Conference Agenda

The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.

Only Sessions at Location/Venue 
Session Overview
Location: MC 13-121
Date: Monday, 19/Mar/2018
2:00pm - 3:30pm00-05: Review white paper land administration data standardization
Session Chair: Cornelis de Zeeuw, Kadaster, Netherlands, The
MC 13-121 

Opening remarks

Trevor Taylor

OGC, United States of America

Open Geospatial Consortium Draft White Paper on Land Administration

Christiaan Lemmen1, Peter Van Oosterom2, Mohsen Kalantari3, Eva-Maria Unger4, Cornelis De Zeeuw4

1Kadaster and University of Twente, The Netherlands; 2Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands; 3University of Melbourne, Australia; 4Kadaster, The Netherlands

Date: Tuesday, 20/Mar/2018
8:30am - 10:00am01-02: Land policies to improve Ukraine's local governance & economic performance
Session Chair: Anthony A. Gaeta, The World Bank, United States of America

VC connection Ukr

MC 13-121 

Harnessing Ukraine's Economic Potential through Open Land Markets: Current Status and Next Steps

Maksym Martynyuk

Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food, Ukraine, Ukraine, Ukraine

to be filled

Capitalizing on Land Reform's Investment Potential by Ensuring Credit Access for Small Farmers: Challenges and Prospects

Leah Soroka, Vahe Vardanyan

World Bank, United States of America

to be filled

Legal and Administrative Measures to Protect Land Rights against Multiple Challenges

Olena Sukmanova

Ministry of Justice of Ukraine, Ukraine

to be filled

Using Monitoring Results to Take Ukraine's Land Governance to the Next Level

Oleksandr Kolotilin, Liudmyla Shemelynets

State Service of Ukraine for Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre, Ukraine

to be filled

Linking Land Cadaster and Registry of Rights: Institutional Challenges and Technical Solutions

Stanislav Lurie

State Enterprise "National Information Systems", Ukraine

to be filled

Helping Ukraine complete its journey towards transparency in the land sector

Klaus Deininger1, Denys Nizalov2

1World Bank, United States of America; 2University of Kent/ KEI at KSE, United Kingdom

to be filled

10:30am - 12:00pm02-02: Using Land Registries to Prevent Money-Laundering
Session Chair: Nicolás Nogueroles, IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain


MC 13-121 

The Fight to Eliminate Fraud, Corruption, Tax Avoidance and Evasion in Land Administration

David Laurence Magor

Institute of Revenues Rating and Valuation, United Kingdom

In any organisation responsible for land administration, taxation or registration, fraud, corruption and financial crime, whether it be bribery, evasion, avoidance, misappropriation, embezzlement or money laundering, operate in environments where opacity, conflict-of-interest, weak audit, lack of oversight and accountability, inadequate procedures, ineffectual and weak organisational cultures are present. This paper seeks to outline an approach to dealing with these matters.

Fraud, corruption and financial crime in land administration may be perpetrated by senior and junior management, political élites, public officials acting as ‘lone wolves’ or in subcultures and, increasingly, organised crime. The foundations of a structure to deal with these issues are created by the setting of a series of standards or principles for those participating in public life together with a range of effective operational arrangements.

Land Registries, Fraud and Money Laundering

Nicolás Nogueroles1, Jan Moerkerke2, Jacques Vos3, Luis Alberto Aliaga Huaripata4, Eduardo Martinez5, Oscar Rodriguez6

1IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain; 2ELRA (European Land Registries Association)Belgium; 3Kadaster Holland; 4Tribunal Registral de Peru; 5Colegio de Registradores Spain; 6Registro Nacional de Costa Rica

The establishment of Land Registration systems has always been linked to the prevention of fraud. As the society becomes more complex new ways of fraud arise. The interconnections, cross border relations and new technologies makes fraud a global issue.

