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06-10: Socio-Economic Effects of Tenure Regularization
Agricultural Policies in Colombia: The Dilemma between Food Security and Commodity–Export Agriculture (Case Study of Tolima, Colombia)
1Mississippi State University, United States of America; 2Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Medellin, Colombia
Is there a disconnect between food and agricultural policies in Colombia? If so, why is that the case? This paper suggests that in a scenario of the structural transformation of agricultural production, central governments no longer need to rely in their rural periphery to obtain foods, instead they can rely on external sources to do so. On the other side of the equation, rural areas are no longer existential for state consolidation, but critical for obtaining tax revenue from export-oriented agricultural production in order to sustain the provision of public goods in urban areas (Rico Mendez, 2016).
Using the case of Tolima-Colombia the paper will approach the problem through the analysis of: 1) National policies for food security and agricultural production; 2) the structural transformation in food systems; and 3) institutional changes in rural areas. Results from this research are critical for the post-accords in Colombia.
Macroeconomic and Fiscal Impacts of Land Reform in Uganda: Lessons Drawn from Bank Funded Operations in PSCP and CEDP
World Bank, Uganda
The Government of the Republic of Uganda (GoU) through the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD) has been implementing the Land Component under the Competitive and Enterprise Development Project (CEDP) with funds provided by the World Bank and the GoU.
In order to evaluate impact, the forthcoming paper intends to discuss whether the above described program of reforms have (a) provided security of tenure to the targeted populations, (b) enabled the newly secured owners to use their property as collateral for obtaining credit, or to invest in productivity optimizing activities; (c) promoted land and property markets, (d) reduced transaction cost for land and property transfers; ( e) improved land administration effectiveness, (f) improved government revenue through land and property taxation, (g) encouraged improved investment in rural and urban low income housing; (h) improved and assured better access to rural and urban land services, (i) assured improved planning decisions.
A Land Administration Project In Honduras Assesses The Positive Effects Of Land Titling
1FAO, Italy; 2Instituto de la Propiedad, Honduras; 3RegioPlan, Honduras; 4World Bank
In 2016, the second phase of the Land Administration Project in Honduras (PATH II) conducted by the Property Institute (IP), carried out a study to determine to which degree supporting the security of tenure improves livelihoods in poor households. This program, which received a loan from the World Bank and technical support of the FAO Investment Center, was the continuity and expansion of the previous PATH I. Both projects focused on strengthening land information systems and land administration institutions, updating cadaster, land titling for poor households and the recognition of indigenous territorial rights. The assessment clearly demonstrates the positive impacts of the land titling program on the perception of tenure security in poor households, which has translated into greater investments made in housing and businesses. This evaluation also highlights the relevance of this project, since poor households have very limited opportunities to obtain land titles of their own accord.
Security of Tenure Model: Its Impact on Livelihoods of Small Holder Farmers in Zimbabwe Following the Land Reform Programme. A Case Study of Chifundi and Elmily Park in Makonde District: Mashonaland West Province.
Ministry of Lands,Agriculture and Rural Resettlement, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe has an agricultural based economy hence land is a fundamental pillar for economic growth and employment creation. Post-Independence, the Government embarked on a Land Reform Programme which saw Zimbabweans who hitherto were landless now being owners of productive land. Tenure security issued to small holder farmers in resettled areas has contributed to increased productivity and substantial developments. Over the years, the level of productivity and investment in the study area has improved significantly. Women in the study area have acknowledged land is an essential resource in their lives and secured access to the resource has empowered women to support their livelihoods. Efforts by the Government to accord every land holder secure tenure should be strengthened as this influences the relationship between people and the land, the level of investment the land owner will make and the financial assistance the land holder will receive ultimately resulting in transformed livelihoods.