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09-04: Multi-Stakeholder Platforms for Land Policy Dialogue
Innovation of Integrated Resource Governance in Myanmar
Pyoe Pin, Myanmar
The rules of the game for accessing natural resources are confused, contradictory and contested resulting unequal distribution of access to natural resources in Myanmar. Access to Myanmar’s land remains heavily contested. Powerful political and economic vested interests, the lack of democratic institutions, corrupt practices and conflict have all contributed to exploitation of resources, severe labour conditions and environmental degradation.
Since 2010, Pyoe Pin Institute has innovated a politically smart approach applying Political Economy Analysis to facilitate pro-equitable and sustainable customary land governance reform. The Fisheries and natural resources Partnership (RFP) has become a pioneer and model for key stakeholders to work together to improve land and natural resource governance both at national and sub-national level. The key local champions and many key stakeholders has worked together initially to reform fisheries sector as an entry and later replicated as Integrated Resource Governance (IRG) to work across customary land, forestry and fisheries.
Enjeux Et Limites Des Plateformes De Gouvernance Foncière Multiacteurs En Afrique
Initiative Prospective Agricole et Rurale, Senegal
Aujourd’hui comme par le passé, la problématique de la gouvernance foncière mérite d’être abordée en prenant en compte les principes directeurs de la démocratie contemporaine. Il en est ainsi car les ressources nationales constituent des enjeux forts qui touchent à l’ensemble des corps de la Nation. Cette nécessité de gouvernance démocratique des ressources foncières passe, de plus en plus, par la mobilisation et la mise en place de plateformes à différentes échelles, locale, méso et nationale, pour assurer une gouvernance foncière qui repose sur une démarche inclusive, participative et équitable de l’ensemble des parties prenantes. Cette démarche est sensée pacifier le foncier et aider à la définition de règles consensuelles dont l’appropriation par les parties prenantes est largement acquise car ces dernières ont participé au processus qui les a enfanté.
Refitting Gendered Land Governance Strategies With New Global And Regional Development Frameworks: Opportunities And Challenges For Land And Gender Advocates
1University of East London, United Kingdom; 2Huairou Commission, United States of America; 3Habitat for Humanity International Asia Pacific Office; 4United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
The stand-alone Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 5) and targets from other goals on gender equality and empowerment of women and girls have transformed expectations, advocacy and the pursuit of gendering the land agenda. This paper assesses the preparation, choices and strategies adopted by some key land players working toward the implementation of SDGs and other global and regional policy frameworks. The SDG led approach offers significant opportunities to empower local women and communities by letting their facts and perspectives determine the global agenda but there are challenges. The SDGs land discourse creates multiple linkages of land with other dimensions requiring a broadening of mandate by actors. The development of appropriate indicators and collecting data toward monitoring targets demands new skills and capacities. Finally, a review of emerging gendered land governance strategies show that SDG driven processes work best when local, grassroots and multi-stakeholder support are deployed while avoiding unintended consequences.
Multi-stakeholder Engagement To Increase Access To Land For Housing: Case Studies From A Global Advocacy Campaign
1Habitat for Humanity International, United States of America; 2Habitat for Humanity International, Asia-Pacific; 3Habitat for Humanity International, Latin America and the Caribbean; 4Habitat for Humanity International, Europe, Middle Eaat and Africa
Housing, both in the informal and formal sectors, fosters strength, stability and self-reliance and is often at the center of key development challenges. Without land, there can be no housing. Access to land lies at the heart of ending poverty. The Solid Ground campaign is providing an innovative approach to mobilize existing and new supporters to influence policy makers toward promoting policies and systems that improve access to land for shelter. Although the countries participating in the global campaign span many time zones, languages and cultures, they share a common barrier that denies people adequate housing – access to land. This paper outlines both the challenges and opportunities that arise from expanding access to land for shelter through multi-stakeholder partnerships, considering and exploring the different methodologies and modalities of engagement with different actors implementing under the Solid Ground campaign.