Conference Agenda

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Only Sessions at Location/Venue 
Session Overview
Location: MC 4-100
Date: Tuesday, 20/Mar/2018
8:30am - 10:00am01-13: Creating Momentum for Land Policy Change
Session Chair: Margaret Rugadya, Ford Foundation, Kenya
MC 4-100 

Introducing WOLTS: Action-oriented research on women’s land tenure security in Mongolia and Tanzania

Elizabeth Daley1, Kristina Lanz1, Yansanjav Narangerel2, Amani Mhinda3, Zoe Driscoll1, Natsagdorj Lkhamdulam2, Joyce Ndakaru3, Jim Grabham1

1Mokoro Ltd, United Kingdom; 2People Centered Conservation (PCC), Mongolia; 3HakiMadini, Tanzania

Pastoralist communities in mineral-rich areas of Mongolia and Tanzania have been the focus of the first two years of the Women’s Land Tenure Security (WOLTS) project, a long-term action-oriented global research project. The first part of this paper outlines the distinct approach and rigorous methodology that WOLTS has developed and applied, using multiple site visits and different research methods to triangulate and validate findings. The second part of the paper presents key findings from the fieldwork in four communities in Mongolia and Tanzania so far, drawing out common themes such as the need for better access to information and more inclusive decision-making in the management of local land and natural resources. As pastoralist communities in many developing countries face increasing pressures from mining, WOLTS’ early conclusions underline the importance of in-depth understanding of gendered social relations and property rights, in order to improve gender equity in governance of tenure.


Nested Interconnection: Transgressing Community-Based Natural Resource Management towards Innovating Collective Landscape Mobilization

Ratchada Arpornsilp1,2, Rawee Thaworn2

1Cornell University (CU), United States of America; 2The Center for People and Forests (RECOFTC), Thailand

This is a case about innovative approach of Boonrueng wetland forest conservation against land conversion for Special Economic Zone. Boonrueng wetland forest is the largest seasonal flooded forest in the Ing watershed located in the North of Thailand. It provides the high ecological functions and qualities of the tributary in the downstream Ing River, out-flowing into the Mekong River. The conversion of land for the economic regionalization in Chiang Khong district is geared up in 2015 and Boonrueng wetland forest was identified as an area for Special Economic Zone. In response, the collective mobilization of across different villages within the community is activated. The innovative approach in Boonrueng case which has succeeded to secure its wetland management rights and communal land tenure is the transgression from community-based movement and networking towards a more integrated synergy of mobilization at the landscape level.


Using Data to Support Women’s Rights: Property Markets and Housing Rights through a Gender Equity Lens

Sylvia Luchini, Karly Kiefer, Bill Endsley

IHC Global, United States of America

This paper summarizes findings and lessons learned from a pilot project IHC Global and the Association of Real Estate Agents-Uganda implemented to measure women’s participation in property markets in Uganda and strengthen women’s property rights and asset making. Particular emphasis is given to understanding the challenges to customary practices women have in accessing secure tenure because though there is a legal and regulatory framework that provides for property ownership by women directly and through inheritance, customs sometimes go against these rights. Using an adapted property market analysis tool, the International Property Market Scorecard, developed by IHC Global and its partner, we investigated the extent to which the market manifests the assertion by women of these rights and analyzes barriers. The paper also describes how this project helped create awareness of property rights’ and customs’ importance, offered an analysis tool to support gender equity, and enabled local partners to bring change.


Sharing Evaluation Findings with Community Stakeholders

Kate Marple-Cantrell

The Cloudburst Group, United States of America

Sharing research results with communities facilitates important community access to data they made possible has the potential to strengthen the rigor, relevance, and reach of such research. USAID is currently supporting efforts to disseminate rigorous evaluation findings back to local project stakeholders, such as survey respondents, project beneficiaries, community leaders, and local government officials. These information dissemination efforts provide stakeholders with a summary of development outcomes and trends in their area and raise awareness of project achievements. This paper presents a case study of one such community based participatory research activity that involves sharing data with respondents participating in a rigorous quasi-experimental evaluation of a community land protection program in Liberia, exploring methodological considerations for ongoing research – such minimizing the potential for bias and threats to the validity of evaluation findings – as well as design challenges that arise translating technical findings for an audience with limited formal education.