Nowadays a challenge to all administrations, countries and international organizations is money laundering which is connected to terrorism and organised crime. This significant problem affects directly to the real estate market because the immovable property have been a shelter to all the money coming from these fraudulent activities and Land Registries as " ex ante controls" of the transactions that claim for registration and as producers of data are in an advanced position to prevent this fraud and to report or collaborate with other authorities.

But money laundering is carried out in an international context so measures adopted solely at a national or local level would have only a limited effect

Fraud And Money Laundering in the Land Registry of Costa Rica

Oscar Rodríguez Sánchez

Registro Nacional, Costa Rica

To be

European Directives and the Role of the Land and Business Registries Against Money Laundering and Terrorism

Carmen Miquel


The fight against money laundering and tax evasion is focusing the interest of the institutions of the European Union, with the poposal to amend Directive (EU) 2015/849, which constitues the main legal instrument in the prevention of the use of the Union's financial system for the purposes of money laundering and terrorist financing.

That Directive is to be transposed. Member States shall identify, understand and mitigate risks related to money laundering and terrorist financing.

It seeks the maximun possible transparency in financial transactions.

Registrars are considerated obliged entities by national regulations with duties of information comunication and it is needed the creation of mechanism to record and provide information on these real owners, as the actual beneficiaries. This is why the Land Registry of Spain has created a special office (CRAB) .

Both Land and Business Registries can collaborate as essentials tools to faigth against money laundring.

Fraud Prevention Through the Key Registries in Netherland

Jacob Vos

Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The

After briefly introducing Dutch Kadaster and the Dutch legal system I will sketch the shared characteristics with regard to various fraud cases. The presentation continues by explaining the role of the registrar in preventing and tracing fraud cases.

Subsequently, the introduction and functioning of the Dutch system of key registers will be described.

At the end the question will be raised whether blockchain is a means to fight fraud.

Money Laundering in Peru, Preventive Measures and Fight From the Public Registries

Luis Alberto Aliaga Huaripata

Superintendencia Nacional de los Registros Publicos, Peru

Since the signing in 1988 of the United Nations Convention, "money laundering" derived from the illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances was penalized, and a state agency with broad powers called "Financial Intelligence Unit of Peru" (FIU-Peru), was created through Act 27693 and incorporated as a specialized unit into the SBS, and was charged with receiving, analyzing, treating, evaluating and transmitting information for the detection of money laundering and financing of terrorism.

As to the Public Registry of Peru -whose governing body is the National Superintendence of Public Registries-, this entity does not belong to the “System for the prevention and control of money-laundering and financing of terrorism”; however, being a governmental entity that takes part in the general anti-money laundering system and against the financing of terrorism, it is obliged to provide information when it is needed for the fulfillment of the FIU-Peru’s functions.

How to Fight Fraud by Double Sales and Overlapping Registration of Real Property in A Simple Way - the Belgian Example

Jan Moerkerke

ELRA - European Land Registry Association, Belgium

Land registration systems should help providing security of tenure. Lately there is a consensus that these systems should deliver enough legal security in the given circumstances. It may not be necessary to seek perfection.

This opinion may result in a dualism between statutory systems of land registration and "Fit for Pupose" systems.

Statutory land registration systems, providing title, are considered to be superior but meet dificulties in registering and delivering legal security to less conventional rights, for instance from a customary origin.

Statutory systems, only archiving deeds, deliver less security but are more flexible. Due to technological changes they may become an intersting choice once more.

This presentation shows a practical example of how the risk of double sales is avoided in a simple way and how the system may be adaptable as well for safeguarding the bundle of rights covered by customary tenure.

