03-05: Building Institutions for Land Administration Services
Institutional Reform as a Key Driver in the Delivery of Modern Land Administration
GIS Transport, Nigeria
The Kaduna Geographic Information System (KADGIS) is the largest GIS project in Nigeria. An ambitious government target of titling all land in the state has required the speedy establishment of a service agency capable of maintaining significant production levels together with a revenue management system to prevent leakages.
To make this possible complete institutional reform was required, with the old ministry closed, and a law established the agency, and a Director General reporting directly to the Kaduna State Governor. The presentation of comprehensive rules and regulations at stakeholder outreach meetings provided assurance and guidance for the general public and professionals.
KADGIS operates from refurbished offices, with operational and ‘business’ units centrally located, and initially focused on mass data capture activities, enabling the commencement of two systematic land titling programmes and customer service operations.
A modern and efficient land administration system and cadastral system operated by 350 fully trained staff are producing secure land titles and increasing Internally Generated Revenue (by second quarter 2017 over 1,000 land titles per week, N1 billion in revenue per month), as well as delivering products including maps, reports and analysis, supporting informed decision and good governance in all Kaduna State Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs).
The National Spatial Data Infrastructure of Zambia
Sivan Design D.S. Ltd, Israel
One of Zambia's important challenges is to recognize the title of property owners on their land. The Ministry of Land, Natural Resources and Environment Protection (MLNREP) is in charge of managing the country's land resources. To begin a LAND AUDIT and to be efficient in charging the revenues, the Ministry has installed ZILMIS – the Zambia Integrated Land Management Information System. The MLNREP has contracted Sivan Design D.S Ltd to design and implement the system. One of the deficiencies in obtaining an ideal system is the absence of a good quality and up to date national map. To that end, Sivan Design is leading a joint venture together with another Israeli company – Ofek Aerial Photography and with Ground Force Land & Engineering Services, a surveying Zambian company that is in charge of quality control of the field surveys executed by the surveyors of the Ministry, under the Surveyor General. The goal of this JV is to create a National Spatial Data Infrastructure that will serve the Ministry, to maximize the usage of accurate geographical data for the benefit of the public serving both the Ministry and other E-GOVERNMENT initiatives.
Establishing A Delivery Unit For Land Administration- How To Deliver Land Administration Services In Developing Countries, Sustainably And To Scale.
Private Individual, United States of America
At a time when the SDG’s are in their infancy, it is essential that the global community discovers how to deliver public service reform. Land rights are the corner stone for some of the SDG’s. Land administration is a vital element in providing secure assets to the poor, and in turn, improving their opportunity for better well being.
Global guidelines such as the Voluntary Guidelines for Land Tenure and Fit For Purpose Land Administration supports nations on how to technically improve their land administration systems. However, guidance on how to manage the implementation of an improved land administration system is lacking in comparison.
This paper argues that a framework for delivery is required which relies upon:
1- Adaptive learning to influence the management approach,
2- Ensure that success is defined and agreed upon across stakeholders,
3- To provide operational tools in financial, human resource and risk management.
Further guidelines are now required on the delivery question for land administration reform in developing countries, and it is hoped that this paper is the first step in ensuring that this happens.
Conceptual Modelling Of Information System Process To Design Tech Solutions To Fight Land Corruption Through Transparency International's Land and Corruption In Africa Programme
Transparency International-Secretariat, Germany
Transparency International (TI) has a project focused on fighting corruption in the land sector in sub Saharan Africa. The challenges that TI faced in using technology as a tool to fight corruption on this project, provided an incentive to develop a new approach to implementing technology.
Even if the issues addressed by the project are clearly identified, identifying how technology can be used to address these issues remains a challenge. In Sub Saharan Africa, land issues varying from one country to another. In addition, TI chapters taking part in the project are free to decide which specific issues they would like to target and which different approaches they will use to address these issues. In order to avoid the development of solutions which would not be compatible with the reality on the ground, the usage of technology requires a more in depth analysis.
TI has commissioned research based on the experiences and challenges in four pilot chapters, to develop a conceptual model of information on how the chapters will work in the land sector. The conceptual model served as a baseline to identify and conceive successful and innovative tech solutions to fight against corruption in the land sector in Africa.