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04-11: Towards Quantifying the Economic Benefits of NSDI
Digital Globe for Sustainable Development to the Developing Countries: Case Study in Sri Lanka
Scientific Research Development Institute of Technology Australia, Australia
Availability of Spatial Data is abundant but the lack of conversion of data to interpretable knowledge is one of the biggest issues in developing countries. There are various approaches currently being tested to overcome this situation. This study investigated the real issues related to conversion of spatial data and suggested an affordable solution, which can be applied in Sri Lanka. Further the study can be used in other developing countries to create a geospatial framework catalogue to maximize their usage of spatial investment for a sustainable development. The Sri Lanka Globe(S-Globe) plays a critical role in sustainable development in key areas: development design, project management, land administration and monitoring, town planning, water sensitive urban design, solar access, transportation, ecosystems protection, energy and water efficiency. This study has identified major eleven themes which are crucial for development of S-Globe, are briefly discussed in this paper. Further, currently available consumer and professional grade base maps and their advantages and disadvantages are further investigated in this research. The study revealed that Sri Lanka could use consumer-grade base map at phase I, but finally it should go with professional-grade base map at phase II, for the maximum benefit of sustainable development of the country.
Geospatial Information drives benefits beyond Land Administration – why aren’t we taking them?
Ordnance Survey International, United Kingdom
Low-income nations may in part still use mapping from the last century, perhaps 1:50,000 scale, but neither maintained nor digital. High-Income nations maintain large scale, attributed and accurate data from addressing to topography, imagery to networks. This geospatial data contributes towards GDP increase of between 0.2% and 0.6% and wide-ranging non-quantifiable benefits. Improved availability of this underpinning geospatial data, the digital version of the national infrastructure, leads to opportunities for better government, more transparency, effective urban planning, improved resilience, increased resource/asset and environmental management, and new business opportunities.
Low-income nations are often investing heavily into land administration supported by the global community. A sustainable land administration system can bring economic and social benefits. However, geospatial data collected to underpin land administration is not well used for wider benefit to the nation. Nor is the opportunity taken to collect other features concurrently to cost-effectively improve the national geospatial database and support wider socio-economic benefit.
Economic and societal benefits of geospatial enablement are well documented in high-income nations but not in low and middle-income nations. This paper will examine the benefits of geospatial enablement globally and conclude by offering thoughts on building geospatial capacity in nations.
Economic and Financial Analysis of National Spatial Data Infrastructure: A Case Study
1World Bank, United States of America; 2Consultingwhere, United Kingdom
The importance of geospatial data is emerging as a key enabler of the global development agenda. It is recognized that many of the challenges to be tackled under the Sustainable Development require location-based information. At the national and local level spatial data for both the public and private sectors is gaining importance- for better decision making and management of public sector assets and for the economic potential that geospatial data triggers for private sector business development and start-ups that stem from access to up-to-date geospatial data. However, the business case and economic rationale for governments to invest in the spatial data infrastructure and geospatial data have not been rigorously assessed or accepted.
A team at the World Bank is currently developing a global National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) Diagnostic Scorecard to be used as a standard assessment tool. As part of the diagnostic tool, the team aims to develop a methodology to assess the benefits of investments in NSDI with a focus on low and middle income countries. This paper will attempt to develop the business case in a specific developing country in conjunction with a World Bank portfolio and project context.
Best Practice in Business Case Preparation: Valuing Social and Economic Benefits of Investment in Geospatial projects
Consultingwhere Ltd, United Kingdom
Moves towards standardisation of the procedures by which bids for funding are evaluated in both public and private sectors are emerging. It is critically important that those working in the field of land governance, particularly on geospatial projects, are exposed to best practice to increase the chances of successful funding.
Illustrated with examples drawn from extensive practical experience in this field, the presentation will, using a simple methodology:
• Explain the concepts and language of business case development;
• Introduce value chain mapping techniques used by economists to identify the key actors and processes that add socio-economic value.
• Assess the principles of cost and benefit measurement for both “tangible” and non-market factors;
• Offer advice on how to communicate business cases to senior decision makers to maximise impact;
This presentation is part of the outreach initiative of the GeoValue community of practice, With sponsorship from organisations such as NASA, USGS, JRC and EuroSDR, it holds regular events to promote multi-disciplinary understanding of how to value investment in all types of geospatial systems including earth observation, SDI and GIS.
This presentation and those linked to it, on economic value assessment, will present material from the forthcoming book “Data to Decisions”.
Economic and Financial Modelling of the Impact of Geospatial Information - Techniques and Results for land administration in developing Nations.
1ACIL Allen Consulting, Australia; 2Consultingwhere, UK
Geospatial systems and infrastructure can play an important role in improving productivity, supporting sustainable development and mitigating and managing the impact of natural disasters in both developed and developing countries. A key challenge for policy makers and program managers has been in evaluation the net benefits of policy change or investment with respect to these systems.
This paper discusses the approaches to evaluating the net impact of policy change or investment in geospatial systems. It sets out the economic theory underpinning the approaches including economic welfare analysis, value added approaches and real options concepts. It discusses application of these concepts to socio economic impact assessment including benefit cost analysis, value added analysis, input-output analysis and computerised general equilibrium modelling.
The paper also discusses problems and challenges in applying these techniques including dealing with the impact of resource transfer, valuing intangibles, risk and uncertainty and valuing social impacts and non-market benefits, such as safety, amenity and quality of life within the overall context of socio-economic assessments.
Approaches to dealing with uncertainty including sensitivity testing, discount rate adjustments and real options analysis are also discussed.