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07-13: Marshalling Grassroots Support to Strengthen Local Rights
Toolkit for the Gender-Sensitive Implementation and Monitoring of the Tenure Guidelines (VGGTs) and the African Union's Framework and Guidelines for Land Policy: Preliminary Scorecard Results from Several Countries.
1ActionAid International, Kenya; 2ActionAid USA, United States of America; 3Equator Group
The livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people, particularly the rural poor, are based on secure and equitable access to and control over land and natural resources which are in turn the source of food and shelter, the basis for social, cultural and religious practices, and a central factor in economic growth. While each country’s unique tenure system and challenges require tailored responses, there is a need common across most countries for substantial investments in land management and administration, as well as more focused work to address those sections of society whose tenure rights are the weakest.
With a focus on marginalized communities, women, small-scale food producers and local communities, this paper presents preliminary results from a gender-sensitive toolkit/scorecard that is being piloted by CSOs in Kenya, Malawi, Senegal, the Gambia, the Netherlands, Myanmar, Cambodia, and Australia to assess each country’s current legal framework and tenure governance arrangements, and foreign relations policies, against six key principles drawn from the VGGTs and the AU-F&G. The six principles are: Inclusive multi-stakeholder platforms, Recognition of customary rights and informal tenure, Gender equality, Protection from land grabs, Effective land administration, and Conflict resolution mechanisms.
Building Evidence on Rural Women Struggles for Land Rights in Tanzania: The Quest for Knowledge, Recognition and Participation in Decision Making Processes
Tanzania Natural Resource Forum, Tanzania
Land is one of the terrains of struggle for most rural women in Africa because of its importance in sustaining rural livelihoods, and social-cultural and geopolitical factors that hinder women from enjoying land rights. Even when there are progressive land laws, as it is for Tanzania, women have not really enjoyed their rights. However, this has not stopped women to keep fighting for their land rights. They have sought their own approaches by leveraging opportunities within traditional, religious, and formal systems standing for their rights.
Using three examples of interventions implemented by civil society organizations in Tanzania, this paper shows how rural women have been helped to overcome their straggles over land. Through their agencies, the paper argues that women have used both formal and informal systems to negotiate and mediate their claims on land. Although to the great extent the interventions chosen in this paper have been shaped and influenced by the work of civil society organizations, they have equally been influenced by rural women movements and rural women themselves. The cases selected in this paper provide lessons on the security of women land rights in both privately and communally held property/land.
Promoting women land rights in Vietnam
International Center for Research on Women, United States of America
This presentation discussed the findings of a mix methods assessment of the LAW program in Vietnam. This program conducted by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and the Institute for Social Development Studies (ISDS) in two provinces in Vietnam aims to strengthen women’s access to land rights. Through this program, 60 CVGEA in Hung Yen and Long An were selected and trained on land rights and gender barriers and how to exercise these rights. The training also included instruction on how to collect data to monitor their progress and to provide solid evidence to support advocacy for more user- friendly solutions at the province level. The CVGEAs have provided counseling on gender and land rights issues to 5,476 people, of whom 3,139 are women. As of June 30, 2016, they had resolved 1,229 cases, conducted land rights awareness events, worked with local authorities to advocate for land law implementation, and connected with civil society organizations (CSOs) to advocate for more gender equitable policies.
How Can Informal Settlement Communities Leverage Global Networks? The Case Of Yogyakarta, Indonesia
University of California, Los Angeles
Recent literature has shed light on the role of global networks such as the Asian Coalition for Housing Rights (ACHR) in helping informal settlement communities address their own land and housing issues. However, little is known about the ways in which local communities leverage such global networks to lead to far-reaching changes in local governments’ attitudes and policies. Hence, this paper focuses on two communities in Yogyakarta, a mid-sized city in Central Java, Indonesia, that have benefitted from the ACHR support. Open-ended, semi-structured interviews and field observations are employed. The findings are twofold: the informal settlers, by breaking the long-standing deadlock over the local government’s support, have become active agents for change by restoring their pride and motivation; second, by internalizing the external support, the communities have established more people-oriented collaborative platforms, and partnerships with the local government, and are promoting further upgrading activities even after the termination of the external support. These findings provide implications for better ways to form and deliver this global support to local communities in the Indonesian decentralized and bureaucratic setting. However, these improvements also exhibit limitations in that they do not lead to fundamental changes in the local government’s land tenure policies.