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06-09: Applying Land Administration Domain Models
Development and Employment of a LADM Implementing Toolkit in Colombia
1BSF Swissphoto AG, Switzerland; 2Cadastre Subdirectorate, Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi, Colombia; 3Office for Geoinformation, Canton of Solothurn, Switzerland
The Swiss Government is currently financing a project which provides technical assistance to the Colombian institutions in order to establish the conceptual and technical bases of a modernized land administration.
This paper explains the data modelling process and methodology applied by the project for adopting the ISO19152 (Land Administration Domain Model) in Colombia and for describing the LADM country profile using the Conceptual Schema Language INTERLIS, as well as the development of specific Free and Open Source Software tools that support the countrywide implementation of the standard.
The project’s Model-Driven Approach responds to the conceptual framework of the Multipurpose Cadastre defined by the Colombian Government, where the operation of the cadastre will be delegated to third-party operators by applying a “Freedom of Methods” principle. Because of this principle, a system independent data exchange mechanism is needed, a requirement that INTERLIS meets. With the developed Data Validation Tool and its integration with a web service, data delivered by the cadastre operators is checked against the LADM-COL model.
With the defined, well-documented and successfully applied modelling process, methodology and deployed tools, a LADM Implementing Toolkit is at the disposal of countries that face similar challenges as Colombia in modernizing their land administration.
Improving Land Administration in Brazil: re-engineering Cadastre using LADM
Brazilian recent advances in rural cadastre are noticeable. However, there are important issues that must be addressed to support land rights recognition, conciliate conflicts and control land use. To support this, it is being developed a National Cadastre project, considering: (i) the legislation; (ii) organizational framework: roles of the government agencies, including the existence of one rural cadastre and more than five thousand urban ones, under municipalities responsibility; (iii) the Land Administration Domain Model - LADM, ISO 19152:2012; (iv) Fit-for-purpose for Land Administration concepts: different classes for data in cadastre, allowing that the less precise evolves to more precise, in time; (v) Socio-cultural issues: potential tenure conflicts arising from the need of definition of boundaries; (vi) technical context of cadastre. Partial achievements are: modeling of the occupational situation and the basic land rights in levels, according to Brazilian Civil Code and based on LADM classes; object diagrams of several tenure situations, including traditional communities, land reform settlements and land conveyancing; Business Process Maps of part of the data inclusion and update. It is expected that with this project, it should be possible to improve Land Administration in Brazil with an integrated concept of cadastre provided by LADM, enabling the multipurpose applications.
Models Of Interaction Between Land Registries, Cadasters, and Land Tenure Systems
Habitat for Humanity International LAC Region, Peru
There are remarkable gaps of information (as incoherencies, fragmentation, inconsistency) between registries, cadasters and land systems which relates to negative consequences related to poverty and inequity that impact economic growth, public finances, public participation, urban planning, and access to housing, environmental and social conflicts.
Legal institutions in Latin American countries commonly prioritize the private property as the core of property rights, which are widespread in the various legislations, but the difference is that they become more effective compared to others, based on: i) the regulatory frameworks how they are applied in practice to deal with informality, security of tenure, and housing for the neediest; ii) the institutional capacities and practices on land administration including the use of geo-reference data; and, iii) the needs of the population to access land tenure protection mechanisms.
Based in the cases of Peru, Bolivia, and Guatemala this paper argues that the use of technology, specifically the use of geo reference information interlinking land registry, cadaster, and land tenure systems will positively impact responsible land governance.
Land Registration Data Standards, Interoperability and Data Access in Kenya
1Ministry of Lands - Kenya, Kenya (MoL); 2Technical University of Kenya (TUK); 3The University of Nairobi (UoN)
Land Registration and Administration in Kenya operates on a multi-legal platform [UN 2013]. The Land Registration Act No. 3 of 2012 (LRA) was enacted to consolidate, harmonize and rationalize land registration goals which are yet to be achieved. This is majorly because in as much as the 2012 statute repealed five out of the seven major lands registration laws they all remain in force under LRA’s transitional clauses.
The Government of Kenya is making efforts to avail land registration information online via the e-citizen platform. This is the official Government portal for e-payments. It is meant to facilitate e-land searches from the point of payment to downloading the land information instantly without the need to go to the lands office physically. The uptake of this search is however slow because it is not fully legally recognized.
Innovative Rural Cadastre Development in Ethiopia
1NIRAS, Responsible and Innovative Land Administration(REILA)Project, Ethiopia; 2Hansa Luftbild, Germany; 3Ministry of Agriculture Natural Source (MoANR),Rural Land Administration and Use Directorate (RLAUD), Ethiopia
This lightning talk presents the development of a fully-functional „National Rural Land Administration Information System” (NRLAIS) for Ethiopia, based on free and open-source software (FOSS).
Ethiopia is a Federal Democratic Republic whose constitution and land legislation gives significant powers to its regional states. Against this background and with the support of the Responsible and Innovative Land Administration Project (REILA) , the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, responsible to manage and administer the rural land, developed an IT strategy to find the most suitable option to harmonise rural land administration in the country.
The development of the pilot system was awarded to Hansa Luftbild, a geoinformation services company from Muenster, Germany. It is based on FOSS components and applies the ISO Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) standard. With its innovative and cost-effective architecture and modular “tool-kit” approach it is independent of a fully functioning internet infrastructure and can be easily adapted to cater for different legal requirements of the Ethiopian regional states.
The system development commenced in April 2015. A prototype will be delivered by December 2016, and by the end of April 2017 the system is expected to be in full operation after rigorous testing at six different pilot offices.