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09-13: Strengthening Customary Rights: Options and Impacts
Securing Land In Butana For Rural Poor
Butana Development Agency, Sudan
The abolition of the native administration and the declaration of all unregistered land as state land in the 1970s in Sudan led to shrinkage of pastoral land and growth of cultivated land specially, in Butana region. Butana Integrated Rural Development Project which IFAD funded project has supported local communities to register their own pastoral land and establishing communities’ networks in form of clusters for advocacy and lobby to impede such agricultural expansion. Besides, participatory policy review had been implemented to create coherence between policies that originate from a wide range of ministries and rules and norms that exercise by local community groups to ensure the voices of different stakeholders, to be heard at both local and national levels. These key instruments assisted local communities in managing their own natural resources on sustainable basis. In turn governance framework for natural resources for the whole Butana region developed. The outcome of this support is indicated by identification of 55 000 ha to be improved for the benefits of local communities; registration of 77 pastoral land with geographic coordinates under the name of recognized communities and their own rules enforced and; communities capabilities in managing natural resources increased apparently.
Institution For Managing The Commons And Customary Land
Uganda Land Alliance, UCOBAC
ENHANCING TENURE SECURITY, ACCESS & UTILIZATION OF THE COMMONS AND CUSTOMARY LAND IN THE GREATER NORTHERN REGION OF UGANDA THROUGH STRENGTHENING THE CAPACITIES OF CLAN STAKEHOLDERS, AND BUILDING NETWORKS OF INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY MEMBERS.
Rights-Based Approach to Land: The Case of Seaweed Farmers in Caluya, Antique, Philippines
Rights and access to land is an important matter for people’s livelihood, especially for the rural poor who are still depending on agriculture for their livelihood and whose income comes largely from small scale farming and artisanal fishing. Landlessness is one of the roots of rural poverty. Hence, democratizing access to and control over land and water resources is crucial for ending poverty.
Securing land rights and access to natural resources is an important foundation for the realization of human rights and for poverty reduction; it is a fundamental basis for economic, social and cultural rights. Land is not a mere commodity, but an essential element for the realization of many human rights. Land rights is significant to respect, protect and fulfill human rights.
Seaweed farmers in Caluya, Antique in the Philippines have been evicted from their homelots have filed a complaint at the Commission on Human Rights to sustain their livelihoods and environment against the threats of open pit mining and aggressive commercial tourism. The CHR decision will have far-reaching implications not only on their land and human rights situation, but also on rural communities nationwide who are or will be affected by the operations of mining corporations.
Women’s Access to Irrigated Land in a Patrilineal Customary Area: Baare Community Irrigation Project.
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Customary land administration is a flexible way of managing land relations for its owners based on custom and prevailing traditions. It is dynamic and therefore able to adjust to prevailing needs. Baare is a small patrilineal community in the Upper East Region of Ghana. Small scale irrigation was developed in Baare to help alleviate poverty. The study data was collected through direct observation, interviews, focus group discussions and review of secondary data. Customary land owners within the irrigated area, release their farmlands for community use during the dry season. The land is then reallocated to individual community members to farm by the Water Users Association. Access to the irrigated land at Baare is granted to deserving farmers without discrimination. The study shows that out of 185 farmers who farmed the irrigated land during the period under discussion, 104 were women, representing 56.2% of the total farmers. It was observed that women played active part in all aspects of the management of the project. The study indicates that women can have access to irrigated land in patrilineal customary areas. It is recommended that the model be replicated in other areas to alleviate poverty.