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04-04: Experiences with Implementing Land Readjustment
Rethinking Land Readjustment from a Governance-Centered Perspective: The Case of A Land Readjustment Pilot in Tra Vinh, Vietnam
World Bank, United States of America
Land readjustment (LR) has been used in many countries as a tool to promote more inclusive and efficient urban development. LR refers to a participatory process in which a group of neighboring land owners and occupants combine their land for unified planning and redevelopment in collaboration with the government or private developers. This is a win-win situation: government can upgrade the neighborhood without having to use its power of eminent domain, which often raises issues of fairness and transparency, and the landowners can remain in situ and enjoy better living conditions and an increase in their real asset value. Since March 2015, the World Bank has been providing technical support to Tra Vinh City in Vietnam on a pilot LR project, as well as to national ministries on legislation that would enable wider application of LR in Vietnam. This paper uses the Vietnam LR Pilot as a case to reflect emerging challenges, approaches and the process of applying LR from a governance-centered perspective, and also discusses how supporting legislation, an organized community, collaboration between the public and private sectors, and trust-based relationship among stakeholders could be gradually developed and strengthened to build viable institutions and governance for managing land development.
Exploring the Potential of the Land Readjustment Approach in Allocating Land for Affordable Housing from the Market Legitimacy Perspective
1University of Twente, Netherlands, The; 2Kathmandu University, Nepal
Despite growing popularity of Land Readjustment as a tool for land development in both developed and developing countries, there is a tradeoff between its applications to address the land issue for low-income housing. Therefore, this study attempts to analyze LR process from the market perspective and its feasibility to address land for affordable housing. The methodological approach adopted in this paper is the exploratory and explanatory case study approach. Finally, this study provides insight to the LR policy from the market perspective. The outcome of this study provides the number of factors that generates market legitimacy in the LR approach for allocating land for affordable housing.