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05-07: Putting Fit for Purpose Land Administration in Practice
Establishing a Legal Cadastre for Good Governance in Ethiopia: Identifying Bottlenecks and Steps Toward Scale-Up
1Land Equity International, Australia; 2World Bank; 3Consultant; 4Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, Ethiopia
The Government of Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan II (GTP II) establishes an ambitious goal of reaching middle-income status by 2025, envisioning industrial development for growth and job creation through effective urban development. The targets identified to reach this goal will, however, require substantial amounts of land. Local government’s ability to deliver this land - by establishing and implementing urban plans, enforcing regulations and identifying under-utilized land for infill - is undermined by the absence of a comprehensive legal cadastre. This paper presents the core findings of a project to review the status of current pilots being undertaken to create the urban legal cadastre, and presents policy recommendations for the way forward. The work provides an important understanding of the governance, project management and public awareness challenges of registering urban land in Ethiopia. It builds on other recent efforts in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and elsewhere to register urban land, notably Rwanda, and supports the Land Policy Initiative goal of “ten member states putting in place transparent, efficient and cost-effective land administration systems which are reflective of Africa’s unique realities by 2020.” The learning will prove instrumental for other countries in sub-Saharan Africa in similar endeavours.
A Fit For Purpose Land Cadaster in Mozambique
1EXI LDA, Mozambique; 2DINAT - National Directorate of Lands; 3Dutch Kadaster; 4Verde Azul/ DINAT
Mozambique is an african country that is engaged in building its National Land Cadaster. It has enacted several legal instruments. However, most land, in excess of 90%, is still used under unregistered good-faith occupations and customary tenure arrangements.
Recently a Land Tenure Regularization program aiming at registering 4 thousand communities and 5 million parcels under good faith or customary practice occupations, was defined. This massive program is a starting point to implement the National Land Cadaster.
To ensure that this first registration exercise runs smoothly and that targets and goals for the program are met, several activities were executed, namely:
1. A Fit For Purpose methodology
2. Adjustments to the existent LAS system - SiGIT, including the implementation of a mobile application for community based crowdsourcing and a Cloud Platform for managing field data;
3. Capacity Building both for cadaster technicians but as well as for community members for this first registration.
4. Continuous support for keeping the cadaster up-to-date within the community, through appropriate training and tools.
Results from the pilot are positive and allowed for tunning and adjustments to the developed methodology, tools and materials.
Fit-For-Purpose land Administration - Developing Country Specific Strategies for Implementation
1Aalborg University, Denmark; 2Know Edge Ltd, United Kingdom
This paper looks at implementing Fit-For-Purpose land administration solutions at county level. This will require a country specific strategy drawing from the recent GLTN publication on “Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration – Guiding Principles for Country Implementation”.
The Fit-For-Purpose concept is about applying the spatial, legal and institutional methodologies that are most fit for the purpose of providing secure tenure for all by addressing the current constraints and allowing for incremental improvement over time.
This paper aims to present the first step of implementation by unfolding the contents of this kind of country specific strategies. Arguably, they should include the following steps: 1) Analysis of country context; 2) Analysis of existing spatial / legal / institutional frameworks; 3) Developing a country specific FFP strategy for land administration; 4) Designing the country specific FFP spatial / legal / institutional frameworks; 5) Capacity Development; 6) Country Specific Instruction Manuals; and 7) Economic Benefits Analysis.
Finally, the paper presents some experiences and reflections from a case study on implementing the FFP approach for land registration in the Gresik District, Indonesia.
Implementation Of National Land Administration System - Fit-For-Purpose IT-Leap Approach
Innola Solutions, Inc., US
Decades of land administration (LA) projects worldwide have led to the development of a series of guidelines for the implementation of LA systems. Facing the complexity of the domain a more practical fit-for-purpose (FFP) concept evolved. Unfortunately, even with that breadth of information and guidelines, it still leaves many land administration practitioners with scopes of work that are too broad and lack a clear roadmap of key activities. The time is ripe for accepting the digital era reality and modernize FFP LA with a more specific modality – the IT-Leap concept. ICT has become not just an important or even critical component of the LA system but has been proven as a business driver and processes integrator. The paper presents the implementation planning aspects of an ICT solution, including details of a “how to make it work” approach. It extends the guiding principles with the FFP IT-Leap implementation roadmap, and provides a detailed set of value chain activities. It is time to use ICT as the mean to unify regulations, re-engineer processes, manage changes and drive capacity building. The FFP IT-Leap approach results in an ICT solution that fits the short-term needs and will scale up for the future ones.
Fit-for-Purpose and Fit-for-Future Technology for Cadastral Systems
1Esri, United States of America; 2Kadaster International, Netherlands
Configurable off-the-shelf spatial technologies are now available for cadastral systems. There is no longer a need for custom programming, complex implementations, and special skills. Leveraging standard data models such as the Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) GIS data and technology deliver systems that are quickly implemented, scalable, evolve with changing requirements and supported by numerous public, private, and NGO communities.
This new approach addresses many past challenges of system cost, intermittent internet connectivity, accurate GPS use, scalability and security. This master class will discuss spatial platform and app technologies for collecting data with Androids, processing, producing, managing and sharing cadastral data. We will present how to configure and maintain a sustainable land system. This master class will present all the technology necessary and to get started.