The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.
|Location: MC 2-800|
|Date: Tuesday, 21/Mar/2017|
|8:30am - 10:00am||01-03: Inclusive Business Agreement: Are Benefits Shared?|
Session Chair: Frits Van Der Wal, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands, The
Doing (Inclusive) Business in Guinea Bissau: Re-activating the 1998 Land Law
1Consultant in land policy and rural development; 2Senior Land Administration Specialist, the World Bank
This paper discusses the 1998 Land Law of Guinea Bissau and its relevance to address today’s land administration issues. The law was developed to reconcile customary land rights with a surging demand for land by private investors. It recognizes customary land rights and introduces mechanisms to allow investors to acquire Rights of Private Use. However, implementation of the 1998 Land Law was stopped by years of civil war and political instability. Following the election of 2014, the Government of Guinea Bissau intends to implement the 1998 Land Law as part of its rural and agricultural investment strategy. Circumstances have changed however, with massive expansion of cashew production after years of weak regulatory control. Some query the continuing relevance of the Land Law, but the authors argue that the underlying structural conditions are not significantly different than in the mid-1990s and that the need for the negotiated land access model of the 1998 Land Law is perhaps even greater than when it was developed.
Food security narrative and its effects on land governance: Case study of agricultural policies for oil palm in Colombia
Mississippi State University, United States of America
This work builds upon a theory about the consolidation of state legitimacy given transformations in food security. Food security has shifted from prioritizing national food maximization effort to the provision of food to households and individuals, regardless of the production source. This phenomenon altered the formula for balance and control of a country’s territory; as agricultural output moved into a global context, urban centers became less reliant on its periphery for sustenance and central governments have fewer incentives to directly govern rural areas. Hence, the expansion of industrialized production led to increasing volume of international food exchanges and reliance on transnational networks for food provision. This decoupling of rural and urban areas leveraged a different form of governance in the periphery, which relies on negative legitimacy and the expansion of large-scale agriculture under public-private partnerships. Utilizing findings from Colombian agricultural policies for oil palm, before and after the 1990´s, this paper aims to illustrate the impacts of a change in the concept of food security and its effects on the administrative capacity in rural areas. Findings indicate that large scale agricultural policies and violence concentrated rural land ownership into export productive commodities and altered the structure of rural governance.
Land, Mining And Prior Consultation Of Indigenous Peoples In Peru
1Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Peru; 2The World Bank
In the last two decades, Peru has achieved sustained economic growth and a significant reduction of poverty. However, the country’s indigenous population, the second largest in Latin America, has historically been marginalized: In 2015, indigenous poverty was 70 percent higher than non-indigenous. Natural resources, the bedrock of Peru's economy, are also the main source of social conflict, usually linked to the interplay between mining rights granted by the State and precarious and unclear communal land rights. With inadequate contact with the communities, little knowledge of cultural and social norms and without much positive local impact to show, the value proposition from large companies from extractive industries has frequently been weak. The Prior Consultation Law, initially opposed by many in the mining sector and perceived as an ideologically driven initiative, has recently started to be implemented in mining projects. And there are early signs that it is delivering opposite results from what critics feared: projects that include this mechanism are moving forward without opposition from the surrounding communities. In this paper, we argue that further improvements to the prior consultation process could help prevent social conflict, promote indigenous rights, and accelerate the initiation of mining projects worth billions in private investment.
Is This Really Benefit Sharing? Understanding Current Practices Around Community-Investor Agreements Tied to Land Investments
1Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, United States of America; 2International Senior Lawyers Project
Communities located near land investments increasingly interact with investors who seek to sign a range of agreements with them. In theory, this is a positive development: guidelines for responsible land investments urge greater benefit-sharing with project-affected communities, including through the use of direct agreements between the investor and affected communities or their members. Yet little analysis has been undertaken to date on actual community-investor agreements linked to land investments, and most recommendations are instead drawn from the extractive industries, where community development agreements have a longer history but serve a potentially different role. This gap in analysis leaves stakeholders without a clear understanding of existing practices, and without evidence-based guidance for improving future agreements.
This paper highlights the “state of play” around community-investor agreements tied to land investments. It also provides substantive and process-oriented recommendations that can be used by communities, investors, and other relevant actors to avoid common pitfalls and improve future agreements. The paper is based on an examination of over 50 community-investor agreements tied to land investments in eight countries; a review of investor-state contracts for corresponding investments; desktop research; and expert and stakeholder interviews.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||02-03: Addressing Land Rights Risks in Value Chains|
Session Chair: Judy Beals, Oxfam, United States of America
Effective Multi-stakeholder Engagement Processes
The Consensus Building Institute, United States of America
To be completed
Land Rights in Global Value Chains
Cargill, United States of America
To be completed
Responsible Investments and Land Rights
CDC Group, United States of America
To be completed
Expanding and Leveraging Private Sector Action on Land Rights
Rights and Resources Initiative, United States of America
To be completed
Examples of NGO-private Sector Engagement from Lao PDR
Village Focus International, Lao People's Democratic Republic
To be completed
|2:15pm - 3:45pm||03-03: Localizing Real Rights: How to Link Registry and Cadaster?|
Session Chair: Nicolás Nogueroles, IPRA-CINDER (International Property Registries Association), Spain
Introduction to State of Play
COLEGIO DE REGISTRADORES DE ESPAÑA, Spain
HMLR Land Registry of England and Wales: A Graphic Identification without Cadastre
HM Land Registry, United Kingdom
To be completed
Economics of the Interaction between Land Registries and Cadastres
Pompeu Fabra University, Spain
Relying on the sequential-exchange theory of property rights (Arruñada 2012), this paper distinguishes between physical and legal land demarcation in order to understand the costs and benefits of three major demarcation policies. The analysis supports voluntary instead of mandatory demarcation, competitive provision of demarcation services and non-integrated services for land administration. Consistent with this theoretical argument, it empirically verifies that demarcation conflicts play a minor role in title-related litigation, and even seems to increase after physical demarcation is made mandatory. Moreover, a related popular policy, that of linking and even merging cadastres and land registries, does not correlate with lower transaction costs.
