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04-05: Mobile Technologies to Scale Up Land Data Collection
Embracing the Rubber-Boot Approach to Securing Customary Land Rights with focus on Low-Cost Land-Use Inventory
1Chair of Land Management, Technical University Munich; 2Public and Vested Land Management Division, Lands Commission. Accra-Ghana
The study is based on fieldwork conducted in Ghana. It provides a case of where and how the Rubber-Boot Approach (RBA) has been used in a rural area of Ghana to measure an area of more than 50 hectares. Within the case study area, the participation of local people in the mapping of land rights including pro-poor used to be a challenge, especially due to their complex, pluralistic customary land tenure systems. Also, capacity development in mapping used to be a major impediment to their involvement in inventory exercises with professional surveyors. Having tested the RBA in the area, our study identified potentials for securing customary land rights at a quick pace, low cost and enhanced tenure security. By way of result, the RBA offered to land owners and users in the area, accurately mapped land parcels with additional documentation at an affordable price while enhancing tenure security on customary land. Furthermore, it shows how the approach can be applied to large-scale land inventory that documents all rights and responsibilities within a mapped area. Additionally, it exposes the possible difficulties and obstacles related to the simple mapping processes.
From Squatter Farmers To Tenant Farmers: Application Of Low Cost Geo-Spatial Technologies in Kalangala
1Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries, Uganda; 2UN-Habitat/GLTN; 3IFAD
Kalangala district in Uganda was largely comprised of subsistence farmers and fisher folk. The UNDP Human Development Index for Uganda, showed that in 2000, Kalangala district was ranked the 71st poorest district in Uganda, out of 76 districts, The district was known for high levels of poverty, depletion of forests and dependence on capture fisheries.
The Government of Uganda through a Public Private Private partnership has supported 1,801 smallholder farmers (34% female) to grow oil palm in Kalangala. So far, 1,200 farmers on 2,500 hectares are harvesting. Farmers have now planted 4,424 hectares of oil palm.
Majority of the farmers lacked security of tenure when they planted their oil palm. Most of the land owners do not live on the island and had no interest in the island at the time it had a few economic activities. As the land values increased, conflicts with the land owners and neighbors started. The use of the Q-GIS based Social Tenure Domain model has allowed farmers to document their interests on their land and engage the land owners with evidence in partnership with IFAD and the Global Land Tool Network. This has helped them register as tenants to the landlords.
Scalability of Forest Land Mapping Interventions Undertaken Using GIS Technology in Context of Up-Scaling Implementation of Forest Rights Act in India – Emerging Evidence from the Ground
World Resources Institute India
The enactment of Forest Rights Act (FRA) in India gave the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers a right to security of tenure and is important for securing livelihoods of the forest dwelling communities and for strengthening local self-governance of forest resources. A problem, however, that the forest dwelling population faces is that though FRA is a potentially empowering legislation for forest dwelling population to seek forest and tenurial rights, and from gender and social justice perspective - it enunciates that the forest dwelling population demand claims over forest land and forest resources from the state. The process of rights recognition has been slow, and multiple impediments to implementation of FRA across India have been identified. Two methodological approaches (using Android App and GPS) have been developed to map IFR and CFR area with an aim of supporting smoother implementation of FRA. These technological innovations have been explored by NGOs with an aim to make the claim process more participatory, and to involve legitimate right holders in mapping of forest land to claim CFR or IFR right. This paper discusses findings from an assessment of scalability of the two technological interventions in context of implementation of FRA in India.