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09-01: Improving Resilience and Resilience Impact of National Land and Geospatial Systems
Improving Resilience and Resilience Impact of National Land and Geospatial Systems
1World Bank, United States of America; 2University of Melbourne, Australia
The world is facing an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Events which, when they strike, threaten the social, environmental and financial foundations of communities. And while these events cannot be prevented, their impacts can be limited. One strategy to meet these challenges is to leverage resources at hand, adopting the ‘create once, use many times’ viewpoint. It is in this line of thinking that this research project has emerged. National land administration systems are well-established in many countries, housing land, geospatial information and sophisticated data management systems including SDIs. These resources already facilitate disaster risk management practices, however wider application and incorporation of this information for improved disaster resilience has not yet been explored. Investigating and understanding this issue at a variety of contexts is the first step. This paper details the method and approach undertaken in this study, and presents a case study template.
Norwegian Mapping Authority, Norway
The Norwegian Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) is well developed, with 600 active partner organizations. It supports sustainable growth in the private sector as well as public services in most sectors and levels of society.Involvement and trust: Broad use depend on trust to data and solutions. We involve sectors, municipalities and the private GI sectors.
Distributed responsibilities: Each organization offer data according to agreed standards.Timeline: Development of a well-working NSDI takes time. Norway has a 25 years history. Standardization: Both ISO, OGC and national standards are essential for easy data flows.
Cost-sharing financial arrangements: Norway has an interesting model where national and municipal stakeholders do joint funding of data capture and management.
Geoportal: The national geoportal https://www.geonorge.no/en/ is an important focal point for access to data and tools.
Legislation: The Geodata act and the open data policy has resulted in substantial increase in easy accessible data.