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10-03: Innovation Fair: Interoperability & Land Use Applications
Next Generation Land and Urban Systems are 3D
1The World Bank, United States of America; 2SITO Oy, Finland
The paper discusses land administration investments through the sample of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and questions whether the success stories of the past should be repeated in new countries. The authors suggest that investments designed today should mirror the vision for urban land systems of 2027. For example, the World Bank’s technical land administration support often consists of investments to land and cadastral records, and on automation and digital solutions; sharing and exchanging geospatial data; provision of electronic services; and integrating land and geospatial records to the eGovernment infrastructure of the State. New applied services (such as One Map, Mass Valuation Systems, and State Land Management) are being introduced, and endless number of private sector applications and Start Ups make use of Open Data policies. However, conceptually, the manual era and 2D logics dominate, which scope this paper suggests to be outdated. Private sector Architects, Geospatial providers and Construction companies operate already 3D environments, cities globally invest in 3D models, and 3D processes are starting to emerge. Today’s urban system investments should support 3D infrastructure and services as the rule, and that the 3D land and urban systems will become the norm in cities by 2027.
Combining Geomatics Technology for Successful Land Development Projects
Trimble Inc, United States of America
With the amount of new technology, methodologies, and connectivity available in our profession, it can be a challenging task to select one suite of geomatics technology to support land development projects.
The majority of projects today require several geomatics technologies to work independently on specific tasks, but ultimately must behave together as a cohesive solution through sharing data, communications, interoperability and final deliverable. Combining technologies can be incredibly valuable and efficient, but cumbersome if not coordinated properly on the correct platforms.
Land development projects also involve numerous departments and organizations that have different responsibilities and skills to contribute, resulting in a wide range of ability and interest in technology. Assessing the technology capability of stakeholders, contributors and benefactors to land development projects prior to implementation can affect overall timeline and success. Flexibility and ease of use is key for usability of the final project deliverable.
This presentation examines the key factors towards successful implementations of multiple geomatics technologies in land development projects, including: common data structures and formats, utilizing the Fit for Purpose approach, equipment flexibility, and diverse staff and agency requirements.
Fit For Purpose: Tools Supporting A Decentralized Infrastructure
1SLM Land Management Foundation; 2International Federation of Surveyors; 3SGS Inc; 4Federal Office of Topography, swisstopo
The fit-for-purpose approach is a recognised method for speeding up the mapping and bounding delineation of land administration systems. The participatory approach with grassroots surveyors in remote areas requires the use of decentralised land administration systems. In order to validate the acquired data it is mandatory to export data sets and merge them into a centralized storage. A viable approach for decentralized mapping systems with integrated data validation, data exchange form decentral organisation to a central agency is presented.
The fundament of the solutions is built upon INTERLIS: While INTERLIS was originally designed and used mainly for land administration; it is not restricted to land administration data modelling. The entire range of products are completely in-line with ISO/OGC standards (ISO 19152, GML, WMS etc.) and the process chain for is well established for large amount of data collected by many different organisations. The lightning talk and the session will show design, production and validation tools all based on the implementation of LADM in INTERLIS like:
• the INTERLIS UML editor;
• the INTERLIS compiler and checker;
• data translators convert data sets to and from INTERLIS XML;
• schema tools to generate database;
• web based map server.
Flexible Mobile Land Technology Applications: Demonstrations and Lessons Learned
US Agency for International Development, United States of America
USAID has developed and piloted a suite of low-cost, open-source Mobile Applications to Secure Tenure (MAST) in different countries and contexts, providing flexible tools that help people and communities secure land and resource rights. At the Innovation Fair, USAID will demonstrate technology and present lessons from the evaluation of the original MAST pilot, which used an Android-based app to map and record customary land rights in three villages in Tanzania and its follow-on, which has been scaled to 41 villages in Tanzania. USAID will also showcase the latest version of MAST, which was recently launched in Burkina Faso following the initial positive results from Tanzania, and discuss next steps for this technology. USAID will also present two mobile applications for improving conservation and resilience through better land-use planning and land management currently being piloted in Kenya and Namibia. Key to all of these efforts is working closely with local partners to ensure that the tools are context-appropriate, flexible, sustainable, and effective at making improved land management and land tenure administration more transparent, accessible, and affordable for all.
