Conference Agenda

The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.

Session Overview
09-10: Evaluating Impact of Land Tenure Projects
Thursday, 22/Mar/2018:
8:30am - 10:00am

Session Chair: Cynthia Goytia, Harvard University and Torcuato Di Tella University, Argentine Republic
Location: MC 10-100

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Beyond Titling: Impacts of a Multifaceted Land Governance Intervention on Land Conflict in Burkina Faso

Benjamin Linkow

Landesa, United States of America

In recent years, international development programs to secure property rights have shifted from an emphasis on issuing formal property documents to a broader approach that includes institution-building, citizen participation, and recognition of customary systems. One such program was the Millennium Challenge Account funded Rural Land Governance (RLG) activity in Burkina Faso. This paper investigates the impacts of a pilot of the RLG on the incidence of land conflict using household survey panel data. We find that the RLG substantially reduced the incidence of certain types of land conflicts in the project area. In particular, the predicted incidence of land conflicts that respondents characterized as “very serious” was 2 per 1,000 households following RLG, as compared to a predicted rate of 56 per 1,000 households in the absence of the program.


Tools for Impact Evaluation of Land Tenure and Governance

Jennifer Lisher

Millennium Challenge Corporation, United States of America

Tools for Impact Evaluation of Land Tenure and Governance


Impacts of customary land use rights formalization on smallholder tenure security and economic outcomes: Midline results from a RCT impact evaluation of USAID’s Land Tenure Assistance activity in Tanzania

Lauren Persha1, Jacob Patterson-Stein2, Ioana Bouvier3, Benjamin Linkow4

1NORC at the University of Chicago, United States of America; 2MSI, Inc; 3United States Agency for International Development; 4Landesa

We report on baseline and midline findings from a USAID-supported randomized controlled trial impact evaluation of the effects of Certificate of Customary Right of Occupancy provisioning on a set of household outcomes hypothesized to improve with formalization of smallholder customary land use rights: tenure security, land disputes, land investment, empowerment, and smallholder economic outcomes. Results are based on baseline and midline findings from the evaluation of USAID’s Land Tenure Assistance Activity in Tanzania, after two rounds of household survey data collection. In addition, we explore the spatial distribution of plots in surveyed villages and use contextual spatial data to examine variation in outcomes on the basis of village and parcel characteristics. Given donor, implementer and government interest to find low-cost, scalable and sustainable approaches to achieve land formalization goals, our results have varying entry points of interest across donor, government, academic and other land sector audiences.


The Impact of Customary Land Certification on Land Tenure and Resource Governance: Results of the Tenure and Global Climate Change RCT in Zambia

Heather Huntington, Aleta Starosta, Ben Ewing

Cloudburst Consulting Group, United States of America

This paper presents the endline results from a randomized control trial of the Tenure and Global Climate Change (TGCC) program in Zambia. TGCC was developed by USAID to explore the relationship between secure resource tenure and the achievement of climate change adaptation and mitigation goals. The evaluation uses a four-arm randomized design to investigate three key research questions: (1) whether an agroforestry extension program increased farmer investment in sustainable agroforestry, (2) whether village and household land tenure interventions strengthen the security of land tenure and resource rights for smallholders in a customary context, and (3) whether stronger tenure security increases farmer investment in sustainable agroforestry and uptake of other CSA practices. Through the first cross-cutting RCT of a customary certification program, this study aims to advance the literature and inform future programming on the impacts of tenure security on CSA practices.