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12-12: Property Rights Aspects of "Vertical Expansion"
Apartment owners associations
University of Groningen, Netherlands, The
This paper deals with the results of an empirical study on how apartment owners’ association function in practice in the Netherlands. The background of this question is the hypothesis that with good functioning apartment owners’ associations, it is possible to improve distressed areas in cities, which relatively often have neglected apartment buildings.
This main question is divided in two sub-questions:
1. To what extent is the legal structure of the apartment owners’ association relevant for the well-functioning of the apartment owners’ association?
2. Two what extent is there a relationship between the formal functioning of apartment owners’ association and the substantive functioning (maintenance) of apartment owners’ association?
Before describing the results of this study, we provide a quick overview of apartment ownership in the Netherlands, focusing on the apartment owners’ association and the legal position of its members. After sketching the main results of the research on how well these organisations function in practice, we will outline some of the main recommendations to the legislator and legal practitioners.
Land Ownership in Nigeria: Towards a Legal Framework for Condominium
Adam Smith International, Nigeria
Our population keeps on expanding exponentially but our lands keep on shrinking retrogressively. Sadly, there is no adequate arrangement put in place to address this issue. It is a common thread among the comity of nations that it is an inalienable right of every human being to own an immoveable property anywhere he deems fit provided he has complied with all the necessary legal requirements. Unfortunately, there are landmines all over the place militating against enjoyment of this right. This is more evident especially condominium owners where they have a mirage ownership of their units. In some instances, absence of proper legal framework regulating condominium renders nugatory the existence of such right. So also does the private estate developers hope of investing hugely in real estate sector is also severely undermined. The paper will reflect on mechanisms being developed in Kano State to support improvements in individual land ownership to support a more formal land market as a spur for economic growth. It is against this background that this paper argues for the need to have a legal framework in Nigeria to enable condominium owners enjoy their fundamental human rights to own and acquire property without much fuss.
The World Is Not a Pizza - How Single-Photon LiDAR Shows the World in 3D – Affordably and Reliably
Leica Geosystems, United States of America
Galileo is often credited for declaring the shape of the earth as bowl instead a flat plate or a pizza. Today, land stewardship depends on showing the world in 3D, not just 2D.
Resources and infrastructure are 3-dimensional, with shape and contour, texture and thickness. Such knowledge of our surroundings allows effective land and resource allocation, successful execution of infrastructure projects, better disaster preparedness. 2-dimensional information is expensive to generate and less intuitive. Efficiently managing our environment and access to resources, mandates describing our environment accurately, cheaply and in a readily usable form.
Airborne LiDAR is a leading method to collect 3-dimensional data. It rapidly captures spatial data from objects as small as a television cable and penetrates small openings in tree canopy to yield information about forest biomass and under-canopy topography. Single-Photon LIDAR (SPL) promises to significantly reduce the cost of obtaining topographic data, fueling nation-wide data collection at manageable cost, providing valuable, easily-transmitted, easily-interpreted models of our surroundings. The result: efficient resource management, effective infrastructure planning and better preparation for natural disasters, with all users accessing a consistent information base.
In this Lightning Talk, get an overview of SPL technology and its application in effective land stewardship.