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07-05: Improving Land Service Delivery in Africa III
Fit-for-Purpose User Rights Documentation: The case of private Mailo land in Uganda
1GIZ, Uganda; 2Makerere University, Uganda
Central Uganda is characterized by the existence of Mailo-Land titles. ‘Mailo’, derived from the English word “mile”, is a feudal land tenure system originating from an agreement between the Buganda King and the British Government in 1900. However, farming of these lands was mostly done by settlers (tenants) who increasingly occupied the land over time, especially after the end of the war in the 1980s. Today, many tenants are not aware on which parcel they reside or who the actual land owner is. Furthermore, though legally their land use rights of tenants are protected by the Constitution of Uganda, in reality often no documentation exists and their situation is considered being highly vulnerable.
Using fit-for-purpose technologies the land use rights of tenants are documented and through increased transparency this will allow for negotiation processes taking place between landlords and tenants in order to identify sustained solutions.
Incentives for Joint Land Titling: Experimental Evidence from Uganda
1The World Bank; 2Georgetown University; 3Northwestern University
We report results from a randomized field experiment assessing the effectiveness of conditional price subsidies and information in improving women’s access to formal land tenure. We do so in the context of an ongoing land titling intervention in rural Uganda. We find that the intervention generated high demand for titling, as well as for co-titling. We find that both policy instruments further increased demand for co-titling, but had no effect on overall household demand for titling. Both instruments were therefore relatively more potent when offered in isolation. Our analysis is important given increasing policy attention to land rights institutional reforms and female empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Land Governance in an interconnected world - lessons from land Tenure Regularisation programme in Rwanda
UK Department for International Development, Rwanda
Land governance in an interconnectedworld;lessons from Land Tenure Regularisation Programme in Rwanda provides practical experience of land reforms in Rwanda over the last 9 years since 2009. The paper demonstrates how it is possible to achieve a low cost fit for purpose land reform programme on a massive scale when there is a combination of strong political will, massive community engagement, sustained flow of donor funds, willingness to flexibly adapt new technologies and strong emphasis on getting value for money on every aspect of reform interventions. It outlines practical lessons for countries seeking to implement land reforms on massive scale and approaches to deal with post registration challenges such as the rise of informal land transactions to ensure sustainable land services at the end of donor support.