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03-12: Making Land Institutions more Gender Sensitive
Women's Land Rights and Food Security in Kenya: Challenges and Opportunities
1University of Nairobi, Kenya; 2University of Nairobi, Kenya
Kenya has made important strides towards enhancing women’s land rights through the 2010 Constitution and the enactment of laws that seek to achieve gender equality. Despite this, there have been mixed results; according to an assessment of the progress of women’s land rights in Kenya’s legal framework in 2017 commissioned by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the country appears to have done well in a few aspects while it has performed dismally in others. Proceeding from this assessment, this paper explores the role that law has played in enabling women to contribute to food security. In doing this, we will identify pathways for enhancing women’s access to land and the shortcomings of the legal framework broadly conceived to include a wide array of actors, structures, and interests in laws, policies, and institutions. We will suggest ways in which women’s land rights can be better secured to promote food security.
Women’s Land Rights in Liberia: How can they be Protected and Strengthened in the Land Reform Process?
1LANDESA, United States; 2Land Governance Support Activity , Liberia; 3Women’s NGO Secretariat of Liberia, Liberia; 4Association of Female Lawyers of Liberia, Liberia
Liberia has a pluralistic land tenure system based on statutory and customary laws. In the customary tenure, the land is held in long-term use rights rather than ownership, as it is technically owned by the state, and is also considered to ultimately belong within the customary system to a greater tribal or clan group. Women access customary lands through their male relatives, usually via fathers (before marriage) or husbands, and their land use rights are limited to short-term crops as opposed to their male relatives right to plant long-term crops such as rubber trees.
Landesa conducted a women’s land rights study with particular focus on customary land tenure. The study’s findings will help to inform the government and its stakeholders in implementing Liberia's Land Rights Policy (2013) in a gender responsive way and to develop advocacy initiatives related to the promotion and protection of women’s land rights in Liberia.
The Effectiveness of a Social Behavior Change Communication (SBCC) Strategy in Changing Social Attitudes on Equal Rights to Property for Women – The Case of Kosovo
USAID Property Rights Program, Tetra Tech
The society in Kosovo is considered patriarchal and patrilineal, where property inheritance is traditionally transferred to men.
Even though the laws provide equal rights to property for men and women, the social norms continue to encourage patriarchal values that exclude women from property inheritance.
This paper will address the social context and norms related to property inheritance, discuss how these have negatively affected women’s ability to inherit and own property, and will describe interventions implemented under the USAID-funded Property Rights Program (PRP), namely a multi-channel Social and Behavior Change Communications (SBCC) campaign, with the aim of countering these negative effects.
PRP’s SBCC campaign was designed with the aim to encourage change in beliefs, attitudes and behaviors so that women are seen as capable stewards of property, valued economic actors, and benefiting from tenure security.
Customary land tenurein matrilineal societies of Tanzania: Does inheritance matter?Experience from Morogoro rural district
Ardhi University, Tanzania
This paper reflects on customary land tenure in matrilineal societies in Tanzania. In large parts of the country, customary land tenure operates under the lineages of patrilineal or matrilineal. The study was conducted in Morogoro Rural District. The area is dominated by Waluguru who traditionally follow the matrilineal system. The available relevant documents were reviewed to provide secondary information. Interviews and life stories were employed to provide primary information about customary land tenure system and trends overtime. The study discovered that inheritance has been a major system of obtaining/transferring land from one generation to another. Moreover, education, monetary economy, land reforms and urbanization have challenged inheritance practices. Apart from that, purchasing and renting are becoming the common mechanisms of obtaining land. The Luguru are constrained by low levels of income and education. The study recommends that, efforts should be directed in education as a tool for improving the income status.