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01-12: Strategies to Strengthen Womens' Land Rights
Gender Gap In Ownership To Agricultural Land In Rural Tanzania: Implications to Wealth Distribution
ARDHI UNIVERSITY, Tanzania
The land reforms in Tanzania as evidenced by the Land Policy of 1995 and the Land Act and Village Land Act both of 1999 give equal rights to both men and women on land ownership. However, evidence from gender perspective shows that there is still gender gap as customary land tenure norms are highly predominate over statutory laws in decision making and land ownership practices in rural Tanzania, which affects women's involvement in agricultural activities hence financial status. Although insignificantly addresses the existing challenge, co-titling was seen to be one of the options taken by the Government to lessen gender gap to land ownership. Sustainable solution to addressing gender gap requires creation of awareness and provision of basic knowledge on land rights to women. The efforts should be taken along with participatory approach of involving rural communities with the Government, non governmental organizations, local leaders, religious leaders and education institutions.
Gender and Land Tenure Security in Gusii Kenya: Improving Household welfare through land Rights
Bremen University, Germany
Majority of the Kenyan population lives in rural areas and derive their livelihood directly from land which is both an economic and social asset. Although women form more than three quarters of the agricultural labor force, a complex set of customary laws has restricted them to usufruct land rights acquired mainly through marriage. Despite the Kenyan constitution giving women equal rights to land with men, discrimination in access and control of land against women still persists. Hence women owning land are exposed to insecurity. It is widely argued that given land tenure security, people invest more in land hence have higher output. Guided by the Political Ecology (FPE) perspective this paper argues that Women’s role in family upkeep combined with access to land would play a crucial role in realization of some of the Sustainable Development Goals including food security, poverty reduction and improve access to education for the children.
Enhancing Women’s Land Rights Under Customary Tenure Through Issuance Of Certificates Of Customary Ownership And Communal Land Associations
Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development, Uganda
Uganda’s Constitution 1995 guarantees four tenure systems namely: Mailo, Freehold, Customary and Leasehold tenure. A greater part of the land in Uganda is held under customary tenure, usually subject to restrictions such as transfer outside the family and clan. The 1995 Constitution defines customary tenure as “land which is governed by customs, rules and regulations of any given community”. therefore, Under customary tenure, land is held in trust by the family for past, present and future generations who constitute a form of trusteeship that is associated with the responsibility to protect not only the land itself but also the land rights of all family members. The Land Act 1998 provides for the registration of customary land through issuance of certificates of Customary Ownership and Communal Land Associations where land is held communally/ family/a group of persons.
Gender-disaggregated data: A key prerequisite for realizing women’s land rights in Africa
1GROOTS Kenya; 2LANDac/ Utrecht University, Netherlands, The
There is a growing momentum in Africa to further strengthen women’s access to and control over land and natural resources. One leading example is AU’s Agenda 2063 which aims to ensure that rural women have access to and control over productive assets, including land. One obstacle however is the lack of gender-disaggregated data, crucial toward monitoring and tracking progress at the local to regional levels. GROOTS Kenya and LANDac aimed to address this challenge in Kenya by piloting a community-led land mapping model which was developed through desk and grassroots research. This paper presents the results of these activities to demonstrate how the country should proceed in terms of generating gender-disaggregated data on land. We question whether the state should actually rely on formal registries in desegregating land data as well as provide empirical evidence from the grassroots to feed into the ongoing debate on perceived ownership and the SDGs.