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12-03: Potential and Limits of VGI
Capitalizing on the Digital Dividend to Secure Land Rights
University of Nairobi, Kenya
Land information is a critical component of land governance and supports many functions of land management and administration. It is difficult to have an efficient land rights system if land information is not well managed. Kenya’s Vision 2030 seeks to transform the country into a middle income economy by 2030. Technology and information are at the core of that quest. The government has embraced e-government and the uptake of mobile telephone technology and Internet penetration is high. The use of technology to improve land rights governance however remains peripheral.
Kenya can do more to deepen and capitalize on its digital dividend to improve land information systems by stepping up its use of technology to collect, collate, store and disseminate land information. Digitization of existing land records has been a key concern. This is important and needs to continue but in a situation where land information is incomplete and inaccurate, there is need to diversify the nature and type of technologies used. The Ministry should deploy unmanned aerial vehicles such as drones to capture information on land rights holding and use. This is more efficient and removes the possibility of inaccuracies and corruption that affect how information is captured and reported.
Repositioning Ghana’s Land Administration in the Context of Emerging Geospatial Technologies for Land Survey- Framework to Scale Existing Legal and Policy Hurdles
1Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana; 2Land Resource Management Centre, Ghana
Emerging flexible geospatial technologies for the recordation of land rights can significantly improve land administration in Ghana. However, existing laws, policies and surveying standards are firmly serving as blockade. This is because surveying in Ghana are largely guided by rigid demands for accuracy standards. This is however expensive and in the process fuels the exclusion of many from the national cadastre. There have been some emerging flexible survey tools in Ghana. Yet various surveying standards mean, these cheaper means of surveying land are faced with uncertainties in terms of being recognised and accepted by appropriate authorities. But what are the existing legal and technical requirements which create uncertainties about the validity of maps and plans which are generated through such approaches? This paper identifies these impediments and offers recommendations. This paper contends that with the emergence of Mobile GIS, new possibilities of data capture and maintenance of geographic information have evolved. There is therefore the need to reposition Ghana’s land administration in response to the emerging dynamics. Achieving this calls for changes in some laws and policies, which among others include the need for graduated accuracy requirements which are responsive to specific needs in urban, peri-urban and rural areas.
VGI as a Starting Point for a Landscape Architecture Competition – a Case Study from the City of Vantaa in Finland
Dimenteq Oy, Finland
This paper describes the use of volunteered geographic information generated by citizens (VGI) or “crowdsourcing” in urban planning context. The paper introduces a case study of a landscape architecture competition which was aimed at providing the best idea for developing a bustling city district in Vantaa, Finland. The paper will share insights on the challenges faced when utilizing VGI in urban planning and introduce some of the innovative solutions that were used to tackle these challenges in this particular case. The focus of the paper will mainly be in the use of online participation methods while examining their use in conjunction with other modes of citizen involvement.