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12-10: Experiences of Large Scale Land Acquisition
The Impact of Large Scale Foreign Land Acquisitions on Rural Households: Qualitative and Quantitative Evidence From Tanzania
1University of Hamburg; 2Erasmus University Rotterdam
The impact of large-scale foreign land acquisitions on rural households has proven highly contentious question in both public discourse and academic literature. The current paper takes a multi-method approach to analyzing the impacts of large-scale land acquisitions in Tanzania. I begin with an overview of leading economic theories which predict alternatively positive or negative effects from the entrance of foreign actors in the agricultural sector of developing countries. I also survey the existing qualitative evidence on these impacts for Tanzania, and find that this literature is highly critical of the repercussions of the so-called ‘land grab’ for the livelihood of rural populations. My original contribution begins with a law-and-economics approach, analyzing three specific foreign acquisition contracts from Tanzania for their likely impacts on rural households. Finally, I provide some rare quantitative evidence on the impacts of large-scale land acquisitions. To do this I combine data on large-scale foreign land acquisitions with newly available, specially designed, World Bank household surveys for rural Tanzania. The quantitative analysis shows mixed effects of land acquisitions on a range of development indicators for rural households.
The Implications of Infrastructure Investments on Land and Livelihoods
DAI, United Kingdom
After more than two decades of exploration activity, commercial quantities of oil and gas were discovered off the coast of Ghana in 2007. The prospects for the sector still remain positive with additional fields coming on stream in the second half of 2016 and 2017. Discovery has led to a high increase in infrastructure projects and investments in the Western Region particularly the six coastal districts. Large tracts of land have been taken over for oil and gas infrastructure, businesses, pipelines, roads and areas for machinery repair. These huge investments obviously have big implications for the communities who live in these areas and for their livelihoods, particularly for those who rely on natural resources. This paper will provide some real life examples of how investments in land (from government and private sector alike) affect the lives of ordinary people; the consequences of resettlement, beyond initial compensation packages; and experiences of bringing to the fore investors, communities, government and CSOs to discuss priority issues and concerns together, and ultimately develop solutions for all parties concerned.
Are Rural Areas Taking Advantage of Proximity to Cities?
RIMISP-LATIN AMERICAN CENTER FOR RURAL DEVELOPMENT, Chile
We identify the effects of proximity to cities on the economic development of rural areas in Chile. Following Partridge and Rickman (2003), and Rappaport (2004), this work characterizes the changes in population and employment in rural areas as the partial adjustments on the location of households and firms due to the spatial variations in agglomeration economies, amenities, and public provision of services of nearby cities. In order to observe how rural areas are influenced by the scope and intensity of the linkages with urban areas, we estimate the effect of travel time to cities and market potential variables, over the change of population and employment for 22,241 rural areas in Chile, using the last two Chilean national censuses of 1992 and 2002, rural travel time estimates, and stable satellite light night. We found that rural people are drained by urban areas, especially when the proximate city its large. But if the cities are medium or small in population size, they attract population to work there, but do not cause delocalization. Therefore, small and medium cities in Chile are generating more virtuous dynamics with the rural world, which is where a large share of poor people continue to live.
Review of Land Tenure Systems to Support the Creation of an Enabling Environment for Agricultural Transformation in Africa.
African Development Bank, Côte d'Ivoire
Subject to an enabling environment Africa can and should feed the region’s population. The African Development Bank’s Feed Africa- Strategy for Agricultural Transformation recognizes that security of land tenure and good governance remain major challenges across the continent