Advantages and disadvantagesof a merger organization:the case of the Kadaster- Netherlands
European Land Registry Association, Netherlands, The
The Dutch merger of Cadastre and Land Registers is strongly based on Dutch culture and history. The original aim of merging was to achieve economies by preventing duplications and to ease the sorting out of information. Especially during the years of manual registrations this purpose seems to be achieved. In present time these types of advantages are less serious. Without merging the same type of economies can be achieved by electronic connecting of registers. Main drawback is the hybrid juridical system. The system of one servant for two masters with different demands contributed to misunderstandings, inadequate security demands for ICT systems, hampered the exchange of data with other registers and increased the financial vulnerability. In future new technical developments could very well result in a change of the merger. At the horizon appears a multi purpose Land Register with a department for outsourcing surveying activities.
|4:00pm - 5:30pm||04-03: Acting to Secure Community and Indigenous Land Rights |
Session Chair: Ruth Meinzen-Dick, IFPRI, United States of America
IFPRI, United States of America
To be completed
Perspective from Government on Progress and Challenges of Implementing Kenya's Community Land Rights Bill
National Land Commission, Kenya
To be comThe need for mainstreaming of the commons plus a comprehensive strategy to secure the commons has become a major global concern of the 21st century. This will require out of the box reform mechanisms and the participation of the communities concerned. Kenya has made credible progress towards secure tenure and land use for the commons. These include sessional paper number 8 of 2012, the Kenya Vision 2030 annex and lately the enactment of Community Land Act 2016. The broad goal of these initiatives is a) the safeguarding the state of the commons and promoting sustainable management of natural resources and b) eradication of marginalization, enhancing of community resilience, empowerment and food security of the commons communities. These will be achieved through a) community land reforms b) Demand-driven development planning and investments; c) ASAL Knowledge Management; and d) Private sector and other partnerships. The above reflects a fundamental shift in development and governance heralded by Kenya’s new Constitution and legislative reforms in land sector. The ultimate is accommodate the unique challenges and opportunities of environments, and harness the contributions of both state and non-state actors, and empower commons citizens in their search for a more just, secure and prosperous future.
Devolving rights over forest land to communities in Indonesia
Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia, Indonesia
Indonesia Ministry of Environment and Forestry experience with devolving rights over approx. 12.7 million ha of forest land to communities.
Perspective of Implementing Community Land Rights in Uganda
Land and Equity Movement in Uganda - LEMU, Uganda
To be completed
Lessons from Programs Designed to Strengthen the Commons
International Fund for Agricultural Development, Italy
To be completed
Current Research on the Commons: Topics, Methods, Insights
Center for International Forestry Research, Indonesia
To be completed
International Land Coalition, Italy
To be completed
|Date: Wednesday, 22/Mar/2017|
|8:30am - 10:00am||05-03: Using Remotely Sensed Data to Improve Land Use Efficiency|
Session Chair: Guido Lemoine, European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Italy
Tools for Improving Land Tenure Project Outcomes with Through Mobile Access to Land Management Information with the Global Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKS)
1USDA-ARS, United States of America; 2USAID, United States of America; 3University of Colorado @ Boulder, United States of America
Securing land tenure is often a necessary but rarely sufficient requirement for long-term sustainability of agricultural production and rural communities. To maintain and increase its value, land must be managed within its sustainable potential. This paper reviews the challenges of determining the potential of specific land types (soil+topography+climate), and accessing relevant information and knowledge necessary for management. It describes the global Land-Potential Knowledge System (LandPKS), which is addressing these challenges described by providing soil-specific knowledge and information through mobile apps and cloud-computing. This system can also be used to more equitably allocate land based on its sustainable production potential. The free apps are currently being used to inventory and monitor the impacts of several rangeland restoration and management projects. By the end of 2017 they will provide users with relative potential production and soil erosion risk under several management scenarios, including annual cropping. The system is completely open, and all data are available on a data portal and through APIs. User inputs are used to increase the precision of soil identification using a simple icon-based interface supported by short embedded video clips. Future versions will provide soil-specific management information from new (including user-generated) and existing knowledge-bases.
Utilizing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in the agricultural sector
LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Although there has been substantial technical advancement with respect to the exploi-tation and analysis of imagery and geospatial information during the last few decades, little attention has been given to the potential for geospatial methods to collect accurate data in agriculture and evaluate it. With this in mind, the present paper has shed light on the effective utilization of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) in the agricultural sector by introducing a state-of-the-art geospatial information system; that is, the Korean Land Change Monitoring System (KLCMS). Moreover, this paper reports on two main applications of KLCMS to the agricultural environment in South Korea.
First, with a periodic monitoring, a state-owned land information system can decline the rate of the occupation without permission on state-owned lands, imposing property taxes on the use of them. Furthermore, a management system for supply and demand of agricultural products can precisely estimate crop areas by using images from UAVs, which would forecast yields of farm products.
In conclusion, these utilizations might contribute to suggesting feasible solutions for sustainable agriculture and rural development in South Korea as well as further develop-ing countries.
A Space-time Analysis Approach to Tackle Some Emerging Environmental Issues
Arizona State University, United States of America
Our planet has been experiencing significant changes in global population, urbanization, energy use, food security, water use, climate, and atmospheric conditions since the last few decades. These changes are emerging along with the rapid growth of spatiotemporal climate, environment, socio-economic, atmospheric and advanced analysis approaches. The integrative space-time system of geographic information science offers a unique and effective framework to investigate spatial-temporal processes and interactions in a wide range of environmental applications for informed decision-making. This trend is further enhanced by the growing availability of high temporal resolution data, computational performance of space-time concepts, and emerging data-intensive or big data-driven science. Especially with regards to remotely sensed image analysis spatio-temporal method has received attention since high temporal resolution MODIS was launched into Earth orbit by NASA in 1999. This paper attempts to demonstrate if and how spatial-temporal image analysis can be employed to tackle some emerging environmental issues in connection to evidence-based sustainable land management. Example applications include (1) Environmental concerns of deforestation in Myanmar; (2) Spatio-temporal modeling of the urban heat island in the Phoenix metropolitan area: Land use change implications; and (3) Examining the ecosystem health and sustainability of the world’s largest mangrove forest.
A Cost-Effective Approach to Meeting Data Needs for Multi-Purpose Land Governance in Africa
Earth Institute, Columbia University, United States of America
Demands on land governance in Africa have grown faster than supply. In addition to the traditional purposes of access and property rights, processes of land governance in Africa are now increasingly expected to play a role in carbon management, regulation of land degradation, biodiversity protection, provision of food security, protection of indigenous rights, conflict management, population movement and resettlement, disease control, and sustainable water management. We build on the Africa Soil Information Service (AfSIS) to identify the principles that can guarantee a cost-effective, scalable approach to meeting land governance data needs. 1) blending of official and unofficial data sources, 2) select investment in “club goods” that fill critical data needs more effectively than public good or private investments (for example, investment in high-capacity infrared and x-ray spectroscopy), 3) specification of land-governance data requirements around decision-support needs, 4) willingness to provide data in probabilistic terms, 5) creation of public-private data partnerships, 6) open-data architectures that extend principles of openness to sample frames, collection algorithms, estimation procedures, and fitness-for-purpose evaluations. We illustrate how such principles have made a difference in specific settings in Africa, and utilize quantitative evidence to demonstrate how the principles provide more value at lower cost than conventional approaches.
|10:30am - 12:00pm||06-03: Is there Scope for Inclusive Agribusiness Models?|
Session Chair: Jolyne Sanjak, Landesa, United States of America
Legal Empowerment in Agribusiness Investments
IIED, United Kingdom
A recent wave of private sector investments in tropical agriculture has raised both hopes and fears for rural livelihoods and development prospects in low and middle-income countries. Evidence shows that, while investment in agriculture can be a force for good, ill-designed or implemented investments can undermine local livelihoods.