10:30am - 12:00pm02-13: Implementing Land Administration Projects
Session Chair: Rexford Ahene, LAFAYETTE COLLEGE/ FAO-NRC, United States of America
MC 4-100 

Improved land registration in Plateau State and its impact on land market and government revenue

Solomon Hoomlong1, Gabriel Arancibia2, Chiemeka Ngwu3

1Plateau Ministry of Lands, Survey and Town Planning, Nigeria; 2Thomson Reuters, Canada; 3Teqbridge Ltd., Nigeria

This paper describes the encouraging business benefits on the land market and government revenue after delivering the upgrade of the Plateau Geographical Information System (PLAGIS) in 2015. The Plateau government invested in the whole process to enhance institutional framework and provide a streamlined solution to the Ministry of Lands, Survey and Town Planning.

To conclude, a final section of this paper focuses on the positive impact in a business indicator related to property registry by transforming the Land Registry Office in an example of land governance and revenue generator from increasing land transactions and for the recovery of the public confidence in the institution. The changes in reducing the duration of time to issue land property C of Os created a better business environment in Plateau and an assurance from the general public related to transparency, which mitigates corruption at the government level and also support breakdown bureaucratic bottlenecks.


Meeting the Governance Challenges of Agriculture Land Registration in Nigeria

Austen Okumo, Regina Birner

Hohenheim University, Germany

This paper addresses the need for meeting the governance challenges of agricultural land registration in Nigeria. This variable was investigated in the premises that land for agricultural purposes has not attained its full potentials in Nigeria. Whereas, Nigeria has a total land mass of 923,738 Square Kilometers of which only 3 percent is registered, thereby leaving the sum of 97% unregistered. The effect is shown in the fact that farmer will become vulnerable in the case of land expropriations and government acquisition of land resulting in low agricultural investment from both subsistence and commercial farmers. Therefore, the objective of this investigation is to ascertain the challenges involved in titling and registering agricultural land and the extent to which agricultural land registration could benefit small farmer holders that are considered land rich and cash poor in the use of land for agricultural purposes.


Digital Cadastre with Manual Land Tenure Systems Scale-Up in Ethiopia

EskedarZelalem Mengistu1, Tigistu G/meskel2, Adam Podolcsak1, Bernd Eversmann1, Tommi Tenno1, Tarek Zein3, Yohannes Redda2

1NIRAS Responsible And Innovative Land Administration(REILA_2) Projec In Ethiopia; 2Ministry Of Agriculture and Natural Resource Rural Land Administration and Use Directorate; 3Hanas Luftbild

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is a large, ecologically diverse country with nine regions. Though the land administration is legislated at the federal level, the regional states have significant powers to adopt the legislation according to their social needs. In an effort to accelerate the land administration services and promote standardization across all regions, the National Rural Land Administration Information System (NRLAIS) was developed for the Rural Land Administration and Use Directorate of the Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Responsible and Innovative Land Administration (REILA) I and II projects are supporting the Directorate, funded by MFA Finland and implemented by NIRAS as a lead company (DAI as a partner in REILA II). NRLAIS developed in line with the current semi-digital land tenure procedures, parcel identifications as a pipeline. The system will now be scaled-up across the regions along existing manual land tenure archiving practices.


Best Practice in Land Administration Project Implementation: Challenging Existing Orthodoxies in Customary Land Governance in Ghana

John Bugri

KNUST, Ghana

This paper assesses the extent to which the Ghana Land Administration Project (LAP) established Customary Land Secretariats (CLSs) as a ‘best practice’ mechanism in challenging the existing orthodoxies of oral land grants, marginalization of women’s land rights and the general lack of transparency and accountability in customary land governance has achieved these objectives. Mixed methods were used in 12 selected CLSs and the results showed appreciable progress in the documentation of land transactions with over 39,000 documentations in the CLSs covered, improved women’s land rights and involvement in land related decision-making processes. However, the customary authorities were the dominant actors in the land decision making processes with negative implications for transparency and accountability. The study concludes that the CLS is a vital structure for improved customary land governance and recommends a third phase of LAP for sustained efforts at improving land governance in Ghana.

