomena, we assess a range of actors that shape decisions about how forests are managed and used. By narrating the rules that affect forest tenure rights, it discusses how actors develop and apply rules to drive practices at an operational level and its implications to sustainability.