2:00pm - 3:30pm03-02: Towards more evidence-based land sector engagement in Africa
Session Chair: Michael Kirk, University of Marburg, Germany
MC 13-121 

Charting new ground: Towards an evidence-based approach to capitalize on Africa's land resources

Klaus Deininger

World Bank, United States of America

Reaping the Dividends of an Improved Land Administration System in Rwanda: A Post-land Tenure Regularisation Reflection

Emmanuel Nkurunziza

Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD), Kenya

to be filled

Improving land taxation in Africa: Practical ways for moving ahead

Riel Franzsen

African Tax Institute, University of Pretoria


Improving Africa's Analytical Capacity on Land

Innocent Matshe

African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Kenya


3:45pm - 5:15pm04-02: Land Adminstration and Governance Performance Monitoring
Session Chair: Klaus Deininger, World Bank, United States of America
MC 13-121 

Improving Coverage In A Challenging Environment: Evidence And Lessons From Kano

Malandi Umar Kura

Kano State Bureau for Land Management

Building a Unified Land Information System for All Tenure Types

Victorien D. Kougblenou

ANDF, Benin

Challenges And Benefits From Integrating Textual And Spatial Data

Oscar Rodríguez Sánchez

Registro Nacional, Costa Rica

From Diagnosis to Action: Using Monitoring Data to Improve Governance

Denys Nizalov1, Denis Bashlyk2

1University of Kent/ KEI at KSE, United Kingdom; 2Stategeocadastre

Real estate registration system in Dubai: leveraging innovation and the impact of data centralization

Sultan Alakraf

Dubai Land Department, United Arab Emirates

Date: Wednesday, 21/Mar/2018
10:30am - 12:00pm06-02: Closing gaps in research on African large farms
Session Chair: Derek Byerlee, Georgetown University, United States of America
MC 13-121 

An Integrated Assessment Of The Inverse Size-Productivity Relationship In Malawi

Fang Xia1, Klaus Deininger2, Henry Kankwamba3, Maxwell Mkondiwa4, Daniel Ali2

1University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China, People's Republic of; 2World Bank; 3LUANAR; 4University of Minnesota

To explore if inclusion of large farms that are normally not captured in household-based samples explains the inverse farm-size productivity relationship, we combine production data collected using the same instrument from Malawi’s national household survey (IHS4) and a representative sample of estates. A strong negative relationship between plot-level output value or profits where household labor is valued at shadow prices and cultivated area at household or parcel level (including with household fixed effects) emerges but evaporates if profits are computed using market wages. The fact that corporate estates that face less labor market constraints, show now IR points towards labor market imperfections rather than measurement error or edge effects as a main contributing factor. Higher levels of labor input on smaller plots (including by corporate estates) point towards a potential role of unobserved soil quality and ways to test these are discussed.

Options for formalizing customary tenure and their impact: Evidence from Zambia

Yuanyuan Yi1, Daniel Ali1, Anthony Chapoto2, Klaus Deininmger1

1World Bank, United States of America; 2IAPRI

Ways of formalizing customary tenure that maximize productivity and discourage speculative land acquisition are an important issue for land abundant African countries. Often, the default option, based on colonial traditions and arguments regarding credit access, has been conversion to state land. A simple conceptual model suggests that, with costly information/enforcement by the state and a non-zero probability of investments failing (or speculative land acquisition), ‘informal’ arrangements may be preferable is a range of situations. IV regressions using a survey data from 1,250 emergent farmers in Zambia support this by suggesting that (i) full formal title is needed for long-term investment in high value crops; (ii) informal documents by chiefs increase output and profits from crop production (by some 20%); and (iii) formalization increases the likelihood of speculative land holding especially by outsiders. Policy implications for case where issuance of state title and monitoring are costly are drawn out.

Land productivity and plot size: Is measurement error driving the inverse relationship?

Dean Mitchell Jolliffe, Sam Desiere

The World Bank, United States of America

Capturing the missing middle: Comparing Zambia's emergent & smallholder farmers

Antony Chapoto1, Mitelo Subakanya1, Yuan yuan Yi2, Daniel Ali2, Klaus Deininger2

1IAPRI, Zambia; 2World Bank


2:00pm - 3:30pm07-02: Blockchains and privatization: Who Owns the Data?
Session Chair: Josephus van Erp, Maastricht University, Netherlands, The

VC/ webex

MC 13-121 

Data Ownership and Data Trade in Privatized and/or Blockchain Based Land Registries

