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04-07: Vision for Achieving Global Land Tenure Security
Global Campaign to Eradicate Insecurity of Tenure by 2030
1Know Edge Ltd, United Kingdom; 2Aalborg University, Denmark
The global eradication of infectious diseases through highly coordinated campaigns has been successful. Although insecurity of tenure is not a disease, its impact is devastating in terms of trapping people in poverty, displacing communities and making them homeless, and reducing food security and creating hunger. Only about 30% of the world’s population are covered by official land administration systems while the rest potentially suffer from insecurity of tenure. This is a human rights issue. Therefore, should a global campaign to achieve 80% global security of tenure by 2030 be planned and initiated?
It is time for the land sector communities to be more ambitious in their goals, involve new partners to support innovation, adopt highly scalable approaches, collaborate more effectively under this common objective to eradicate this scourge on the earth and create land rights for all. This proposed global campaign could well be the necessary catalyst for change.
The paper will initially investigate the drivers that are emerging at the highest levels to raise the necessity and urgency to initiate a scalable, global campaign to eradicate insecurity of tenure. The paper will then discuss how the global community needs to change and coordinate to make it happen.
Opportunities And Constraints For Building A Global Movement For Secure Land Tenure And Property Rights
Land Alliance, United States of America
This paper explores opportunities and constraints for the emergence of a robust global movement dedicated to solving the problems of insecure land tenure and property rights. It surveys evidence from movements in other fields such as public health to draw lessons for a movement around land tenure and property rights. The paper draws on lessons learned from successful global movements such as the anti-tobacco movement, the HIV/AIDs movement, and others to set out a theory of successful movement creation applicable for land tenure and property rights. The paper call for building a global movement for land tenure and property rights through a series of steps at local levels supported by a global support structure which emphasizes urgency, accessible evidence, media involvement and narratives of success to unleash broad social and economic energies for change in land tenure and property rights at a bigger scale and faster pace than has been achievable to date. It focuses on data gaps as a particular concern and highlights new instruments like the PRINDEX indicator of citizens perceptions of security of tenure to address them.
Land in the New Urban Agenda: Opportunities, Challenges and Way Forward
1UN-Habitat; 2United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR); 3Huairou Commission; 4Habitat for Humanity International
Land underpins all the key aspects of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) which was adopted at the closing plenary of the United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development (Habitat III) in Quito, Equador in October, 2016. The mainstreamed land agenda in Habitat III Outcome Document is critical for sustainable development, shared prosperity and social inclusion.
The New Urban Agenda intends to guide the next twenty years of sustainable housing and urban development. The Outcome Document clearly outlines the social, environmental and economic functions of land including tenure security for all. These commitments reinforces the various goals and targets of the Sustainable Development Goals (e.g. SDG Goals 1.4, 5 and 11) and in many respects mirrored several principles of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Governance of Land, Forests and Fisheries in the Context of National Food Security (VGGTs).
This paper will elaborate where “land governance” in the New Urban Agenda is and how these land components relate to SDGs’ goals and targets and to VGGTs’ principles. The paper will also discuss what are the potential gaps and challenges and will offer some concrete recommendations on how the land governance aspects of the New Urban Agenda can be implemented.
Evidence Based Land Governance to Achieve Agenda 2030; Experiences from Global Land Indicator Initiative
1GLII/GLTN - UN Habitat; 2Oxfam International; 3Landesa; 4UN Habitat; 5International Land Coalition
Land is central to ending poverty and inequality. For the first time, land targets and indicators are explicitly included in the global Sustainable Development Agenda2030. Target 1.4 and indicator 1.4.2 serves to monitor the percentage of adult population with secure tenure rights to land (out of total adult population), with legally recognized documentation and who perceive their rights to land as secure, by sex and by type of tenure.
The need to step up global monitoring of land governance issues saw the start of Global Land Indicators Initiative (GLII) in 2012 by UN-Habitat, Millennium Challenge Cooperation, and World Bank; a global multi-stakeholders platform dedicated to make global comparable land monitoring possible for transparency, accountability and policy decision making. This platform is hosted by GLTN at UN-Habitat. Significant achievements of GLII platform include development of a set of 15 globally comparable land indicators that go beyond provisions on land indicators in the SDGs. This paper explains how GLII partners developed nationally applicable and globally comparable indicators, methodology and data protocols for measuring tenure security; and the use its five working papers in influencing learning and capacity strengthening for evidence based ;and governance. GLII working papers will be shared during the session.