09-15: Affordable Standards for Land Data Management
Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) and its contribution to monitoring of land governance in Uganda
1Independent Consultant, Bolivia, Plurinational State of; 2Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD), Uganda; 3Integrated Land Solutions, Africa (ILSA)
Increasing pressure on land resources requires further development and application of policies and laws across the continuum of land rights to ensure security of land tenure, address poverty eradication, gender equality, indigenous recognition, adequate housing, sustainable agriculture, food security, climate change response and good governance in accordance with global, regional principles.
The Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD) of Uganda is currently implementing a digital National Land Information System (NLIS) Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) compliant up to the level two to International Standards Organization (ISO) LADM standard. The LADM provides a standardised global vocabulary for land administration and allows to generate accurate and real-time indicators to strengthen Land Governance Monitoring towards an effective implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) to inform, monitor and evaluate land related policies, legislation and procedures.
Modernizing Land Service Delivery through the Application of a Continuum Approach: Examining the Appropriateness of the International Land Management Standard (ILMS)
1George Mason University, United States of America; 2Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors, United Kingdom
This paper proposes a continuum of market appropriate standards through which countries can progress over time rather than strict adherence to a single, prescribed overarching standard. This concept is predicated on the underlying assumption that, particularly in the context of land administration and tenure, a single global standard risks being (1) too complex for truly humble, informal urban or rural markets in the least-wealthy nations, while simultaneously being (2) not sophisticated enough to handle a complex range of special assumptions and market options for highly developed urban environments. Thus, poorly conceived standardization may be inappropriate for either scenario and inherently not fit for its intended purpose. To further illustrate this point, the paper will examine how the newly proposed International Land Measurement Standard could be used as part of a continuum approach by examining its application in three geographically, economically, and culturally diverse countries: Mozambique, Peru, and the UK.
Building Ethiopian Land Administration Domain Model to Support Legal Cadastre in Ethiopia
1World Bank; 2Federal Urban Real Property Registration and Information Agency, Ethiopia; 3IGNFI
Ethiopia is one of the most rapidly growing countries in Africa. This comes both to the population and economy. The rapid increase of population in urban areas requires improvement of land administration services, especially in the urban centers. To cover costs, associated with these improvements the Government of Ethiopia decided to invest in developing a new urban cadastre system. A Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) tailored to Ethiopian context is necessary to support a development of Ethiopian Urban Cadastre and to be a basis of a Cadastre and Real Property Registration System (CRPRS). Ethiopian LADM (ELADM) should not be considered as a definitive data model but as a living one, that will need consolidation first during the time of system implementation and even more, later, when used as a base document for a national standard. The article will present ELADM elaboration process and methodology for its further maintenance and update.
IT-Leap Approach – Lessons Learned in Providing Knowledge Transfer and Capacity Strengthening
1Innola Solutions Inc., USA; 2National Center of State Cadastres, Geodesy and Cartography, Uzbekistan
The authors propose the IT-Leap concept – a new IT-centric modality of the FFP approach, from the perspective of the Land Administration(LA) capacity development. The IT-Leap approach can be applied to all LA areas, thus catalyzing the result-oriented processes and exposing the gaps for capacity strengthening.
The authors examine a full IT life cycle and consider how the COBIT framework for the enterprise IT governance and management can be used for iterative strengthening of the capacity. This approach allows you to achieve the faster “time-to-market” and can be viewed as an instrument for the life cycle capacity growth. IT-Leap adopts agile principles, collaborative development and knowledge transfer.
This paper describes the lessons learned in Uzbekistan and Uganda from adopting the IT-Leap approach based on the Innola Framework and draws conclusions that LA organizations should first focus on governance capacity and the ability to direct, invest, commission, and control the implementation.