Interactions between governments, companies and affected people play an important role in shaping the terms and the outcomes of the deals. Yet these interactions often involve major asymmetries in capacity, resources, influence and negotiating power.
Legal empowerment interventions seek to strengthen the rights and voices of affected people, and their ability to get a fair deal. The spectrum of possible actions is broad, ranging from grassroots-level legal advice and representation through to linking local voices to international processes.
This paper distils insights from experiences with legal empowerment in agricultural investments. Drawing on selected examples, it conceptualises the spectrum of actors, actions and entry points, and explores the conditions affecting the effectiveness of the interventions. The paper also provide pointers for the design and implementation of legal empowerment interventions in the context of agricultural investments.
Land and Landscape Governance in Responsible Agri-supply chains in Africa
Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich, United Kingdom
This paper explores the propositions that sound land governance is a fundamental to responsible investment in agri-food chains, and to foster sustainable and inclusive, local economies, land governance must be operationalised at a landscape or meso-territorial scale. We present findings of preliminary, literature-based research on current understandings and outcomes of market based, and hybrid governance approaches to both land and global value chains in the landscape or territorial context. Whereas land governance has taken a vertical, “flow-based” turn (Sikor et al 2014), emphasizing adoption of voluntary private standards aligned with global principles of the VGGT, landscape approaches at the forest frontier have begun to focus on cross-scalar interaction of governance instruments, and the potential of hybrid approaches combining voluntary private standards and stronger regulation. Although some authors promote jurisdictional landscape approaches, and territorially embedded value chain collaboration, discussion has privileged environmental issues, with little attention to land governance or distributional outcomes of land-use decisions and business models adopted. To help address policy knowledge gaps we propose research on the extension of hybrid land governance arrangements to the landscape scale, linked to a set of business-civil society agri-investment partnerships in African countries, and establishment of a broader coalition of research initiatives.
Ensuring Sustainable Agriculture Investment Through A Regional Model Contract
The best guarantee to achieve positive benefits from foreign investment is a solid foundation of domestic laws that are properly enforced. In many developing countries, however, the necessary domestic laws may not be in place or may not be sufficiently detailed. To its efforts to improve the legal framework for responsible investment in agriculture, the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) perceive regional model contract as a innovative and sound instrument that represents a vehicle for the modernization and harmonisation of national laws and practices related to sustainable investment in the agriculture sector.
This instrument is flexible enough to allow States to adjust the text of the model contract to accommodate local requirements that vary from system to system and deals.
This paper presents key findings of a review of the legal and policy framework related to agricultural investment in the five East African Community partners States undertook by IISD. It presents the East african regional model contract for agriculture.
Palm Oil Financial Risks and Mitigation Tools
Climate Advisers, United States of America
Palm oil is an inexpensive and highly versatile oil derived from the fruit of the oil palm tree, a native of West Africa's tropical forests. It is found in half of all consumer goods on the shelves today in Western grocery stores. Palm kernel oil is also used as a bioeful to power vehicles, heat homes, and manufacture plastics. Due to its high yields and many uses, palm oil is the most actively traded edible oil in the world, with annual sales of $50 billion.
Indonesia and Malaysia have expanded their plantations and tripled production over the past 15 years, and today they account for 85 percent of global production. In Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America, large-scale palm oil production is growing rapidly. For decades, however, the palm oil business has been criticized for its links to corruption, extinction, social injustice, and deforestation.
The paper will present financial case studies on:
• Supply and demand trends
• Corporate No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation commitments
• Corporations losing buyers for not achieving supply chain commitments
• Producers’ revenue-at-risk for poor supply chain management
• Approaches to ESG screening by asset owners / managers
• Joint venture expansions into Latin America and Africa
• Government procurement policies
• Biofuel mandates
• Proxy voting|
Delivering Transformation: The Status and Prospects of Emerging Tools to Leverage Commodity Supply Chains to Support Community Land Tenure
Rights and Resources Initiative, United States of America
The world is better equipped than ever to leverage the power of the private sector to support secure local land tenure. But the complexities of addressing land tenure issues at the operational and investment level have largely limited private sector and CSO efforts to shift operations and investments to respect local rights and implement high level commitments.
Some individual companies and investors have demonstrated progress, but one-off examples and case studies will not provide sufficient basis to support collective action by a critical mass of private sector organizations to transform supply-chains and sectors. Unless the development world is able to demonstrate rapid, concrete results, companies and investors may revert to the ‘status quo’ of land acquisition and operations.
This presentation will provide an update on the status, progress, and next steps of the Interlaken Group and the IAN Risk Platform, two of the leading efforts to create ‘pre-competitive’ networks and practical tools to transform the supply chains of companies and investors in land-based sectors to support secure community land tenure.
|2:15pm - 3:45pm||07-03: Will Drones Open Up New Ways of Mass Registration?|
Session Chair: James Kavanagh, RICS, United Kingdom
Comparative Evaluation of Type-Dependent UAV Performance in High-Precision National Territorial Surveying and Spatial Information Acquisition
LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
This study is mainly concerned with evaluating and comparing the level of accuracy and resolution of images taken from a fixed wing UAV and a rotary wing UAV at the same flying altitude. A test-bed was installed for image data collection using fixed wing and rotary wing UAVs of the same manufacturer. To evaluate the accuracy of UAV imagery, the imaged coordinates were checked against coordinates in cadastral records and coordinates obtained from terrestrial surveying.As a result of comparing UAV-imaged coordinates’ accuracy using an RMSE analysis, the rotary wing UAV was found to have slightly higher RMSE value. While no significant UAV type-dependent differences were confirmed in the digital surface models, both UAV types showed differences from the coordinates in the cadastral records, thus demonstrating the feasibility of UAV application to the project of inspecting cadastral non-coincidence. In resolution analysis, the rotary wing UAV was found to have a slightly higher spatial resolution due to camera orientation parameters, and the fixed wing UAV showed higher visual resolution due to weather conditions. In the comparison of processing time, fixed wing UAV was found to require 25% less time for the work from image acquisition to image analysis.
