10-07: Challenges of Decentralized Land Service Provision
Local Government Fragmentation in Peru – The Challenges for Land Governance and Territorial Planning
1Consultant Perú; 2World Bank
A critical issue for inclusive and sustainable development is the overall administration of the national territory and its implications for land governance. Recognizing this issue, the paper’s objective is to outline measures to help promote the merging of sparsely populated, mostly unviable municipal governments at the district level in Peru. This would help make local government more efficient, particularly in districts with population of 3,800 people or less, which is the minimum required by law to establish a local jurisdiction. Currently, the weak capacity of such small jurisdictions negatively affect land governance, and service provision.
Reflecting the above objective, the paper will analyze the factors affecting the lack of administrative capacity and for service provision in small district-level municipalities. Many of these municipalities have been established for political and electoral reasons, seeking to benefit from central government transfers and sectoral investments. Overtime, such proliferation of local jurisdictions have resulted in unclear boundary demarcation, lack of cadastral information and territorial planning tools, inexistent property tax collection, and poor land management and dysfunctional land markets in general.
Brazilian Rural Property Taxation and its recent Structural Change
1UNICAMP, Brazil; 2UNICAMP, Brazil; 3UNICAMP, Brazil
Rural property taxation should be treated as a matter of land administration of the territory, beyond its revenue intentions. However, in Brazil, this tax was always overlooked, with a small share of contribution to the federation and known (persistent) irregularities on the part of the tax payers. Looking thorough the perspective of land governance, this study aims to present the unexplored potential of the tribute, its historical aspects that led to its fragility, to analyses the recent changes within its configuration and the possible impacts of the new recommendations from the Federal Revenue of Brazil. For this, the study was structured as: 1) historical background and evolution of the tax, its institutional framework and fundamental objectives, 2) recent changes analysis 3) new propositions and the potential impact on the sector's performance, 4) Discussion and propositions.
Large-Scale Rural Land Certification And Administration In Ethiopia - The Challenges Of A Decentralised Approach
1DAI, United Kingdom; 2LIFT Programme
From 2014 to 2020, the UKAID-funded Ethiopia Land Investment for Transformation (LIFT) programme, implemented by DAI and the Government of Ethiopia, aims to improve the incomes of Ethiopia’s rural poor and to enhance economic growth through the Second Level Land Certification of 14 million land parcels, and through building capacity in rural land administration systems.
LIFT is now into its third year of operation, and is approaching its second year of SLLC implementation. At the end of January 2016 over 3 million parcels have been demarcated. This paper reports on LIFT’s progress to date, and explores some of the challenges involved in replicating and scaling-up systematic land registration methodologies in Ethiopia. It will examine how programmes can work through decentralised government systems, and comment on the difficulties of deploying a programme with a large and diverse geographical coverage.
LIFT’s methodology and approach builds on UKAID and DAI’s previous land reform work under the successful Rwanda Land Tenure Regularisation Support Programme. In the Ethiopian context, new challenges to programme delivery have emerged during implementation. In this paper, veterans of both the Rwanda and Ethiopia programme delivery teams reflect on the technical, logistical and political challenges of implementing this large-scale programme.
Public Policy and Land Records: A “Big Data” Perspective
George Mason University, United States of America
This research looks at how the land records “Big Data” can be used in a wider development context (Big Data for Policy), as well as the policy challenges encountered while creating this “Big Data” (Policy for “Big Data”). This research uses India's Digital India Land Records Modernisation Project as the policy that seeks to create the land “Big Data”.