Agile Collaboration as the Way to Build Uganda National Land Information System
InnoLA Solutions Inc, United States of America
Implementing a national scale land information system always poses challenges in keeping the Customer engaged, managing the significant change, and ensuring that all project activities and outcomes provide the most value. InnoLA Solutions is currently taking an agile approach to collaboration with the Customer and our development partners on the design, development and implementation of the Uganda National Land Information System. This project is Phase 2 of a Government of Uganda initiative, awarded to IGN France International (IGN FI) and funded by the World Bank. As subcontractor, we are configuring, customizing and integrating our InnoLA software framework to meet the registry, cadastral management, land valuation, physical planning and public data access data needs of the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD). The InnoLA software framework is based on open source components including: the operational systems (CentOS, Ubuntu), the DBMS system (PostgreSQL/PostGIS), and the GIS Server (GeoServer). The new system, is a fully integrated, web-based solution and is a result of collaborative analysis, business process re-engineering and design with the Customer and Supplier teams (IGN FI and Memoris). Our approach to collaboration has allowed us to establish an open and transparent environment for all phases of the project.
Innovations for Information Integration and Data Sharing in an eGovernment Framework in Support of Integrated Land Governance
1Centre for Development and Environmnet CDE, Lao People's Democratic Republic; 2Department of Planning and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Laos; 3Department of Land Administration, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Laos
In Laos, the government struggles to gain an overview of land investments across the country. Concessions are granted by different institutions and at different administrative levels. However, there is no one institution in charge of keeping track of such developments, and records are heterogeneous and scattered across institutions and administrative levels.
With development challenges becoming increasingly complex, sectoral approaches have become less effective in tackling burning such development challenges, and planners and decision-makers depend on comprehensive and integrated information base for taking adequate actions.
Therefore, innovative tools and approaches have been developed that support key departments of the Lao Government in compiling, harmonizing, integrating and exchanging information on different aspects of land investments from all sectors and administrative levels. The resulting cross-sectoral land investment database system is hosted within its national eGovernment framework.
This initiative is part of a broader multi-stakeholder information integration and sharing initiative, in which institutions partner up and make their sectoral data available to specified user groups in a standardized way facilitating cross-sectoral information exchange, integration and analysis.
Currently, the platform provides one-stop access to highly detailed information, integrated across the following sectors: demography, poverty, education, health, foreigner direct investment in lands, ODA, agriculture and environment.
Fine-scale Land Allocation Tool for Global Land Use Analysis
Purdue University, United States of America
We develop an open access online tool that provides statistical analysis, land use projections, and model comparison at variable grid cell resolutions (grid cell size 1-60 arc-minutes) at a global or sub-global level. The tool predicts patterns in land use at a grid cell level with aggregate land use data and disaggregate land attribute data. The marginal impact of the disaggregated land attribute data on land use can be computed and used for research and policy analysis. Visualization features facilitate comparison across models, and the user has the option of uploading his/her own data and/or estimation procedure.
How To Capture Innovation And Solve The Challenges Of Urbanisation With Hackathons?
1Sito, Finland; 2Aalto University, Finland; 3KIRA-digi project
Developing cities are facing the enormous challenge of urbanization and the digitalization of urban development. The advancements of new technologies and the exponential growth of available data offers numerous new opportunities to innovate and to solve some of the challenges developing cities are facing. However, developing cities often lack the know-how, money, competent workforce, collaboration between different stakeholders to realize this potential. This paper discusses how developing cities can solve these challenges with hackathons. We present through two case examples how hackathons can be utilized to develop and enhance urban development process in developing cities. We describe how hackathons could be used to increase transparency and collaboration in urban development, share knowledge and promote new technologies, produce new urban planning innovations, create new job opportunities in the field of urban development, and learn more agile and cost-effective development methods.