2:00pm - 3:30pm03-13: Models for Land Administration Cases
Session Chair: Ibrahim Mwathane, Land Development and Governance Institute (LDGI), Kenya
MC 4-100 

After the Title? Building a Multi-Stakeholder Platform in Support of Territorial Governance in Honduras

Roman Alvarez1, Enrique Pantoja2, Fernando Galeana3, Mary Lisbeth Gonzalez2

1Property Institute; 2The World Bank; 3Cornell University

Land titles are often the object of efforts geared toward securing the land rights of indigenous peoples and promote sustainable development. Although land legalization is a critical step, follow-up action is required to consolidate these rights and unleash their development potential. The proposed paper will examine the process of building a multi-stakeholder platform to promote land governance in the Muskitia region in eastern Honduras. The establishment of this platform follows the government’s formal recognition of the ancestral land rights of the indigenous peoples in Muskitia. Since 2016, the platform has focused on coordinating a development strategy for Muskitia which integrates the indigenous organizations and newly recognized territorial councils. The paper will assess the performance of the platform and compare it to similar processes elsewhere in the world. The paper will identify lessons that can help guide a post-titling agenda and coordinate development strategies with the participation of indigenous organizations.


Sustainability Of Land Use And Land Tenure Systems: A Case Study Of Polatli District In Ankara Province, Turkey

Yesi̇m Ali̇efendi̇oglu, Harun Tanrıvermiş

Ankara University

Sustainability Of Land Use And Land Tenure Systems: A Case Study Of Polatli District In Ankara Province, Turkey


Formalising Land Rental Transactions in Ethiopia – Is Land Certification enough?

Christina Mayr1, Ignacio Fiestas1, John Leckie2

1Nathan Associates, United Kingdom; 2DAI, United Kingdom

The Land Investment for Transformation Programme (LIFT) funded by UK aid works with the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) to deliver Second Level Land Certificates (SLLC) to smallholder farmers and to create a Rural Land Administration System (RLAS) that will ensure that the register is maintained and land-related transactions are recorded. The introduction of SLLC and RLAS is expected to improve both the administration and management of land in Ethiopia, and contribute to improved productivity and increased growth and incomes. In order to maximise the impact of and leverage the opportunities created by a better functioning land system, LIFT applies a market systems approach to three intervention areas: access to finance, rural land rental and agriculture. The focus of this paper will be the rural land rental market in Ethiopia and how a combination of SLLC, RLAS and market systems thinking allows current constraints in the market to be addressed.


Securing Customary Land Rights For Development In Namibia: Learning From New Approaches, Opportunities And Social Settings.

Prisca Mandimika1, Jericho Mulofwa2

1Ministry of Land Reform, Namibia; 2Ministry of Land Reform - Project for Communal Land Development.

Communal land in Namibia extend over 33.4 million hectares supporting 70% of the population but due to historical legacy and unresolved land issues continue to face lack of investment in farming infrastructure. Tenure insecurity persists in communal areas as very few communities have title to land outside informal traditional tenure arrangements. Although Namibia has made strides towards socio-economic and political development a majority of the population still depend on the land for livelihoods making it increasingly urgent to provide for a mechanisms that safeguards land rights within the community social settings. The paper is informed by the Project for Communal Land Development in efforts to secure group rights in Kavango East and Kavango West. Strategies and lessons learnt from other Regions and projects are explored. Formalising group rights over commonages is expected to spread infrastructure investment across a larger group of people and facilitate economic diversification for improved livelihoods.

3:45pm - 5:15pm04-13: Modernizing Land Policy & Administration in Asia
Session Chair: Javier Molina Cruz, FAO, Italy
MC 4-100 

Systematic Land Registration in Rural Areas of Laos – from concept to scale

Julian Christopher Derbidge, Viladeth Sisoulath

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Lao People's Democratic Republic

Low land tenure security and increasing pressure through large scale land acquisition excerpt pressure on farmers and land owners in Laos. Since the 1990s, the country has undergone certain land reform initiatives, focusing initially on the registration and title issuance of individual land in urban areas. The first Land Titling projects between 1997 and 2009 resulted in the registration of some 650,000 plots, of an estimated 2,6 Million.

Since 2009, the GIZ has supported the establishment of land registration and titling in rural areas. Several successive projects have resulted in the registration of more than 40,000 plots and the establishment of a comprehensive Concept for Systematic Land Registration, which describes the requirements and principles, legal framework, technical approach and workflow and capacity development.

The Concept, alongside strong political will and a foreseeable improved legal framework in Laos provide a sound foundation for a full-scale implementation.


Tenancy Reform: Restructuring Land Access of Sharecropping System Toward Sustainable Farming Practice in Indonesia.

