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11-02: Land Value Capture for Urban Revival
Translation Japanese, Streaming.
Leveraging Land for Urban Development in Afghanistan
Ministry of Urban Development and Housing, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of
Government of Afghanistan acknowledges the importance of leveraging land for financing urban development in Afghanistan. City For All is one of the programs launched to register urban properties. For better land management regulatory reform is another area that is more focused. Regulations for the registration of informal houses in urban areas; a land zoning law; and land-related inputs to PPP regulations, special Economic Zones (SEZs), and construction permit streamlining regulations have been prepared. Improve city wide transportation across all major cities to facilitate businesses is another key priority of government businesses. Added by the economic initiatives to change our cities to economic hubs and catalyst for development. Urban land regeneration is another aspect of urban development that the government is undertaking in major cities. Government of Afghanistan has undertaken key steps to increase revenue from the urban land to support urban development in Afghanistan.
In Search for Land in Kenya
1World Bank, Kenya; 2World Bank, United States of America
This paper discusses public land management and the process of compulsory land acquisition and resettlement in Kenya. It explains that public land in Kenya is not readily available due to sub-optimal management in the past. It focuses on policy, legal and institutional framework of land governance that discusses the historical context, post-independence land administration, reforms of the legislative framework for land management and the challenges of the reforms therein. It urges that with the ongoing land reforms in Kenya, both the county and national governments have continued to carry out land administration and management initiatives to address the chronic problems that have impeded efficient functioning of the land markets It explains the variance in land management practices at the county level and national level and adverse impacts arising from the lack of clarity in the national-level policies and institution. It further outlines the process of compulsory land acquisition, describing the convergence of legislation and practice with the international good practices using case study analysis of government and World Bank financed projects. It concludes with a set of proposed recommendations to enhance public land management and resettlement practices in Kenya.
Challenges of Land Issues to Investments in Kenya
Walker Kontos, Kenya
The last decade has witnessed a raft of political and legal reforms in Kenya and the efforts has paid dividends. Kenya is experiencing an unprecedented surge in foreign direct investments in varied infrastructure projects. In most cases the projects are situate in rural areas creating a buzz of excitement and igniting opportunities for poverty reduction initiatives directly or indirectly. Indeed, transformative projects in a developing country should elicit positive stories of growth and poverty reduction with vistas of lit up villages and local initiatives catalysed by the infrastructure and ancillary opportunities.
For a growing number of projects however, what has hogged the limelight are firstly, challenges of setting up and dealing with restrictions imposed on foreign ownership of land in Kenya which often have a negative impact on the structure and funding of investments. Secondly, and certainly more vociferous are challenges of implementation which have witnessed disputes pitting proponents of projects and by extension the private equity funders and financiers against the community or small scale land holders where the projects are situate asserting contrary rights.
Land is at the centre of these challenges. This paper highlights these challenges faced by foreign investors and offers solutions to the problems.
Urban Land Regeneration in the US: Lessons from the Twin Cities
Thomson Reuters, United States of America
Lawsuit filed against the City of Minneapolis led to major urban renewal project that resulted in new safe and affordable housing of low income people and revitalization of an economically distressed area. The lawsuit alleged that federal and local governments operated public housing in a manner that created perpetual pattern of racial segregation. Settlement of the lawsuit resulted in a 100 million dollar award from the U. S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and partnership with regional planning agency to build more public and affordable housing through metropolitan region.
Case study of integrated railway and housing development (Kohoku New Town and Yokohama City metro development)
City of Yokohama, Japan
The Kohoku New Town project in Yokohama City, Japan achieved the following with the recovery of development profits from TOD (Transit Oriented Development)
- Government and land owners came together to create a new urban area
- Through land adjustment and railroad/subway development, total development and transportation infrastructure was created
- Daily convenience was increased and a green, warm living environment was provided
- Through the concentration of commercial and administrative functions, a city was created that draws any visitors from both inside and out of the city