Could We Cadaster Faster in an Integrated IT System by using UAVs with GIS Services in a Cloud Infrastructure?
Teamnet Group, Romania
There is a significant number of geographies around the world where the percentage of land with cadaster and land books registered in an integrated IT system is rather low and increasing it is a real challenge for all stakeholders: the governmental institution managing the domain, surveyors, IT businesses and citizens.
In order to improve the duration and costs of mass registration we analyze the involvement of modern technologies along the process, automation of eligible registration sub-processes, usage of UAVs for faster field data collection and storing and sharing all work in progress in the cloud infrastructure. We measure the improvements and analyze their impact on quality and total cost of ownership to determine whether such improvements are a real “win” for all stakeholders and obtain promising results: comparing the mass registration process in several scenarios with different levels of automation on the sub-processes reveals a decrease of the duration or cost of sub-processes with 20-40%, a decrease in number of validation iterations with 25-50% and the improvement of public registration service transparency for the citizens.
Case Study On Using New Technology For The Cadastral Systematic Registration In The Republic Of Kosovo
Kosovo Cadastral Agency, Kosovo
Kosovo Cadastral Agency with the continuous support from the World Bank through the project for Real Estate Cadastre and Registration (RECAP) in Kosova, is carrying out the systematic registration activities of reconstruction of cadastral information. This activity consists of public awareness campaign, data collecting from the field, their analyzing and processing until their final registration in Kosovo Cadastre Land Information System (KCLIS).
This pilot project is being implemented in two phases, where the first phase has consisted on production of orthophotos using UAV technology and Open Source Software. This phase has started on December 2015, where for one cadastral zone the process is repeated on April 2016, because of poor weather conditions during the December. The second phase has consisted on data collection from the field through OSS and whole process of reconstruction of cadastral information in about 1,500 ha, in these two cadastral zones is completed by September 15, 2016.
This paper will show results and will give conclusions, recommendations on faster and cheaper collection of geoinformations, from the field, through preliminary signalization of parcel boundaries in the field. All recommendations will facilitate and improve greatly on new projects of reconstruction of cadastral information in the Republic of Kosovo.
How the World Bank can help clients to harness the potential of drones
World Bank, United States of America
To be completed
|4:00pm - 5:30pm||08-03: Urban Expansion: Measurement Challenges and Implications for Policy|
Session Chair: Anjali Mahendra, World Resources Institute, WRI, United States of America
World Bank, United States of America
To be completed
The Atlas of Urban Expansion--2016 Edition: Methodology and Key Results
New York University, United States of America
The Atlas of Urban Expansion--2016 Edition provides maps and metrics on the urban extent of 200 cities, a stratified sample of cities from the universe of 4,231 cities that had 100,000 -people or more in 2010. The paper will present the methodology we developed for defining and measuring the urban extents of cities and their key attributes: the definition of what constitutes a 'city', the spatial extent of cities, the average population density of built-up areas and the urban extent as a who,e the fragmentation of the built-up areas of cities by open space, and the compactness of the urban extent in geographic space. Using this methodology, we present metrics for the 200 cities in three time periods, circa 1990, circa 2000 and circa 2014 for cities, for the world at large, for less developed countries and for more developed countries. We discuss the statistical difference of means between metrics. We also discuss the changes in three metrics over time and the share of new built-up areas that constitute infill, extension, leapfrog and inclusion. Finally, we also discuss the advantages and limitations of the methods used to define and measure the urban extent of cities.
Characterizing Urban Change Using New Global Data: An Exploratory Analysis
University of Pennsylvania
The understanding of global trends in urbanization has long been constrained by inconsistencies in the definitions of urban areas and a reliance on administrative boundaries as the units of analysis. However, advances in technology are now beginning to enable a more consistent approach to understanding the spatial form, scale, and pace of global urban development. In particular, the new Global Human Settlement data set allows an evidence-based approach to global urbanization. It combines a global map of built-up areas produced using earth observation data with a global population distribution layer, to which a standard definition of urban areas based on size, density, and contiguity of populations and built-up areas is applied. The result is a global map and catalogue of the changing populations and extents of all such urban clusters around the world (several thousand in total). This paper explores changes in all ‘urban centers’ (or ‘high density clusters’) from this dataset across the world during the 1990-2015 period. We calculate a range of metrics for all such clusters, and summarize the results by country, region, size category, and income group. We also discuss limitations of the data set.
The Policy Implications Of Varying Techniques To Identify Urban Growth Patterns From Satellite Imagery: The Example Of Informal Construction In Ho Chi Minh City, 1994-2001
University of Southern California, United States of America
This paper demonstrates the potential for using remote sensing imagery to monitor the development of informal settlements in order to inform policy and urban planning in a rapidly changing context. This study applies thresholding and texture analysis of remote sensing imagery developed by Kim et al (2004) to not only identify newly urbanized land patterns but to distinguish between formal and informal urbanization. Using data for Ho Chi Minh City, it finds that 12 percent of the urban expansion area identified for 1994-2001 is informal. In addition, these informal settlements are concentrated in the urban periphery, close to roads and waterways, potentially placing these residents at higher risk of displacement and flooding. Furthermore, this study also compares our identification of urbanized areas with those identified by Angel et al. (2005) and the World Bank (2015) for 2000 in Ho Chi Minh City. We find that while all three converge on classifying urban areas in the city’s core, in the periphery each study’s methods systematically identify different kinds of urban spatial patterns. These differences suggest the importance of customizing algorithms to account for the local context and testing through ground-truthing to establish their accuracy.
Urbanization and Development: Is Latin America and the Caribbean Different from the Rest of the World?
1World Bank, United States of America; 2University of Pennsylvania
Two long-established stylized facts in the urban and development economics literatures are: (a) a country’s level of economic development is strongly positively correlated with its level of urbanization; and (b) a country’s level of urbanization is strongly negatively correlated with the size of its agricultural sector. However, countries in LAC appear to depart significantly from the rest of the world with regards to these two basic relationships. In particular, while Latin American countries appear to be significantly more urbanized than predicted based on these global relationships, Caribbean countries appear significantly less urbanized. Analysis involving cross-country comparisons of urbanization levels are, however, undermined by systematic measurement errors arising from differences in how countries define their urban areas. In this paper, we re-examine whether LAC countries differ from the rest of the world when it comes to the basic stylized facts of urbanization, development and structural transformation. To do this, we make use of alternative methodologies for the consistent definition of urban areas across countries. These methodologies rely on globally gridded population data sets as input. There exist several such data sets and so the paper also assesses the robustness of its findings to the choice of input population layer.
|Date: Thursday, 23/Mar/2017|
|8:30am - 10:00am||09-03: Innovation Fair: Analyzing Land Data & Data Processing|
Session Chair: Christoph Aubrecht, European Space Agency (ESA) & The World Bank, United States of America
Better demographic data for improved planning and problem solving in South African cities
1Open Data Durban, South Africa; 2South African Cities Network; 3South African Cities Network; 4Open Data Durban, South Africa; 5Open Data Durban, South Africa
With unprecedented population growth predictions in cities, urban functions as we know them will be challenged and pushed beyond their current threshold (UN SDGs, 2015). This reality is driving the global urban narrative with concepts such as “sustainability”,“responsiveness” “resilience” and “inclusiveness”. Now more than ever, the use of evidence-based planning by local government and other urban role-planners is at a critical point in been able to shape future cities.
