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04-13: Modernizing Land Policy & Administration in Asia
Systematic Land Registration in Rural Areas of Laos – from concept to scale
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Lao People's Democratic Republic
Low land tenure security and increasing pressure through large scale land acquisition excerpt pressure on farmers and land owners in Laos. Since the 1990s, the country has undergone certain land reform initiatives, focusing initially on the registration and title issuance of individual land in urban areas. The first Land Titling projects between 1997 and 2009 resulted in the registration of some 650,000 plots, of an estimated 2,6 Million.
Since 2009, the GIZ has supported the establishment of land registration and titling in rural areas. Several successive projects have resulted in the registration of more than 40,000 plots and the establishment of a comprehensive Concept for Systematic Land Registration, which describes the requirements and principles, legal framework, technical approach and workflow and capacity development.
The Concept, alongside strong political will and a foreseeable improved legal framework in Laos provide a sound foundation for a full-scale implementation.
Tenancy Reform: Restructuring Land Access of Sharecropping System Toward Sustainable Farming Practice in Indonesia.
National Land Institute The Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning, Indonesia
This research aims to emphasize the importance of tenancy reform in Indonesia as part of the struggle to bring equality on access of land, achieve sustainable farming system and reduce poverty through equilibrium levels of resources allocation between landlord and tenant and their relationship with the land. Two aspects were observed and analyzed, which were (i) how sharecropping system in Indonesia was implemented through time and how they contribute to support the life of tenants and small scale farmers, (ii) how tenancy reform can improve access of land for tenants and small scale farmers in relation with poverty reduction. The study were implemented for sharecropping system in Java Island for the practice of sharecropping of paddy fields as a sample study. The results were expected to contribute to the arrangement of tenancy reform in Indonesia to improve equality of access of land and improve quality of life through poverty reduction.
Digitization to Strengthen Land Administration: A Case of Nepal
Liberty College, Nepal
Land administration is one of the crucial aspects. Nepal being a land locked country most of the people’s livelihood depends directly or indirectly upon land. Thus, the land administration is most important concern. It’s been a huge challenge for government to make improvements on land administration. In Nepal, land administration services are very poor. The major problems we are facing in land administration are complicated procedure, inefficient paper based system, lack of integrated land policy, huge political interference and increasing corruption. To overcome these deficiencies Nepal government decides to implement digital administration. Some of the land revenue offices have started online administration service. This paper aims to explore the status of digitized land administration system in Nepal. Paper will try to bring all the aspect for conversion from traditional to current digital system. Five land revenue offices implementing digitized land administration system are selected as cases for the study.
Land Governance for Reserved Customary Land
I Taukei Land Trust Board, Fiji Islands
The purpose of this paper is to present and demonstrate a particular type of land category that exists within customary land rights in Fiji called Reserve Land or Qele Kovu; it is this Reserve land that purports to safeguarding landowners now and in the future redressing conflict prevention and which supports peace agreements
Reserve land is a subset of land types within the customary land of Fiji which is set aside for use only by the I Taukei or customary landowners of a particular district and province within Fiji; it is to be noted that there is over 8000 customary landowning units in Fiji, that is not counting their populations, who all have this Reserve land tagged to their land ownership of customary land.
Reserve land in Fiji exists for the sole purpose of safeguarding land for the customary owners for now and those to come in the future.