05-09: Standards for Land Administration: Ensuring Interoperability
ID: 366 / 05-09: 1
Topics: Delivering land administration services at scale
Further standardisation in Land Administration
1Kadaster, Netherlands, The; 2Delft University of Technology, Netherlands, The; 3The University of Melbourne, Australia; 4UN Statistics Division, Department of Economic and Social Affairs
The paper describes the ongoing developments and standardisation in land administration. Standards are relevant in relation to building as well as maintenance and development of a land administration.
Standards like the ISO 19152 Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) are helping to jump-start new initiatives and are connecting top-down and bottom-up projects together. The LADM facilitates the efficient set-up of land administration and can function as the core of any land administration system. LADM is flexible, widely applicable and functions as a central source of state-of-the-art international knowledge on this topic. Some future trends in the domain and the maintenance of the standard are presented and being discussed in the paper. These trends may be relevant for the development of a second edition of the LADM over the coming years.
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) has set up a domain group on land administration. The OGC members drafted a charter for a working group for the land administration domain. The charter describes how to improve the interoperability, effectiveness and efficiency of land administration systems by optimising the use of OGC and complementary open standards. Land administration activities in all countries can benefit from improved interoperability.
ID: 183 / 05-09: 2
Topics: Land for infrastructure, investment, disaster risk reduction
Keywords: valuation, standards, land acquisition, land value, investment
Land Transfer Standards – Bringing Fit For Purpose Concepts To The Land Transaction Process
RICS, United Kingdom
90% of residential and commercial property in Africa is untitled and land and property transactions are high on the global corruption index. Responsible governance of land is also at the core of resource management and sustainable extractive industries. Much of the headline challenges are well known to land professionals, from land grabbing, to tenure vulnerability, to ineffective land administration and corrupt governance and to a lack of professional capacity. At the very core of these multiple land issues is the lack of a consistent, global and easily understood standard on land transaction and a common understanding of the essential elements needed within that process. ‘Fit for Purpose’ is a key concept not just for spatial measurement, it is also important that it is used for valuation/appraisal and land reporting. The object is to aid and de-risk the process of land investment and real property transfer. This presentation will highlight some of the issues involved, the process of collaboration and current status of the initiative (ILMS).
ID: 266 / 05-09: 3
Topics: Delivering land administration services at scale
Keywords: valuation, tax, property
Practical Application Of IAAO Standards For Land Administration And Property Tax Systems
International Association of Assessing Officers, United States of America
This presentation will describe the 14 Standards developed by the International Association of Assessing Officers defining the objective and purpose of IAAO Standards. The purpose of the standards are two-fold; to guide the creation of the most efficient and effective property tax systems possible and to and to provide professional training and standards for industry and government officials who are directly responsible for implementing and advancing property tax and land valuation systems. Highlighted will be how IAAO standards can be utilized by various government agencies within the context of what stage of property tax system development the government has been able to achieve. It will examine some of the challenges valuation offices will face in the future and focus on emerging technologies that will assist in reaching IAAO standards in a cost effective manner. This will suggest a roadmap in utilizing IAAO standards to assist in project conception. The IAAO’s Guidance on International Mass Appraisal and Related Tax Policy will be summarized and the IAAO’s upcoming Body of Knowledge will also be briefly introduced.
ID: 874 / 05-09: 4
Topics: Harnessing geospatial data, cloud platforms and other data technologies
Standards and interoperability in the Nigerian Land Sector
In every economy, land represents a factor of production, without which production that will be able to facilitate entrepreneurship, poverty reduction and social cohesion is achieved. However, inefficiencies of the institutional and administrative components of the land sector which include the poor recordation of land information and transactions, lack of data and information about available land stock, lack of structures and non availability of fit-for-purpose systems to facilitate interoperability of the land data and poorly implemented or non implementation of standards to guide how data and information about land is used.
The nature of land suggests geography via the cadaster, which acts as a repository for land information. In order for the cadaster to be useful, it has to be shared and used by relevant stakeholders in the private and public sector. However, the legal and regulatory provisions that govern the use of the cadastral information, which will facilitate interoperability, are poorly implemented in Nigeria. The implementation of the standards to achieve interoperability has a dual purpose; it strengthens inter-ministerial collaboration and supports a functional platform for land information sharing and dissemination about land and its associated economic resources for end-users.