The proposed Lightning Talk presents an innovative tool developed by South African Cities Network by Open Data Durban to provide an evidence based approach to predict demographic trends at the ward level (the smallest South African administrative unit) of South African cities, and overcome limitations in current demographic data. In conjunction with demographic projections an open data planning tool and portal (SCODA) will be used to store the projections, and allow for government and a range of community stakeholders to store and combine other data sets for intensive analysis and modeling. SCODA is a user-designed tool, co-created with and for government and civil society, underpinned by the overarching theme of impacting on spatial transformation.
OpenLandContracts.org: A Tool for Facilitating Land Contract Disclosure
Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, United States of America
A critical lack of transparency permeates the contracting processes that govern large-scale land investments. Despite widespread consensus that greater transparency of contractual terms constitutes best practice, few governments or investors have been willing or able to proactively disclose their land contracts. In the rare contexts in which contracts are disclosed, they are often difficult to find or comprehend. As the world’s first global repository of land contracts, OpenLandContracts.org helps address these challenges, offering a solution that combines technology with substantive technical expertise to make investor-state land contracts easier to disclose, access, and understand. Crucially, the platform also provides governments with the opportunity to develop country-specific repositories for contract disclosure, thereby providing an innovative and cost-effective solution for host governments and policy-makers seeking to improve their transparency and good governance efforts.
This Lightning Talk will include an interactive demonstration of the key features of OpenLandContracts.org, including its tools to help users search, compare, and understand documents, as well as its links to relevant data standards and complementary initiatives. The Talk will provide further information regarding the opportunity to develop country-specific repositories in partnership with the OpenLandContracts.org team, and will highlight examples of how information disclosed through OpenLandContracts.org has been used by a range of stakeholders.
Big Data Approaches to Market Analysis: SE Asian Palm Oil
Climate Advisers, United States of America
Palm oil is an inexpensive and highly versatile oil derived from the fruit of the oil palm tree, a native of West Africa's tropical forests. It is found in half of all consumer goods on the shelves today in Western grocery stores. Palm kernel oil is also used as a bioeful to power vehicles, heat homes, and manufacture plastics. Due to its high yields and many uses, palm oil is the most actively traded edible oil in the world, with annual sales of $50 billion. For decades, however, the palm oil business has been criticized for its links to corruption, extinction, social injustice, and deforestation.
This presentation will show how big data tools can be applied to investigate the SE Asian palm oil industry. Based on a previously funded 4-month pilot project in 2016, analysis will show how Bloomberg Terminal data and independent research can be combined to show governance trends using two separate big data tools – Gephi (macro level) and LittleSis (micro-level).
The pilot will demonstrate what are the key investors and executive and board-level interlocks demonstrating industry-wide conflicts of interest – and at times even potentially illegal behavior.
Mapping Economic Indicators Using Commercial Satellite Imagery: A Case Study in Poverty Analysis of Sri Lanka to Explore Best Practices for Feature Extraction and Classification
LAND INFO Worldwide Mapping, LLC, United States of America
Typical sources of economic indicators such as household surveys and census data are time-consuming and expensive, some areas also have security concerns or access constraints. Lack of current information complicates the efforts of policy makers and aid organizations. This talk will use an extensive Sri Lanka poverty mapping project completed for the World Bank to examine the use of high-resolution satellite imagery, which has a relatively low cost and the potential for frequent updates, as a source to generate economic indicators. We will identify indicators such as building footprints, roof material type, transportation vectors and cultivation that can be extracted. We will highlight how to perform feature extraction and classification with a comparison of manual methods (hand digitizing) and automated classification techniques, including OBIA (Object Based Image Analysis) computer vision and cloud-processing. Output of custom mapping, including statistics, will be compared to open-source mapping (OpenStreetMap), and applications of map data layers extracted from imagery will be discussed.
Software Comes and Goes, Data Stays Forever!
Software developers complain about wrong data. It just does not comply to the specs. It is a complete mess. The owners of the data do not understand the agitation because they have worked with some odd, old software for ages and it sort of always worked out. Why change now? The metadata sits in the mind of so many people but has never been organized and fixed (to fit into your software). The data manager on the other hand has the same problems but the other way round. The data does not download, the encoding is wrong, the coordinate system is screwed and at the end all the decimals are cut off. Who is right? It is always the data owner! Because software comes and goes, the data stays. This talk is a plea to mind the data. Remember this: Never use software that does not work on open formats. Really open. Like in Open Source but even better.
Combining GIS And Remote Sensing Data Using Open Source Software To Assess Natural Factors That Influence Poverty
mundialis GmbH & Co. KG, Germany
Worldwide livelihoods are at risk from a multitude of factors like drought, agricultural pests, pandemics, fluctuating commodity prices, or political instability. Monitoring vast areas is only possible with new Earth observation (EO) data including the European Copernicus Sentinel as well as the US Landsat-8 satellite data being available in almost real-time under an Open Data license. Yet there is a vast discrepancy between raw data availability and the uptake by policy makers due to lack of knowledge in processing satellite data, of computational power and fundamentally not knowing what type of information can be extracted to address societal challenges.
The company mundialis is a remote sensing and big geodata analyst startup from 2015, providing EO products through standardized web mapping services. Mundialis leverages the power of geospatial open source software brought, providing insights into time dependent events or gradual changes, hidden correlations and short term risk to support data driven decisions. The presentation will focus on temperature, a main driver for most ecological processes as well as human welfare. It is a key indicator for a multitude of applications from growing crops, assessing the potential spread of emerging disease vectors or agro-pests, to the detailed identification of urban heat islands.
