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08-07: Towards Integrated Land Use Planning
Mapping gendered landscapes in the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT): Environmental histories, livelihood narratives, and story mapping
Center for International Forestry Research, Kenya
A landscape approach to land-use planning views landscapes as mosaics with multiple and overlapping land-cover classes that host dynamic socioecological systems. Complex interactions described by a landscape approach invite cartographic methods now made widely available through the Web 2.0 to render the lived experiences of dynamic project landscapes through multiple perspectives. This research explores mapping as a process to integrate environmental histories and visual narratives into multimedia cartographies that document the many ways that landscape change is being experienced in the growth corridors of East Africa. The Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) is poised to become the breadbasket of Tanzania stretching over 350,000 hectares from the port of Dar es Salaam to Malawi, Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo This lightning talk will present methodologies for documenting different gendered perspectives of landscape and livelihood change through geospatial narratives, and propose story mapping as an accessible platform for participatory land-use planning in SAGCOT. Story maps offer a visual way of communicating a plurality of gendered narratives over space and time, capturing the reality of multiple project outcomes and the full complexity of applying a landscape approach.
Ethiopia’s Move to a National Integrated Land Use Policy and Land Use Plan
1USAID, Ethiopia; 2Tetra Tech Inc.; 3Tetra Tech Inc.; 4Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ethiopia; 5Prime Minster Office, Ethiopia
Ethiopia has federal and regional land laws providing legal framework on the administration and use of land. The laws, however, are predominated by land administration articles offering little direction on the use of land. Studies conducted under the USAID supported Land Administration to Nurture Development (LAND) Project show that people in Ethiopia have been using land, for far too long, in unplanned and uncontrolled fashion.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources of Ethiopia brought the imperative and urgent need for formulating a comprehensive national land use policy and developing and implementing a sectorally integrated national land use plan to the attention of the Prime Minister’s office. Recognizing the gravity and urgency of the situation, the Prime Minister’s Office gave the green light for formulating a national land use policy and preparing a national land use plan. As a result, a road map on the preparation and implementation of the plan has been prepared.
The paper will provide background on efforts in the past, highlight recent developments, assess Government of Ethiopia’s commitment and examine the way forward.
Developing the National Land Use Policy in Myanmar: The Importance of Inclusive Public Consultations and Close Donor Coordination
1Tetra Tech, Myanmar; 2Land Core Group, Myanmar; 3Public Legal Aid Network (The PLAN), Myanmar
Recent rapid changes in Myanmar lead to legitimate concerns being raised relating to the land tenure and property rights of smallholder farmers and communities throughout the country. The simple fact that the overall legal and governance frameworks relating to land use management and tenure security in the country are poorly harmonized and largely antiquated added to these concerns. In Response to this the Government of Myanmar committed in 2012 to the development of a National Land Use Policy in order to strengthen land tenure security of vulnerable communities and improve the land governance frameworks in the country. This paper provides an overview of the process utilized by the Government to develop the National Land Use Policy, with emphasis on the inclusive multi-stakeholder consultative process that was transparent and ultimately respected by the parties involved. The paper will also emphasize how important donor coordination was in ensuring success of this unprecedented effort. Finally, the paper will illustrate how this policy development process has helped inform similar processes in the country.
Evidence-based Land Use Planning Process: Piloting In Bago Region, Myanmar
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, Myanmar
Myanmar has been trying its best for the sustainable development of the nation. Due to the lack of land use management plan, land related spatial data/information, land related issues and conflicts are happening across the country. In January 2016, National Land Use Policy-NLUP was successfully adopted through a series of multi-stakeholder consultations. NLUP indicated that how land information and land use management plan are important. In addition, precise and evidence based balance among economic development, sustainable use of resources and environmental conservation is very critical. Ensuring accurate data to produce the valid and relevant spatial plans is a common approach. We are in the process of promoting land use planning and refining the zoning methodologies in support of its NLUP implementation process. This paper will introduce the emerging approach; evidence-based land use planning process, by a pilot study that was conducted in Bago Region Myanmar. In this study, we used land use/land cover map generated from Rapideye imageries and five biophysical layers. Based on this approach, our process on land use planning up to National scale will be conducted in line with national development goals and objectives through multi-stakeholder participation.
Allocative Efficiency or Agglomeration? Devolution of Household Forestland Management and Rental Markets in China
University of Gothenburg, Sweden
This paper evaluates whether the devolution reform of forestland to household management has an effect on allocative efficiency and household welfare through participation in forestland rental markets. Using a household panel dataset from three Chinese provinces, we find that forestland rental markets improved allocative efficiency, in terms of factor equalization. With the reform forestland is transferred to forestland-constrained and labor-rich households, and to households with higher level of productivity in forestry. We do not find any support for agglomeration of forestland to land-richer, wealthier, bigger or powerful households. Participation in forestland rental markets increases household per-capita income and decreases the likelihood of income below the poverty line.