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09-11: From Documenting Rights to Creating Jobs
Land Registration, Agricultural Production and Food Security in Mozambique
Observatório do Meio Rural, Mozambique
Like in many other countries, the land debates in Mozambique have been varying, following the national and foreign political and economical conjuncture. In fact, due to its relation to food production and security, land registration has been considered together with land taxing constitutes a major element in the efforts different actors have been making in order to ensure land access and security by local communities, depending mainly on agriculture for their subsistence.
This study aims to understand what characterizes the requests, processing of requests and the grant of land titles in Mozambique, looking at different regions, gender and type of producers. Interviews, focal groups and non-participatory observation undertaken in Nampula and Zambézia provinces reveal the existence of many advantages in registering land use rights, such as a more responsible management of the natural resources by the locals, the mapping and creation of associations composed by members of the communities, including women, easy access to financing, better knowledge of one’s limits and avoiding conflicts. But on the other hand, due to weak administrative, technological and human resource capacity, more than 95% of the national small holder producers still produce without a written property right’s document.
Mainstreaming Securing Land Rights in Value Chain Development Programmes: The Case of the Pro-poor Value Chain Development Project in Maputo and Limpopo Corridors in Mozambique
1Centre for the Promotion of Agriculture (CEPAGRI)/ Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MASA), Mozambique; 2International Fund for Agricultural Development
The Pro-Poor Value Chain Development Project in the Maputo and Limpopo Corridors (PROSUL) is a Government of Mozambique project co-financed by the International Fund for Agricultural Development with total project cost of USD44.95 million. The project goal is to establish improved and climate-resilient livelihoods for smallholder farmers in selected districts of the Maputo and Limpopo corridors. The Project supports the development of three value chains: horticulture, cassava and red meat. PROSUL expects to target 20350 beneficiaries mainly smallholders, across 19 districts of Maputo, Gaza and Inhambane provinces. The Project is coordinated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, through the Centre for the Promotion of Agriculture (CEPAGRI).
The PROSUL project is expected to contribute to the effective implementation of the Mozambican Government’s initiative to systematically secure and register land denominated Terra Segura (Secure Land - SL), designed and implemented by the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development.
The paper will describe the implementation of interventions aiming at facilitating land tenure security for smallholder famers, and has the overall objective of sharing PROSUL’s experience related to mainstreaming land tenure security interventions in a value chain development project, analysing two interventions: (i) the DUAT’s and (ii) the delimitation of communities.
Forging The Link Between Land Registration & Job Creation
Adam Smith International, Nigeria
The expectation of land registration projects is the creation of a database of ownership and use that secures tenure. Additional benefits such as employment and improved planning capacity are presumed to follow but generally do not materialise.
Many land registration projects have been implemented globally. The primary goal of delivering land title has generally been achieved but little evidence is available to demonstrate that the expected economic impacts have been catalysed through registration of land as predicated by de Soto etc.
The Systematic Land Title Registration (SLTR) project in Kano State in Nigeria has taken steps to gather additional data gathering in addition to that required to prove title. That data incorporates information on local skills, education and provision of services such as electricity and water. By having such information geo-referenced at household level it becomes possible to project local demands in healthcare, education, transport and sanitation and to also identify local trade clusters suitable for development. The various reports culminate in a strategic master plan that facilitates private sector led growth in pursuit of the SDGs. By appreciating the local value chains and market opportunities investment can be more focused with greater likelihood of success.