Josephus van Erp1, Jacob Vos2

1Maastricht University, Netherlands, The; 2Netherlands' Cadaster, Land Registry and Mapping Agency

Any land registration system is a source of an enormous amount of data, created by several data producers, which only gradually is being discovered, valued and realised by those involved: Citizens whose property is on the register, governments which add geospatial data, commercial users who offer supplementary services, notaries and conveyancers adding legal information about, e.g., transfer and mortgages, judicial enforcement officers adding legal information about, e.g., seizures and attachment, and, last but not least, land registries themselves which are using the data that are stored under their supervision to create derived and (in a technical sense) manipulated data so they can provide any required information to users with information tools which they market as part of their business model. Added to this mix of (private and government) data producers and users now come IT companies, introducing blockchain technology. Thus making the question even more pressing: Who owns which data?

What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Nicolás Nogueroles

IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain

To be

What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Jan Moerkerke

ELRA - European Land Registry Association, Belgium

Traditional systems of land registration are under pressure lately. States consider them as being too expensive and also they meet difficulties in providing security of tenure over the bundle of rights custimary land rights may contain.

Furthermore for the organisation of the service the rapidly changing technological context has to be taken into account.

Privatisation of existing public services may be considered as a sollution.

In this contribution we try to review the pro's and contra's of this choice from a stakeholders point of view.

What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Françoise Andrieux

Union Internationale des Huissiers de Justice (UIHJ), United States of America

Nobody will deny that the land is spearheading economic growth.

Its administrative organization must therefore have transparent, secure and guaranteed management.

It is obvious that the use of the blockchain will confer these qualities on cadastral administrative data.

However, we must not neglect the questions and problems that may arise and that relate to both the system of registration of data and its consequences.

Initially, the implementation of cadastral data on the block chain raises the problem of the legal regime applicable to liability and of the degree of legal certainty provided to citizens.

In a second time it is on the contracts attached to the life of these data and their execution that the questions will concern: which law to apply? What about the forced execution of these contracts in case of non-execution?

Answering a question with another question can help you think further ...

What Should We Do (or Not Do) with Land Administration Data?

Jacob Vos

Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The

To be

A Critical Evaluation of Privatization of Land Administration and Trade in Data

Rod Thomas

AUT University, New Zealand

Discussion of privatisation of land registries and ownership of data and information from an Australasian perspective.

Proto-typing Blockchain Technology for Land Registry Systems

Juan Pablo Soliz Molina

Thomson Reuters, Bolivia, Plurinational State of


Data Ownership and Data Trade in Privatized and/or Blockchain Based land Registries

Notar Leif Boettcher

Notar Dr. Leif Böttcher, LL.M.

Due to the outstanding importance of land as an economic good, all land registers have traditionally been kept by State authorities. Now that some States have privatised their land registers, the question of the legal fate of the data and access to them is becoming increasingly important: while some people fear that privatisation could lead to restrictions on access for consultation and that it could not be done free of charge, other emphasise the economic benefits of privatisation. However, these issues must be separated: The question of who keeps the land register does not reveal anything about who can access use or exploit the data and whether this access is to be granted free of charge. Various interests – those of the owners, the economic operators and the public – need to be reconciled. The function of the land register within the land transfer system also plays a decisive role.

Legal Aspects of Blockchain-based Land Registries

Heather Hughes

American Univeristy, United States of America

to be filled

3:45pm - 5:15pm08-02: Surveyors in Today's World: a Round Table
Session Chair: Maurice Barbieri, CLGE (Council of European Geodetic Surveyors), Switzerland
MC 13-121 

Role of Surveyor in Implementing a Sustainable Fit- For-Purpose Land Administration

Nicolas Smith

Comité de Liaison des Géomètres Européens (CLGE), Belgium

As land professionals, we believe that the idea of making "fast and cheap" lacks sustainability. To implement a Sustainable Fit- For-Purpose land administration, it is important to call-in specialists who have mastered the subject and who can demonstrate the effectiveness of the systems recommended by their experience. On this condition, participatory methods are quite conceivable and even desirable. Indeed, local owners are best placed to indicate the supposed position of their parcel boundaries

Is There A Need for Reviewing Surveying Standards?

