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07-06: Can Securing Tenure Contribute to Mitigating Climate Change?
Climate Benefits, Tenure Costs: The Economic Case for Securing Indigenous Land Rights in the Amazon
1World Resources Institute, United States of America; 2Resources for the Future, United States of America; 3Rainforest Alliance, United States of America
With the Paris Agreement entering into force on the 4th November 2016, governments around the world need to look for cost-effective solutions to implement their Nationally Determined Commitments. It is clear that addressing land use is central to these solutions, whereas Indigenous peoples are central to forest-based climate mitigation solutions. Indigenous Peoples and other communities hold and manage 50 to 65 percent of the world’s land. However, by far, very few studies have provided the science-based evidence that quantifies the important benefits that indigenous forestlands can provide.
This research has examined for the first time the economic benefits provided by tenure-secure indigenous lands in three Amazonian countries, incl. Colombia, Brazil and Bolivia. We found that giving secure tenure to indigenous peoples can help reduce deforestation and generate billions and sometimes trillions of dollars’ worth of benefits in the form of carbon sequestration, reduced pollution, clean water and more. Securing indigenous land tenure are among the most cost-effective mitigation options that help forest nations meet their commitments to Paris agreements as well as achieve their Sustainable Development Goals. While our study has focused on the Amazon, the findings can have important implications to many other countries across the world.
Formalization of land and water rights combinations to deal with the consequences of climate change in the rural & urban areas in China
Erasmus university Rotterdam, the Netherlands, Netherlands, The
Climate change in China means higher temperatures, more droughts in the rural areas and because of an increased volatility of the rains sometimes flooding in the urban areas. People have developed adaptation mechanisms and it will be argued that adaptation requires titling of land and water rights. This would facilitate water trading, which has been used in several countries to mitigate the consequences of drought. We show land and water rights are related because an improved allocation of water by stakeholders requires them to know they are entitled to sell surpluses. Our research in rural China will be presented where dealing with more severe droughts wase an issue. Then our research in urban China is presented to show climate change adaptation mechanisms in urban areas and the implications for land and water rights. Finally, some conclusions will be presented. China wants to move to a unifying land titling system. Such a system would integrate the registration of all land resources, including what is on the land and what is below, meaning the water and the minerals.This is important to allow adaptation to the consequences of climate change in the urban and rural areas.
Securing Land Rights at Scale Through Participatory Role-play: the Forest Investment Program in Burkina Faso
1INSUCO, Burkina Faso; 2Ministry of Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change, Burkina Faso; 3The World Bank
The Forest Investment Program (FIP) was launched with the objective to strengthen the governance over communal lands on a significant portion of Burkina Faso (around 10% of the country's rural communes) with the objective to replicate the initiative over the entire national territory.
More specifically, the FIP is supporting the creation of communal Plans for Land Use and Management (POAS) in 32 communes, and for that purpose developed an innovative, inclusive and transformational methodology that puts local actors in the driver's seat to accurately identify challenges and come up with consensual solutions.
One of the steps in the process relies on the TerriStories® methodology developed by the CIRAD and builds on findings from the MARP, the COMMOD, and other role playing-based methodologies to improve the governance of tenure and land use planning.
The article explores the entire process leading to the development of the POAS at the local level. It explains in detail the methodology used by looking at the important challenges that arose – mostly caused by the large-scale approach and the decision to focus at commune level – and how they were addressed.