Uncovering City Dynamics through Land Use and Land Cover Spatial Data
The World Bank Group
This paper showcases the use of rapid geospatial analysis such as high resolution satellite imagery, night time lights and spatial data to characterize urban growth patterns and to tease out the issues and gaps related to the effectiveness of institutional coordination and master plans, disaster risks, growth and prosperity, urban livability, land use planning and enforcement, and urban design policy conflicts using: (i) Karachi megacity (largest city in Pakistan); and (ii) Kandy (UNESCO World Heritage secondary city in Sri Lanka) as examples. The paper will also detail how the World Bank has leveraged on these findings and translated them into policy action and investments in ongoing projects and technical assistance.
Improvements in City Modelling by Fusion of Airborne LiDAR and Oblique Imaging
Leica Geosystems, United States of America
Cities are rapidly changing high-financial-value areas. Data is required for many applications, for example; cadastral planning, emergency response, solar energy, city planning, self-driving cars, security, traffic modelling, architecture, virtual travel, even computer gaming. Typical deliverables are DTMs / DSMs, aerial images, point clouds, orthophotos, building footprints, 3D models and meshes. A variety of oblique imaging sensors and software solutions have been developed for this application.
The target of airborne city mapping is fast, reliable delivery of high accuracy data, automatically with minimum manual labor. However, experience shows oblique airborne images alone impose limits on automatic city-modelling workflow, e.g., not being able to see through vegetation, poor image quality in shadows, image occlusions and aerial triangulation mismatch. For end products, this leads to errors in surface representation and lower success rates for automatic 3D city model extraction algorithms and labor-intensive manual editing.
Leica addresses this with a fused airborne LiDAR/oblique image sensor, “CityMapper”, and fused image/LIDAR workflow, “RealCity”. The combination of LiDAR and oblique datasets, collected simultaneously, improves workflow automation, reducing labor required.
This presentation focuses on how data product quality is improved, delivery time reduced and costly manual labor minimized by using co-collected, fused image and LiDAR datasets.
Creating A Base Map Of Zanzibar
senseFly SA, Switzerland
The path to sustainability starts with information collected through local capacity.
In order for society to develop it is crucial to be able to address the issue of land and house titles. The project in Zanzibar was developed not only to create a cost effective base map to start addressing this need, but also to create the local capacity required, in the Government and within the State University of Zanzibar, to collect this data.
The objective of the mission is for the government and local communities to be capable of monitoring land changes, upon request, in order to make better educated and quick decisions regarding land management, urban planning, environment conservation etc.
As a result of this project over 15 people in Zanzibar are now fully trained to operate drones, capture data, and process this data to create the maps they need. This capacity on the ground will mean that for years to come Zanzibar will be able to monitor and collect its own land use data and be able to issue the much needed land and house titles its population requires.
ResilienceDirect Maps - A Common Operating Picture For The United Kingdom
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
ResilienceDirect launched in the United Kingdom in June 2014 and revolutionized the way public agencies share information during emergency planning and response activities. This secure, cloud-based platform is provided by UK Cabinet Office and is free to all Category 1 and 2 emergency responders. This includes police forces, fire and ambulance services, NHS trusts, Local Resilience Forums, Public Health England, the Environment Agency, utility companies and many others. ResilienceDirect enables true multi-agency collaboration via a suite of secure cloud-based tools for sharing information and providing a common operating picture. A key component of the ResilienceDirect Service is the web-based mapping platform developed by Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s National Mapping Agency. Designed as a map-based visualization tool for the aggregation, presentation and dissemination of multiple information sources, ResilienceDirect Maps provides a set of simple, user-friendly drawing tools and the ability to collaborate and edit maps in real time with other users. Built using open-source software and designed to support easy integration of OGC compliant web mapping services, ResilienceDirect is an exemplar for bringing together geospatial data from a wide range of commercial, open and government sources to more effectively plan and direct emergency response activities.