Conference Agenda

The conference agenda provides an overview and details of sessions. In order to view sessions on a specific day or for a certain room, please select an appropriate date or room link. You may also select a session to explore available abstracts and download papers and presentations.

 
Session Overview
Session
08-02: Using Land Policy for Sustainable Value Chains: the case of Brazil
Time:
Wednesday, 22/Mar/2017:
4:00pm - 5:30pm

Session Chair: Pablo Pacheco, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Indonesia
Location: MC 13-121

VC; Streaming.


Presentations
ID: 1266 / 08-02: 1
Individual Papers
Oral Presentation
Topics: Securing land rights for equity, sustainability and resilience

Implementation of the CAR in the Amazon and Cerrado: Lessons learned and ways ahead

Gabriela Berbigier Gonçalves Guimarães Grisolia

Ministry of Environment, Brazil

tbd

08-02-Berbigier Gonçalves Guimarães Grisolia-1266_ppt.pptx


ID: 777 / 08-02: 2
Individual Papers
Oral Presentation
Topics: Securing land rights for equity, sustainability and resilience
Keywords: Brazil, Terra legal Amazônia, Deforestation, Land tenure regularization, Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Land

Protection And Sustainable Use Of Tropical Forests Need Land Tenure Regularization - Evidence From Brazil

Bettina Kupper1, José Dumont Teixeira2, Ana Paula Ferreira de Carvalho2, Robson Disarz2, Otávio Moreira do Carmo Júnior3, Marcelo C. C. Stabile4, Tiago N. P. Reis4, Rogerio Cabral1, Pedro Iglesias B. Seibel1, Lucia Cristina Gama de Andrade2, Thamiris Alves de Almeida1

1Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, Brazil; 2Superintendencia Nacional de Regularicacao Fundiaria da Amazonia - SRFA; 3Secretaria Extraordinária da Regularização Fundiária da Amazônia Legal - Serfal; 4Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazônia – IPAM

The protection and socially and economically just development of the Amazon rainforest highly depends on responsible land governance and land tenure security. Going back in Brazilian history, land regularization has often led to deforestation, putting productive exploitation of land as a condition for obtaining a land title. This paradigm shifted with the creation of the Brazilian program "Terra Legal" in 2009 to regularize 57 million hectares of public federal lands in the Amazon as one of the main strategies to combat deforestation. Despite its progress in land tenure regularization, Terra Legal is challenged to demonstrate its contribution in combating illegal deforestation.

This paper discusses the environmental impact of land tenure regularization in the Amazon with the Terra Legal program. The article is based on a data analysis of rural land parcels situated on federal public lands, comparing the extent of deforestation over a period of 5 years (between 2009 and 2014) along two data sets: one before and another after having initiated a land regularization process. Preliminary results indicate that deforestation rates on lands that have not been addressed by Terra Legal are higher than of those benefitted by the program.

08-02-Kupper-777_paper.pdf
08-02-Kupper-777_ppt.pptx


ID: 1255 / 08-02: 3
Individual Papers
Oral Presentation
Topics: Securing land rights for equity, sustainability and resilience

Using the CAR for accessing credit: The ABC experience

Edson Junqueira Leite

Ministry of Agriculture, Brazil

tbd

08-02-Junqueira Leite-1255_ppt.pptx


ID: 1043 / 08-02: 4
Invited Paper

Policy Findings from Evaluating Landholders' Responses to CAR in Pará

Jessica L'Roe1, Lisa Rausch2, Jacob Munger2, Holly Gibbs2

1Middlebury College, United States of America; 2University of Wisconsin, Madison, United States of America

This study presents an evaluation of deforestation and registration behavior in response to the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) in the Amazonian state of Pará. From late 2007 to 2013, approximately 100,000 properties covering 30 million hectares of self-declared claims were entered in this digital registry. We used fixed effects regression models and property level data to assess how registration influenced likelihood of deforestation on different sizes of properties. Registration had little initial impact on deforestation behavior, with the exception of a significant reduction on “smallholder” properties in the size range of 100–300 ha. We link this reduction to interacting incentives and suggest that desire to strengthen land claims motivates these landholders’ response to the environmental registry. We also present evidence that some landholders may be registering incomplete or inaccurate parcels to strategically benefit from policy incentives. Our results for smallholder properties indicate that environmental registries have potential to facilitate reductions in deforestation if combined with a favorable combination of incentives. However, in places where land tenure is still being negotiated, the utility of environmental registries for forest policy enforcement may be limited without ongoing investment to resolve uncertainty around land claims.

08-02-LRoe-1043_paper.pdf
08-02-LRoe-1043_ppt.pptx


ID: 1242 / 08-02: 5
Individual Papers
Oral Presentation
Topics: Securing land rights for equity, sustainability and resilience
Keywords: Amazon Deforestation Cattle Beef Brazil

Deforestation on the Rise Again: the Role of the Private Sector Toward Zero Deforestation

Paulo Barreto

Amazon Institute of People and the Environment - IMAZON, Brazil

From 2005 to 2012, government, civil society and the private sector helped to reduce deforestation rates in the Brazilian Amazon by nearly 80%. Nevertheless, after three years of deforestation fluctuating around 5,500 km2, deforestation increased by 75% from 2012 to 2016 (when it reached 8,000 km2). Forest clearing increased because the government weakened environmental policies, the prices of agricultural commodities increased and the zero-deforestation beef commitments did not progress as expected (only half of meatpackers have signed agreements and no full traceability of cattle has been implemented). With the prospect of long political and budget crises in Brazil, reducing deforestation would depend more on private leadership.

08-02-Barreto-1242_ppt.pptx


ID: 1240 / 08-02: 6
Individual Papers
Oral Presentation
Topics: Securing land rights for equity, sustainability and resilience

Discussant

Werner Kornexl

World Bank, United States of America

Tbd