Walking Spatio-Temporal Datacubes - Seamlessly from Laptop to Cloud to Federations
Jacobs University, Germany
rasdaman (“raster data manager”) enables agile analytics on massive spatio-temporal datacubes, including sensor, imagery, image timeseries, simulation, and statistics data. For land & poverty tasks rasdaman provides simple, integrated access and mix&match of satellite, weather, and further data dynamically. Working equally well in networked and standalone (e.g., rural) settings rasdaman supports intelligent farming, land use and environmental monitoring, disaster management, etc.
Flexibility, performance, scalability, and open standards set multi-award winning rasdaman apart, together with its adaptive mass data ingest. A plethora of open clients attaches itself to rasdaman, including OpenLayers, QGIS, NASA WorldWind, python, etc. Innovative enablers such as adaptive distributed storage, cloud parallelization/distribution, and use of heterogeneous hardware make rasdaman excel over, e.g., Spark in independent benchmarks. Laptops, clouds, and datacenters federate easily through their rasdaman installations offering a common single information space to users.
Open-source rasdaman is Reference Implementation for OGC & INSPIRE WCS and the blueprint for ISO Array SQL and OGC WCPS. Installed at leading data centers, such as NASA/US, ECMWF/Europe, and NCI/Australia, datacubes are exceeding 250 TB, growing towards PB. Hitechs utilize rasdaman for value-adding geo services.
Demos will include realtime federation, TB datacube queries, and on-the-fly addition of new datasets.
Innovative application of machine learning and AI using earth observation to provide dynamic data and actionable intelligence.
IMGeospatial.com/Intelligent Modelling Ltd, United Kingdom
As are an innovative company with a strong societal change ethos. We create AUTOMATICALLY SMARTER™ products based on machine learning and artificial intelligence. Our patented processing algorithms allow for automatic feature identification and extraction from earth observation and multi-scopic data without manual intervention and with the principal advantage of being able to provide near real-time topographic feature change detection, auto-map updates and feature classification and related information which are crucial in a range applications such as real-time monitoring, land-use change monitoring, disaster risk reduction and dynamic mapping of urban and other developments among many other end applications.
Our capability is more than just overcoming data gaps, we aim to provide actionable intelligence to assist our users, clients and partner organisations resolve many of their significant challenges whether immediate or strategic in nature. Our solutions to the many global and societal challenges are facilitated through our ability to:
• Create new insights and business intelligence
• Create sustainable profitability
• Resolve problems in near real-time
• Enhance planning and risk mitigation
• Integrate into existing geospatial platforms
• Facilitate positive societal change
High Accuracy, Low Cost Cadastral Mapping
Esri, United States of America
Technology continues to evolve in all areas – ease of use, access to data, lower cost, and high accuracy. This presentation will explain how new GIS technology leverages survey accurate GPS using Android phones/tablets, satellite imagery and ArcGIS Online, all in a simple, accessible, low cost platform. This technology is secure, sustainable and enables organizations to get started and scale for the future.
Mapbox for Land
Mapbox, United States of America
Learn where Mapbox is pushing the edges of the possible with geospatial visualization, and where we can go together for the land sector
|10:30am - 12:00pm||10-03: Innovation Fair: Interoperability & Land Use Applications|
Session Chair: Alexis Smith, IMGeospatial, United Kingdom
Next Generation Land and Urban Systems are 3D
1The World Bank, United States of America; 2SITO Oy, Finland
The paper discusses land administration investments through the sample of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and questions whether the success stories of the past should be repeated in new countries. The authors suggest that investments designed today should mirror the vision for urban land systems of 2027. For example, the World Bank’s technical land administration support often consists of investments to land and cadastral records, and on automation and digital solutions; sharing and exchanging geospatial data; provision of electronic services; and integrating land and geospatial records to the eGovernment infrastructure of the State. New applied services (such as One Map, Mass Valuation Systems, and State Land Management) are being introduced, and endless number of private sector applications and Start Ups make use of Open Data policies. However, conceptually, the manual era and 2D logics dominate, which scope this paper suggests to be outdated. Private sector Architects, Geospatial providers and Construction companies operate already 3D environments, cities globally invest in 3D models, and 3D processes are starting to emerge. Today’s urban system investments should support 3D infrastructure and services as the rule, and that the 3D land and urban systems will become the norm in cities by 2027.
Combining Geomatics Technology for Successful Land Development Projects
Trimble Inc, United States of America
With the amount of new technology, methodologies, and connectivity available in our profession, it can be a challenging task to select one suite of geomatics technology to support land development projects.
The majority of projects today require several geomatics technologies to work independently on specific tasks, but ultimately must behave together as a cohesive solution through sharing data, communications, interoperability and final deliverable. Combining technologies can be incredibly valuable and efficient, but cumbersome if not coordinated properly on the correct platforms.
Land development projects also involve numerous departments and organizations that have different responsibilities and skills to contribute, resulting in a wide range of ability and interest in technology. Assessing the technology capability of stakeholders, contributors and benefactors to land development projects prior to implementation can affect overall timeline and success. Flexibility and ease of use is key for usability of the final project deliverable.
This presentation examines the key factors towards successful implementations of multiple geomatics technologies in land development projects, including: common data structures and formats, utilizing the Fit for Purpose approach, equipment flexibility, and diverse staff and agency requirements.
Fit For Purpose: Tools Supporting A Decentralized Infrastructure
1SLM Land Management Foundation; 2International Federation of Surveyors; 3SGS Inc; 4Federal Office of Topography, swisstopo
The fit-for-purpose approach is a recognised method for speeding up the mapping and bounding delineation of land administration systems. The participatory approach with grassroots surveyors in remote areas requires the use of decentralised land administration systems. In order to validate the acquired data it is mandatory to export data sets and merge them into a centralized storage. A viable approach for decentralized mapping systems with integrated data validation, data exchange form decentral organisation to a central agency is presented.
The fundament of the solutions is built upon INTERLIS: While INTERLIS was originally designed and used mainly for land administration; it is not restricted to land administration data modelling. The entire range of products are completely in-line with ISO/OGC standards (ISO 19152, GML, WMS etc.) and the process chain for is well established for large amount of data collected by many different organisations. The lightning talk and the session will show design, production and validation tools all based on the implementation of LADM in INTERLIS like:
• the INTERLIS UML editor;
• the INTERLIS compiler and checker;
• data translators convert data sets to and from INTERLIS XML;
• schema tools to generate database;
• web based map server.
