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04-04: How Do Global Policies Support Local Change
The VGGT and F&G: Versatile Tools for Tenure Governance
Responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries, forests and other natural resources is a major input to the achievement of food security and nutrition in many countries, especially in communities of small-scale faming systems which provide the dominant sources of livelihoods. Yet achieving responsible tenure governance is beset with numerous challenges from community up to national and policy levels. The paper analysis the application of the Voluntary Guidelines for the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests (VGGT) and the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa (F&G) to dealing with these challenges in 17 countries through an EU Land Governance Program. It analysis the theory of change underlying the application of VGGT and F&G, lessons learnt in implementation, capitalization of experiences and the key challenges likely to affect the sustainability of the gains made in implementation.
Open Data as a Mechanism of Social Change for Vulnerable Urban Communities
1Habitat for Humanity; 2Cadasta
This paper discusses Habitat for Humanity’s Solid Ground campaign which was launched in 2015 and offers free legal and technical advice for land and resource rights in the Latin and Caribbean region through its program ALO Suelo Urbano. The paper details how the program connects individuals and communities in need of counsel to a lawyer or trained paralegal, free of charge. These legal professionals work with residents in need to gather the necessary information to understand the problems and barriers being faced in order to advise them of possible approaches to secure their land rights. Tracking the various exchanges and trends of the program participants is performed by the Cadasta platform to ensure that their land dispute cases are documented and prevented in the future.
Towards Transparency in Land Ownership: a Methodology to Research Beneficial Land Ownership
1Transparency International Secretariat, Germany; 2Traverse Research; 3IALTA; 4Global Witness; 5Research Consultant
In many countries, unidentified private individuals and legal entities retain significant economic benefits from land. The issue of anonymous “beneficial ownership” affects land tenure security globally. The lack of transparency in land registries (including beneficial ownership information) and land transfers pose a major land governance challenge. This lack of transparency can make it harder for affected communities and or governments to hold legal entities accountable for any sort of violation (environmental, human rights, etc) they commit.
Although in some sectors (for example finance), beneficial ownership transparency has been introduced as a means to address money laundering and corruption, this research methodology focuses primarily on transparency for the purposes of improving accountability in land use, land-related decision making and land transactions.
The presented methodology is meant to provide a basic framework for researching beneficial land ownership at one primary unit of geographic analysis, examining Scotland and Sierra Leone as pilots.
A Global Review of Land Tenure, Climate Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity
1RMIT University, Australia; 2Land and GLTN Unit, UN-Habitat, Kenya
This global research project seeks to investigate the interrelationships between land tenure, climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity. Drawing on a comprehensive literature review on how land tenure relates to natural disasters, climate change, food security and displacement the objective is to then focus on the aspects of climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity.
Other methods include the development of 4 country case studies by local experts (Solomon Islands, the Philippines, Uganda, and Trinidad and Tobago), the establishment of a reference group of experts, peer review and validation at workshops.
This papers presents the preliminary findings of this review. The final outcome will be a global report on the relationships between land tenure, climate vulnerability and adaptive capacity, and the land tools that can be best applied to address the issues raised.