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05-10: Development Partners Support to Tenure Security
Improvement Of Community Tenure Security Through Access To Land Data: Evidences From GLTN Tools Application In Uganda And Kenya
1UN-Habitat, Kenya; 2University of Wisconsin-Madison
Access to land information is key in ensuring community protection against eviction promoting efficient mechanisms that guarantee tenure security. Administrative data through the formal cadaster may exist, but it may not be enough in terms of coverage and access for the community. In such cases, innovative approaches are required to bridge the gap between formal and informal land rights and to empower communities living in the second rank, protect their rights and establish a manageable land information system.
The Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) was launched in 2006 to find balance among practical tools and land policies and to help resolve the problems of land access for the poor and disadvantaged. This initial orientation has informed the subsequent evolution of the GLTN as it tries to reconcile these two challenges while ensuring it remains pro-poor and gender sensitive.
This paper explores how the GLTN vision has worked out in practice, as illustrated in eight case studies done in Kenya and Uganda. The cases show how GLTN and partners have adapted three land tools: 1) participatory enumeration; 2) STDM) and 3) GEC-in urban and rural contexts and how land policy evolution has proven more productive at the local level.
Establishing An Intra-Oganizational Fit For Purpose Land Rights Policy. Comparison Of Successes, Lessons Learned And Best Practices Across Projects.
ZOA, Netherlands, The
The paper compares the successes and lessons from land rights related projects, which are implemented by ZOA, a Dutch Humanitarian organization in Uganda and Burundi. The projects are evaluated with regard to how best practices might be applied in other contexts as well as how they might be integrated into an internal and fit for purpose land rights policy. The formulation of specific intra-organizational frameworks for coherent approaches to land rights related projects is valuable for organizations working in complex and fragile contexts. While the broadly appliedFit For Purpose Land Administration framework (FFP) developed by the World Bank and the International Federation of Surveyors (FIG) provides valuable guidelines for organizations working on land tenure related issues in developing countries it is necessary for an organization like ZOA with a very particular profile and target group to develop its own internal guidelines, which provide a more specific framework. Furthermore, the ongoing discourse concerned with practical ways of integrating land tenure administration into broader development frameworks and linking the issue with other aspects of sustainable development can strongly profit from linking on-the-ground experiences of specific projects with the broader existing frameworks and guidelines. The paper gives initial, practical recommendations in this regard.
Updating Land Records, Resolving Land Problems and Securing Clear Land Titles through the Community-driven Process Involving Local Youth
Up-to-date land records and clear land titles are the pre-requisite for economic development and optimum utilization of the land by its owners. Government of India is making efforts to modernize management of land records in the country through Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP). Lack of requisite community involvement was identified as a major challenge during the recent review of the NLRMP. Landesa made efforts to address this gap through a four-step process to verify and update the land records – 1) Household Survey; 2) Collecting Information from Land Records; 3) Field Verification; and 4) Data Analysis. This four-step process was done manually and later a technological application was designed and tested. About four thousand land problems were identified in the pilot villages and 60% - 90% entries in land records do not reflect the filed reality. This pilot offers a low cost community-driven model which can be scaled through the Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme. This paper discusses the learning from the six village pilot and the ways to make the large scale land records updation initiatives in India more effective and with the increased community participation.
District Multi-stakeholder Forums: Unexhausted Opportunity For Securing Land Rights, Tanzania Experience
Tanzania Natural Resource Forum, Tanzania
Administration of land in Tanzania is more decentralized from the president to the village level. The law gives power to village councils and village assemblies to administer village land. The District authorities are given advisory and supervisory mandates over villages and represent the commissioner who takes overall administrative powers. Despite decentralization, institutions responsible for land administration, land have continued to be cause of many conflicts for years. Conflicts have been escalating and lead loss of lives and property. Lack of coordination among land administrative institutions has been the main route cause of land conflicts and ineffective systems of handling land conflicts administratively.
Civil society organisations, government institutions and development partners have been working to address and enhance coordination and communication among responsible institutions responsible for tenure security. The presents platforms which aim at multi-stakeholder policy dialogue on sustainable land-based businesses and investment solutions in ways that build upon active citizen participation. Therefore this paper presents multi-stakeholders forums as best model to address institutional coordination for land tenure security.