Flexible Mobile Land Technology Applications: Demonstrations and Lessons Learned
US Agency for International Development, United States of America
USAID has developed and piloted a suite of low-cost, open-source Mobile Applications to Secure Tenure (MAST) in different countries and contexts, providing flexible tools that help people and communities secure land and resource rights. At the Innovation Fair, USAID will demonstrate technology and present lessons from the evaluation of the original MAST pilot, which used an Android-based app to map and record customary land rights in three villages in Tanzania and its follow-on, which has been scaled to 41 villages in Tanzania. USAID will also showcase the latest version of MAST, which was recently launched in Burkina Faso following the initial positive results from Tanzania, and discuss next steps for this technology. USAID will also present two mobile applications for improving conservation and resilience through better land-use planning and land management currently being piloted in Kenya and Namibia. Key to all of these efforts is working closely with local partners to ensure that the tools are context-appropriate, flexible, sustainable, and effective at making improved land management and land tenure administration more transparent, accessible, and affordable for all.
Agile Collaboration as the Way to Build Uganda National Land Information System
InnoLA Solutions Inc, United States of America
Implementing a national scale land information system always poses challenges in keeping the Customer engaged, managing the significant change, and ensuring that all project activities and outcomes provide the most value. InnoLA Solutions is currently taking an agile approach to collaboration with the Customer and our development partners on the design, development and implementation of the Uganda National Land Information System. This project is Phase 2 of a Government of Uganda initiative, awarded to IGN France International (IGN FI) and funded by the World Bank. As subcontractor, we are configuring, customizing and integrating our InnoLA software framework to meet the registry, cadastral management, land valuation, physical planning and public data access data needs of the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development (MLHUD). The InnoLA software framework is based on open source components including: the operational systems (CentOS, Ubuntu), the DBMS system (PostgreSQL/PostGIS), and the GIS Server (GeoServer). The new system, is a fully integrated, web-based solution and is a result of collaborative analysis, business process re-engineering and design with the Customer and Supplier teams (IGN FI and Memoris). Our approach to collaboration has allowed us to establish an open and transparent environment for all phases of the project.
Innovations for Information Integration and Data Sharing in an eGovernment Framework in Support of Integrated Land Governance
1Centre for Development and Environmnet CDE, Lao People's Democratic Republic; 2Department of Planning and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Laos; 3Department of Land Administration, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Laos
In Laos, the government struggles to gain an overview of land investments across the country. Concessions are granted by different institutions and at different administrative levels. However, there is no one institution in charge of keeping track of such developments, and records are heterogeneous and scattered across institutions and administrative levels.
With development challenges becoming increasingly complex, sectoral approaches have become less effective in tackling burning such development challenges, and planners and decision-makers depend on comprehensive and integrated information base for taking adequate actions.
Therefore, innovative tools and approaches have been developed that support key departments of the Lao Government in compiling, harmonizing, integrating and exchanging information on different aspects of land investments from all sectors and administrative levels. The resulting cross-sectoral land investment database system is hosted within its national eGovernment framework.
This initiative is part of a broader multi-stakeholder information integration and sharing initiative, in which institutions partner up and make their sectoral data available to specified user groups in a standardized way facilitating cross-sectoral information exchange, integration and analysis.
Currently, the platform provides one-stop access to highly detailed information, integrated across the following sectors: demography, poverty, education, health, foreigner direct investment in lands, ODA, agriculture and environment.
Fine-scale Land Allocation Tool for Global Land Use Analysis
Purdue University, United States of America
We develop an open access online tool that provides statistical analysis, land use projections, and model comparison at variable grid cell resolutions (grid cell size 1-60 arc-minutes) at a global or sub-global level. The tool predicts patterns in land use at a grid cell level with aggregate land use data and disaggregate land attribute data. The marginal impact of the disaggregated land attribute data on land use can be computed and used for research and policy analysis. Visualization features facilitate comparison across models, and the user has the option of uploading his/her own data and/or estimation procedure.
How To Capture Innovation And Solve The Challenges Of Urbanisation With Hackathons?
1Sito, Finland; 2Aalto University, Finland; 3KIRA-digi project
Developing cities are facing the enormous challenge of urbanization and the digitalization of urban development. The advancements of new technologies and the exponential growth of available data offers numerous new opportunities to innovate and to solve some of the challenges developing cities are facing. However, developing cities often lack the know-how, money, competent workforce, collaboration between different stakeholders to realize this potential. This paper discusses how developing cities can solve these challenges with hackathons. We present through two case examples how hackathons can be utilized to develop and enhance urban development process in developing cities. We describe how hackathons could be used to increase transparency and collaboration in urban development, share knowledge and promote new technologies, produce new urban planning innovations, create new job opportunities in the field of urban development, and learn more agile and cost-effective development methods.
Uncovering City Dynamics through Land Use and Land Cover Spatial Data
The World Bank Group
This paper showcases the use of rapid geospatial analysis such as high resolution satellite imagery, night time lights and spatial data to characterize urban growth patterns and to tease out the issues and gaps related to the effectiveness of institutional coordination and master plans, disaster risks, growth and prosperity, urban livability, land use planning and enforcement, and urban design policy conflicts using: (i) Karachi megacity (largest city in Pakistan); and (ii) Kandy (UNESCO World Heritage secondary city in Sri Lanka) as examples. The paper will also detail how the World Bank has leveraged on these findings and translated them into policy action and investments in ongoing projects and technical assistance.
Improvements in City Modelling by Fusion of Airborne LiDAR and Oblique Imaging
Leica Geosystems, United States of America
Cities are rapidly changing high-financial-value areas. Data is required for many applications, for example; cadastral planning, emergency response, solar energy, city planning, self-driving cars, security, traffic modelling, architecture, virtual travel, even computer gaming. Typical deliverables are DTMs / DSMs, aerial images, point clouds, orthophotos, building footprints, 3D models and meshes. A variety of oblique imaging sensors and software solutions have been developed for this application.
The target of airborne city mapping is fast, reliable delivery of high accuracy data, automatically with minimum manual labor. However, experience shows oblique airborne images alone impose limits on automatic city-modelling workflow, e.g., not being able to see through vegetation, poor image quality in shadows, image occlusions and aerial triangulation mismatch. For end products, this leads to errors in surface representation and lower success rates for automatic 3D city model extraction algorithms and labor-intensive manual editing.
Leica addresses this with a fused airborne LiDAR/oblique image sensor, “CityMapper”, and fused image/LIDAR workflow, “RealCity”. The combination of LiDAR and oblique datasets, collected simultaneously, improves workflow automation, reducing labor required.
This presentation focuses on how data product quality is improved, delivery time reduced and costly manual labor minimized by using co-collected, fused image and LiDAR datasets.
Creating A Base Map Of Zanzibar
senseFly SA, Switzerland
The path to sustainability starts with information collected through local capacity.
In order for society to develop it is crucial to be able to address the issue of land and house titles. The project in Zanzibar was developed not only to create a cost effective base map to start addressing this need, but also to create the local capacity required, in the Government and within the State University of Zanzibar, to collect this data.
