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10-13: Marine Cadastre for Coastal Management
Marine Cadastre in Europe: State of Play
1National Cadastre and Mapping Agency S.A. (EKXA), Greece; 2Dutch Cadastre, Land Registry and Mapping Agency (Kadaster), Netherlands, The
Throughout human history considerable efforts and resources have been directed at effectively managing land whereas the marine environment has been given a lower priority. However over 70 percent of the planet's surface is covered by water, the majority of which is in the world's seas and oceans which are vital for supporting human well-being by contributing to poverty eradication, food security, creation of sustainable livelihoods and jobs, and protection from natural disasters . Oceans and seas are also a valuable asset for the European Union (EU). The EU’s maritime economy alone employs more than 5.4 million people, creates a gross added value of just under €500 billion per year, with a high potential for further growth.
The paper presents the results of a preliminary study on the status of Marine Cadastre across Europe, which was conducted in 2016 for the five leading European organizations on Cadastre, Land Registry, Mapping and Surveying (CLGE, ELRA, Eurogeographics, EULIS, PCC). It aspires to motivate the discussion in the European continent about the benefits of a sound registry system in the marine environment as a basis for legal certainty with multiple benefits in the sector of the Blue Economy and in marine spatial planning as well.
Marine Cadasters...The Final Frontier
ESRI, United States of America
Coastal and marine environments have always been important as a source of food and livelihoods for people around the world. However, these areas are coming under increasing pressure due to growing off-shore oil and gas exploration, alternative energy generation, the laying of cables for communication, the creation of marine protected areas, and traditional and commercial fishing. These activities involve a wide variety of rights and encumbrances that frequently come into conflict with each other, including navigation rights, fishing rights, public access rights, riparian rights, development rights, mineral resource rights and seabed use rights. In order to properly manage and plan marine environments, governments are increasingly turning to the idea of marine cadasters. Over the past decade, a number of countries have begun to extend cadasters into the marine space, including the USA, Canada, Australia and Israel. These governments are naturally turning to geographic information systems (GIS) as the core technology for managing and planning the marine environment due to their ability to easily and authoritatively manage large sets of spatial data. This paper will discuss trends driving the emergence of marine cadasters, unique properties associated with them, and GIS tools that can be deployed in order to effectively manage these important natural environments.