James Kavanagh

RICS, United Kingdom

The surveying standards are developed to ensure minimum requirements to secure legal rights and enable efficient and secure transfer and transaction of land and property rights. Land is an emotive and highly political issue that needs strong governance and an enforceable legal framework to inspire public and investor confidence. Our engagement in reviewing surveying standards is a way to ensure that technological, professional and practice changes are reflected within our legal system and for the benefit of the public.

Professionalizing the Sector: What Role for Professional Ethics and A Code of Conduct

Jean-Yves Pirlot

CLGE (Comité de Liaison des Géomètres Européens), Belgium

The role of professional ethics is to promote and strengthen the ethical conduct of real estate practitioners for the benefit of clients, third parties and current and future stakeholders. Introducing and respecting a broadly accepted code of conduct is the best way to keep professionalism by self-regulation.

New Ways for Training of Surveyors

Vladimir Krupa

CLGE, Croatia

The Bologna system has replaced the old university studies with a lot of optional and only a few obligatory matters. This makes the path to the profession of surveyor unclear. CPD, especially made through MOOCS are a good way to harmonize the knowledge end to ensure a minimal level to our professionals.

Tomorrow’s Surveyors : Will New Data and Technologies Change the Demand for Surveyor Services

Maurice Barbieri

CLGE (Council of European Geodetic Surveyors), Switzerland

In the last 50 years, technology has driven societal changes that make us evolve. Our profession has to increase the adaptation speed and we are asked to act more and more as engineers, to show that our capacity to adapt is our most important quality.

Date: Thursday, 22/Mar/2018
8:30am - 10:00am09-02: Gendered land data to equalize asset access: How and why
Session Chair: Benedicte Leroy De La Briere, World Bank, United States of America
MC 13-121 

Why direct interviewing matters- results from Malawi

Heather Moylan, Talip Kilic

The World Bank, Italy


Using Tax Data to Assess Gender Equality in Land Ownership: Lessons for Ukraine and Beyond

Denis Bashlyk

Stategeocadastre, Ukraine

to be filled

Using monitoring data to effectively mainstream gender equality in land ownership in the Western Balkans

Etilda Gjonaj, Toni Gogu

Ministry of Justice, Albania

Launched in 2013, the gender and land rights initiative in the Western Balkans set out to address the disparity that exists between male and female land ownership in the region. Gender disaggregated data in the Western Balkans shows that although women and men have equal status in law in relation to property as well as equal access to information, local customs, cultural norms and traditions continue to favour male ownership of land. The results of an ongoing initiative towards achieving gender equality in land ownership and control by the Government of Albania and supported by FAO and GIZ will be presented. The government used the FAO’s Legal Assessment Tool (LAT) for gender-equitable land tenure and supported the piloting of SDG Indicator 5.a.2.

Towards an Integrated Approach to Measuring Gendered Land Access and Project Impact

Klaus Deininger

World Bank, United States of America

10:30am - 12:00pm10-02: India's progress towards harnessing the benefits of inter-operability
MC 13-121 

Integrated Land Information – India

Dinesh Singh

Department of Land Resources, India

To be filled

Discussant Comments

Klaus Deininger

World Bank, United States of America

to be filled

2:00pm - 3:30pm11-02: Impact evaluation of land tenure and land use regularization
Session Chair: Maximo Torero, The World Bank, United States of America
MC 13-121 

Using Evaluations on Land Rights and Regularization for Policy Design

Sebastian Galiani

Treasury, Aregetina, Argentine Republic

Property Rights Reform in Mexico: Its Impact on Structural Transformation

Alain de Janvry

University of California at Berkeley, United States of America

to be filled

Impact of Land Titling in Rwanda

Markus Goldstein1, Eliana La Ferrara2, Daniel Ayalew Ali1, Klaus Deininger1

1World Bank, United States of America; 2Bocconi University, Italy