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11-10: Scaling Good Practice on Land Administration Delivery
Tracking Impacts of Tajikistan Land Reform Across Multiple Projects, Donors and Districts from 2006-2016 Using a Common Core of Survey Questions and Field Methods
1Iowa State University, United States of America; 2The World Bank, Washington D.C.
This paper utilizes a series of four major project survey evaluations undertaken across a 10-year period to track key impacts of country-wide land restructuring in Tajikistan. Each survey of more than 1200 scientifically selected farm households by different donors including the World Bank, USAID and DFID included the same set of core questions and enough of the same regions and districts so that longer-term impacts could be followed over time. Cross-project collaborative leadership, careful planning and cooperation, and care in preserving and maintaining datasets made it possible to examine impacts of land reform in key geographic areas, as well as across the country in general. Key impacts identified over time include: (1) Most of the agricultural farmland has been restructured into plots of less than 5 hectares; (2) Farmers increasingly make their own independent farming decisions (freedom to farm); (3) farmers are investing more money and labor in their farms, and agricultural production and income are increasing; (4) The average number of crops grown has more than doubled over time, with significant increases in fruits and vegetables; (5) Farmers report eating more fruits and vegetables when they are produced on the farm.
Delivering Land Administration Services at Scale
Land Administration Authority, Lesotho
Land is a finite and one of the most valuable resources. Its administration deserves an optimized hence the need for proper land administration. Effective land governance ensures transparent and efficient land administration, equity and access to land by all, food security, land use planning, and natural resources management to name but a few. Land administration services should be business oriented as such adoption of appropriate customer centric models is significant. Balancing demand and delivery of the services should always be part of the game. Although there are always lessons that could be learned from one country to another, there is usually no “one size fits all” hence concepts like “fit for purpose” come to play. One of the core reasons for embarking on land administration reform initiatives is that it is known to promote economic development hence poverty alleviation. Land administration services are part of day to day for public services. These are usually services provided by government offices and it is a common concern in developing countries that public service delivery is sluggish and sometimes contaminated by acts of corruption. Organisations providing land administration services still need to monitor performance and quality of service provided to the public.
The Case for Participatory Fit For Purpose Massive Land Registration as a means for a Sustainable Cadaster in Mozambique
1EXI LDA, Mozambique; 2DINAT - National Directorate of Lands; 3Dutch Kadaster; 4Verde Azul/DINAT
It is now twenty years since a new land law was enacted in Mozambique, after 16 years of civil war. By force of the Constitution, the new law establishes that the state recognizes community and individual rights acquired through customary and good-faith occupation, although no provision was made for the registration of such occupation.
The development in the last two decades has prompted the need to systematically register and map land occupation, to secure the occupants rights, to avoid conflicts and to promote efficient land use, and development.
In the last five years, a more mature LAS/LIS (called SIGiT) is being used. There is, however, no way to circumvent the need to directly involve the citizens and a broad institutional collaboration.
We claim that the best approximation is achieved through a standards-based participatory and all-inclusive bottom-up cadastre and land management.
This paper discusses the main features of several components in view of the experience of the last five years in constructing the national land cadastre and how they can be implemented through participatory and decentralised land administration.
La problématique foncière en Haïti : Comment le Recensement Général Agricole de 2010 questionne les politiques publiques
1CIRAD, France; 2FAO; 3Chibas Foundation / Quiskeya University, Port-au-Prince
Nous posons les hypothèses suivantes : i) les réponses de politique apportées durant les dix dernières années à la problématique foncière sont insuffisamment ancrées sur des données empiriques récentes; ii) en conséquence, l'offre de régulation foncière récente ignore des aspects essentiels; iii) la question foncière aujourd'hui demande une réponse intégrale de politiques. En termes de méthode, i) nous rappelons d'abord l'empreinte de l'histoire; avec précaution, nous exploitons les données du Recensement Général Agricole 2010; iii) nous analysons les caractéristiques de l'offre de politiques foncières des dix dernières années; nous confrontons offre et demande de régulation foncière. Notre constat est que l'écart entre demande et offre de politique foncière reste notable : i) l'offre contient un éventail trop réduit d'outils d'intervention; ii) les formes précaires d'accès au foncier (métayage), ne sont pas régulées; iii) les conflits fréquents, ne sont pas répondus; iv) la pulvérisation des exploitations et le grignotage urbain placent le zonage et l'élaboration de plans locaux d'utilisation des sols comme priorités. La fragmentation extrême pose la question de politiques d'accompagnement de sortie.