The objective of the mission is for the government and local communities to be capable of monitoring land changes, upon request, in order to make better educated and quick decisions regarding land management, urban planning, environment conservation etc.
As a result of this project over 15 people in Zanzibar are now fully trained to operate drones, capture data, and process this data to create the maps they need. This capacity on the ground will mean that for years to come Zanzibar will be able to monitor and collect its own land use data and be able to issue the much needed land and house titles its population requires.
ResilienceDirect Maps - A Common Operating Picture For The United Kingdom
Ordnance Survey, United Kingdom
ResilienceDirect launched in the United Kingdom in June 2014 and revolutionized the way public agencies share information during emergency planning and response activities. This secure, cloud-based platform is provided by UK Cabinet Office and is free to all Category 1 and 2 emergency responders. This includes police forces, fire and ambulance services, NHS trusts, Local Resilience Forums, Public Health England, the Environment Agency, utility companies and many others. ResilienceDirect enables true multi-agency collaboration via a suite of secure cloud-based tools for sharing information and providing a common operating picture. A key component of the ResilienceDirect Service is the web-based mapping platform developed by Ordnance Survey, Great Britain’s National Mapping Agency. Designed as a map-based visualization tool for the aggregation, presentation and dissemination of multiple information sources, ResilienceDirect Maps provides a set of simple, user-friendly drawing tools and the ability to collaborate and edit maps in real time with other users. Built using open-source software and designed to support easy integration of OGC compliant web mapping services, ResilienceDirect is an exemplar for bringing together geospatial data from a wide range of commercial, open and government sources to more effectively plan and direct emergency response activities.
|1:00pm - 2:30pm||11-03: Migration and Land Tenure Dynamics |
Session Chair: Mathieu Boche, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, France
The World Bank, United States of America
To be completed
New Drivers for Migration and Implications for Land Governance in the Global South
Columbia University, United States of America
To be completed
Connections between Conflict, Migration and Land: Lessons from the International Organization for Migration (IOM)
International Organization for Migration (IOM), Switzerland
To be completed
|2:45pm - 4:15pm||12-03: Potential and Limits of VGI|
Session Chair: Beckhee Cho, LX Korea Land and Geospatial Informatix Corporation, Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
Capitalizing on the Digital Dividend to Secure Land Rights
University of Nairobi, Kenya
Land information is a critical component of land governance and supports many functions of land management and administration. It is difficult to have an efficient land rights system if land information is not well managed. Kenya’s Vision 2030 seeks to transform the country into a middle income economy by 2030. Technology and information are at the core of that quest. The government has embraced e-government and the uptake of mobile telephone technology and Internet penetration is high. The use of technology to improve land rights governance however remains peripheral.
Kenya can do more to deepen and capitalize on its digital dividend to improve land information systems by stepping up its use of technology to collect, collate, store and disseminate land information. Digitization of existing land records has been a key concern. This is important and needs to continue but in a situation where land information is incomplete and inaccurate, there is need to diversify the nature and type of technologies used. The Ministry should deploy unmanned aerial vehicles such as drones to capture information on land rights holding and use. This is more efficient and removes the possibility of inaccuracies and corruption that affect how information is captured and reported.
Repositioning Ghana’s Land Administration in the Context of Emerging Geospatial Technologies for Land Survey- Framework to Scale Existing Legal and Policy Hurdles
1Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana; 2Land Resource Management Centre, Ghana
Emerging flexible geospatial technologies for the recordation of land rights can significantly improve land administration in Ghana. However, existing laws, policies and surveying standards are firmly serving as blockade. This is because surveying in Ghana are largely guided by rigid demands for accuracy standards. This is however expensive and in the process fuels the exclusion of many from the national cadastre. There have been some emerging flexible survey tools in Ghana. Yet various surveying standards mean, these cheaper means of surveying land are faced with uncertainties in terms of being recognised and accepted by appropriate authorities. But what are the existing legal and technical requirements which create uncertainties about the validity of maps and plans which are generated through such approaches? This paper identifies these impediments and offers recommendations. This paper contends that with the emergence of Mobile GIS, new possibilities of data capture and maintenance of geographic information have evolved. There is therefore the need to reposition Ghana’s land administration in response to the emerging dynamics. Achieving this calls for changes in some laws and policies, which among others include the need for graduated accuracy requirements which are responsive to specific needs in urban, peri-urban and rural areas.
VGI as a Starting Point for a Landscape Architecture Competition – a Case Study from the City of Vantaa in Finland
Dimenteq Oy, Finland
This paper describes the use of volunteered geographic information generated by citizens (VGI) or “crowdsourcing” in urban planning context. The paper introduces a case study of a landscape architecture competition which was aimed at providing the best idea for developing a bustling city district in Vantaa, Finland. The paper will share insights on the challenges faced when utilizing VGI in urban planning and introduce some of the innovative solutions that were used to tackle these challenges in this particular case. The focus of the paper will mainly be in the use of online participation methods while examining their use in conjunction with other modes of citizen involvement.
|Date: Friday, 24/Mar/2017|
|9:00am - 10:30am||13-01: Survey Solutions CAPI/CAWI System of Mobile Data Collection|
Session Chair: Michael Lokshin, World Bank, United States of America
MasterClass: Survey solutions
World Bank, United States of America
|11:00am - 12:30pm||14-01: MasterClass: Adept|
Session Chair: Michael Lokshin, World Bank, United States of America
World Bank, United States of America
|1:30pm - 3:00pm||15-01: Elevating Land Rights beyond the Development Community|
For more information or signing up, please contact email@example.com
How to Elevate Land Rights Within the Development Community and Beyond: Messaging, Advocacy and Communications
1Landesa, United States of America; 2Rights and Resources Initiative, United States of America; 3Thomson Reuters Foundation, United Kingdom; 4Habitat for Humanity International, United States of America; 5World Bank Group, United States of America; 6Land Portal, The Netherlands; 7International Land Coalition, Italy
Do you want to learn what others in the land sector have done to successfully advance land rights policy initiatives? Would you like to connect with your peers in land rights to help each other think through communicating effectively about the benefits of land rights to various stakeholders? Hear from land rights activists, policymakers and communicators from across the globe as they share what works to promote the importance of securing land rights and connecting our issue to other global causes.
What you will learn:
• Messaging and communications activities that elevate the importance of land rights in the international development community and the general public.
• Strategies and good practices to advocate successfully, including examples of successful advocacy campaigns.
• How to mobilize existing supporters and new allies around the world to motivate policymakers at all levels of government to change policies and systems to improve access to land.
This 90-minute MasterClass will consist of a roundtable discussion with a moderator and five panelists.