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10-07: Increasing Tenure Security in Pastoral Systems
The Role of Pastoralists' Tenure Security In Sustainable Land Management; Evidence From West Pokot, Kenya
1University of Nairobi, Kenya, Kenya; 2Lund University, Sweden
This paper assessed whether and how different land tenure regimes and land tenure security affect the sustainable use of land in West Pokot County, Kenya. Tenure security is important as it enhances investment in sustainable land management practices, which contributes to sustainable livelihoods. Data was gathered through community-level discussion meetings, key informant interviews and a survey of 191 individual households. The information collected focused on historical and current perspectives on land ownership in the different areas of the county, the types of sustainable land management practices and the effect of tenure security on the sustainable land management practices. Data were analyzed qualitatively. Results showed a rising trend in individual land ownership especially in the semi-arid locations compared to the arid areas. Tenure security played an important role in uptake of sustainable land management practices such as soil nutrient management, soil and water conservation, agro forestry, land restoration and rehabilitation.
Do Mongolian’s need a contract on rangeland?
Green ecology, Mongolia
Everyone involves in the rangeland through livestock in Mongolia. Rangeland is life of livestock, and livestock is main food source for Mongolians. Rangeland-livestock-herders are interrelated to each other. In this paper author shares do Mongolians need a contact on rangeland based on project experiences in peri-urban rangeland leasing areas in Mongolia.
The contractual use of rangeland by herder groups proved to be feasible in Mongolian conditions. More than 400 herder groups have got their rangeland under land use contract in 50 soums in the territory of Тuv, Selenge, Bulgan, Orkhon, Darkhan-Uul, Uvurkhangai, Arkhangai, Dornod aimags. Herder groups have got the rangeland, to operate more intensive livestock activities, ranging around 500-2500 ha per group on their own will and through negotiations with neighbor herders on land use boundaries and approvals from bag meetings and soum Governors. All this prove that we need to have a contract on rangeland by herder groups.
Regional Innovations For Diverse Tenure Systems Of Pasture Land In Central Asia
1Environment and development Association JASIL, Mongolia; 2National Pasture Users Association "Kyrgyz Jayiti", Kyrgyzstan; 3Institute Ecology for Sustainable Development, Kazakhstan; 4National Association of Dekhan Farmers, Tajikistan; 5Kyrgyzs Association of Forest and Land Users, Kyrgyzstan
Pastoral agriculture is a way of life for many communities in Central Asia and over time it has evolved and supported environmental protection of rangeland landscapes and herders’ livelihoods. Moreover, as common pool resources, pastureland management is based on rich and diverse traditions of local communities, state regulations and latest innovative tenure systems can contribute to the social and economic well-being of local communities and the countries.
Central Asian region currently in social, economic and ecological terms stile in adaptation phase in ongoing socio-economic, ecological and political challenges and flexibility. In the transition to a market economy countries of the region started to adopt innovative and different tenure systems of pastoral land. These innovative tenure systems contributing to the independent economic development, decentralization, devolution of decision making and for the reduction of degradation of pasture land, which is occupies 44.0 - 85.3% of total land in the countries of the region
Assessment Of Different Land Tenure Systems And Their Respective Effects on Rangeland Governance in South Tunisia: an application of the Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) approach.
1ICARDA, Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of; 2IRA, Institut des Régions Arides de Médenine, Tunisia
The objective of this study is to investigate the determinants of "good common rangeland governance" in South Tunisia. The weight of each of these variables will then be determined quantitatively through the application of the Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) method. The BBN approach allows tracking the causality linkages between primary and secondary variables on one hand and a final outcome event, considered in our case as the chance of having a good rangeland governance. Data was collected from two local areas (Tataouine and kebili) through focus groups and field survey. the resulting networks show that good governance of rangelands is rather contextual. In one of the study areas (Tataouine), institutional constraints were the most important determinants of achieving good rangeland governance, while in Kebili, economic factors were the most influential.