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10-06: Monitoring Implementation of Large Agro Investments
Forms of land tenure and property in a municipality in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, and strategies for community land rights protection.
1ActionAid USA, United States of America; 2ActionAid Guatemala; 3CONGCOOP Guatemala
Pressure to sell land to palm oil companies after the civil war has increased the vulnerability of indigenous-peasant communities in Alta Verapaz, Guatemala. This situation stems from the forms of land allocation by the state, which do not guarantee collective rights of communities. When community land tenure is disrupted, the systems of community life are also violated.
The paper explores the material and symbolic relationship of people to land in these indigenous communities. Concepts of possession and ownership of the land have arisen as a result of the different types of political, economic and legal approaches that have emerged over time in response to indigenous concepts, generating new approaches and challenges to understanding individual and collective land rights. The tenure forms discussed include: a) state ownership, b) private ownership, c) communal tenure d) other forms promoted by agrarian programs.The paper concludes with proposals for the protection of the community lands.
Fostering Transparent and Evidence-Based Reporting: the Case of Uganda
1IFAD, Italy; 2Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries of Uganda
The increase in large-scale land acquisitions by foreign investors in recent years has put land rights issues and responsible agricultural investment more visibly back on the global development agenda. While the topic has attracted a lot of attention internationally, access to reliable data on the phenomenon of large-scale land acquisitions has been a major challenge in the debate on their actual impact on rural people. This paper highlights the issues that affect the sourcing and reporting of large-scale land acquisitions. After providing this framework, the study intends to analyse the reporting of a project supported by IFAD - the Vegetable Oil Development Project” (VODP) in Uganda - to analyse the dynamics behind the reporting system of land platforms.
Collaborative planning for land-based investments in agriculture and forestry in Tanzania, Mozambique and Uganda
1Shared Value Foundation; 2CIFOR; 3LANDac; 4Utrecht University
Multi-stakeholder approaches have in recent years received increased policy and media attention. Yet theoretical frameworks focussing on, and explaining processes of collaborative planning remain scant. Existing theories point in the direction of a shift in governance and planning, with more appreciation of multiple and changing goals, nonlinear planning processes, and interdependent clusters of epistemic communities informed by both local and global sources of knowledge. Building on theory of collaborative rationality, this paper aims to expand its geographic scope and explore its applicability in the context of land-based investments in agriculture and forestry in Tanzania, Mozambique and Uganda. We will draw on our own experiences in organising and monitoring three multi-stakeholder dialogues in investments hubs in the sample countries. We argue for the importance of local knowledge to support 'authentic dialogue', and we stress the role of continuous engagement and collaborative monitoring in achieving changes on the ground.
Emerging Developments in Responsible Large-Scale Agricultural Investment in the Mekong
1Land Equity International Pty Ltd, Australia; 2Independent; 3Gret
This paper presents the Mekong Region Land Governance project’s role as a convenor on responsible agricultural investment issues in the Mekong, as well as substantive content and developments agreed during a Regional Workshop in November 2017.
In the Mekong Region, as with other parts of the world, there has been a new wave of large-scale land acquisitions for agricultural investments coming into Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar in particular. In the Mekong region, significant areas of land have been granted to companies for agro-industrial investments with an expectation to generate Foreign Direct Investment in the agricultural sector, boost productivity and spur modernisation, create jobs in rural areas and increase government revenues in countries that were thought to be “land-abundant.” In reality, the trend is proving seriously problematic, due to impacts on smallholder farming systems, limited return to local economies, and overlaps of land claims leading to conflicts and evictions.