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07-12: Urban Land Acquisition
Political and Economic Challenges for Land Owners and Families Surrounding the Port of La Union, El Salvador, Central America
1LAA GLOBAL, El Salvador; 2Korea-Vietnam Friendship Information Technology College, Vietnam; 3Real Estate Owner, El Salvador
The Port of La Union in El Salvador, it is currently an unfinished mega investment, represents a thoughtful expression of steady development opportunities but also social issues. Before running a structural project such as a [Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)], the project implies an expanded analysis over the potential risk for land-owners who lacks pertinence to invest in the EEZ project.
This research offers a deep insight and proposes a planning framework to balance two main issues, a) the Salvadoran governance & rule of the law, b) the tripartite relationship of government - wealthy people - landowners' inclusion - “less protected citizens”.
The EEZ follows global sustainable development goals determined by the United Nations, helps tremendously to improve El Salvador’s economic growth, leverage well-being of local citizens and creates “safety” investments. However, it means evaluation over human rights among the said tripartite relationship to guarantee non-violation by abuse of power, commandeering or deceptive negotiations.
Understanding Land Acquisition in Urban Development Projects: Participation of Slum Dwellers
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT University), Ahmedabad, India
With rising urbanization, cities have continuous need for numerous urban development projects and many a times land required for these projects call for acquisition. The study focused on understanding how the city government deals with slum dwellers during acquisition by taking two case studies varied in scale in the city of Ahmedabad, India. While one project acquired land impacting 10,040 slum households the other impacted 200. Development induced displacements through forced evictions and lack of participatory processes during these turn the clock back for these slum households and these are precisely the households that are the most vulnerable. The timeline assessment of projects and analysis lead to identification of various gaps in the process despite of existing laws and frameworks which illustrated lack of bare minimum sensitivity and complete negligence of the fact that these urban development projects can be multi-dimensional opportunities to cater to all sections of the society.
Land Governance & Infrastructure Development: Challenges in the Perspective of Land Acquisition and Resettlement.
International Resettlement Consultant, Bahark-Eshkashim Road Project of the Ministry of Public Works, Asian Development Bank, Afghanistan
Land governance & infrastructure development: Challenges in the perspective of Land Acquisition and Resettlement.
Growing development planning in recent decades in the developing countries requires more lands for the construction of infrastructures under the different development projects. Infrastructure development is significantly required for the improvement of communication, urbanization and industrialization which have a multiple impacts on promoting social and economic mobilization in case of improving supplying chain management, importing-exporting agricultural products and commodities.
Due to rapid urbanization and industrialization, acquisition of private lands by the government for the development of infrastructures is a common scenario globally in which significant policy implications are incurred while imposing state’s laws and regulations on the land owners. Overpopulation with the urbanization creates scarcity of lands that keeps tremendous pressure on the land ownership pattern in result lands become significantly valuable asset in many countries like Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan etc.
Understanding Local Governments’ Tactics To Guard Against Land-expropriation-related mass incidents (LERMIs) in China: A Case Study From Huizhou
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, People's Republic of
We intend to understand tactics adopted by China’s local governments to guard against land-expropriation-related mass incidents (LERMIs). We first illustrate the factual and institutional backgrounds, then, apply the value-added theory to recognize four factors that stimulate a LERMI, and on this basis, conceptualize local governments’ corresponding prevention tactics as enhancing trust, splitting group, easing discontent, and guiding elites. With the materials collected from a peaceful land expropriation case in Huizhou, a city in Southern China, we summarize key practices of the local government to guard against LERMIs as follows: integrating principles of both legal and reasonable in policymaking, promoting the compliance of land expropriation behavior, treating resolving contradictions as a priority, and motivating the participation of village committee and elites; and further answer why these practices are effective through integrating them with the conceptual tactics developed in the theoretical interpretative framework.
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Conference: Land and Poverty 2018
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