Sukmo Pinuji

National Land Institute The Ministry of Agrarian Affairs and Spatial Planning, Indonesia

This research aims to emphasize the importance of tenancy reform in Indonesia as part of the struggle to bring equality on access of land, achieve sustainable farming system and reduce poverty through equilibrium levels of resources allocation between landlord and tenant and their relationship with the land. Two aspects were observed and analyzed, which were (i) how sharecropping system in Indonesia was implemented through time and how they contribute to support the life of tenants and small scale farmers, (ii) how tenancy reform can improve access of land for tenants and small scale farmers in relation with poverty reduction. The study were implemented for sharecropping system in Java Island for the practice of sharecropping of paddy fields as a sample study. The results were expected to contribute to the arrangement of tenancy reform in Indonesia to improve equality of access of land and improve quality of life through poverty reduction.


Digitization to Strengthen Land Administration: A Case of Nepal

Laxman Pokhrel

Liberty College, Nepal

Land administration is one of the crucial aspects. Nepal being a land locked country most of the people’s livelihood depends directly or indirectly upon land. Thus, the land administration is most important concern. It’s been a huge challenge for government to make improvements on land administration. In Nepal, land administration services are very poor. The major problems we are facing in land administration are complicated procedure, inefficient paper based system, lack of integrated land policy, huge political interference and increasing corruption. To overcome these deficiencies Nepal government decides to implement digital administration. Some of the land revenue offices have started online administration service. This paper aims to explore the status of digitized land administration system in Nepal. Paper will try to bring all the aspect for conversion from traditional to current digital system. Five land revenue offices implementing digitized land administration system are selected as cases for the study.


Land Governance for Reserved Customary Land

Kelera Gadolo, Sereana Tuisabeto

I Taukei Land Trust Board, Fiji Islands

The purpose of this paper is to present and demonstrate a particular type of land category that exists within customary land rights in Fiji called Reserve Land or Qele Kovu; it is this Reserve land that purports to safeguarding landowners now and in the future redressing conflict prevention and which supports peace agreements

Reserve land is a subset of land types within the customary land of Fiji which is set aside for use only by the I Taukei or customary landowners of a particular district and province within Fiji; it is to be noted that there is over 8000 customary landowning units in Fiji, that is not counting their populations, who all have this Reserve land tagged to their land ownership of customary land.

Reserve land in Fiji exists for the sole purpose of safeguarding land for the customary owners for now and those to come in the future.

Date: Friday, 23/Mar/2018
9:00am - 10:30am12-11: Model Agreement for Responsible Contract Farming
Session Chair: Sarah Brewin, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Switzerland
MC 4-100 

Model Agreement for Responsible Contract Farming

Sarah Brewin, Carin Smaller, Mohamed Coulibaly, Francine Picard

International Institute for Sustainable Development

The Model Agreement for Responsible Contract Farming provides a simple and practical legal tool to support in the implementation of the global principles and guidelines adopted by international institutions to improve the governance of land, agriculture and food systems. It is designed to address some of the current inequalities existing in contract farming schemes that disadvantage producers and help create more equitable and sustainable business relationships.

The more recent growth of contract farming is largely linked to transformations in food and agriculture systems, with increasingly integrated global supply chains. Furthermore, contract farming has gained prominence in the last few years, as an alternative business model to large-scale farmland investments (sometimes referred to as “land grabs”) that have proven so controversial.

The proposed model agreement is based on the UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming and provides model provisions that can be used by the producer and the buyer.

11:00am - 12:30pm13-11: The Open Source Geospatial Land Administration Toolkit
Session Chair: Santtu Pyykkönen, Gispo Ltd, Finland
MC 4-100 

The Open Source Geospatial Land Administration Toolkit

Santtu Pyykkönen, Pekka Sarkola, Sanna Jokela

Gispo Ltd, Finland

Gone are the days when there were no geospatial technologies that would be capable of handling our data or were too expensive to the organisations in the land administration sector. In this MasterClass we will discuss modern, affordable and scalable open source geospatial software for the land administration sector-specific needs.

As part of the major trends in IT, also the geospatial software based in open source has gone through a rapid evolution specially during the last decade providing well-equipped software for different use cases.

During the MasterClass we will showcase how to use the principal open source geospatial software for some of the main processes of a land administration expert:

- QGIS as Desktop GIS

- GeoServer as Geospatial server

- PostGIS as Spatial database